Enabling or disabling a repository using Red Hat Subscription Management

Solution Verified - Updated -


  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 5.7 or higher, 6.1 or higher
  • Red Hat Subscription Management (RHSM)


  • How to enable a repository using Red Hat Subscription Manager
  • Need to access a repository using Red Hat Subscription Manager
  • How to disable repository using Subscription Manager
  • How to subscribe a child channel using Red Hat Subscription-Manager
  • How can I edit the /etc/yum.repos.d/redhat.repo file?
    • Changes made to redhat.repo are reverted whenever a yum or subscription-manager runs


As systems are subscribed to products, the associated content repositories (identified in the entitlement certificate) are made available to the system. The content repositories are based on the product and on the content delivery network, defined in the baseurl parameter of the rhsm.conf file.

A subscription may include access to optional content channels along with the default channels. These optional channels must be enabled before the packages in them can be installed (even if the system is fully entitled to the products in those channels).

List all available repositories for the system, including disabled repositories:

[root@server ~]# yum repolist all
repo id                      repo name                           status
rhel-6-server                Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server -  enabled
rhel-6-server-beta           Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server Be enabled
rhel-6-server-optional-rpms  Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server Op disabled
rhel-6-server-supplementary  Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server Su disabled

The optional and supplementary channels are named rhel-6-server-optional-rpms and rhel-6-server-supplementary, respectively.

Using Subscription-Manager

Subscription-Manager provides its own utility to enable & disable repositories within the redhat.repo file:

To see a list of available repositories:

[root@server ~]# subscription-manager repos --list

To enable a specific repository:

[root@server ~]# subscription-manager repos --enable=rhel-6-server-optional-rpms

To disable a specific repository:

[root@server ~]# subscription-manager repos --disable=rhel-6-server-optional-rpms

Using Yum-Utils provided yum-config-manager:

The repositories can be enabled or disabled using the yum-config-manager command, which is provided with the yum-utils package:

[root@server ~]# yum install -y yum-utils

Please note yum-config-manager is only available for RHEL 6 and not available for RHEL 5

If required run yum clean all first to ensure the repositories are in a stable state.

[root@server ~]# yum clean all
[root@server ~]# yum repolist enabled

The yum repolist enabled command will list the repo id that you can either disable or enable.

[root@server ~]# yum-config-manager --enable rhel-6-server-optional-rpms
[root@server ~]# yum-config-manager --disable epel

Alternatively, simply specify the optional or supplementary repository when installing a package with yum. This uses the --enablerepo repo_name option. For example:

# yum install rubygems --enablerepo=rhel-6-server-optional-rpms
Loaded plugins: product-id, refresh-packagekit, subscription-manager
Updating Red Hat repositories.

Disabling the Subscription-Manager Repository

When a system is registered using Subscription-Manager, the rhsmcertd process creates a special yum repository — redhat.repo. As “Enabling Supplementary and Optional Repositories” describes, as the system adds subscriptions, the product channels are added to the redhat.repo file.

Maintaining a redhat.repo file may not be desirable in some environments. It can create static in content management operations if that repository is not the one actually used for subscriptions, such as for a disconnected system or a system using a local content mirror.

This default redhat.repo repository can be disabled by editing the Subscription-Manager configuration and setting the manage_repos value to zero (0).

[root@server ~]# subscription-manager config --rhsm.manage_repos=0

More information: Working with yum Repos

Root Cause

subscription-manager maintains the redhat.repo file. Whenever it's run by itself or as a yum plugin, it will set the redhat.repo back to it's last saved state, undoing any manual changes made.

 # head /etc/yum.repos.d/redhat.repo
 # Certificate-Based Repositories
 # Managed by (rhsm) subscription-manager
 # *** This file is auto-generated.  Changes made here will be over-written. ***
 # *** Use "subscription-manager repo-override --help" if you wish to make changes. ***
 # If this file is empty and this system is subscribed consider
 # a "yum repolist" to refresh available repos

You can disable this by disabling "manage_repos" in /etc/rhsm/rhsm.conf OR you can modify the redhat.repo file with the repo-override command.

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Just a quick note:

suscription-manager only handles /etc/yum.repos.d/redhat.repo

To fully disable all yum repos you need both of these

subscription-manager repos --disable=*

yum-config-manager --disablerepo=*

Also note, when making to make sure you don't having missing dependencies and to ensure you don't have other conflicts run the following:


Why would you want to disable all repos?

There are some use cases for this.

Sometimes it is such that there are numerous repos enabled, and you want to make sure that only specific ones are switched on.

Suppose you need three specific repos, ONLY but there are nine enabled.

It's easier to disable all of them, then enable three, versus disabling all except those particular three.

Thank you. Because we use openldap for access to satellite server we chose option 2. I enable the optional channel and resolved the issue. This ticket may be closed. Thanks, Lonnie Furnish

sometimes, it will get failed result when enable repos, what's the reason?

Perhaps there has been a mistake in the repo ID?

when i want to config /etc/yum.repos.d/redhat.repo, but everty time this file will be rewirte,why?

The file is managed by the subscription-manager application, the yum-config-manager tool, as well as various GUI tools. These tools should respect manual settings in the file, but if you use them to change settings, they will overwrite the file.

Hi, I can not update red hat 6.5 on my servers. I get the message below:

yum repolist all

Loaded plugins: product-id, refresh-packagekit, security repo id repo name status rhel-source Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server - x86_64 - Source disabled rhel-source-beta Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server Beta - x86_64 - Source disabled repolist: 0

subscription-manager repos --list

Ce système ne possède pas de référentiel disponible à travers des abonnements.

subscription-manager repos --disable=rhel-6-server-optional-rpms

Erreur : rhel-6-server-optional-rpms n'est pas un ID de référentiel valide. Utilisez l'option --list pour afficher les référentiels valides. I get suscription recently. Thank you for your assistance. Best regards,

First you need to attach subscription by running # subscription-manager attach --auto then # subscription-manager repos --list to list the repositories.

How do I enable all repos that my subscription allows ?

for example, something like subscription-manager repos --enable=*

If this is a suitable/good/OK thing to do? If not, why not? Just to ask.