Chapter 4. Installing on Intel® and AMD Systems

4.1. The Graphical Installation Program User Interface
4.1.1. A Note about Virtual Consoles
4.2. Screenshots during installation
4.3. The Text Mode Installation Program User Interface
4.3.1. Using the Keyboard to Navigate
4.4. Starting the Installation Program
4.4.1. Booting the Installation Program on x86, AMD64, and Intel® 64 Systems
4.4.2. Booting the Installation Program on Itanium Systems
4.4.3. Additional Boot Options
4.5. Selecting an Installation Method
4.6. Installing from DVD/CD-ROM
4.7. Installing from a Hard Drive
4.8. Performing a Network Installation
4.9. Installing via NFS
4.10. Installing via FTP
4.11. Installing via HTTP
4.12. Welcome to Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4.13. Language Selection
4.14. Keyboard Configuration
4.15. Enter the Installation Number
4.16. Disk Partitioning Setup
4.17. Advanced Storage Options
4.18. Create Default Layout
4.19. Partitioning Your System
4.19.1. Graphical Display of Hard Drive(s)
4.19.2. Disk Druid's Buttons
4.19.3. Partition Fields
4.19.4. Recommended Partitioning Scheme
4.19.5. Adding Partitions
4.19.6. Editing Partitions
4.19.7. Deleting a Partition
4.20. x86, AMD64, and Intel® 64 Boot Loader Configuration
4.20.1. Advanced Boot Loader Configuration
4.20.2. Rescue Mode
4.20.3. Alternative Boot Loaders
4.20.4. SMP Motherboards and GRUB
4.21. Network Configuration
4.22. Time Zone Configuration
4.23. Set Root Password
4.24. Package Group Selection
4.25. Preparing to Install
4.25.1. Prepare to Install
4.26. Installing Packages
4.27. Installation Complete
4.28. Itanium Systems — Booting Your Machine and Post-Installation Setup
4.28.1. Post-Installation Boot Loader Options
4.28.2. Booting Red Hat Enterprise Linux Automatically
This chapter explains how to perform a Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation from the DVD/CD-ROM, using the graphical, mouse-based installation program. The following topics are discussed:
  • Becoming familiar with the installation program's user interface
  • Starting the installation program
  • Selecting an installation method
  • Configuration steps during the installation (language, keyboard, mouse, partitioning, etc.)
  • Finishing the installation

4.1. The Graphical Installation Program User Interface

If you have used a graphical user interface (GUI) before, you are already familiar with this process; use your mouse to navigate the screens, click buttons, or enter text fields.
You can also navigate through the installation using the keyboard. The Tab key allows you to move around the screen, the Up and Down arrow keys to scroll through lists, + and - keys expand and collapse lists, while Space and Enter selects or removes from selection a highlighted item. You can also use the Alt+X key command combination as a way of clicking on buttons or making other screen selections, where X is replaced with any underlined letter appearing within that screen.

Note

If you are using an x86, AMD64, or Intel® 64 system, and you do not wish to use the GUI installation program, the text mode installation program is also available. To start the text mode installation program, use the following command at the boot: prompt:
linux text
Refer to Section 4.3, “The Text Mode Installation Program User Interface” for a brief overview of text mode installation instructions.
It is highly recommended that installs be performed using the GUI installation program. The GUI installation program offers the full functionality of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation program, including LVM configuration which is not available during a text mode installation.
Users who must use the text mode installation program can follow the GUI installation instructions and obtain all needed information.

Note

If you are using an Itanium system, and you do not wish to use the GUI installation program, the text mode installation program is also available. To start the text mode installation program, type the following command at the EFI Shell prompt:
elilo linux text

4.1.1. A Note about Virtual Consoles

The Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation program offers more than the dialog boxes of the installation process. Several kinds of diagnostic messages are available to you, as well as a way to enter commands from a shell prompt. The installation program displays these messages on five virtual consoles, among which you can switch using a single keystroke combination.
A virtual console is a shell prompt in a non-graphical environment, accessed from the physical machine, not remotely. Multiple virtual consoles can be accessed simultaneously.
These virtual consoles can be helpful if you encounter a problem while installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Messages displayed on the installation or system consoles can help pinpoint a problem. Refer to Table 4.1, “Console, Keystrokes, and Contents” for a listing of the virtual consoles, keystrokes used to switch to them, and their contents.
Generally, there is no reason to leave the default console (virtual console #6) for graphical installations unless you are attempting to diagnose installation problems.

Table 4.1. Console, Keystrokes, and Contents

console keystrokes contents
1 ctrl+alt+f1 installation dialog
2 ctrl+alt+f2 shell prompt
3 ctrl+alt+f3 install log (messages from installation program)
4 ctrl+alt+f4 system-related messages
5 ctrl+alt+f5 other messages
6 ctrl+alt+f6 x graphical display