Unable to mount or check XFS filesystem

Solution Verified - Updated -

Issue

  • In Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, an xfs filesystem hung and running xfs_check gave the following error:
# xfs_check /dev/sdm1
ERROR: The filesystem has valuable metadata changes in a log which needs to
be replayed. Mount the filesystem to replay the log, and unmount it before
re-running xfs_check. If you are unable to mount the filesystem, then use
the xfs_repair -L option to destroy the log and attempt a repair.
Note that destroying the log may cause corruption -- please attempt a mount
of the filesystem before doing this.

NOTE: Older xfsprogs packages contained the xfs_check tool. This tool is very slow and does not scale well for large filesystems. As such, it has been deprecated in favor of xfs_repair -n.

  • In the above scenario, the filesystem would also not mount:
# mount /dev/sdm1 /new/
mount: Structure needs cleaning
# mount -f /dev/sdm1 /new/
/dev/sdm1 100G 49G 46G 52% /new
  • The last resort was running xfs_repair -L which was able to cause the filesystem to mount and work.
kernel: XFS internal error XFS_WANT_CORRUPTED_GOTO at line 1572 of file fs/xfs/xfs_alloc.c.  Caller 0xffffffff88871969
kernel: 
kernel: Call Trace:
kernel:  [<ffffffff8886fe2f>] :xfs:xfs_free_ag_extent+0x19e/0x67e
kernel:  [<ffffffff88871969>] :xfs:xfs_free_extent+0xa9/0xc9
kernel:  [<ffffffff8887a755>] :xfs:xfs_bmap_finish+0xee/0x15f
kernel:  [<ffffffff88899927>] :xfs:xfs_itruncate_finish+0x185/0x2af
kernel:  [<ffffffff888b1001>] :xfs:xfs_inactive+0x1de/0x40f
kernel:  [<ffffffff888bb8c1>] :xfs:xfs_fs_clear_inode+0xa4/0xeb
kernel:  [<ffffffff80022eee>] clear_inode+0xd2/0x123
kernel:  [<ffffffff8002f3ec>] generic_delete_inode+0xde/0x143
kernel:  [<ffffffff8003c716>] do_unlinkat+0xd5/0x141
kernel:  [<ffffffff8005d229>] tracesys+0x71/0xe0
kernel:  [<ffffffff8005d28d>] tracesys+0xd5/0xe0
kernel: 
kernel: xfs_force_shutdown(sdm1,0x8) called from line 4269 of file fs/xfs/xfs_bmap.c.  Return address = 0xffffffff8887a78a
kernel: Filesystem "sdm1": Corruption of in-memory data detected.  Shutting down filesystem: sdm1
kernel: Please umount the filesystem, and rectify the problem(s)
kernel: nfsd: non-standard errno: 5

Environment

  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.7 or later
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7
  • XFS file system

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