The MITRE CVE dictionary describes this issue as:
Vulnerability in the MySQL Server component of Oracle MySQL (subcomponent: Server: Partition). Supported versions that are affected are 5.7.23 and prior and 8.0.12 and prior. Difficult to exploit vulnerability allows high privileged attacker with network access via multiple protocols to compromise MySQL Server. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in unauthorized ability to cause a hang or frequently repeatable crash (complete DOS) of MySQL Server as well as unauthorized update, insert or delete access to some of MySQL Server accessible data. CVSS 3.0 Base Score 5.0 (Integrity and Availability impacts). CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:H).
Find out more about CVE-2018-3171 from the
MITRE CVE dictionary dictionary and