virt-who reports a different UUID of ESX VM to Red Hat Satellite

Solution Verified - Updated -

Environment

  • Red Hat Satellite 6.x
  • virt-who
  • VCenter 6.5

Issue

  • Why is the UUID reported by virt-who different from dmidecode of VM?

Resolution

This is a known bug BZ#1809098 in virt-who and the fix is available in virt-who-0.28.9-1.el7.noarch.rpm.

From VMWare side, when upgrading your VM hardware version, you should also be adding and/or changing the configuration entry below to TRUE

From
acpi.smbiosVersion2.7 = "FALSE"

To
acpi.smbiosVersion2.7 = "TRUE"

For more KB articles/solutions related to Virt-who and Virtual Datacenter (VDC) Subscriptions Issues, please refer to the Consolidated Troubleshooting Article for Virt-who and Virtual Datacenter (VDC) Subscriptions Issues

Root Cause

  • The UUID reported by VMware HW > =13 is not as per RFC 4122 standards. Red Hat reports UUID per RFC 4122 standards. Find below examples:
[root@SMBIOS 2.6 client ~]# dmidecode |head -n 3
# dmidecode 3.2
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.7 present.

# dmidecode|grep -A 5 '^System Information'
System Information
    Manufacturer: VMware, Inc.
    Product Name: VMware Virtual Platform
    Version: None
    Serial Number: VMware-42 19 a0 7a fd ee d5 09-5f b8 4b 7e 5c 2d 92 c5     <<=====
    UUID: 7aa01942-eefd-09d5-5fb8-4b7e5c2d92c5                                              <<=====

The 'dmidecode' command tries to swap the bytes in the first 3 fields if the system's SMBIOS version is 2.6 or greater.

Eg:

SMBIOS 2.7 present

Serial Number: VMware-42 19 a0 7a fd ee d5 09-5f b8 4b 7e 5c 2d 92 c5

SMBIOS >= 2.6

  7a    a0    19    42    ee    fd    09    d5    5f    b8     4b     7e     5c     2d     92     c5
p[3], p[2], p[1], p[0], p[5], p[4], p[7], p[6], p[8], p[9], p[10], p[11], p[12], p[13], p[14], p[15]

UUID: 7aa01942-eefd-09d5-5fb8-4b7e5c2d92c5
[root@SMBIOS 2.4 client ~]# dmidecode |head -n 3
# dmidecode 3.2
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.4 present.

# dmidecode|grep -A 5 '^System Information'
System Information
    Manufacturer: VMware, Inc.
    Product Name: VMware Virtual Platform
    Version: None
    Serial Number: VMware-42 25 0e e6 f5 eb 85 76-46 f1 f1 f5 c1 9c bf 2a     <<=====
    UUID: 42250ee6-f5eb-8576-46f1-f1f5c19cbf2a                                              <<=====


The 'dmidecode' command doesn't swap the bytes in the first 3 fields if the system's SMBIOS version is less than 2.6.

Eg:

SMBIOS 2.4 present.

Serial Number: VMware-42 25 0e e6 f5 eb 85 76-46 f1 f1 f5 c1 9c bf 2a

SMBIOS < 2.6

  42    25    0e    e6    f5    eb    85    76    46    f1     f1     f5     c1     9c     bf     2a
p[0], p[1], p[2], p[3], p[4], p[5], p[6], p[7], p[8], p[9], p[10], p[11], p[12], p[13], p[14], p[15]

UUID: 42250ee6-f5eb-8576-46f1-f1f5c19cbf2a

There is also another approach that could cause a similar behavior, but before, let me present some standard values when creating virtual machines on VMWare.

For all the new servers created on VMWare, they will be like the below when installing RHEL

VM Hardware Version SMBIOS Version
< 12 SMBIOS 2.4
> = 12 SMBIOS 2.7

However, if the VM is created in version 13 for example, and the sysadmin proceeds with the hardware upgrade via webUI/vCenter to keep the compatibility with the hypervisor, a new flag will be added automatically in the VMX file. You can see the entry below

acpi.smbiosVersion2.7 = "FALSE"

After this change, VMs with hardware version > = 12 will be reported as old hardware versions, presenting the SMBIOS 2.4 instead of SMBIOS 2.7 and as consequence causing issues related to the virt-who host-guest mapping.

Diagnostic Steps

  • While troubleshooting for virt-who's host-guest mapping search using VCenter's UUID:
"facts": {
                "hypervisor.type": "VMware ESXi", 
                "dmi.system.uuid": "4c4c4544-004c-3510-8034-b9c04f514d32", 
                "cpu.cpu_socket(s)": "2", 
                "hypervisor.cluster": "Cluster4", 
                "hypervisor.version": "6.5.0"
            }
        }, 
        {
            "hypervisorId": {
                "hypervisorId": "esx1.redhat.com"
            }, 
            "name": "esx1.redhat.com", 
            "guestIds": [
{
                    "guestId": "421250eb-e096-9c97-8e46-121d5977a347",      <<====== UUID of VM as reported by VCenter
                    "state": 1, 
                    "attributes": {
                        "active": 1, 
                        "virtWhoType": "esx"
                    }
                }, 

Also, when creating a new VM in version 14 for example, you can see via dmidecode command that the BIOS will be 2.7. However, after upgrading the hardware compatibility of the VM, when reruning the dmidecode you will see the BIOS version 2.4, which means, the acpi.smbiosVersion2.7 it's TRUE by default when creating new VMs.

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2 Comments

Is there a fix for this problem?

Hi Eric,

.This should be fixed in current 7.9 release.