- Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) with the High Availability Add-On
Useful References and Guides
- Support Policies for RHEL High Availability Clusters
- Where I can find documentation for SAP products on RHEL and other Red Hat products?
This guide offers Red Hat's policies and requirements around managing an SAP HANA deployment with a RHEL High Availability cluster. Users of RHEL High Availability clusters should adhere to these policies in order to be eligible for support from Red Hat with the appropriate product support subscriptions.
Scope of Red Hat support with SAP software resources managed by a cluster: Refer to Red Hat's policy on Management of applications that Red Hat does not ship for further details on Red Hat's scope of support applicable to SAP software deployments in a RHEL High Availability cluster.
The focus of Red Hat's assistance may be limited to functionality of the High Availability software and the SAP resource-agent(s). In some cases SAP's input may be necessary to diagnose the nature of a problem - even if the problem originates in the resource-agent Red Hat ships. Solutions to problems with RHEL High Availability + SAP HANA deployments may be dependent upon some input or deliverable from SAP in cases where the issue can not be solved adequately through RHEL High Availability without SAP's assistance.
Red Hat subscriptions for SAP HANA support: Red Hat provides support for RHEL High Availability resource-agents managing SAP HANA deployments through the following subscriptions:
- RHEL for SAP Solutions
- RHEL for SAP HANA (no longer sold)
One of these subscriptions for each cluster node is required in order for Red Hat to assist with RHEL High Availability management of SAP HANA.
Supported platforms for SAP HANA on RHEL High Availability: Red Hat support for its software supporting the SAP HANA solution stack for Scale-Up systems including RHEL High Availability and its resource-agents for SAP software - largely follows the policies laid out for RHEL High Availability and RHEL:
- Support policies for RHEL High Availability clusters
- How do I verify if a particular Red Hat Enterprise Linux version is supported on my hardware?
However in public-cloud deployments, Red Hat's support for this SAP HANA solution stack is limited to only the following cloud platforms:
- Amazon Web Services Elastic Cloud (AWS EC2)
- Microsoft Azure
Other cloud provider platforms are not supported by Red Hat for this solution at this time. Please contact Red Hat Support if you are interested in running SAP HANA on another cloud platform.
Supported releases of
resource-agents-sap-hana package and versions of SAP HANA for Scale-Up systems: Red Hat provides support for RHEL High Availability management of the following HANA major versions:
Minimal version of
resource-agents-sap-hana package supported:
- RHEL 6.7 (x86_64):
- RHEL 6.10 (x86_64):
RHEL7.x (HANA1.0, HANA2.0)
- RHEL 7.2 (x86_64):
- RHEL 7.3 (x86_64):
- RHEL 7.4 (x86_64, ppc64le):
- RHEL 7.5 (x86_64, ppc64le):
- RHEL 7.6 (x86_64, ppc64le):
- RHEL 8.0 (x86_64, ppc64le):
Minimal version of
resource-agents-sap-hana package for deployments on Amazon Web Services:
- RHEL 7.4 (SAP HANA 1.0, SAP HANA 2.0):
Supported releases of
resource-agents-sap-hana package and versions of SAP HANA for Scale-Out Systems:
- RHEL 7.6 (SAP HANA 1.0, SAP HANA 2.0):
- RHEL 7.7 (SAP HANA 1.0, SAP HANA 2.0):
Supported deployment types
- Single database deployments
- MCOD (Multiple Components One Database)
- MDC (Multiple Database containers),
- MCOS (Multiple Components One System) is only supported if all databases running on the hosts are replicated and the replication is always to the same secondary node (for Scale-Up only)
Check the SAP Note 2235581 for certified/supported combinations of RHEL and SAP HANA releases.
For the list of x86_64 and IBM POWER servers, storage systems and cloud instance types that are certified for running SAP HANA Scale-Up and Scale-Out installations, please check Certified and Supported SAP HANA® Hardware Directory
Multitier System Replication is only supported for SAP HANA Scale-Up HA setups and is possible only when the additional 3rd SAP HANA instances are not managed by an HA cluster. The HANA instance running outside of cluster will require manual registration whenever the takeover of SAP HANA roles in cluster happens.
Multi-Target System Replication is currently not supported for Scale-Up and Scale-Out System Replication HA setups.
Additional technical requirements for SAP HANA deployments: the following conditions apply for Red Hat to provide support:
- 2-node clusters are supported Scale-Up environments.
- Up To 16/32 node (depending on pacemaker version) clusters are supported for Scale-Out environments
- Users and groups used by SAP HANA must be identically defined on both nodes (use same UIDs/GIDs, home directories, ...).
- The SAP HANA instances on all nodes must be configured with the same SID..
- Using Full Sync Replication is possible, but due to the way Full Sync Replication works some functionality of the cluster will be restricted (for example the automatic start of the HANA instances on both nodes when the cluster is started will not work and the HANA instance on the secondary node will have to be started manually for the cluster to be able to resume operation if Full Sync Replication is enabled.). To check Full Sync Replication state you can run command
hdbcons -e hdbindexserver "replication info"|egrep "(ReplicationFullSync|enable_full_sync)"as SAP HANA administrative user.
- Active/Active (Read Enabled) SAP HANA System Replication setups should be possible with SAP HANA 2.0 using version 0.152.17 or later of the SAPHANA and SAPHanaTopology resource agents. To enable such setups a second IPaddr2 resource and a co-location constraint have to be added to manage the second IP address.(Scale-Up Only)
- If the cluster nodes are installed in different data centers or data center areas, the environment must match both
- the requirements defined in the SAP How to Perform System Replication for SAP HANA guide in section "4.2 Distance between data centers" and
- the Support Policies for RHEL High Availability Clusters - Deployments Spanning Multiple Sites
- Time on all cluster nodes must be in sync (using NTP or some other time synchronization method) - resource agents require the time to be the same on both nodes for proper operation.
- Each cluster node must have a local installation of
SAPHostAgentand the version of
SAPHostAgentacross the cluster must be the same