How to enable the SAP HA Interface for SAP ABAP application server instances managed by the RHEL HA Add-On?
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 with High-Availability Add-on
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 with High-Availability Add-on
- Pacemaker cluster running SAPInstance resources that are also managed by external tools such as SAP Management Console (MC/MMC) or SAP Landscape Management (LaMa)
- How to allow SAP instances managed by SAPInstance to be controlled by tools outside of cluster, so cluster and the outside tools will coordinate with each other?
- When an SAP instance is stopped by an external tool, cluster reacts to this situation and tries to start the SAP instance.
To allow SAP admins to control SAP ABAP application server instances that are managed by an HA cluster using the RHEL HA Add-On using tools like SAP LaMa or the SAP Management Console (MMC), the SAP HA Interface must be enabled. SAP Start Service
sapstartsrv controls the SAP instances, and needs to be configured to communicate with the pacemaker cluster software through the HA interface. The SAP HA Interface consists of the SAP HA-Script Connector (which is part of SAP Start Service) and the SAP-Red Hat Cluster Connector, as shown below.
For more information on how the SAP HA Script Connector Library works, please refer to SAP Note 1693245 - SAP HA Script Connector Library.
1. SAP Resource Agents and SAP Cluster Connector
To allow SAP instances to be managed by both the
SAPInstance cluster resource agent and outside tools, the
sap_cluster_connector must be implemented. To ensure that the latest version of the
SAPInstance resource agent and the
sap_cluster_connector script are installed, run the following commands on each cluster node:
# yum install resource-agents-sap # yum install sap-cluster-connector
# dnf install resource-agents-sap # dnf install sap-cluster-connector
Due to a regression introduced with the pacemaker package shipped in RHEL 8.6 and later, RHEL 9.0 and later, it is necessary to also install an updated version of the pacemaker package on these RHEL releases. This will enable the
sap_cluster_connector script to work correctly. For more information please refer to Why
SAPInstance cluster resources cannot start after implementing the
2.1. Add the SAP administrative user to
haclient group so this user can interact with cluster. (Example below uses user
rh2adm as example, adjust this for your environment). Run the following command on both cluster nodes.
# usermod -a -G haclient rh2adm
2.2. Modify start profiles of all SAP instances that should be managed by external tools. To do this add following lines to the end of the SAP instance start profile. Start profiles can be found in
/sapmnt/<SID>/profile directory. For example a start profile for system with SID
RH2, ASCS instance with instance number
20 and virtual hostname
rh2-ascs can be found in
service/halib = $(DIR_EXECUTABLE)/saphascriptco.so service/halib_cluster_connector = /usr/bin/sap_cluster_connector
2.3. If the SAP instances are currently running in the cluster, disable them. (Example below uses resource name
# pcs resource disable rh2_ers29 # pcs resource disable rh2_ascs20
2.4. On each node of the cluster, stop the
sapstartsrv process associated to these instances. You can determine which instance the
sapstartsrv is related to by checking the
pf attribute in process list pointing to start profile of the instance.
# ps aux|grep sapstartsrv|grep rh2adm rh2adm 856 0.0 1.0 1107820 78524 ? Ssl 13:42 0:09 /usr/sap/RH2/ASCS20/exe/sapstartsrv pf=/usr/sap/RH2/SYS/profile/RH2_ASCS20_ascs -D -u rh2adm
# ps aux|grep sapstartsrv|grep rh2adm rh2adm 18131 0.0 1.0 1039548 78564 ? Ssl 13:06 0:08 /usr/sap/RH2/ERS29/exe/sapstartsrv pf=/sapmnt/RH2/profile/RH2_ERS29_ers -D -u rh2adm
Stop the identified
sapstartsrv process using the PID obtained from previous step. After the command, verify that
startsapsrv processes has stopped.
# kill XXX
2.5. Re-enable the cluster resources and let the SAP instances to be started by
SAPInstance resource agent. If there are issues starting the resources, check corresponding
sapstartsrv.log and fix any error.
# pcs resource enable rh2_ascs20 # pcs resource enable rh2_ers29
2.6. Verify that
sap_cluster_connector has been properly identified and loaded.
startsapsrv.log file contains lines similar to following:
rh2adm > vi /usr/sap/RH2/ERS29/work/sapstartsrv.log SAP HA Trace: === SAP_HA_InitEx2: SAP UNIX HA Lib 753, patch 201, changelist 1847707, optU (May 29 2018, 17:52:17) === SAP HA Trace: profile_params: setting cluster_connector = "/usr/bin/sap_cluster_connector" SAP HA Trace: Fire system command /usr/bin/sap_cluster_connector init ... SAP HA Trace: === SAP_HA_GetVersionInfo === SAP HA Trace: Fire system command /usr/bin/sap_cluster_connector gvi ... SAP HA Trace: SAP_HA_GetVersionInfo HA interface version: 3 SAP HA Trace: SAP_HA_GetVersionInfo HAproduct: Pacemaker SAP HA Trace: SAP_HA_GetVersionInfo SAPinterface: sap_cluster_connector SAP HA Trace: SAP_HA_GetVersionInfo documentation: https://github.com/ClusterLabs/sap_cluster_connector SAP HA Trace: --- SAP_HA_GetVersionInfo Exit-Code: SAP_HA_OK --- SAP HA Trace: --- SAP_HA_InitEx2 Exit-Code: SAP_HA_OK ---
Check the output of
sapcontrol. For example, on the node where ASCS is running, call
sapcontrol using the instance number of the ASCS instance:
rh2adm > sapcontrol -nr 20 -function HACheckConfig
3. Upgrade from older release
The minimum version of
sap_cluster_connector that complies with HA-Interface certification NW-HA-CLU 750 or S/4-HA-CLU 1.0 is
3.0.1-1.el7_6.5. Previous version of SAP Cluster Connector was delivered as part of the
resource-agents-sap package and the name of the connector was
sap_redhat_cluster_connector. When upgrading from older release, install
sap_cluster_connector, and refer to step 2.2 to adjust the profiles accordingly.
4. Supported Databases
For supported databases by Pacemaker cluster on RHEL 7 and RHEL 8, please refer to the following documents:
sap_cluster_connector is a library that allows tools to control SAP Instances that are running inside a cluster, through HA Interface. If this library is not properly configured for a given SAP instance, pacemaker cluster that is managing this SAP instance will consider any change in the state of the SAP instance as an issue, and will take appropriate action to recover from such situation.
sap_cluster_connector is not required if the SAP instance will only be managed by the cluster tools such as
PCSD WEB GUI.
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux
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