21.3.1. Remote Graphical Desktops and XDMCP
If you have installed the X Window System and would like to log in to your Red Hat Enterprise Linux system using a graphical login manager, enable the X Display Manager Control Protocol (XDMCP). This protocol allows users to remotely log in to a desktop environment from any X Window System compatible client (such as a network-connected workstation or X terminal). To enable remote login using XDMCP, edit the following line in the
/etc/gdm/custom.conf file on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux system with a text editor such as
Add the line
Enable=true, save the file, and exit the text editor. Switch to runlevel 5 to start the X server:
From the client machine, start remote X session using
X. For example:
X :1 -query s390vm.example.com
The command connects to the remote X server via XDMCP (replace s390vm.example.com with the hostname of the remote X server) and displays the remote graphical login screen on display
:1 of the client system (usually accessible by using the Ctrl-Alt-F8 key combination).
You may also access remote desktop sessions using a nested X server, which opens the remote desktop as a window in your current X session.
Xnest allows users to open a remote desktop nested within their local X session. For example, run
Xnest using the following command, replacing s390vm.example.com with the hostname of the remote X server:
Xnest :1 -query s390vm.example.com
21.3.2. Problems When You Try to Log In
If you did not create a user account in the Setup Agent, log in as root and use the password you assigned to root.
If you cannot remember your root password, boot your system as
Once you have booted into single user mode and have access to the
# prompt, you must type
passwd root, which allows you to enter a new password for root. At this point you can type
shutdown -r now to reboot the system with the new root password.
If you cannot remember your user account password, you must become root. To become root, type
su - and enter your root password when prompted. Then, type
passwd <username>. This allows you to enter a new password for the specified user account.
If the graphical login screen does not appear, check your hardware for compatibility issues. The Hardware Compatibility List can be found at:
21.3.3. Your Printer Does Not Work
If you are not sure how to set up your printer or are having trouble getting it to work properly, try using the Printer Configuration Tool.
system-config-printer command at a shell prompt to launch the Printer Configuration Tool. If you are not root, it prompts you for the root password to continue.
httpd service/Sendmail Hangs During Startup
If you are having trouble with the Apache-based
httpd service or Sendmail hanging at startup, make sure the following line is in the
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost