Menu Close

Considerations in adopting RHEL 9

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9

Key differences between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9

Red Hat Customer Content Services

Abstract

This document provides an overview of changes in RHEL 9 since RHEL 8 to help you evaluate an upgrade to RHEL 9.

Making open source more inclusive

Red Hat is committed to replacing problematic language in our code, documentation, and web properties. We are beginning with these four terms: master, slave, blacklist, and whitelist. Because of the enormity of this endeavor, these changes will be implemented gradually over several upcoming releases. For more details, see our CTO Chris Wright’s message.

Providing feedback on Red Hat documentation

We appreciate your input on our documentation. Please let us know how we could make it better.

  • For simple comments on specific passages:

    1. Make sure you are viewing the documentation in the Multi-page HTML format. In addition, ensure you see the Feedback button in the upper right corner of the document.
    2. Use your mouse cursor to highlight the part of text that you want to comment on.
    3. Click the Add Feedback pop-up that appears below the highlighted text.
    4. Follow the displayed instructions.
  • For submitting feedback via Bugzilla, create a new ticket:

    1. Go to the Bugzilla website.
    2. As the Component, use Documentation.
    3. Fill in the Description field with your suggestion for improvement. Include a link to the relevant part(s) of documentation.
    4. Click Submit Bug.

Chapter 1. Preface

This document provides an overview of differences between two major versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux: RHEL 8 and RHEL 9. It provides a list of changes relevant for evaluating an upgrade to RHEL 9 rather than an exhaustive list of all alterations.

For details regarding RHEL 9 usage, see the RHEL 9 product documentation.

For guidance regarding an in-place upgrade from RHEL 8 to RHEL 9, see Upgrading from RHEL 8 to RHEL 9.

For information about major differences between RHEL 7 and RHEL 8, see Considerations in adopting RHEL 8.

Capabilities and limits of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 as compared to other versions of the system are available in the Knowledgebase article Red Hat Enterprise Linux technology capabilities and limits.

Information regarding the Red Hat Enterprise Linux life cycle is provided in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Life Cycle document.

The Package manifest document provides a package listing for RHEL 9, including licenses and application compatibility levels.

Application compatibility levels are explained in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9: Application Compatibility Guide document.

Chapter 2. Architectures

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 is distributed with the kernel version 5.14, which provides support for the following architectures at the minimum required version:

  • AMD and Intel 64-bit architectures (x86-64-v2)
  • The 64-bit ARM architecture (ARMv8.0-A)
  • IBM Power Systems, Little Endian (POWER9)
  • 64-bit IBM Z (z14)

Make sure you purchase the appropriate subscription for each architecture.

Chapter 3. Repositories

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 is distributed through two main repositories:

  • BaseOS
  • AppStream

Both repositories are required for a basic RHEL installation, and are available with all RHEL subscriptions.

Content in the BaseOS repository is intended to provide the core set of the underlying OS functionality that provides the foundation for all installations. This content is available in the RPM format and is subject to support terms similar to those in previous releases of RHEL. For more information, see the Scope of Coverage Details document.

Content in the AppStream repository includes additional user-space applications, runtime languages, and databases in support of the varied workloads and use cases.

In addition, the CodeReady Linux Builder repository is available with all RHEL subscriptions. It provides additional packages for use by developers. Packages included in the CodeReady Linux Builder repository are unsupported.

Additional resources

Chapter 4. Application Streams

Multiple versions of user-space components are delivered as Application Streams and updated more frequently than the core operating system packages. This provides greater flexibility to customize RHEL without impacting the underlying stability of the platform or specific deployments.

Each Application Stream component has a given life cycle, either the same as RHEL 9 or shorter. For RHEL life cycle information, see Red Hat Enterprise Linux Life Cycle and Red Hat Enterprise Linux Application Streams Life Cycle.

Application Streams are available in the following formats:

  • the familiar RPM format
  • as an extension to the RPM format called modules
  • as Software Collections
  • as Flatpaks.

RHEL 9 improves the Application Streams experience by providing initial Application Stream versions that can be installed as RPM packages using the traditional dnf install command.

Note

Certain initial Application Streams in the RPM format have a shorter life cycle than Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.

Some additional Application Stream versions will be distributed as modules with a shorter life cycle in future minor RHEL 9 releases. It is recommended to review the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Application Stream Lifecycle definitions for any content life cycle considerations.

Always determine what version of an Application Stream you want to install and make sure to review the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Application Stream Lifecycle first.

Content that needs rapid updating, such as alternate compilers and container tools, is available in rolling streams that will not provide alternative versions in parallel. Rolling streams can be packaged as RPMs or modules.

For information about Application Streams available in RHEL 9 and their application compatibility level, see the Package manifest. Application compatibility levels are explained in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9: Application Compatibility Guide document.

Chapter 5. Installer and image creation

This chapter lists the most notable changes to installer and image creation between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

5.1. Installer

Anaconda activates network automatically for interactive installations

Anaconda now activates the network automatically when performing interactive installation, without requiring users to manually activate it in the network spoke. This update does not change the installation experience for Kickstart installations and installations using the ip= boot option.

New options to Lock root account and Allow root SSH login with password

RHEL 9 adds following new options to the root password configuration screen:

  • Lock root account: To lock the root access to the machine.
  • Allow root SSH login with password: To enable password-based SSH root logins.

During the Kickstart installation method, enable the password-based SSH root logins by adding the following line to the Kickstart file:

%post
echo "PermitRootLogin yes" > /etc/ssh/sshd_config.d/01-permitrootlogin.conf
%end

Licensing, system, and user setting configuration screens have been disabled post standard installation

Previously, RHEL users configured Licensing, System (Subscription manager), and User Settings prior to gnome-initial-setup and login screens. Starting with RHEL 9, the initial setup screens have been disabled by default to improve user experience. If you must run the initial setup for user creation or license display, install the following packages based on the requirements.

  1. To install initial setup packages:

    # dnf install initial-setup initial-setup-gui
  2. To enable initial setup after the next reboot of the system.

    # systemctl enable initial-setup
  3. Reboot the system to view initial setup.

For Kickstart installations, add initial-setup-gui to the packages section and enable the initial-setup service.

firstboot --enable
%packages
@^graphical-server-environment
initial-setup-gui
%end

The rhsm command for machine provisioning through Kickstart for Satellite is now available

The rhsm command replaces the %post scripts for machine provisioning on RHEL 9. The rhsm command helps with all provisioning tasks such as registering the system, attaching RHEL subscriptions, and installing from a Satellite instance. For more information, see the Registering and installing RHEL from Satellite using Kickstart section in the Performing an advanced RHEL installation guide.

New Kickstart command - timesource

The new timesource Kickstart command is optional and it helps to set NTP, NTS servers, and NTP pools that provide time data. It also helps to control enabling or disabling the NTP services on the system. The --ntpservers option from the timezone command has been deprecated and has been replaced with this new command.

Support for Anaconda boot arguments without inst. prefix is no longer available

Anaconda boot arguments without the inst. prefix have been deprecated since RHEL 7. Support for these boot arguments has been removed in RHEL 9. To continue using these options, use the inst. prefix

For example, to force the installation program to run in the text mode instead of the graphical mode, use the following option:

inst.text

Removed Kickstart commands and options

The following Kickstart commands and options have been removed from RHEL 9. Using them in Kickstart files causes an error.

  • device
  • deviceprobe
  • dmraid
  • install - use the subcommands or methods directly as commands
  • multipath
  • bootloader --upgrade
  • ignoredisk --interactive
  • partition --active
  • harddrive --biospart
  • autostep

Where only specific options and values are listed, the base command and its other options are still available and not removed.

Removed boot options

The following boot options have been removed from Red Hat Enterprise Linux:

  • inst.zram

    RHEL 9 does not support the zram service. See the zram-generator(8) man page for more information.

  • inst.singlelang

    The single language mode is not supported on RHEL 9.

  • inst.loglevel

    The log level is always set to debug.

5.2. Image creation

As of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.0:

Image Builder supports customized file system partitions on LVM

With support for customized file system partitions on LVM, if you add any file system customization to your system, the file systems are converted to an LVM partition.

Image Builder now supports file system configuration

As of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.0, Image Builder provides support for users to specify a custom filesystem configuration in blueprints to create images with a specific disk layout, instead of using the default layout configuration.

Image builder can create bootable ISO Installer images

You can use Image Builder GUI and CLI to create bootable ISO Installer images. These images consist of a tarball that contains a root file system which you can use to install directly to a bare metal server.

Chapter 6. Subscription management

6.1. Notable changes to subscription management

Merged system purpose commands under the subscription-manager syspurpose command

Previously, there were two different commands to set system purpose attributes; syspurpose and subscription-manager. To unify all the system purpose attributes under one module, all the addons, role, service-level, and usage commands from subscription-manager have been moved to the new submodule, subscription-manager syspurpose.

Existing subscription-manager commands outside the new submodule are deprecated. The separate package (python3-syspurpose) that provides the syspurpose command line tool has been removed in RHEL 9.

This update provides a consistent way to view, set, and update all system purpose attributes using a single command of subscription-manager. This command replaces all the existing system purpose commands with their equivalent versions available as a new subcommand. For example, subscription-manager role --set SystemRole becomes subscription-manager syspurpose role --set SystemRole and so on.

For complete information about the new commands, options, and other attributes, see the SYSPURPOSE OPTIONS section in the subscription-manager man page or Configuring system purpose using the subscription manager command line tool.

virt-who now uses /etc/virt-who.conf for global options instead of /etc/sysconfig/virt-who

In RHEL 9, the global options for the virt-who utility on your system are stored in the /etc/virt-who.conf file. Therefore, the /etc/sysconfig/virt-who file is not being used any more, and has been removed.

Chapter 7. Software management

This chapter lists the most notable changes to software management between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

7.1. Notable changes to software management

Package management with DNF/YUM

In Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9, software installation is ensured by DNF. Red Hat continues to support the usage of the yum term for consistency with previous major versions of RHEL. If you type dnf instead of yum, the command works as expected because both are aliases for compatibility.

Although RHEL 8 and RHEL 9 are based on DNF, they are compatible with YUM used in RHEL 7.

For more information, see Managing software with the DNF tool.

Notable RPM features and changes

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 is distributed with RPM version 4.16. This version introduces many enhancements over its previous versions.

Notable features include:

  • New SPEC features, most notably:

    • Fast macro-based dependency generators

      It is now possible to define dependency generators as regular RPM macros. This is especially useful in combination with the embedded Lua interpreter (%{lua:…​}) because it enables writing sophisticated yet fast generators and avoiding redundant forking and executing a shell script.

      Example:

      %__foo_provides()    %{basename:%{1}}
    • The %generate_buildrequires section that enables generating dynamic build dependencies

      Additional build dependencies can now be generated programmatically at RPM build time, using the newly available %generate_buildrequires section. This is useful when packaging software written in a language in which a specialized utility is commonly used to determine run-time or build-time dependencies, such as Rust, Golang, Node.js, Ruby, Python or Haskell.

    • Meta (unordered) dependencies

      A new dependency qualifier called meta enables expressing dependencies that are not specifically install-time or run-time dependencies. This is useful for avoiding unnecessary dependency loops that could otherwise arise from the normal dependency ordering, such as when specifying the dependencies of a meta package.

      Example:

      Requires(meta): <pkgname>
    • Native version comparison in expressions

      It is now possible to compare arbitrary version strings in expressions by using the newly supported v"…​" format.

      Example:

      %if v"%{python_version}" < v"3.9"
    • Caret version operator, opposite of tilde

      The new caret (^) operator can be used to express a version that is higher than the base version. It is a complement to the existing tilde (~) operator which has the opposite semantics.

    • %elif, %elifos and %elifarch statements
    • Optional automatic patch and source numbering

      Patch: and Source: tags without a number are now automatically numbered based on the order in which they are listed.

    • %autopatch now accepts patch ranges

      The %autopatch macro now accepts the -m and -M parameters to limit the minimum and maximum patch number to apply, respectively.

    • %patchlist and %sourcelist sections

      It is now possible to list patch and source files without preceding each item with the respective Patch: and Source: tags by using the newly added %patchlist and %sourcelist sections.

  • The RPM database is now based on the sqlite library. Read-only support for BerkeleyDB databases has been retained for migration and query purposes.
  • A new rpm-plugin-audit plug-in for issuing audit log events on transactions, previously built into RPM itself
  • Increased parallelism in package builds

    There have been numerous improvements to the way the package build process is parallelized. These improvements involve various buildroot policy scripts and sanity checks, file classification, and subpackage creation and ordering. As a result, package builds on multiprocessor systems, particularly for large packages, should now be faster and more efficient.

  • Enforced UTF-8 validation of header data at build-time
  • RPM now supports the Zstandard (zstd) compression algorithm

    In RHEL 9, the default RPM compression algorithm has switched to Zstandard (zstd). As a result, packages now install faster, which can be especially noticeable during large transactions.

Chapter 8. Shells and command-line tools

This chapter lists the most notable changes to shells and command-line tools between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

8.1. Notable changes to system management

Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm is not available for net-snmp communication in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9

In previous versions of RHEL, DES was used as an encryption algorithm for secure communication between net-snmp clients and servers. In RHEL 9, the DES algorithm isn’t supported by the OpenSSL library. The algorithm is marked as insecure and the DES support for net-snmp has therefore been removed.

The ABRT tool has been removed

The Automatic Bug Reporting Tool (ABRT) for detecting and reporting application crashes is not available in RHEL 9.

As a replacement, use the systemd-coredump tool to log and store core dumps, which are automatically generated files after a program crashes.

The hidepid=n mount option is not supported in RHEL 9 systemd

The mount option hidepid=n, which controls who can access information in /proc/[pid] directories, is not compatible with systemd infrastructure provided in RHEL 9.

In addition, using this option might cause certain services started by systemd to produce SELinux AVC denial messages and prevent other operations from being completed.

The dump utility from the dump package has been removed

The dump utility used for backup of file systems has been deprecated in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 and is not available in RHEL 9.

In RHEL 9, Red Hat recommends using the tar, or dd as a backup tool for ext2, ext3, and ext4 file systems. The dump utility will be a part of the EPEL 9 repository.

Note that the restore utility from the dump package remains available and supported in RHEL 9 and is available as the restore package.

RHEL 9 does not contain ReaR crontab

The /etc/cron.d/rear crontab in the rear package, which runs rear mkrescue after the disk layout changes, has been removed in RHEL 9.

If you relied on the /etc/cron.d/rear crontab to run rear mkrescue, you can manually configure periodic runs of ReaR instead.

Note

The rear package in RHEL contains the following examples for scheduling jobs:

  • the /usr/share/doc/rear/rear.cron example crontab
  • the /usr/share/doc/rear/rear.{service,timer} example systemd unit

Do not use these examples without site-specific modifications or other actions to take updated backups for system recovery. You must take regular backups in addition to re-creating the rescue image. The steps to take a backup depend on the local configuration. If you run the rear mkrescue command without taking an updated backup at the same time, the system recovery process would use a previous backup that might be inconsistent with the saved layout.

Chapter 9. Infrastructure services

This chapter lists the most notable changes to infrastructure services between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

9.1. Notable changes to infrastructure services

Support for Berkeley DB dynamic back end has been removed

With this release, the Berkeley DB (libdb) dynamic back end is no longer supported. The named-sdb build is no longer provided. You can use the DLZ loadable plugins for each back end, for example, sqlite3 or mysql. Those plugins are not built or shipped and have to be built from the source.

Chapter 10. Security

This chapter lists the most notable changes to security between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

10.1. Security compliance

CIS and DISA STIG profiles provided as DRAFT

The profiles based on benchmarks from the Center for Internet Security (CIS) and Defence Industry Security Association Security Technical Implementation Guides (DISA STIG) are provided as DRAFT because the issuing authorities have not yet published an official benchmark for RHEL 9. In addition, the OSSP profile is in DRAFT because it is being implemented.

For a complete list of profiles available in RHEL 9, see SCAP Security Guide profiles supported in RHEL 9.

OpenSCAP no longer supports SHA-1 and MD5

Due to removal of SHA-1 and MD5 hash functions in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9, support for OVAL filehash_test has been removed from OpenSCAP. Also, support for SHA-1 and MD5 hash functions has been removed from OVAL filehash58_test implementation in OpenSCAP. As a result, OpenSCAP evaluates rules in SCAP content that use the OVAL filehash_test as notchecked. In addition, OpenSCAP returns notchecked also when evaluating OVAL filehash58_test with the hash_type element within filehash58_object set to SHA-1 or MD5.

To update your OVAL content, rewrite the affected SCAP content so that it uses filehash58_test instead of filehash_test and use one of SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, SHA-512 in the hash_type element within filehash58_object.

OpenSCAP uses the data stream file instead of the XCCDF file

The SCAP source data stream file (ssg-rhel9-ds.xml) contains all the data that in previous versions of RHEL were contained in the XCCDF file (ssg-rhel9-xccdf.xml). The SCAP source data stream is a container file that includes all the components (XCCDF, OVAL, CPE) needed to perform a compliance scan. Using the SCAP source data stream instead of XCCDF has been recommended since RHEL 7. In previous versions of RHEL, the data in the XCCDF file and SCAP source data stream was duplicated. In RHEL 9, this duplication is removed to reduce the RPM package size. If your scenario requires using separate files instead of the data stream, you can split the data stream file by using this command: # oscap ds sds-split /usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-rhel9-ds.xml output_directory.

10.2. Crypto-policies, RHEL core cryptographic components, and protocols

Continuing SHA-1 deprecation

In RHEL 9, SHA-1 usage for signatures is restricted in the DEFAULT system-wide cryptographic policy. Except for HMAC, SHA-1 is no longer allowed in TLS, DTLS, SSH, IKEv2, DNSSEC, and Kerberos protocols. Individual applications not controlled by the RHEL system-wide crypto policies are also moving away from using SHA-1 hashes in RHEL 9.

If your scenario requires the use of SHA-1 for verifying existing or third-party cryptographic signatures, you can enable it by entering the following command:

# update-crypto-policies --set DEFAULT:SHA1

Alternatively, you can switch the system-wide crypto policies to the LEGACY policy. Note that LEGACY also enables many other algorithms that are not secure. See the Re-enabling SHA-1 section in the RHEL 9 Security hardening document for more information.

For solutions of compatibility problems with systems that still require SHA-1, see the following KCS articles:

Algorithms disabled in all policy levels

The following algorithms are disabled in the LEGACY, DEFAULT and FUTURE crypto policies provided with RHEL 9:

  • TLS older than version 1.2 (since RHEL 9, was < 1.0 in RHEL 8)
  • DTLS older than version 1.2 (since RHEL 9, was < 1.0 in RHEL 8)
  • DH with parameters < 2048 bits (since RHEL 9, was < 1024 bits in RHEL 8)
  • RSA with key size < 2048 bits (since RHEL 9, was < 1024 bits in RHEL 8)
  • DSA (since RHEL 9, was < 1024 bits in RHEL 8)
  • 3DES (since RHEL 9)
  • RC4 (since RHEL 9)
  • FFDHE-1024 (since RHEL 9)
  • DHE-DSS (since RHEL 9)
  • Camellia (since RHEL 9)
  • ARIA
  • SEED
  • IDEA
  • Integrity-only cipher suites
  • TLS CBC mode cipher suites using SHA-384 HMAC
  • AES-CCM8
  • All ECC curves incompatible with TLS 1.3, including secp256k1
  • IKEv1 (since RHEL 8)
Caution

If your scenario requires a policy that has been disabled, you can enable it by applying a custom cryptographic policy or by an explicit configuration of individual applications, but the resulting configuration will not be supported.

Changes to TLS

In RHEL 9, TLS configuration is performed using the system-wide cryptographic policies mechanism. TLS versions below 1.2 are not supported anymore. DEFAULT, FUTURE and LEGACY cryptographic policies allow only TLS 1.2 and 1.3. See Using system-wide cryptographic policies for more information.

The default settings provided by libraries included in RHEL 9 are secure enough for most deployments. The TLS implementations use secure algorithms where possible while not preventing connections from or to legacy clients or servers. Apply hardened settings in environments with strict security requirements where legacy clients or servers that do not support secure algorithms or protocols are not expected or allowed to connect.

SCP not supported in RHEL 9

The secure copy protocol (SCP) protocol is no longer supported because it is difficult to secure. It has already caused security issues, for example CVE-2020-15778. In RHEL 9, SCP is replaced by the SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) by default.

Caution

By default, SSH cannot connect from RHEL 9 systems to older systems (for example, RHEL 6) or from older systems to RHEL 9. This is because the cryptographic algorithms used in older versions are now considered insecure. If your scenario requires connecting with older systems, you can either use the ECDSA and ECDH algorithms as keys on the legacy system or use the legacy cryptographic policy on the RHEL 9 system. For additional details, see the solutions SSH from RHEL 9 to RHEL 6 systems does not work and Failed connection with SSH servers and clients that do not support the server-sig-algs extension.

OpenSSH root password login disabled by default

The default configuration of OpenSSH in RHEL 9 disallows users to log in as root with a password to prevent attackers from gaining access through brute-force attacks on passwords.

GnuTLS no longer supports TPM 1.2

The GnuTLS library no longer supports the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 1.2 technology. Your applications using TPM through the GnuTLS API must support TPM 2.0.

GnuTLS support for GOST has been removed

In RHEL 8, the GOST ciphers have been disabled through the system-wide cryptographic policies. In RHEL 9, support for these ciphers has been removed from the GnuTLS library.

cyrus-sasl now uses GDBM instead of Berkeley DB

The cyrus-sasl package is now built without the libdb dependency, and the sasldb plugin uses the GDBM database format instead of Berkeley DB. To migrate your existing Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL) databases stored in the old Berkeley DB format, use the cyrusbdb2current tool with the following syntax:

cyrusbdb2current <sasldb_path> <new_path>

NSS no longer support DBM and pk12util defaults changed

The Network Security Services (NSS) libraries no longer support the DBM file format for the trust database. In RHEL 8, the SQLite file format became the default format, and the existing DBM databases were opened on read-only mode and automatically converted to SQLite. Before you upgrade to RHEL 9, update all trust databases from DBM to SQLite.

Additionally, the pk12util tool now uses the AES and SHA-256 algorithms instead of DES-3 and SHA-1 by default when exporting private keys.

Note that SHA-1 is disabled by the default system-wide cryptographic policy for all signatures in RHEL 9.

NSS no longer support RSA keys shorter than 1023 bits

The update of the Network Security Services (NSS) libraries changes the minimum key size for all RSA operations from 128 to 1023 bits. This means that NSS no longer perform the following functions:

  • Generate RSA keys shorter than 1023 bits.
  • Sign or verify RSA signatures with RSA keys shorter than 1023 bits.
  • Encrypt or decrypt values with RSA key shorter than 1023 bits.

OpenSSL ENGINE extension API is not supported in FIPS mode

The legacy extension system to OpenSSL, the ENGINE API, is not compatible with the new provider API. Therefore, applications that depend on functionality provided by OpenSSL engines, such as the openssl-pkcs11 and openssl-ibmca modules, cannot be used in FIPS mode.

10.3. SELinux

Support for disabling SELinux through /etc/selinux/config has been removed

With this release, support for disabling SELinux through the SELINUX=disabled option in the /etc/selinux/config file has been removed from the kernel. When you disable SELinux only through /etc/selinux/config, the system starts with SELinux enabled but with no policy loaded.

Furthermore, the Anaconda installation program and the corresponding man pages have been updated to reflect this change. This change also enables read-only-after-initialization protection for the Linux Security Module (LSM) hooks.

If your scenario requires disabling SELinux, add the selinux=0 parameter to your kernel command line.

Chapter 11. Networking

This chapter lists the most notable changes to networking between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

11.1. Kernel

WireGuard VPN is available as a Technology Preview

WireGuard, which Red Hat provides as an unsupported Technology Preview, is a high-performance VPN solution that runs in the Linux kernel. It uses modern cryptography and is easier to configure than other VPN solutions. Additionally, the small code-basis of WireGuard reduces the surface for attacks and, therefore, improves the security.

For further details, see Setting up a WireGuard VPN.

11.2. Network Types

Network teams are deprecated

The teamd service and the libteam library are deprecated in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 and will be removed in the next major release. As a replacement, configure a bond instead of a network team.

Red Hat focuses its efforts on kernel-based bonding to avoid maintaining two features, bonds and teams, that have similar functions. The bonding code has a high customer adoption, is robust, and has an active community development. As a result, the bonding code receives enhancements and updates.

For details about how to migrate a team to a bond, see Migrating a network team configuration to network bond.

11.3. NetworkManager

NetworkManager stores new network configurations in a key file format

Previously, NetworkManager stored new network configurations to /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ in the ifcfg format. Starting with RHEL 9.0, RHEL stores new network configurations at /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/ in a key file format. The connections for which the configurations are stored to /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ in the old format still work uninterrupted. Modifications in existing profiles continue updating the older files.

The WEP Wi-Fi connection method has been removed

The insecure wired equivalent privacy (WEP) Wi-Fi connection method has been removed from RHEL 9. For secure Wi-Fi connections, use the Wi-Fi Protected Access 3 (WPA3) or WPA2 connection methods.

11.4. MPTCP

The mptcpd service is available

With this update the mptcpd service is available for usage. It is a user space based MPTCP path manager with integrated mptcpize tool.

The mptcpd service provides the simplified automatic configuration of the MPTCP`paths. It benefits with better reliability of the `MPTCP socket in case of network failure or reconfiguration.

Now you can use the mptcpize tool to enable the MPTCP protocol on the existing systemd units without additional external dependencies.

11.5. Firewall

The ipset and iptables-nft packages have been deprecated

The ipset and iptables-nft packages have been deprecated in RHEL. The iptables-nft package contains different tools such as iptables, ip6tables, ebtables and arptables. These tools will no longer receive new features and using them for new deployments is not recommended. As a replacement, it is recommended to use the nft command line tool provided by the nftables package. Existing setups should migrate to nft when possible.

For more information on migrating to nftables, see Migrating from iptables to nftables, as well as the iptables-translate(8) and ip6tables-translate(8) man pages.

The unsupported xt_u32 Netfilter module has been removed

RHEL 8 contained the unsupported xt_u32 module, which enabled iptables users to match arbitrary 32 bits in the packet header or payload. This module has been removed from RHEL 9. As a replacement, use the nftables packet filtering framework. If no native match exists in nftables, use the raw payload matching feature of nftables. For details, see the raw payload expression section in the nft(8) man page.

11.6. Infiniband and RDMA networks

The ibdev2netdev script has been removed from RHEL 9

ibdev2netdev was a helper utility that was able to display all the associations between network devices and Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) adapter ports. Previously, Red Hat was including ibdev2netdev in the rdma-core package. From Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9, ibdev2netdev has been removed and replaced by the rdmatool utility. Now, the iproute package includes rdmatool.

11.7. Removed functionality

RHEL 9 does not contain the legacy network scripts

RHEL 9 does not contain the network-scripts package that provided the deprecated legacy network scripts in RHEL 8. To configure network connections in RHEL 9, use NetworkManager. For details, see the Configuring and managing networking documentation.

The unsupported xt_u32 Netfilter module has been removed

RHEL 8 contained the unsupported xt_u32 module, which enabled iptables users to match arbitrary 32 bits in the packet header or payload. This module has been removed from RHEL 9. As a replacement, use the nftables packet filtering framework. If no native match exists in nftables, use the raw payload matching feature of nftables. For details, see the raw payload expression section in the nft(8) man page.

Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm is not available for net-snmp communication in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9

In previous versions of RHEL, DES was used as an encryption algorithm for secure communication between net-snmp clients and servers. In RHEL 9, the DES algorithm isn’t supported by the OpenSSL library. The algorithm is marked as insecure and hence the DES support for net-snmp has been removed.

Chapter 12. Kernel

This chapter lists the most notable changes to kernel between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

12.1. Notable changes to kdump memory allocation

The kexec-tools package now supports the default crashkernel memory reservation values for RHEL 9

The kexec-tools package now maintains the default crashkernel memory reservation values. The kdump service uses the default value to reserve the crashkernel memory for each kernel. This implementation also improves memory allocation for kdump when a system has less than 4GB of available memory.

If the memory reserved by the default crashkernel value is not sufficient on your system, you can increase the crashkernel parameter using the default value as a reference.

To query the default crashkernel value:

 $ kdumpctl get-default-crashkernel

Note that the crashkernel=auto option in the boot command line is no longer supported on RHEL 9 and later releases.

For more information, see the /usr/share/doc/kexec-tools/crashkernel-howto.txt file.

12.2. Notable changes to TPM 1.2 secure cryptoprocessor support on RHEL 9

The TPM 1.2 secure cryptoprocessor is no longer supported on RHEL 9

The Trusted Platform Module (TPM) secure cryptoprocessor version 1.2 has been removed and is no longer supported on RHEL 9 and later versions. TPM 2.0 replaces TPM 1.2 and provides many improvements over TPM 1.2. TPM 2.0 is not backward compatible.

Note that for applications that require support for TPM 1.2, Red Hat recommends that you use RHEL 8.

12.3. Notable changes to kernel

cgroup-v2 enabled by default in RHEL 9

The control groups version 2 (cgroup-v2) feature implements a single hierarchy model that simplifies the management of control groups. Also, it ensures that a process can only be a member of a single control group at a time. Deep integration with systemd improves the end-user experience when configuring resource control on a RHEL system.

Development of new features is mostly done for cgroup-v2, which has some features that are missing in cgroup-v1. Similarly, cgroup-v1 contains some legacy features that are missing in cgroup-v2. Also, the control interfaces are different. Therefore, third party software with direct dependency on cgroup-v1 may not run properly in the cgroup-v2 environment.

To use cgroup-v1, you need to add the following parameters to the kernel command-line:

systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy=0
systemd.legacy_systemd_cgroup_controller
Note

Both cgroup-v1 and cgroup-v2 are fully enabled in the kernel. There is no default control group version from the kernel point of view, and is decided by systemd to mount at startup.

Kernel changes potentially affecting third party kernel modules

Linux distributions with a kernel version prior to 5.9 supported exporting GPL functions as non-GPL functions. As a result, users could link proprietary functions to GPL kernel functions through the shim mechanism. With this release, the RHEL kernel incorporates upstream changes that enhance the ability of RHEL to enforce GPL by rebuffing shim.

Important

Partners and independent software vendors (ISVs) should test their kernel modules with an early version of RHEL 9 to ensure their compliance with GPL.

Core scheduling is supported in RHEL 9

With the core scheduling functionality users can prevent tasks that should not trust each other from sharing the same CPU core. Likewise, users can define groups of tasks that can share a CPU core.

These groups can be specified:

  • To improve security by mitigating some cross-Symmetric Multithreading (SMT) attacks
  • To isolate tasks that need a whole core. For example for tasks in real-time environments, or for tasks that rely on specific processor features such as Single Instruction, Multiple Data (SIMD) processing

For more information, see Core Scheduling.

The kernelopts environment variable has been removed in RHEL 9

In RHEL 8, the kernel command-line parameters for systems using the GRUB2 bootloader were defined in the kernelopts environment variable. This variable was stored in the /boot/grub2/grubenv file for each kernel boot entry. However, storing the kernel command-line parameters using kernelopts was not robust. Therefore, Red Hat removed kernelopts and the kernel command-line parameters are now stored in the Boot Loader Specification (BLS) snippet, instead of in the /boot/loader/entries/<KERNEL_BOOT_ENTRY>.conf file.

Red Hat protects kernel symbols only for minor releases

Red Hat guarantees that a kernel module will continue to load in all future updates within an Extended Update Support (EUS) release, only if you compile the kernel module using protected kernel symbols. There is no kernel Application Binary Interface (ABI) guarantee between minor releases of RHEL 9.

12.4. Notable changes to boot loader

Boot loader configuration files are unified across CPU architectures

Configuration files for the GRUB boot loader are now stored in the /boot/grub2/ directory on all supported CPU architectures. The /boot/efi/EFI/redhat/grub.cfg file, which GRUB previously used on UEFI systems, is now a symbolic link to the /boot/grub2/grub.cfg file.

This change simplifies the layout of the GRUB configuration file, improves user experience, and provides the following notable benefits:

  • You can boot the same installation with either EFI or legacy BIOS.
  • You can use the same documentation and commands for all architectures.
  • GRUB configuration tools are more robust, because they no longer rely on symbolic links and they do not have to handle platform-specific cases.
  • The usage of the GRUB configuration files is aligned with images generated by CoreOS Assembler (COSA) and OSBuild.
  • The usage of the GRUB configuration files is aligned with other Linux distributions.

RHEL no longer boots on 32-bit UEFI

Support for the 32-bit UEFI firmware was removed from the GRUB and shim boot loaders. As a consequence, RHEL 9 requires a 64-bit UEFI, and can no longer boot on 64-bit systems that use a 32-bit UEFI.

The following packages have been removed as part of this change:

  • grub2-efi-ia32
  • grub2-efi-ia32-cdboot
  • grub2-efi-ia32-modules
  • shim-ia32

Chapter 13. Hardware enablement

This chapter lists the most notable changes to hardware enablement between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

13.1. Unmaintained hardware support

This section lists devices (drivers, adapters) that are no longer being tested or updated on a routine basis in RHEL 9. Red Hat may fix serious bugs, including security bugs, at its discretion. These devices should no longer be used in production, and it is likely they will be disabled in the next major release.

PCI device IDs are in the format of vendor:device:subvendor:subdevice. If no device ID is listed, all devices associated with the corresponding driver are unmaintained. To check the PCI IDs of the hardware on your system, run the lspci -nn command.

Device IDDriverDevice name
 

bnx2

QLogic BCM5706/5708/5709/5716 Driver

 

e1000

Intel® PRO/1000 Network Driver

 

hpsa

Hewlett-Packard Company: Smart Array Controllers

0x10df:0x0724

lpfc

Emulex Corporation: OneConnect FCoE Initiator (Skyhawk)

0x10df:0xe200

lpfc

Emulex Corporation: LPe15000/LPe16000 Series 8Gb/16Gb Fibre Channel Adapter

0x10df:0xf011

lpfc

Emulex Corporation: Saturn: LightPulse Fibre Channel Host Adapter

0x10df:0xf015

lpfc

Emulex Corporation: Saturn: LightPulse Fibre Channel Host Adapter

0x10df:0xf100

lpfc

Emulex Corporation: LPe12000 Series 8Gb Fibre Channel Adapter

0x10df:0xfc40

lpfc

Emulex Corporation: Saturn-X: LightPulse Fibre Channel Host Adapter

0x10df:0xe220

be2net

Emulex Corporation: OneConnect NIC (Lancer)

0x1000:0x0071

megaraid_sas

Broadcom / LSI: MR SAS HBA 2004

0x1000:0x0073

megaraid_sas

Broadcom / LSI: MegaRAID SAS 2008 [Falcon]

0x1000:0x0079

megaraid_sas

Broadcom / LSI: MegaRAID SAS 2108 [Liberator]

0x1000:0x005b

megaraid_sas

Broadcom / LSI: MegaRAID SAS 2208 [Thunderbolt]

0x1000:0x006E

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2308 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

0x1000:0x0080

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2208 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

0x1000:0x0081

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2208 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

0x1000:0x0082

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2208 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

0x1000:0x0083

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2208 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

0x1000:0x0084

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2208 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

0x1000:0x0085

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2208 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

0x1000:0x0086

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2308 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

0x1000:0x0087

mpt3sas

Broadcom / LSI: SAS2308 PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS-2

 

mptbase

Fusion MPT SAS Host driver

 

mptsas

Fusion MPT SAS Host driver

 

mptscsih

Fusion MPT SCSI Host driver

 

mptspi

Fusion MPT SAS Host driver

 

myri10ge

Myricom 10G driver (10GbE)

 

netxen_nic

QLogic/NetXen (1/10) GbE Intelligent Ethernet Driver

0x1077:0x2031

qla2xxx

QLogic Corp.: ISP8324-based 16Gb Fibre Channel to PCI Express Adapter

0x1077:0x2532

qla2xxx

QLogic Corp.: ISP2532-based 8Gb Fibre Channel to PCI Express HBA

0x1077:0x8031

qla2xxx

QLogic Corp.: 8300 Series 10GbE Converged Network Adapter (FCoE)

 

qla3xxx

QLogic ISP3XXX Network Driver v2.03.00-k5

0x1924:0x0803

sfc

Solarflare Communications: SFC9020 10G Ethernet Controller

0x1924:0x0813

sfc

Solarflare Communications: SFL9021 10GBASE-T Ethernet Controller

13.2. Removed hardware support

This section lists devices (drivers, adapters) that have been removed from RHEL 9.

PCI device IDs are in the format of vendor:device:subvendor:subdevice. If no device ID is listed, all devices associated with the corresponding driver are unmaintained. To check the PCI IDs of the hardware on your system, run the lspci -nn command.

Device IDDriverDevice name
 

Soft-RoCE (rdma_rxe)

 
 

HNS-RoCE

HNS GE/10GE/25GE/50GE/100GE RDMA Network Controller

 

liquidio

Cavium LiquidIO Intelligent Server Adapter Driver

 

liquidio_vf

Cavium LiquidIO Intelligent Server Adapter Virtual Function Driver

aarch64:Ampere:Potenza

 

Ampere eMAG

aarch64:APM:Potenza

 

Applied Micro X-Gene

ppc64le:ibm:4d:*

 

Power8

ppc64le:ibm:4b:*

 

Power8E

ppc64le:ibm:4c:*

 

Power8NVL

s390x:ibm:2964:*

 

z13

s390x:ibm:2965:*

 

z13s

Chapter 14. File systems and storage

This chapter lists the most notable changes to file systems and storage between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

14.1. File systems

The XFS filesystem now supports bigtime and inobtcount features

The XFS filesystem now supports two new on-disk features, each of which is enabled by default by mkfs.xfs in RHEL 9. These two new features are:

  • Timestamp support beyond the year 2038 (bigtime).
  • Inode btree counters (inobtcount), to reduce mount time on large filesystems.

As a result of this update, filesystems created with default mkfs.xfs parameters will not be mountable on RHEL 8 systems.

To create a new filesystem that will be compatible with the RHEL 8 kernel, disable these new features by adding -m bigtime=0,inobtcount=0 to the mkfs.xfs command line. A filesystem created in this way will not support timestamps beyond the year 2038.

A filesystem created in RHEL 8 which does not support these features may be upgraded using the xfs_admin utility on the unmounted block device containing the filesystem. It is recommended to check the filesystem for consistency prior to this operation. The command will also cause an xfs_repair to be run on the device after the change.

To enable bigtime support:

  • xfs_admin -O bigtime=1 /dev/device

To enable inode btree counters:

  • xfs_admin -O inobtcount=1 /dev/device

To enable both at the same time:

  • xfs_admin -O bigtime=1,inobtcount=1 /dev/device

See the xfs_admin(8) man page for details.

The exFAT filesystem is now supported in RHEL 9

The exFAT filesystem is now supported in RHEL 9. This is a filesystem designed for external USB storage and interoperability and data exchange with other operating systems. The filesystem is not intended as a general-purpose, performant, or scalable Linux filesystem. An exFAT filesystem may be created by installing the exfatprogs package and using the mkfs.exfat utility.

See the mkfs.exfat(8) man page for details.

ext4 filesystem now supports timestamps beyond the year 2038

The ext4 filesystem is now supporting timestamps beyond the year 2038. This feature is fully automatic and does not require any user action to leverage it. The only requirement is that the inode size is larger than 128 bytes, which it is by default.

New nfsv4-client-utils package

New package nfsv4-client-utils, which contains a minimal set of the demons and tool required to support only NFSv4 has been added. This is a replacement for the standard nfs-utils package.

GFS2 file systems are now created with format version 1802

GFS2 file systems in RHEL 9 are created with format version 1802. This enables the following features:

  • Extended attributes in the trusted namespace ("trusted.* xattrs") are recognized by gfs2 and gfs2-utils.
  • The rgrplvb option is active by default. This allows gfs2 to attach updated resource group data to DLM lock requests, so the node acquiring the lock does not need to update the resource group information from disk. This improves performance in some cases.

File systems created with the new format version will not be able to be mounted under earlier RHEL versions and older versions of the fsck.gfs2 utility will not be able to check them.

Users can create a file system with the older format version by running the mkfs.gfs2 command with the option -o format=1801.

Users can upgrade the format version of an older file system running tunegfs2 -r 1802 device on an unmounted file system. Downgrading the format version is not supported.

Options in Samba utilities have been renamed and removed for a consistent user experience

The Samba utilities have been improved to provide a consistent command-line interface. These improvements include renamed and removed options. Therefore, to avoid problems after the update, review your scripts that use Samba utilities, and update them, if necessary.

Samba 4.15 introduces the following changes to the Samba utilities:

  • Previously, Samba command-line utilities silently ignored unknown options. To prevent unexpected behavior, the utilities now consistently reject unknown options.
  • Several command-line options now have a corresponding smb.conf variable to control their default value. See the man pages of the utilities to identify if a command-line option has an smb.conf variable name.
  • By default, Samba utilities now log to standard error (stderr). Use the --debug-stdout option to change this behavior.
  • The --client-protection=off|sign|encrypt option has been added to the common parser.
  • The following options have been renamed in all utilities:

    • --kerberos to --use-kerberos=required|desired|off
    • --krb5-ccache to --use-krb5-ccache=CCACHE
    • --scope to --netbios-scope=SCOPE
    • --use-ccache to --use-winbind-ccache
  • The following options have been removed from all utilities:

    • -e and --encrypt
    • -C removed from --use-winbind-ccache
    • -i removed from --netbios-scope
    • -S and --signing
  • To avoid duplicate options, certain options have been removed or renamed from the following utilities:

    • ndrdump: -l is no longer available for --load-dso
    • net: -l is no longer available for --long
    • sharesec: -V is no longer available for --viewsddl
    • smbcquotas: --user has been renamed to --quota-user
    • nmbd: --log-stdout has been renamed to --debug-stdout
    • smbd: --log-stdout has been renamed to --debug-stdout
    • winbindd: --log-stdout has been renamed to --debug-stdout

cramfs module has been removed

Due to lack of users, the cramfs kernel module is removed. squashfs is recommended as an alternative solution.

Mandatory file locking support has been removed from RHEL 9

Mandatory file locking is no longer supported in RHEL 9 and later versions. The mand mount option is ignored by this kernel and its use generates a warning in the system log.

NFSv2 is no longer supported

RHEL 9 NFS client and server no longer support NFSv2.

14.2. Storage

VDO Management software has been removed

The python-based VDO Management software is no longer available in RHEL 9. Instead of this software, use the LVM-VDO implementation for managing VDO volumes.

Multiple write policies from VDO has been removed

VDO no longer has multiple write policies. VDO now uses the async write policy exclusively. The 'sync' and 'async-unsafe' write policies have been removed.

Chapter 15. High availability and clusters

This chapter lists the most notable changes to high availability and clusters between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

15.1. Notable changes to high availability and clusters

pcs commands that support the clufter tool have been removed

The pcs commands that support the clufter tool for analyzing cluster configuration formats have been removed. The following commands have been removed:

  • pcs config import-cman for importing CMAN / RHEL6 HA cluster configuration
  • pcs config export for exporting cluster configuration to a list of pcs commands which recreate the same cluster

pcs suppport for OCF Resource Agent API 1.1 standard

The pcs command-line interface now supports OCF 1.1 resource and STONITH agents. As part of the implementation of this support, any agent’s metadata must comply with the OCF schema, whether the agent is an OCF 1.0 or OCF 1.1 agent. If an agent’s metadata does not comply with the OCF schema, pcs considers the agent invalid and will not create or update a resource of the agent unless the --force option is specified. The pcsd Web UI and pcs commands for listing agents now omit agents with invalid metadata from the listing.

Chapter 16. Dynamic programming languages, web servers, database servers

This chapter lists the most notable changes to dynamic programming languages, web servers, and database servers between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

16.1. Notable changes to dynamic programming languages, web and database servers

Initial Application Streams versions in RHEL 9

RHEL 9 improves the Application Streams experience by providing initial Application Stream versions that can be installed as RPM packages using the traditional dnf install command.

RHEL 9.0 provides the following dynamic programming languages:

  • Node.js 16
  • Perl 5.32
  • PHP 8.0
  • Python 3.9
  • Ruby 3.0

RHEL 9.0 includes the following version control systems:

  • Git 2.31
  • Subversion 1.14

The following web servers are distributed with RHEL 9.0:

  • Apache HTTP Server 2.4
  • nginx 1.20

The following proxy caching servers are available:

  • Varnish Cache 6.6
  • Squid 5.2

RHEL 9.0 offers the following database servers:

  • MariaDB 10.5
  • MySQL 8.0
  • PostgreSQL 13
  • Redis 6.2

Some additional Application Stream versions will be distributed as modules with a shorter life cycle in future minor RHEL 9 releases.

Major differences in the Python ecosystem since RHEL 8

This section summarizes major changes in the Python ecosystem in RHEL 9 compared to RHEL 8.

The unversioned python command

The unversioned form of the python command (/usr/bin/python) is available in the python-unversioned-command package. On some systems, this package is not installed by default. To install the unversioned form of the python command manually, use the dnf install /usr/bin/python command.

In RHEL 9, the unversioned form of the python command points to the default Python 3.9 version and it is an equivalent to the python3 and python3.9 commands.

The python command is intended for interactive sessions. In production, Red Hat recommends using python3 or python3.9 explicitly.

You can uninstall the unversioned python command by using the dnf remove /usr/bin/python command. If you need a different python command, you can create custom symlinks in /usr/local/bin or ~/.local/bin or a Python virtual environment.

Several other unversioned commands are available, such as /usr/bin/pip in the python3-pip package. In RHEL 9, all unversioned commands point to the default Python 3.9 version.

Architecture-specific Python wheels

Architecture-specific Python wheels built on RHEL 9 newly adhere to the upstream architecture naming, which allows customers to build their Python wheels on RHEL 9 and install them on non-RHEL systems. Python wheels built on previous releases of RHEL are forward compatible and can be installed on RHEL 9. Note that this affects only wheels containing Python extensions, which are built for each architecture, not Python wheels with pure Python code, which is not architecture-specific.

Notable changes to libdb

RHEL 8 and RHEL 9 currently provide Berkeley DB (libdb) version 5.3.28, which is distributed under the LGPLv2 license. The upstream Berkeley DB version 6 is available under the AGPLv3 license, which is more restrictive.

The libdb package is deprecated as of RHEL 9 and might not be available in future major RHEL releases. Cryptographic algorithms have been removed from libdb in RHEL 9. Multiple libdb dependencies have been removed from RHEL 9.

Users of libdb are advised to migrate to a different key-value database. For more information, see the Knowledgebase article Available replacements for the deprecated Berkeley DB (libdb) in RHEL.

Chapter 17. Identity Management

This chapter lists the most notable changes to Identity Management (IdM) between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

17.1. New features

Identity Management installation packages have been demodularized

Previously in RHEL 8, IdM packages were distributed as modules, which required you to enable a stream and install the profile that corresponds to your desired installation. IdM installation packages have been demodularized in RHEL 9, so you can use the following dnf commands to install IdM server packages:

  • For a server without integrated DNS services:

    # dnf install ipa-server
  • For a server with integrated DNS services:

    # dnf install ipa-server ipa-server-dns

The SSSD implicit files provider domain is disabled by default

The SSSD implicit files provider domain, which retrieves user information from local files such as /etc/shadow and group information from /etc/groups, is now disabled by default.

To retrieve user and group information from local files with SSSD:

  1. Configure SSSD. Choose one of the following options:

    1. Explicitly configure a local domain with the id_provider=files option in the sssd.conf configuration file.

      [domain/local]
      id_provider=files
      ...
    2. Enable the files provider by setting the enable_files_domain=true option in the sssd.conf configuration file.

      [sssd]
      enable_files_domain = true
  2. Configure the name services switch.

    # authselect enable-feature with-files-provider

17.2. Relocated packages

ansible-freeipa is now available in the AppStream repository with all dependencies

Previously in RHEL 8, before installing the ansible-freeipa package, you first had to enable the Ansible repository and install the ansible package. In RHEL 9, you can install ansible-freeipa without any preliminary steps. Installing ansible-freeipa automatically installs ansible-core as a dependency. Both packages are available in the rhel-9-for-x86_64-appstream-rpms repository.

ansible-freeipa in RHEL 9 contains all the modules that it contained in RHEL 8.

Clustered Samba packages are now available from the Resilient Storage and Gluster Samba Repository

The ctdb clustered Samba packages are now available from the Resilient Storage and Gluster Samba Repository. Previously in RHEL 8, clustered Samba packages were available from the BaseOS repository.

17.3. Removed functionality

The nss-pam-ldapd package has been removed

The nss-pam-ldapd package has been removed from RHEL. Red Hat recommends migrating to SSSD and its ldap provider, which fully replaces the functionality of the nslcd service. SSSD has features that specifically address the needs of nss-pam-ldapd users, such as:

  • hosts databases
  • networks databases
  • services databases

NIS packages have been removed

The following Network Information Service (NIS) components have been removed from RHEL:

  • nss_nis
  • yp-tools
  • ypbind
  • ypserv

There is no direct replacement with fully compatible features because the NIS technology is based on outdated design patterns and is no longer considered secure.

Red Hat recommends using RHEL Identity Management and SSSD instead.

The openssh-ldap package has been removed

As the openssh-ldap subpackage is not maintained upstream, it has been removed from RHEL. Red Hat recommends using SSSD and the sss_ssh_authorizedkeys helper, which integrate better with other IdM solutions and are more secure.

By default, the SSSD ldap and ipa providers read the sshPublicKey LDAP attribute of the user object, if available. Note that you cannot use the default SSSD configuration for the ad provider or IdM trusted domains to retrieve SSH public keys from Active Directory (AD), since AD does not have a default LDAP attribute to store a public key.

To allow the sss_ssh_authorizedkeys helper to get the key from SSSD, enable the ssh responder by adding ssh to the services option in the sssd.conf file. See the sssd.conf(5) man page for details.

To allow sshd to use sss_ssh_authorizedkeys, add the following options to the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file as described by the sss_ssh_authorizedkeys(1) man page:

AuthorizedKeysCommand /usr/bin/sss_ssh_authorizedkeys
AuthorizedKeysCommandUser nobody

The custodia package has been removed

The custodia package has been integrated into Red Hat Identity Management in RHEL 9 and is no longer shipped as a separate service.

The gssntlmssp package has been removed

As Windows New Technology LAN Manager (NTLM) is considered insecure, the gssntlmssp package has been removed.

Chapter 18. Virtualization

This chapter lists the most notable changes to virtualization between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

18.1. Notable changes to KVM

KVM virtualization is no longer supported on IBM POWER

Red Hat Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.0 and later is not supported on IBM POWER hardware.

VM machine types based on RHEL 7.5 and earlier are unsupported

In RHEL 9, virtual machines (VMs) no longer support machine types based on RHEL 7.5 and earlier. For example, these include s390-ccw-virtio-rhel7.5.0.

18.2. Notable changes to libvirt

Modular libvirt daemons

In RHEL 9, the libvirt library uses modular daemons that handle individual virtualization driver sets on your host. For example, the virtqemud daemon handles QEMU drivers. This makes it possible to fine-grain a variety of tasks that involve virtualization drivers, such as resource load optimization and monitoring.

In addition, the monolithic libvirt daemon, libvirtd, has become deprecated. However, if you upgrade from RHEL 8 to RHEL 9, your host will still use libvirtd, which you can continue using in RHEL 9.

Nevertheless, Red Hat recommends enabling modular libvirt daemons instead. For instructions, see the Configuring and managing virtualization document.

Note, however, that if you switch to using modular libvirt daemons, pre-configured tasks that use libvirtd will stop working.

virsh iface-* commands are now unsupported

The virsh iface-* commands, such as virsh iface-start and virsh iface-destroy, are no longer supported in RHEL 9. Due to the removal of the netcf package, the majority of them do not work. To create and modify network interfaces, use NetworkManager utilities, such as nmcli.

18.3. Notable changes to QEMU

QEMU no longer includes the SGA option ROM

In RHEL 9, the Serial Graphics Adapter (SGA) option ROM has been replaced by an equivalent functionality in SeaBIOS. However, if your virtual machine (VM) configuration uses the following XML fragament, this change will not affect your VM functionality.

  <bios useserial='yes'/>

Other unsupported devices

QEMU no longer supports the following virtual devices:

  • The Cirrus graphics device. The default graphics devices are now set to stdvga on BIOS-based machines and bochs-display on UEFI-based machines.
  • The ac97 audio device. In RHEL 9, libvirt uses the ich9 device instead.

18.4. Notable changes to SPICE

SPICE has become unsupported

In RHEL 9, the SPICE remote display protocol is no longer supported. Instead, Red Hat recommends using alternate solutions for remote display streaming:

  • For remote console access, use the VNC protocol. Note, however, that certain features available on SPICE are currently unsupported or do not work well on VNC. This includes:

    • Smart card sharing from the host to the VM (It is now supported only by third party remote visualization solutions.)
    • Audio playback from the VM to the host
    • Automated VM screen resizing
    • USB redirection from the host to the VM
    • Drag & drop file transfer from the host to the VM
    • In addition, VNC cannot be used by the GNOME Boxes application. As a consequence, Boxes is not available in RHEL 9. However, a modified version of Boxes that uses a different display protocol is planned to become available in a future major release of RHEL.
  • For advanced remote display functions, use third party tools such as RDP, HP ZCentral Remote Boost, or Mechdyne TGX.

For graphical VMs hosted on RHEL 9, Red Hat recommends using the virtio-vga and virtio-gpu virtual graphics cards.

Chapter 19. Containers

This chapter lists the most notable changes to containers between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

19.1. Notable changes to containers

The container-tools meta-package is now available

The container-tools RPM meta-package, which includes Podman, Buildah, Skopeo, CRIU, Udica, and all required libraries, is available in RHEL 9. The stable streams are not available on RHEL 9. To receive stable access to Podman, Buildah, Skopeo, and others, use the RHEL EUS subscription.

To install the container-tools meta-package:

  • Install the container-tools meta-package:

    $ sudo dnf install container-tools

The container-tools meta-package has been updated

The container-tools meta-package includes Podman, Buildah, Skopeo, CRIU, Udica, and all required libraries. This update provides a number of bug fixes and enhancements over the previous version.

Notable changes include:

  • Native overlay file system is usable as a rootless user
  • NFS storage is now supported within a container
  • control groups version 2 (cgroup v2) is enabled by default

For further information about notable changes in Podman, see the upstream release notes.

Improved control group performance

The previous version of control groups, cgroup version 1 (cgroup v1), caused performance problems with a variety of applications. The latest release of control groups, cgroup version 2 (cgroup v2) enables system administrators to limit resources for any application without causing performance problems.

In RHEL 9, the new version of control groups, cgroups v2, is enabled by default.

Podman now supports secure short names

Short-name aliases for images can now be configured in the registries.conf file in the [aliases] table. The short-names modes are:

  • Enforcing: If no matching alias is found during the image pull, Podman prompts the user to choose one of the unqualified-search registries. If the selected image is pulled successfully, Podman automatically records a new short-name alias in the $HOME/.cache/containers/short-name-aliases.conf file (rootless user) and in the /var/cache/containers/short-name-aliases.conf (root user). If the user cannot be prompted (for example, stdin or stdout are not a TTY), Podman fails. Note that the short-name-aliases.conf file has precedence over registries.conf file if both specify the same alias. The enforcing mode is default in RHEL 9.
  • Permissive: Similar to enforcing mode, but Podman does not fail if the user cannot be prompted. Instead, Podman searches in all unqualified-search registries in the given order. Note that no alias is recorded. The permissive mode is default in RHEL 8.

Example:

unqualified-search-registries=["registry.fedoraproject.org", “quay.io"]
[aliases]
"fedora"="registry.fedoraproject.org/fedora"

Default container image signature verification is now available

Previously, the policy YAML files for the Red Hat Container Registries had to be manually created in the /etc/containers/registries.d/ directory. Now, the registry.access.redhat.com.yaml and registry.redhat.io.yaml files are included in the containers-common package. You can now use the podman image trust command to verify the container image signatures.

The podman image trust command manages which registries you trust as a source of container images based on its location. The trust is defined in the /etc/containers/policy.json file and is enforced when a user attempts to pull a remote image from a registry. The trust policy in policy.json describes a registry scope for the trust. This trust can use public keys for signed images. Image signature verification is enabled by default in RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

Example:

To update an existing trust scope for the registry.access.redhat.com:

# podman image trust set -f /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release registry.access.redhat.com

To verify the trust policy configuration, display the /etc/containers/policy.json file:

...
"transports": {
  "docker": {
      "registry.access.redhat.com": [
       {
         "type": "signedBy",
         "keyType": "GPGKeys",
         "keyPath": "/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release"
       }
     ]
},
...

Default container registries in registries.conf

You can find the list of container registries in the /etc/containers/registries.conf file as a root user and in $HOME/.config/containers/registries.conf as a non-root user. By changing the registries.conf file, you can change the default system-wide search settings.

For RHEL 8, the unqualified-search-registries is:

unqualified-search-registries = ["registry.fedoraproject.org", "registry.access.redhat.com", "registry.centos.org", "docker.io"]

For RHEL 9, the unqualified-search-registries is:

unqualified-search-registries = ["registry.fedoraproject.org", "registry.access.redhat.com", "registry.centos.org", "quay.io", "docker.io"]

The container-tools:latest rolling stream has been updated

The container-tools:rhel8 rolling stream is now renamed container-tools:latest. The numbers for stable streams remain the same (for example 2.0, 3.0). The container-tools:latest rolling stream, which contains the Podman, Buildah, Skopeo, and runc tools, is now available. This update provides bug fixes and enhancements over the previous version.

For more information, see https://access.redhat.com/support/policy/updates/containertools.

Default OCI runtime change

The crun OCI runtime is now available for the container-tools:rhel8 module. The crun container runtime supports an annotation that enables the container to access the rootless user’s additional groups. This is useful for container operations when volume mounting in a directory where setgid is set, or when the user only has group access.

  • The default container runtime in RHEL 8 is runc.
  • The default container runtime in RHEL 9 is crun.

Running RHEL 9 containers on a RHEL 7 host is not supported

Running RHEL 9 containers on a RHEL 7 host is not supported.

For more information, see Red Hat Enterprise Linux Container Compatibility Matrix.

Default network stacks

Podman uses CNI as the default network stack in RHEL 8 and Netavark as the default network stack in fresh installs of RHEL 9.

If you perform an in-place upgrade from RHEL 8 to RHEL 9, Podman’s network stack is set as:

  • Netavark if the network_backend parameter in the /etc/containers/containers.conf file is not set or if you manually upgraded Podman’s network stack in RHEL 8 to Netavark.
  • CNI if there are containers, images, pods, or networks presented when Podman is first run after an upgrade. You can then manually upgrade to the new Netavark network stack. For instructions on how to switch between the CNI and Netavark network stacks, see 8.6 Switching network stack from CNI to Netavark and 8.7 Switching the network stack from Netavark to CNI.

Red Hat recommends explicitly specifying the network_backend parameter to ensure that the correct backend is selected.

Due to the changes in the network stack, containers created by Podman v3 and earlier are not usable in Podman v4.0.

Chapter 20. Desktop

This chapter lists the most notable changes to desktop between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

20.1. Notable changes to desktop

GNOME updated to version 40

The GNOME environment is now updated from GNOME 3.28 to GNOME 40 with many new features.

GNOME 40 includes a new and improved Activities Overview design. This gives the overview a more coherent look, and provides an improved experience for navigating the system and launching applications. Workspaces are now arranged horizontally, and the window overview and application grid are accessed vertically.

Other improvements to GNOME include:

  • The performance and resource usage of GNOME has been significantly improved.
  • The visual style, including the user interface, the login screen, the icons, and the desktop, has been refreshed.
  • GNOME applications no longer use the application menu, which was available from the top panel. The functionality is now located in a primary menu within the application window.
  • The Settings application has been redesigned.
  • Screen sharing and remote desktop sessions have been improved.
  • If you use the proprietary NVIDIA drivers, you can now launch applications using the discrete GPU:

    1. Open the overview.
    2. Right-click the application icon in the dash.
    3. Select the Launch on Discrete GPU item in the menu.
  • The Power Off / Log Out menu now includes the Suspend option and a new Restart option, which can reboot the system to the boot loader menu when you hold Alt.
  • Flatpak applications now update automatically.
  • You can now group application icons in the overview together into folders using drag and drop.
  • The Terminal application now supports right-to-left and bi-directional text.
  • The Pointer Location accessibility feature now works in the Wayland session. When the feature is enabled, pressing Ctrl highlights the pointer location on the screen.
  • GNOME Shell extensions are now managed by the Extensions application, rather than Software. The Extensions application handles updating extensions, configuring extension preferences, and removing or disabling extensions.
  • The notifications popover now includes a Do Not Disturb button. When the button enabled, notifications do not appear on the screen.
  • System dialogs that require a password now have an option to reveal the password text by clicking the eye (👁) icon.
  • The Software application now automatically detects metered networks, such as mobile data networks. When the current network is metered, Software pauses updates in order to reduce data usage.
  • Each connected display can now use a different refresh rate in the Wayland session.
  • Fractional display scaling is available as an experimental option. It includes several preconfigured fractional ratios.

    To enable the experimental fractional scaling, add the scale-monitor-framebuffer value to the list of enabled experimental features:

    $ dconf write \
            /org/gnome/mutter/experimental-features \
            "['scale-monitor-framebuffer']"

    As a result, fractional scaling options are accessible on the Display panel in Settings.

For more details on the changes in GNOME, see versions 3.30 to 40.0 in Release Notes.

X.org Server is now deprecated

The X.org display server is deprecated, and will be removed in a future major RHEL release. The default desktop session is now the Wayland session in most cases.

The X11 protocol remains fully supported using the XWayland back end. As a result, applications that require X11 can run in the Wayland session.

Red Hat is working on resolving the remaining problems and gaps in the Wayland session.

You can switch your user session back to the X.org back end. For more information, see Getting started with the GNOME desktop environment.

The Wayland session is now the default with NVIDIA drivers

When using the NVIDIA drivers, the desktop session now selects the Wayland display protocol by default, if the driver configuration supports Wayland. In previous RHEL releases, the NVIDIA drivers always disabled Wayland.

To enable Wayland with the NVIDIA drivers on your system, add the following options to the kernel command line:

  • nvidia-drm.modeset=1
  • NVreg_PreserveVideoMemoryAllocations=1

Note that Wayland has been the default display protocol with other graphics drivers since RHEL 8.0.

Under certain conditions, the NVIDIA drivers disable the Wayland display protocol and revert to the X.org display server:

  • If the version of the NVIDIA driver is lower than 470.
  • If the system is a laptop that uses hybrid graphics.
  • If you have not enabled the required NVIDIA driver options.
  • If the NVIDIA driver has not installed the required systemd services.

Additionally, Wayland is enabled but the desktop session uses X.org by default if the version of the NVIDIA driver is lower than 510.

Currently, the Wayland session with the NVIDIA drivers is still incomplete and presents certain known issues. Red Hat is actively working with NVIDIA to address these gaps and problems across the GPU stack.

PipeWire is now the default audio service

The PipeWire service now manages all audio output and input. PipeWire replaces the PulseAudio service in general use cases and the JACK service in professional use cases. The system now redirects audio from applications that use PulseAudio, JACK, or the ALSA framework into PipeWire.

Benefits of PipeWire over the previous solutions include:

  • A unified solution for consumer and professional users
  • A flexible, modular architecture
  • High performance and low latency, similar to the JACK service
  • Isolation between audio clients for better security

You no longer have to configure the JACK service for applications that use it. All JACK applications now work in the default RHEL configuration.

PulseAudio is still available in RHEL, and you can enable it instead of PipeWire. For details, see Switching from PipeWire to PulseAudio.

GNOME Boxes have been removed

The GNOME Boxes application has been removed from RHEL 9. Boxes used the SPICE system to connect to virtual machines (VMs). In RHEL 9, SPICE is no longer available, and as a consequence, Boxes have also been removed.

If you require Boxes, Red Hat suggests to install Boxes from the Flathub repository: Boxes on Flathub. This version of Boxes continues to use SPICE, and as a result, it supports the missing features listed previously.

Warning

Flathub is a community repository. Red Hat provides no support or guarantees for Boxes installed from Flathub.

For more information on SPICE in RHEL 9, see the SPICE section.

Power profiles are available in GNOME

You can now switch between several power profiles in the Power panel of Settings in the GNOME environment. The power profiles optimize various system settings for the selected goal.

The following power profiles are available:

Performance
Optimizes for high system performance and reduces battery life. This profile is only available on certain selected system configurations.
Balanced
Provides standard system performance and power consumption. This is the default profile.
Power Saver
Increases battery life and reduces system performance. This profile activates automatically on low battery.

Your power profile configuration persists across system reboots.

The power profiles functionality is available from the power-profiles-daemon package, which is installed by default.

Lightweight, single-application environment

For graphical use cases that only present a single application, a lightweight user interface (UI) is now available.

You can start GNOME in a single-application session, also known as kiosk mode. In this session, GNOME displays only a full-screen window of an application that you have configured.

The single-application session is significantly less resource intensive than the standard GNOME session.

For more information, see Restricting the session to a single application.

Language support is now provided by langpacks

Support for various languages is now available from langpacks packages. You can customize the level of language support that you want to install using the following package names, where code is the short ISO code for the language, such as es for Spanish:

langpacks-core-code

Provides a basic language support, including:

  • The glibc locale
  • The default font
  • The default input method if the language requires it
langpacks-core-font-code
Provides only the default font for the language.
langpacks-code

Provides the complete language support, including the following in addition to the basic language support:

  • Translations
  • Spell checker dictionaries
  • Additional fonts

Motif has been deprecated

The Motif widget toolkit has been deprecated in RHEL, because development in the upstream Motif community is inactive.

The following Motif packages have been deprecated, including their development and debugging variants:

  • motif
  • openmotif
  • openmotif21
  • openmotif22

Additionally, the motif-static package has been removed.

Red Hat recommends using the GTK toolkit as a replacement. GTK is more maintainable and provides new features compared to Motif.

No Sign In button on the login screen

The login screen has been redesigned in this release. As a consequence, the login screen no longer includes a Sign In button, which was present in previous RHEL releases.

To confirm your password, press Enter instead.

Note also that the login options button (⚙) is now located in the lower-right corner of the screen.

Chapter 21. .NET

This chapter lists the most notable changes to .NET between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

21.1. Notable changes to .NET

RHEL 9.0 .NET version support

RHEL 9.0 supports .NET 6. .NET 6 adds support for 64-bit ARM (aarch64) as well as IBM Z and LinuxONE (s390x) architectures.

For a full overview of .NET version and architecture support, see the following table:

..NET support matrix

.NET/.NET Core versionAvailable on RHEL7Available on RHEL8Available on RHEL9OpenShift Container Platform version support

Actively supported

    

.NET 6.0

Yes (x86_64)

Yes (aarch64, s390x, and x86_64)

Yes (aarch64, s390x, and x86_64)

OCP 3.11 and later

.NET Core 3.1

Yes (x86_64)

Yes (x86_64)

No

OCP 3.3 and later

End of life (No longer receives updates or patches)

    

.NET 5.0

Yes (x86_64)

Yes (x86_64)

No

OCP 3.3 and later

.NET Core 3.0

Yes (x86_64)

Yes (x86_64)

No

OCP 3.3 and later

.NET Core 2.2

Yes (x86_64)

No

No

OCP 3.3 and later

.NET Core 2.1

Yes (x86_64)

Yes (x86_64)

No

OCP 3.3 and later

.NET Core 1.1

Yes (x86_64)

No

No

OCP 3.3 and later

.NET Core 1.0

Yes (x86_64)

No

No

OCP 3.3 and later

Chapter 22. Edge

This chapter lists the most notable changes to RHEL Edge between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

22.1. RHEL for Edge

Support for automatic provisioning and onboarding RHEL for Edge images using FDO

You have support for automatic provisioning and onboarding RHEL for Edge images using the FDO (FIDO device onboarding) process With this, you can build a RHEL for Edge Simplified Installer image, provision it to a RHEL for Edge image. Then, you can use the FDO process to automatically provision and onboard your Edge devices, exchange data with other devices and systems connected on the networks.

Support to rpm-ostree upgrades from RHEL 8 to RHEL 9

You can upgrade RHEL 8 systems to RHEL 9 using rpm-ostree rebase.

Support to auto-rollbacks

The health checks run during the boot process and can determine if the nodes are functioning properly. If the health checks fail, a counter tracks the number of attempts and the node uses rpm-ostree to rollback the update. Podman automatically rollbacks the container if a new application version exits when the update fails.

Support to build a RHEL for Edge Simplified Installer image

You can use Image Builder to build a RHEL for Edge Simplified Installer image. It enables an unattended installation to a device, and provisioning the image to a RHEL for Edge image.

Support to build a RHEL for Edge Raw image

You can also build RHEL for RHEL for Edge Raw image. These are compressed raw images, which consist of a file that contains a partition layout with an existing deployed OSTree commit in it. The RHEL for Edge Raw Images can be used to flash on a hard drive or boot on a virtual machine.

The RHEL 9 for Edge minimal installation is much smaller

The RHEL 9 for Edge minimal installation is much smaller, when compared with RHEL 8:

Minimal RHEL 8 installMinimal RHEL 9 installMinimal RHEL 9 install (with firmware & podman)

302 rpms

244 rpms

292 rpms

1.1G of disk

652M of disk

863M of disk

Supported RHEL for Edge image types

With RHEL for Edge, you can compose customized RHEL (rpm-ostree) images using Image Builder, and then remotely install and manage the images on Edge servers.

The following image types are supported in RHEL 9:

  • RHEL for Edge Commit (.tar)
  • RHEL for Edge Container (.tar)
  • RHEL for Edge Installer (.iso)
  • RHEL for Edge Raw Image (.raw.xz)
  • RHEL for Edge Simplified Installer (.iso)

Supported RHEL for Edge image names

Previously, the image types were prefixed by rhel-. This prefix was removed, but the previous image names, such as rhel-edge-container and rhel-edge-installer still work as aliases to the new names. These names are considered deprecated and may be removed completely in future versions. The following RHEL for Edge image names are supported in RHEL 9:

  • edge-commit
  • edge-container
  • edge-installer

Chapter 23. Performance

This chapter lists the most notable changes to performance between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

23.1. Notable changes to performance

The sadf(1) tool now generates PCP archives from native sadc(1) archives

Starting in RHEL 9, the sadf(1) tool provided by the sysstat package can generate PCP archives from native sadc(1) archives.

By default, when the - flag is used with sadc(1), sadc(1) writes the data to the standard system activity daily data file. This file is named saDD and is located in the /var/log/sa directory by default. Conversely, when no input datafile is specified, the sadf(1) tool uses the standard system activity daily data file to generate archives. Pass numbers as an argument to tell sadf(1) to generate archives from data recorded that specified number of days in the past.

  • To generate a PCP archive from an sadc(1) archive recorded 2 days ago, run:

    # sadf -l -O pcparchive=/tmp/recording -2
  • To show a list of metrics in the PCP archive generated from an sadc(1) archive archive, run:

    $ pminfo --archive /tmp/recording
    Disk.dev.avactive
    Disk.dev.read
    Disk.dev.write
    Disk.dev.blkread
    [...]
  • To show the timespace of the archive and hostname of the PCP archive generated from an sadc(1) archive

    $ pmdumplog --label /tmp/recording
    Log Label (Log Format Version 2)
    Performance metrics from host shard
            commencing Tue Jul 20 00:10:30.642477 2021
            ending     Wed Jul 21 00:10:30.222176 2021
  • You can then analyze the PCP archive generated from an sadc(1) archive by using PCP commands, for example:

    $ pmchart --archive /tmp/recording

New PCP PMDA - pmdabpf

RHEL 9 is distributed with the pcp-pmda-bpf package, which provides the pmdabpf Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) Performance Metric Domain Agent (PMDA).

The pmdabpf PMDA extracts live performance data from eBPF programs utilizing BPF CO-RE (Compile Once - Run Everywhere), that is libbpf and BTF.

Chapter 24. System roles

This chapter lists the most notable changes to system roles between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

24.1. Performing system administration tasks with RHEL System Roles

As of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.0 General Availability (GA) release, RHEL System Roles includes the ansible-core 2.12 package. This is a version of Ansible that has only the core functionality - that is, it does not include modules such as blivet for the storage role, gobject for the network role, and plugins such as json_query.

With RHEL System Roles, you can take advantage of a configuration interface to remotely manage multiple RHEL systems. As an option to the traditional RHEL System Roles format, you can benefit from Ansible Collections, available in the Automation Hub only for Ansible Automation Platform Customers or via RPM package, available for RHEL users.

RHEL System Roles support

Support for the following roles are available:

  • The cockpit RHEL System Role. You can automate the deployment and configuration of the web console and, thus, be able to manage your RHEL systems from a web browser.
  • The firewall RHEL System Role.
  • The ha_cluster RHEL System Role, formerly presented as a Technology Preview, is now fully supported.
  • The nbde_client RHEL System Role now supports servers with static IP addresses.
  • The Microsoft SQL (MSSQL) RHEL System Role for Microsoft SQL Server. It simplifies and automates the configuration of RHEL with recommended settings for MSSQL Server workloads.
  • The VPN RHEL System Role, to configure VPN connections on RHEL systems by using Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform. Users can use it to set up host-to-host, network-to-network, VPN Remote Access Server, and Mesh configurations.
  • The IPMI modules, to automate hardware management interfaces available in the rhel_mgmt Collection.

To learn more about the RHEL System Roles, see the documentation title Administration and configuration tasks using System Roles in RHEL.

Support for Ansible Engine 2.9 is no longer available in RHEL 9

Ansible Engine 2.9 is no longer available in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9. Playbooks that previously ran on Ansible Engine 2.9 might generate error messages related to missing plugins or modules. If your use case for Ansible falls outside of the limited scope of support for Ansible Core provided in RHEL, contact Red Hat to discuss the available offerings.

RHEL System Roles now uses Ansible Core

As of the RHEL 9 General Availability release, Ansible Core is provided with a limited scope of support to enable RHEL supported automation use cases. Ansible Core is available in the AppStream repository for RHEL. For details on the scope of support, refer to Scope of support for the Ansible Core package included in the RHEL 9 AppStream.

Note

As of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.0, the scope of support for Ansible Core in the RHEL AppStream is limited to any Ansible playbooks, roles, and modules that are included with or generated by a Red Hat product, such as RHEL System Roles.

Appendix A. Changes to packages

This chapter lists changes to packages between RHEL 8 and RHEL 9.

A.1. New packages

The following packages were added in RHEL 9:

PackageRepositoryNew in

a52dec

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

afterburn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

afterburn-dracut

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

alternatives

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

anaconda-install-img-deps

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-junit5

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

anthy-unicode

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

appstream

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

appstream-compose

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

appstream-compose-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

appstream-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

appstream-qt

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

appstream-qt-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

autocorr-dsb

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

autocorr-el

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

autocorr-hsb

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

autocorr-vro

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

babel-doc

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

bind-dnssec-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

bind-dnssec-utils

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

binutils-gold

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

blas64_

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

bmc-snmp-proxy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

boost-b2

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

boost-contract

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

boost-doctools

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

boost-json

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

boost-nowide

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

bootupd

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

Box2D

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

butane

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

byte-buddy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

byte-buddy-agent

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

byteman-bmunit

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

cdrskin

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

cldr-emoji-annotation-dtd

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

clevis-pin-tpm2

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

compat-hesiod

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

compat-openssl11

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

compat-paratype-pt-sans-fonts-f33-f34

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

console-login-helper-messages

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

console-login-helper-messages-issuegen

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

console-login-helper-messages-motdgen

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

console-login-helper-messages-profile

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

console-setup

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

container-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

cups-printerapp

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

curl-minimal

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

cyrus-imapd-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dbus-broker

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

ddiskit

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

debugedit

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dejavu-lgc-sans-mono-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dejavu-lgc-serif-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

docbook5-style-xsl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

docbook5-style-xsl-extensions

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

double-conversion

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

emacs-auctex

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

emacs-cython-mode

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

evince-previewer

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

evince-thumbnailer

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

exfatprogs

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

fapolicyd-dnf-plugin

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fdk-aac-free

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-openstack

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

festival

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

festival-data

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

festvox-slt-arctic-hts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-dev-dax

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-http

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-libaio

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-libpmem

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-nbd

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-pmemblk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-rados

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-rbd

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fio-engine-rdma

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

flashrom

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

flexiblas

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

flexiblas-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

flexiblas-netlib

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

flexiblas-netlib64

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

flexiblas-openblas-openmp

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

flexiblas-openblas-openmp64

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

fonts-filesystem

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

fonts-rpm-macros

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

fonts-srpm-macros

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fstrm-utils

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

fwupd-plugin-flashrom

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gawk-all-langpacks

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gcc-plugin-annobin

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gcr-base

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gdb-minimal

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gedit-plugin-sessionsaver

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gedit-plugin-synctex

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gegl04-devel-docs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gegl04-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glade

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glibc-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glibc-langpack-ckb

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

glibc-langpack-mnw

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

glslang

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glslc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glusterfs-cloudsync-plugins

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnome-connections

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnome-devel-docs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnome-extensions-app

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnome-kiosk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnome-shell-extension-background-logo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnome-themes-extra

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnome-tour

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnu-efi-compat

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

go-filesystem

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

go-rpm-macros

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

go-rpm-templates

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

google-carlito-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

google-noto-sans-mono-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

google-noto-sans-sinhala-vf-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

google-noto-serif-gurmukhi-vf-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

google-noto-serif-sinhala-vf-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

graphene

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

graphene-devel

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gtk4

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gtk4-devel

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gtksourceview4

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

guestfs-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ha-cloud-support

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

ha-openstack-support

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

highcontrast-icon-theme

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

hivex-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ht-caladea-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

hunspell-filesystem

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

hyphen-eo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ibus-anthy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ibus-anthy-python

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ignition

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

imath

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

imath-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

inih

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

initscripts-rename-device

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

initscripts-service

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

iptables-nft

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

iptables-nft-services

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jakarta-activation

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jakarta-annotations

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jakarta-mail

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jakarta-servlet

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

jasper

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jasper-utils

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

javapackages-generators

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

jaxb-api

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jbigkit

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jigawatts-javadoc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jitterentropy

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

jitterentropy-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

jna-contrib

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kasumi-common

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kasumi-unicode

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kernel-debug-devel-matched

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kernel-devel-matched

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kernel-srpm-macros

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-battambang-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-bokor-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-content-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-fasthand-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-freehand-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-handwritten-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-metal-chrieng-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-muol-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-muol-fonts-all

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-muol-pali-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-siemreap-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

khmer-os-system-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ksmtuned

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lame

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-bo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-af

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-am

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ar

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-as

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ast

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-be

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-bg

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-bn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-bo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-br

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-bs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ca

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-cs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-cy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-da

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-de

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-dz

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-el

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-en

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-en_GB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-eo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-es

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-et

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-eu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-fa

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-fi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-af

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-am

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ar

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-as

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ast

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-be

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-bg

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-bn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-bo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-br

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-bs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ca

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-cs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-cy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-da

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-de

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-dz

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-el

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-en

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-eo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-es

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-et

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-eu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-fa

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-fi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-fr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ga

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-gl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-gu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-he

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-hi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-hr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-hu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ia

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-id

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-is

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-it

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ja

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ka

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-kk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-km

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-kn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ko

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ku

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-lt

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-lv

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-mai

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-mk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ml

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-mr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ms

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-my

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-nb

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ne

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-nl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-nn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-nr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-nso

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-or

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-pa

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-pl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-pt

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ro

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ru

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-si

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-sk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-sl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-sq

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-sr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ss

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-sv

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ta

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-te

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-th

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-tn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-tr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-uk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ur

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-ve

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-vi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-xh

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-yi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-zh_CN

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-zh_HK

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-zh_TW

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-font-zu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-fr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ga

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-gl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-gu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-he

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-hi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-hr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-hu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ia

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-id

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-is

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-it

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ja

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ka

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-kk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-km

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-kn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ko

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ku

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-lt

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-lv

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-mai

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-mk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ml

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-mr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ms

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-my

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-nb

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ne

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-nl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-nn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-nr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-nso

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-or

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-pa

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-pl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-pt

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-pt_BR

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ro

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ru

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-si

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-sk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-sl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-sq

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-sr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ss

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-sv

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ta

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-te

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-th

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-tn

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-tr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-uk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ur

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-ve

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-vi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-xh

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-yi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-zh_CN

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-zh_HK

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-zh_TW

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-core-zu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-dz

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-eo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-ka

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-km

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-ku

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-my

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-yi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

langpacks-zh_HK

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lapack64_

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

liba52-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libblockdev-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libbpf-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libbrotli

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libburn-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libcbor

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libdecor

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libdecor-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libdnf-plugin-subscription-manager

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libeconf

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libell

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libfido2

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libfido2-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libfl-static

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libgccjit

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libgccjit-devel

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libhandy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libical-glib

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libical-glib-devel

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libisoburn-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libisofs-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libjcat

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libjcat-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libknet1-compress-zstd-plugin

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

libldac

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libmemcached-awesome

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libmemcached-awesome-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libmemcached-awesome-tools

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libmpeg2

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libmypaint

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libotr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libotr-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libpmem2

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpmem2-debug

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpmem2-devel

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libqrtr-glib

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

librabbitmq-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libradospp-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libreoffice-help-eo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libreoffice-langpack-eo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libreoffice-langpack-fy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libsane-airscan

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libsbc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libshaderc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libsndfile-utils

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt-nfs-plugin

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt-targetd-plugin

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libtracecmd

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libtracecmd-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libtraceevent

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libtraceevent-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libtracefs

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libtracefs-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libtracker-sparql

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvala

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libvala-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libvdpau-trace

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libverto-libev

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libvma-utils

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libwpe

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libxcrypt-compat

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

linux-firmware-whence

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

lld-test

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lmdb

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

lorax-docs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

low-memory-monitor

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lua-rpm-macros

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lua-srpm-macros

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-connector-c-doc

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-connector-c-test

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

maven-surefire-provider-junit5

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

memcached-selinux

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mesa-demos

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mingw32-srvany

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mkfontscale

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mod_jk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mod_lua

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mod_proxy_cluster

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mpich-autoload

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mptcpd

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mypaint-brushes

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mythes-eo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

netronome-firmware

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

nfs-utils-coreos

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

nodejs-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

npth-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

open-vm-tools-test

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openblas-serial

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openexr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openexr-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

openexr-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openldap-compat

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

openmpi-java

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openslp-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

openslp-server

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pam-docs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pbzip2

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcp-pmda-bpf

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcre2-syntax

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

perl-BSD-Resource

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Cyrus

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-DBD-MariaDB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Mail-AuthenticationResults

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Module-Signature

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Net-CIDR-Lite

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-XString

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

pinentry-tty

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pipewire-alsa

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pipewire-gstreamer

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pipewire-jack-audio-connection-kit

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pipewire-jack-audio-connection-kit-devel

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pipewire-pulseaudio

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-jackson-annotations

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-jackson-core

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-jackson-databind

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-jackson-jaxrs-json-provider

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-jackson-jaxrs-providers

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-jackson-module-jaxb-annotations

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-resteasy-client

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-resteasy-core

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pki-resteasy-jackson2-provider

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

plotnetcfg

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

pmix-pmi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pmix-pmi-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

pmix-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-private-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-private-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

power-profiles-daemon

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pt-sans-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pybind11-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

pyparsing-doc

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

pyproject-rpm-macros

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python-dateutil-doc

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python-packaging-doc

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python-sphinx-doc

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python-sphinx_rtd_theme-doc

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python-unversioned-command

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

python3-appdirs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-debug

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-devel

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-file-magic

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-gluster

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-gobject-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-imath

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-iniconfig

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-libevdev

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-net-snmp

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-psutil-tests

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-pybind11

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-pycdlib

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-pyelftools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-pyrsistent

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-pytest-subtests

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-pytest-timeout

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-readthedocs-sphinx-ext

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-requests+security

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-requests+socks

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-requests-gssapi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-resolvelib

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-ruamel-yaml

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-ruamel-yaml-clib

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-scapy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-scour

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-setuptools_scm+toml

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-sphinx-latex

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-sphinxcontrib-applehelp

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-sphinxcontrib-devhelp

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-sphinxcontrib-htmlhelp

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-sphinxcontrib-httpdomain

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-sphinxcontrib-jsmath

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-sphinxcontrib-qthelp

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-sphinxcontrib-serializinghtml

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-toml

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-urllib-gssapi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-volume_key

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-wcwidth

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

qemu-ga-win

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-audio-pa

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-device-display-virtio-gpu

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-device-display-virtio-gpu-gl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-device-display-virtio-gpu-pci

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-device-display-virtio-gpu-pci-gl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-device-display-virtio-vga

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-device-display-virtio-vga-gl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-device-usb-host

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-device-usb-redirect

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-kvm-ui-egl-headless

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qemu-pr-helper

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qt3d-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtbase-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtcharts-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtconnectivity-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtdatavis3d-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtdeclarative-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtgamepad-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtgraphicaleffects-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtimageformats-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtlocation-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtmultimedia-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtpurchasing-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtquickcontrols-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtquickcontrols2-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtremoteobjects-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtscript-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtscxml-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtsensors-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtserialbus-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtserialport-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtspeech-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtsvg-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qttools-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtvirtualkeyboard-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtwayland-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtwebchannel-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtwebsockets-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtwebview-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtx11extras-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtxmlpatterns-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

realtime-setup

rhel9-NFV

RHEL 9.0

realtime-tests

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

redhat-display-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

redhat-mono-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

redhat-sb-certs

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

redhat-text-fonts

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

resource-agents-cloud

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

restore

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

rpm-plugin-audit

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

rpm-sign-libs

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

rsyslog-logrotate

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-thread_order

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

s-nail

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sane-airscan

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sdl12-compat

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sdl12-compat-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

setxkbmap

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid-base-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid-iface-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid-log-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid-mod-block-blkid

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid-mod-block-dm-mpath

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid-mod-dummies

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid-resource-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sid-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

speech-tools-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ssh-key-dir

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sudo-python-plugin

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sysprof-capture-devel

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

systemd-oomd

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

systemd-resolved

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

systemd-rpm-macros

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

tesseract-langpack-eng

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tesseract-tessdata-doc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tex-preview

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-alphalph

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-atbegshi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-attachfile2

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-atveryend

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-auxhook

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-bigintcalc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-bitset

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-bookmark

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-catchfile

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-colorprofiles

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-dehyph

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-epstopdf-pkg

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-etexcmds

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-etoc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-footnotehyper

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-gettitlestring

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-gnu-freefont

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

texlive-grfext

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-grffile

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-hanging

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-hobsub

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-hologo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-hycolor

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-hyphenex

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-ifplatform

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-infwarerr

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-intcalc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-kvdefinekeys

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-kvoptions

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-kvsetkeys

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-l3backend

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-latexbug

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-letltxmacro

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-listofitems

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-ltxcmds

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-luahbtex

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-lwarp

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-minitoc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-modes

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-newfloat

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-newunicodechar

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-notoccite

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-obsolete

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-pdfcolmk

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-pdfescape

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-pdflscape

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-pdftexcmds

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-ragged2e

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-refcount

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-rerunfilecheck

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-sansmathaccent

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-stackengine

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-stringenc

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-texlive-scripts-extra

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-translator

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-ucharcat

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-uniquecounter

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-wasy-type1

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

texlive-zref

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

totem-video-thumbnailer

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tpm2-pkcs11

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tpm2-pkcs11-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tuned-profiles-spectrumscale

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

twolame

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

uchardet

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

uresourced

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

utf8proc-devel

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

util-linux-core

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

uuid-c++

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

uuid-dce

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

virt-p2v

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

virt-win-reg

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

virtiofsd

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

voikko-fi

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

wayland-utils

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

waypipe

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

wireguard-tools

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

wireless-regdb

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

wireplumber

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

wireplumber-libs

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

wpebackend-fdo

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xdg-dbus-proxy

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xfsprogs-xfs_scrub

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xhtml2fo-style-xsl

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xkbcomp

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xmlto-tex

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xmlto-xhtml

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xmvn-tools

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

zram-generator

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

A.2. Package replacements

The following table lists packages that were replaced, renamed, merged, or split:

Original package(s)New package(s)Changed sinceNote

apache-commons-lang (javapackages-tools:201801), apache-commons-lang3 (javapackages-tools:201801)

apache-commons-lang3

RHEL 9.0

 

apache-commons-lang (pki-deps:10.6), apache-commons-lang3 (maven:3.6, maven:3.5)

apache-commons-lang3

RHEL 9.0

 

bind-libs-lite

bind-libs

RHEL 9.0

 

bind-lite-devel

bind-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

binutils-2.30-107.el8

binutils-2.35.2-6.el9, binutils-gold-2.35.2-6.el9

RHEL 9.0

 

clutter-gst2

clutter-gst3

RHEL 9.0

 

crda

wireless-regdb

RHEL 9.0

 

dnf-plugin-subscription-manager, subscription-manager

subscription-manager

RHEL 9.0

 

fio

fio, fio-engine-dev-dax, fio-engine-http, fio-engine-libaio, fio-engine-libpmem, fio-engine-nbd, fio-engine-pmemblk, fio-engine-rados, fio-engine-rbd, fio-engine-rdma

RHEL 9.0

 

fio

fio, fio-engine-http, fio-engine-libaio, fio-engine-nbd, fio-engine-rados, fio-engine-rbd, fio-engine-rdma

RHEL 9.0

 

flex-devel

libfl-devel, libfl-static

RHEL 9.0

 

fontpackages-devel

fonts-rpm-macros

RHEL 9.0

 

fontpackages-filesystem

fonts-filesystem

RHEL 9.0

 

genisoimage

xorriso

RHEL 9.0

The genisoimage package has been replaced by the xorriso package, which provides the genisoimage command previously provided by the genisoimage package.

glassfish-jaxb-api (pki-deps:10.6)

jaxb-api

RHEL 9.0

 

glassfish-jaxb-runtime (pki-deps:10.6)

jaxb-impl

RHEL 9.0

 

gnome-session-kiosk-session

gnome-kiosk

RHEL 9.0

 

google-crosextra-caladea-fonts

ht-caladea-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

google-crosextra-carlito-fonts

google-carlito-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

google-noto-mono-fonts

google-noto-sans-mono-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

guava (maven:3.6), guava20 (maven:3.5)

guava

RHEL 9.0

 

guava20 (javapackages-tools:201801)

guava

RHEL 9.0

 

hesiod

compat-hesiod

RHEL 9.0

 

httpcomponents-client (javapackages-tools:201801), jakarta-commons-httpclient (javapackages-tools:201801)

httpcomponents-client

RHEL 9.0

The jakarta-commons-httpclient package has been replaced by the httpcomponents-client package, which has a slightly different API. You must port code changes from jakarta-commons-httpclient to httpcomponents-client.

httpcomponents-client (maven:3.6, maven:3.5), jakarta-commons-httpclient (pki-deps:10.6)

httpcomponents-client

RHEL 9.0

 

ibus-kkc

ibus-anthy

RHEL 9.0

 

ilmbase

imath, openexr-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

ipa-client (idm:client), ipa-client (idm:DL1)

ipa-client

RHEL 9.0

 

ipa-client-common (idm:client), ipa-client-common (idm:DL1)

ipa-client-common

RHEL 9.0

 

ipa-client-epn (idm:client), ipa-client-epn (idm:DL1)

ipa-client-epn

RHEL 9.0

 

ipa-client-samba (idm:client), ipa-client-samba (idm:DL1)

ipa-client-samba

RHEL 9.0

 

ipa-common (idm:client), ipa-common (idm:DL1)

ipa-common

RHEL 9.0

 

ipa-healthcheck-core (idm:client), ipa-healthcheck-core (idm:DL1)

ipa-healthcheck-core

RHEL 9.0

 

ipa-selinux (idm:client), ipa-selinux (idm:DL1)

ipa-selinux

RHEL 9.0

 

iptables, iptables-arptables, iptables-ebtables

iptables-nft

RHEL 9.0

 

iptables-services

iptables-nft-services

RHEL 9.0

 

istack-commons

jaxb-istack-commons

RHEL 9.0

 

jackson-annotations (pki-deps:10.6)

pki-jackson-annotations

RHEL 9.0

 

jackson-core (pki-deps:10.6)

pki-jackson-core

RHEL 9.0

 

jackson-databind (pki-deps:10.6)

pki-jackson-databind

RHEL 9.0

 

jackson-jaxrs-json-provider (pki-deps:10.6)

pki-jackson-jaxrs-json-provider

RHEL 9.0

 

jackson-jaxrs-providers (pki-deps:10.6)

pki-jackson-jaxrs-providers

RHEL 9.0

 

jackson-module-jaxb-annotations (pki-deps:10.6)

pki-jackson-module-jaxb-annotations

RHEL 9.0

 

javamail (javapackages-tools:201801)

jakarta-mail

RHEL 9.0

 

kernel-abi-whitelists

kernel-abi-stablelists

RHEL 9.0

 

khmeros-base-fonts

khmer-os-content-fonts, khmer-os-system-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

khmeros-battambang-fonts

khmer-os-battambang-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

khmeros-bokor-fonts

khmer-os-bokor-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

khmeros-handwritten-fonts

khmer-os-fasthand-fonts, khmer-os-freehand-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

khmeros-metal-chrieng-fonts

khmer-os-metal-chrieng-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

khmeros-muol-fonts

khmer-os-muol-fonts, khmer-os-muol-pali-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

khmeros-siemreap-fonts

khmer-os-siemreap-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

libmemcached

libmemcached-awesome, libmemcached-awesome-tools

RHEL 9.0

The libmemcached library, which is no longer actively developed upstream, has been replaced by the libmemcached-awesome fork. The package has also been moved from the AppStream repository to the unsupported CodeReady Linux Builder repository.

libmemcached-devel

libmemcached-awesome-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

libmemcached-libs

libmemcached-awesome

RHEL 9.0

 

lorax-composer

osbuild-composer

RHEL 9.0

 

mailx

s-nail

RHEL 9.0

The mailx mail processing system has been replaced by s-nail. The s-nail utility is compatible with mailx and adds numerous new features. The mailx package is no longer maintained in upstream.

maven-artifact-resolver (javapackages-tools:201801), maven-artifact-transfer (javapackages-tools:201801)

maven-artifact-transfer

RHEL 9.0

 

metacity

gnome-kiosk

RHEL 9.0

 

OpenEXR-libs

openexr-libs

RHEL 9.0

 

OpenEXR-libs

openexr

RHEL 9.0

 

paratype-pt-sans-fonts

pt-sans-fonts

RHEL 9.0

 

perl (perl:5.24)

perl-AutoLoader, perl-AutoSplit, perl-autouse, perl-B, perl-base, perl-Benchmark, perl-blib, perl-Class-Struct, perl-Config-Extensions, perl-DBM_Filter, perl-debugger, perl-deprecate, perl-diagnostics, perl-DirHandle, perl-doc, perl-Dumpvalue, perl-DynaLoader, perl-encoding-warnings, perl-English, perl-ExtUtils-Constant, perl-Fcntl, perl-fields, perl-File-Basename, perl-File-Compare, perl-File-Copy, perl-File-DosGlob, perl-File-Find, perl-File-stat, perl-FileCache, perl-FileHandle, perl-filetest, perl-FindBin, perl-GDBM_File, perl-Getopt-Std, perl-Hash-Util, perl-Hash-Util-FieldHash, perl-I18N-Collate, perl-I18N-Langinfo, perl-I18N-LangTags, perl-if, perl-interpreter, perl-IPC-Open3, perl-less, perl-lib, perl-libs, perl-locale, perl-meta-notation, perl-mro, perl-NDBM_File, perl-Net, perl-NEXT, perl-ODBM_File, perl-Opcode, perl-overload, perl-overloading, perl-ph, perl-Pod-Functions, perl-POSIX, perl-Safe, perl-Search-Dict, perl-SelectSaver, perl-sigtrap, perl-sort, perl-subs, perl-Symbol, perl-Sys-Hostname, perl-Term-Complete, perl-Term-ReadLine, perl-Text-Abbrev, perl-Thread, perl-Thread-Semaphore, perl-Tie, perl-Tie-File, perl-Tie-Memoize, perl-Tie-RefHash, perl-Time, perl-Unicode-UCD, perl-User-pwent, perl-vars, perl-vmsish

RHEL 9.0

 

perl-core (perl:5.24)

perl

RHEL 9.0

 

perl-interpreter

perl-AutoLoader, perl-AutoSplit, perl-autouse, perl-B, perl-base, perl-Benchmark, perl-blib, perl-Class-Struct, perl-Config-Extensions, perl-DBM_Filter, perl-debugger, perl-deprecate, perl-diagnostics, perl-DirHandle, perl-doc, perl-Dumpvalue, perl-DynaLoader, perl-encoding-warnings, perl-English, perl-ExtUtils-Constant, perl-Fcntl, perl-fields, perl-File-Basename, perl-File-Compare, perl-File-Copy, perl-File-DosGlob, perl-File-Find, perl-File-stat, perl-FileCache, perl-FileHandle, perl-filetest, perl-FindBin, perl-GDBM_File, perl-Getopt-Std, perl-Hash-Util, perl-Hash-Util-FieldHash, perl-I18N-Collate, perl-I18N-Langinfo, perl-I18N-LangTags, perl-if, perl-interpreter, perl-IPC-Open3, perl-less, perl-lib, perl-locale, perl-meta-notation, perl-mro, perl-NDBM_File, perl-Net, perl-NEXT, perl-ODBM_File, perl-Opcode, perl-overload, perl-overloading, perl-ph, perl-Pod-Functions, perl-POSIX, perl-Safe, perl-Search-Dict, perl-SelectSaver, perl-sigtrap, perl-sort, perl-subs, perl-Symbol, perl-Sys-Hostname, perl-Term-Complete, perl-Term-ReadLine, perl-Text-Abbrev, perl-Thread, perl-Thread-Semaphore, perl-Tie, perl-Tie-File, perl-Tie-Memoize, perl-Tie-RefHash, perl-Time, perl-Unicode-UCD, perl-User-pwent, perl-vars, perl-vmsish

RHEL 9.0

 

php-pecl-xdebug

php-pecl-xdebug3

RHEL 9.0

 

platform-python, python2 (python27:2.7), python36 (python36:3.6), python38 (python38:3.8), python39 (python39:3.9)

python3

RHEL 9.0

 

platform-python-debug, python2-debug (python27:2.7), python36-debug (python36:3.6), python38-debug (python38:3.8), python39-debug (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-debug

RHEL 9.0

 

platform-python-devel, python2-devel (python27:2.7), python36-devel (python36:3.6), python38-devel (python38:3.8), python39-devel (python39:3.9)

python3-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

platform-python-pip, python2-pip (python27:2.7), python3-pip, python38-pip (python38:3.8), python39-pip (python39:3.9)

python3-pip

RHEL 9.0

 

platform-python-setuptools, python2-setuptools (python27:2.7), python3-setuptools, python38-setuptools (python38:3.8), python39-setuptools (python39:3.9)

python3-setuptools

RHEL 9.0

 

podman (container-tools:rhel8), podman-manpages (container-tools:rhel8)

podman

RHEL 9.0

 

podman-manpages (container-tools:rhel8)

podman

RHEL 9.0

 

postgresql-upgrade-devel (postgresql:12), postgresql-upgrade-devel (postgresql:13)

postgresql-upgrade-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

pulseaudio

pipewire-pulseaudio

RHEL 9.0

 

pygobject2 (gimp:2.8)

python3-gobject

RHEL 9.0

 

pygobject2-codegen (gimp:2.8)

python3-gobject-base

RHEL 9.0

 

pygobject2-devel (gimp:2.8)

python3-gobject-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

pygobject3-devel

python3-gobject-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-attrs (python27:2.7), python3-attrs, python38-attrs (python38-devel:3.8), python39-attrs (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-attrs

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-babel (python27:2.7), python3-babel, python38-babel (python38:3.8)

python3-babel

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-chardet (python27:2.7), python3-chardet, python38-chardet (python38:3.8), python39-chardet (python39:3.9)

python3-chardet

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-Cython (python27:2.7), python3-Cython, python38-Cython (python38:3.8), python39-Cython (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-Cython

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-dns (python27:2.7), python3-dns

python3-dns

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-docutils (python27:2.7), python3-docutils

python3-docutils (python36:3.6)

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-idna (python27:2.7), python38-idna (python38:3.8), python39-idna (python39:3.9)

python3-idna

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-jinja2 (python27:2.7), python3-jinja2, python38-jinja2 (python38:3.8)

python3-jinja2

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-libs (python27:2.7), python3-libs, python38-libs (python38:3.8), python39-libs (python39:3.9)

python3-libs

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-lxml (python27:2.7), python3-lxml, python38-lxml (python38:3.8), python39-lxml (python39:3.9)

python3-lxml

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-markupsafe (python27:2.7), python3-markupsafe, python38-markupsafe (python38:3.8)

python3-markupsafe

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-numpy (python27:2.7), python38-numpy (python38:3.8), python39-numpy (python39:3.9)

python3-numpy

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-numpy-f2py (python27:2.7), python38-numpy-f2py (python38:3.8), python39-numpy-f2py (python39:3.9)

python3-numpy-f2py

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-pip-wheel (python27:2.7), python3-pip-wheel, python38-pip-wheel (python38:3.8), python39-pip-wheel (python39:3.9)

python3-pip-wheel

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-pluggy (python27:2.7), python3-pluggy, python38-pluggy (python38-devel:3.8), python39-pluggy (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-pluggy

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-psycopg2 (python27:2.7), python38-psycopg2 (python38:3.8), python39-psycopg2 (python39:3.9)

python3-psycopg2

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-py (python27:2.7), python3-py, python38-py (python38-devel:3.8), python39-py (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-py

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-pygments (python27:2.7), python3-pygments (python36:3.6)

python3-pygments

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-PyMySQL (python27:2.7), python3-PyMySQL (python36:3.6), python38-PyMySQL (python38:3.8), python39-PyMySQL (python39:3.9)

python3-PyMySQL

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-pysocks (python27:2.7), python3-pysocks, python38-pysocks (python38:3.8), python39-pysocks (python39:3.9)

python3-pysocks

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-pytest (python27:2.7), python3-pytest, python38-pytest (python38-devel:3.8), python39-pytest (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-pytest

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-pytz (python27:2.7), python3-pytz, python38-pytz (python38:3.8)

python3-pytz

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-pyyaml (python27:2.7), python3-pyyaml, python38-pyyaml (python38:3.8), python39-pyyaml (python39:3.9)

python3-pyyaml

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-requests (python27:2.7), python3-requests, python38-requests (python38:3.8), python39-requests (python39:3.9)

python3-requests

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-rpm-macros (python27:2.7), python3-rpm-macros, python36-rpm-macros (python36:3.6), python38-rpm-macros (python38:3.8), python39-rpm-macros (python39:3.9)

python3-rpm-macros

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-scipy (python27:2.7), python3-scipy (python36:3.6), python38-scipy (python38:3.8), python39-scipy (python39:3.9)

python3-scipy

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-setuptools-wheel (python27:2.7), python3-setuptools-wheel, python38-setuptools-wheel (python38:3.8), python39-setuptools-wheel (python39:3.9)

python3-setuptools-wheel

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-setuptools_scm (python27:2.7), python3-setuptools_scm

python3-setuptools_scm

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-six (python27:2.7), python3-six, python38-six (python38:3.8), python39-six (python39:3.9)

python3-six

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-test (python27:2.7), python3-test, python38-test (python38:3.8), python39-test (python39:3.9)

python3-test

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-tkinter (python27:2.7), python3-tkinter, python38-tkinter (python38:3.8), python39-tkinter (python39:3.9)

python3-tkinter

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-urllib3 (python27:2.7), python3-urllib3, python38-urllib3 (python38:3.8), python39-urllib3 (python39:3.9)

python3-urllib3

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-wheel (python27:2.7), python3-wheel (python36:3.6), python38-wheel (python38:3.8), python39-wheel (python39:3.9)

python3-wheel

RHEL 9.0

 

python2-wheel-wheel (python27:2.7), python3-wheel-wheel (python36:3.6), python38-wheel-wheel (python38:3.8), python39-wheel-wheel (python39:3.9)

python3-wheel-wheel

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-idle, python38-idle (python38:3.8), python39-idle (python39:3.9)

python3-idle

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-ipaclient (idm:client), python3-ipaclient (idm:DL1)

python3-ipaclient

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-ipalib (idm:client), python3-ipalib (idm:DL1)

python3-ipalib

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-jwcrypto (idm:client), python3-jwcrypto (idm:DL1)

python3-jwcrypto

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-packaging, python38-packaging (python38-devel:3.8), python39-packaging (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-packaging

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-pyparsing, python38-pyparsing (python38-devel:3.8), python39-pyparsing (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-pyparsing

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-pyusb (idm:client), python3-pyusb (idm:DL1)

python3-pyusb

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-qrcode (idm:client), python3-qrcode (idm:DL1)

python3-qrcode-core

RHEL 9.0

 

python3-yubico (idm:client), python3-yubico (idm:DL1)

python3-yubico

RHEL 9.0

 

python38-cffi (python38:3.8), python39-cffi (python39:3.9)

python3-cffi

RHEL 9.0

 

python38-cryptography (python38:3.8), python39-cryptography (python39:3.9)

python3-cryptography

RHEL 9.0

 

python38-mod_wsgi (python38:3.8), python39-mod_wsgi (python39:3.9)

python3-mod_wsgi

RHEL 9.0

 

python38-ply (python38:3.8), python39-ply (python39:3.9)

python3-ply

RHEL 9.0

 

python38-psutil (python38:3.8), python39-psutil (python39:3.9)

python3-psutil

RHEL 9.0

 

python38-pycparser (python38:3.8), python39-pycparser (python39:3.9)

python3-pycparser

RHEL 9.0

 

python38-wcwidth (python38-devel:3.8), python39-wcwidth (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-wcwidth

RHEL 9.0

 

python39-iniconfig (python39-devel:3.9)

python3-iniconfig

RHEL 9.0

 

python39-toml (python39:3.9)

python3-toml

RHEL 9.0

 

qemu-kvm

ksmtuned, qemu-kvm

RHEL 9.0

 

qemu-kvm-common (virt:rhel)

qemu-kvm-common, virtiofsd

RHEL 9.0

 

resource-agents-aliyun, resource-agents-gcp

resource-agents-cloud

RHEL 9.0

 

resteasy (pki-deps:10.6)

pki-resteasy-client, pki-resteasy-core, pki-resteasy-jackson2-provider, pki-resteasy-jaxb-provider

RHEL 9.0

 

rng-tools

jitterentropy, jitterentropy-devel, rng-tools

RHEL 9.0

 

rpm

rpm, rpm-plugin-audit

RHEL 9.0

 

rpm-build-libs

rpm-build-libs, rpm-sign-libs

RHEL 9.0

 

rsyslog

rsyslog, rsyslog-logrotate

RHEL 9.0

 

rt-setup

realtime-setup

RHEL 9.0

 

rt-setup

realtime-setup

RHEL 9.0

 

rt-tests

realtime-tests

RHEL 9.0

 

ruby-irb (ruby:2.5)

rubygem-irb

RHEL 9.0

 

SDL

sdl12-compat

RHEL 9.0

 

SDL-devel

sdl12-compat-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

texlive-ifetex, texlive-ifluatex, texlive-ifxetex

texlive-iftex

RHEL 9.0

 

texlive-tetex

texlive-texlive-scripts

RHEL 9.0

 

trace-cmd

libtracecmd, libtracecmd-devel, trace-cmd

RHEL 9.0

 

vala-devel

libvala-devel

RHEL 9.0

 

wodim

cdrskin

RHEL 9.0

The wodim package has been replaced by the cdrskin package, which provides the cdrecord executable compatible with cdrecord provided by wodim.

xfsprogs

xfsprogs, xfsprogs-xfs_scrub

RHEL 9.0

 

xinetd

systemd

RHEL 9.0

The xinetd package is not available in RHEL9, the functionality is now provided by systemd. For further details, see How to convert xinetd service to systemd.

xorg-x11-font-utils

mkfontscale

RHEL 9.0

 

xorg-x11-xkb-utils

setxkbmap, xkbcomp

RHEL 9.0

 

A.3. Moved packages

The following packages were moved between repositories within RHEL 9:

PackageOriginal repository*Current repository*Changed since

aajohan-comfortaa-fonts

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

alsa-sof-firmware

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-antlr

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-apache-bcel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-apache-bsf

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-apache-oro

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-apache-regexp

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-apache-resolver

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-apache-xalan2

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-commons-logging

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-commons-net

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-javamail

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-jdepend

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-jmf

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-jsch

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-junit

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-lib

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-swing

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-testutil

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ant-xz

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

antlr-tool

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

apache-commons-cli

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

apache-commons-codec

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

apache-commons-collections

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

apache-commons-compress

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

apache-commons-io

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

apache-commons-lang3

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

apache-commons-logging

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

apache-commons-net

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

aspell

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

assertj-core

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

atinject

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

atlas-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

atlas-z14

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

audit-libs-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

augeas

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

augeas-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

autoconf-archive

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

avahi-glib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

bcel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

bind-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

blktrace

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

bluez-obexd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

boom-boot

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

boom-boot-conf

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

boom-boot-grub2

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

boost-numpy3

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

boost-python3

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

brotli

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

bsdtar

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

bsf

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

bzip2-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

c-ares-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

cdi-api

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

checkpolicy

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

conntrack-tools

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

createrepo_c-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

criu-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

criu-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

cryptsetup-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ctdb

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

cyrus-sasl-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

cyrus-sasl-gs2

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

cyrus-sasl-ldap

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

cyrus-sasl-md5

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

cyrus-sasl-ntlm

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

daxctl

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dbus-daemon

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dbus-glib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dlm-lib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dracut-caps

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dracut-live

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dtc

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

dwarves

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

e2fsprogs-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

efivar

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

elfutils-debuginfod

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

elfutils-debuginfod-client-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

elfutils-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

elfutils-libelf-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

emacs-filesystem

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

evolution-data-server-doc

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

evolution-data-server-perl

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

evolution-data-server-tests

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

expat-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

expect

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-all

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-all

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-amt-ws

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-amt-ws

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-apc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-apc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-apc-snmp

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-apc-snmp

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-bladecenter

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-bladecenter

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-brocade

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-brocade

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-cisco-mds

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-cisco-mds

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-cisco-ucs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-cisco-ucs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-drac5

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-drac5

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-eaton-snmp

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-eaton-snmp

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-emerson

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-emerson

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-eps

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-eps

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-heuristics-ping

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-heuristics-ping

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-hpblade

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-hpblade

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ibmblade

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ibmblade

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ifmib

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ifmib

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ilo-moonshot

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ilo-moonshot

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ilo-mp

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ilo-mp

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ilo-ssh

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ilo-ssh

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ilo2

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ilo2

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-intelmodular

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-intelmodular

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ipdu

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ipdu

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ipmilan

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-ipmilan

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-kdump

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-kdump

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-lpar

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-lpar

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-mpath

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-mpath

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-redfish

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-redfish

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-rhevm

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-rhevm

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-rsa

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-rsa

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-rsb

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-rsb

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-sbd

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-sbd

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-scsi

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-scsi

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-vmware-rest

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-vmware-rest

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-vmware-soap

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-vmware-soap

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-wti

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-wti

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-zvm

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

fence-agents-zvm

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

flite

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fontconfig

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fontconfig-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

freeipmi

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

freeipmi-bmc-watchdog

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

freeipmi-ipmidetectd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

freeipmi-ipmiseld

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

freetype-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fstrm-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

fuse-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

fuse3

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fuse3-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fuse3-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

fxload

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

galera

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gdbm

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

gdbm-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

gdisk

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gdk-pixbuf2

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

geoclue2-demos

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

gettext-common-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gettext-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gfs2-utils

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

ghostscript-doc

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ghostscript-tools-dvipdf

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glib2-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glib2-doc

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glib2-tests

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glibc-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glibc-gconv-extra

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

glibc-headers

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glibc-locale-source

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glusterfs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glusterfs-client-xlators

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glusterfs-fuse

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glusterfs-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

glusterfs-rdma

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gmp-c++

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gmp-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnome-common

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnu-efi

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gnupg2-smime

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gobject-introspection-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

google-guice

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

google-roboto-slab-fonts

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gperf

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gpgmepp

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

graphviz-doc

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

graphviz-python3

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

groff

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

gsl-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

gtkspell3

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

hamcrest

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

hivex

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

hivex-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

httpcomponents-client

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

httpcomponents-core

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

hwloc-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

hyphen-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

icu

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

infiniband-diags

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ipset-service

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

iptables-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

iputils-ninfod

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jakarta-oro

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jansi

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jansson-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

javapackages-filesystem

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

javapackages-tools

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jcl-over-slf4j

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jdepend

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jsch

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

json-c-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

jsoup

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jsr-305

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

Judy

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

junit

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

jzlib

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kabi-dw

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kbd-legacy

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kernel-cross-headers

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

kernel-debug-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kernel-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kernel-doc

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kernel-headers

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

kernel-zfcpdump-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

keyutils-libs-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

krb5-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ksc

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

lcms2-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libacl-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libaio-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libappstream-glib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libasan

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libatomic_ops

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libattr-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libbabeltrace

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libblkid-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libcap-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libcap-ng-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libcap-ng-python3

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libcom_err-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libcurl-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libdatrie-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libdb-utils

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libdwarves1

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libedit-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

liberation-fonts

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

liberation-fonts-common

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

liberation-mono-fonts

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

liberation-narrow-fonts

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

liberation-sans-fonts

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

liberation-serif-fonts

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libev

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

libevent-doc

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libfabric

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libfdisk-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libffi-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libgcrypt-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libgomp-offload-nvptx

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libgpg-error-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libguestfs-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libguestfs-gobject

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libguestfs-gobject-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libguestfs-man-pages-ja

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libguestfs-man-pages-uk

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libguestfs-winsupport

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libica-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libical

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libicu-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libiscsi

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libiscsi-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libiscsi-utils

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libitm

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libjose-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libkeepalive

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libldb-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

liblsan

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libluksmeta-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libmaxminddb-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libmicrohttpd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libmng-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libmount-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libnbd

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libnbd-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libnetfilter_cthelper

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libnetfilter_cttimeout

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libnetfilter_queue

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libnl3-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libnsl2

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libocxl

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libogg-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libpmem-debug

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpmemblk-debug

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpmemlog-debug

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpmemobj-debug

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpmempool-debug

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpng-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpsl-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libpsm2

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libqb

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libqb-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

libqb-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

librabbitmq

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

librtas-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libsecret

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libsecret-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libselinux-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libsepol-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libservicelog-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libslirp-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libslirp-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libslirp-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libsoup

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstemmer

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt-arcconf-plugin

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt-hpsa-plugin

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt-local-plugin

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt-megaraid-plugin

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt-smis-plugin

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libstoragemgmt-udev

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libtalloc-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libtdb-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libtevent-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libthai-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libtirpc-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libtool-ltdl

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libtool-ltdl-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

libtool-ltdl-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libtool-ltdl-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

libtsan

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libubsan

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

liburing

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libusb

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libusbx-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libuuid-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libverto-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-client

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-config-network

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-config-nwfilter

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-interface

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-network

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-nodedev

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-nwfilter

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-secret

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-storage

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-core

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-disk

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-iscsi

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-logical

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-mpath

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-scsi

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-dbus

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-docs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-libs

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-lock-sanlock

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libvirt-nss

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libwinpr-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libxcrypt-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libxslt

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libXxf86vm-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libzfcphbaapi-docs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

libzip-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libzip-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libzip-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libzip-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

libzstd-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lksctp-tools-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lksctp-tools-doc

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lm_sensors

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lm_sensors-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lm_sensors-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

logwatch

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lua-guestfs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

lua-posix

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lvm2-dbusd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lvm2-lockd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lynx

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lz4-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lzo-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

lzo-minilzo

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

m4

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-backup

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-common

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-embedded

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-embedded-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-embedded-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-errmsg

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-gssapi-server

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-oqgraph-engine

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-server

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-server-galera

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-server-utils

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-test

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mariadb-test

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

maven

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

maven-lib

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

maven-resolver

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

maven-shared-utils

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

maven-wagon

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

memstrack

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

memtest86+

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

mesa-libOSMesa

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mobile-broadband-provider-info

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

multilib-rpm-config

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mvapich2-psm2-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mysql-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mysql-libs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

mysql-test

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

nbdfuse

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

nbdkit-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

nbdkit-example-plugins

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ncurses-c++-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ncurses-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ncurses-term

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

net-snmp-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

NetworkManager-config-connectivity-redhat

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

NetworkManager-dispatcher-routing-rules

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

NetworkManager-ovs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

NetworkManager-ppp

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

nginx-mod-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

nispor-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

nss_db

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ntsysv

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

numactl-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

objectweb-asm

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

opa-address-resolution

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

opa-basic-tools

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

opa-fastfabric

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

opa-fm

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

opa-libopamgt

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

opal-firmware

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

opal-utils

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openblas-openmp

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openblas-threads

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

opencl-headers

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

opencsd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

OpenIPMI

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

OpenIPMI-lanserv

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

OpenIPMI-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openldap-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openssl-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openssl-perl

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

openwsman-client

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

openwsman-python3

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

openwsman-python3

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

opus-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ostree-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

p11-kit-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

p11-kit-server

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pacemaker-cluster-libs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

pacemaker-cluster-libs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

pacemaker-libs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

pacemaker-libs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

pacemaker-schemas

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

pacemaker-schemas

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

pam-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pam_cifscreds

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pam_ssh_agent_auth

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

patch

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pciutils-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcre-cpp

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcre-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcre-utf16

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcre-utf32

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcre2-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcre2-utf16

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pcre2-utf32

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perf

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Algorithm-Diff

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Archive-Tar

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Carp

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Clone

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-constant

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Data-Dumper

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Date-Manip

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-DBD-SQLite

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-DBI

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Digest-SHA1

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Errno

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Exporter

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Exporter-Tiny

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-File-Path

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-File-Temp

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Getopt-Long

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-hivex

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-HTTP-Tiny

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Importer

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-interpreter

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-IO

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-IO-Compress

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-IO-String

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

perl-IO-Zlib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-List-MoreUtils

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-List-MoreUtils-XS

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-macros

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Math-Complex

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-MIME-Base64

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-MIME-Charset

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Module-Pluggable

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

perl-Module-Runtime

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

perl-parent

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Parse-Yapp

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

perl-PathTools

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Pod-Escapes

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Pod-Parser

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

perl-Pod-Parser

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

perl-Pod-Parser

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

perl-Pod-Parser

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

perl-Pod-Perldoc

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Pod-Simple

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Pod-Usage

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-podlators

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Scalar-List-Utils

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Socket

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Storable

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Sys-CPU

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Sys-MemInfo

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Term-ANSIColor

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Term-Cap

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Term-Size-Any

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Term-Size-Perl

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Term-Table

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Text-Diff

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Text-ParseWords

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Text-Tabs+Wrap

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-threads

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-threads-shared

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Time-Local

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Unicode-LineBreak

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

perl-Unicode-Normalize

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

plexus-cipher

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

plexus-classworlds

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

plexus-containers-component-annotations

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

plexus-interpolation

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

plexus-sec-dispatcher

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

plexus-utils

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

plotutils

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

pmix-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

policycoreutils-dbus

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

policycoreutils-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

policycoreutils-python-utils

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

polkit-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

polkit-docs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

poppler-cpp

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

popt-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

postfix

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-server-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-server-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-server-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-server-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-test

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-test

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-test

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

postgresql-test

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

powerpc-utils

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ppc64-diag

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

protobuf-c

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

protobuf-c-compiler

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

protobuf-c-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

protobuf-compiler

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ps_mem

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

publicsuffix-list

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python-cups-doc

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-audit

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-boom

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-cffi

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-configobj

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-cryptography

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-docutils

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-gobject-base

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-hivex

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-idle

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-ipatests

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-iscsi-initiator-utils

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-libnbd

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-libproxy

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-libselinux

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-libsemanage

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-libstoragemgmt

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-libvirt

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-oauthlib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-packaging

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-pexpect

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

python3-pluggy

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-ply

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-policycoreutils

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-ptyprocess

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

python3-pwquality

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-py

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-pycparser

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-pygments

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-pytest

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-pyverbs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-pywbem

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-requests-oauthlib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-rtslib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-solv

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

python3-test

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-test

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-wheel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

python3-wheel-wheel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

qclib

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qclib-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

qgpgme

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtquickcontrols2-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtserialbus-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

qt5-qtwayland-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

quota-doc

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

quota-nld

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

quota-rpc

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

quota-warnquota

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rasdaemon

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rdma-core-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

readline-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

redhat-indexhtml

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

redhat-logos

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

redhat-logos-httpd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

regexp

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rpcgen

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rpm-apidocs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rpm-cron

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rpm-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rpm-plugin-ima

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rpm-plugin-syslog

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rpm-plugin-systemd-inhibit

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

rsync-daemon

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

ruby-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ruby-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ruby-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ruby-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ruby-hivex

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

ruby-libguestfs

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-mysql2-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-mysql2-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-mysql2-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-mysql2-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-pg-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-pg-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-pg-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

rubygem-pg-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

s390utils-base

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

samba-client

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

samba-krb5-printing

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

samba-pidl

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

samba-test

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

samba-test-libs

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

samba-winbind-clients

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

samba-winbind-krb5-locator

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

samba-winexe

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sbd

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-ResilientStorage

RHEL 9.0

sbd

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-HighAvailability

RHEL 9.0

SDL2

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

SDL2-devel

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

selinux-policy-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sendmail-milter

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

sgabios

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sgml-common

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sgpio

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

shim-unsigned-aarch64

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

slf4j

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

slf4j-jdk14

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

smc-tools

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sombok

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

speech-dispatcher-doc

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

spice-protocol

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

sqlite

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

sqlite-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

supermin-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

swig

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

swig

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

swig-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

swig-doc

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

swig-gdb

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

swig-gdb

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

syslinux-tftpboot

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

systemd-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

systemd-journal-remote

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

target-restore

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tcl

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

tcl-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tcl-doc

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tix

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

tmpwatch

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tpm2-abrmd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tpm2-abrmd-selinux

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tpm2-tss-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

tuned-profiles-atomic

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tuned-profiles-mssql

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

tuned-profiles-oracle

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

turbojpeg

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

unixODBC-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

usbredir-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

uuidd

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

varnish-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

velocity

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

vhostmd

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-SAP-Solutions

RHEL 9.0

vhostmd

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-SAP-NetWeaver

RHEL 9.0

vim-filesystem

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

virt-v2v-man-pages-ja

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

virt-v2v-man-pages-uk

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

vm-dump-metrics

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-SAP-Solutions

RHEL 9.0

vm-dump-metrics

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-SAP-NetWeaver

RHEL 9.0

volume_key-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

watchdog

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

web-assets-filesystem

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xalan-j2

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xerces-j2

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xfsprogs-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xhtml1-dtds

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xml-common

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xml-commons-apis

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xml-commons-resolver

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xmlrpc-c

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xmlrpc-c-client

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xorg-x11-drv-evdev-devel

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-CRB

RHEL 9.0

xz-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xz-java

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

xz-lzma-compat

rhel8-CRB

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

zlib-devel

rhel8-BaseOS

rhel9-AppStream

RHEL 9.0

zstd

rhel8-AppStream

rhel9-BaseOS

RHEL 9.0

*This table uses abbreviated names for the repository ID. Use the following examples to help identify the full repository ID, where <arch> is the specific architecture:

  • rhel9-BaseOS: rhel-9-for-<arch>-baseos-rpms, rhel-9-for-<arch>-baseos-eus-rpms, rhel-9-for-<arch>-baseos-e4s-rpms.
  • rhel9-AppStream: rhel-9-for-<arch>-appstream-rpms, rhel-9-for-<arch>-appstream-eus-rpms, rhel-9-for-<arch>-appstream-e4s-rpms.
  • rhel9-CRB: codeready-builder-for-rhel-9-<arch>-rpms, codeready-builder-for-rhel-9-<arch>-eus-rpms.
  • rhel9-SAP-Solutions: rhel-9-for-<arch>-sap-solutions-rpms, rhel-9-for-<arch>-sap-solutions-eus-rpms, rhel-9-for-<arch>-sap-solutions-e4s-rpms.
  • rhel9-SAP-NetWeaver: rhel-9-for-<arch>-sap-netweaver-rpms, rhel-9-for-<arch>-sap-netweaver-eus-rpms, rhel-9-for-<arch>-sap-netweaver-e4s-rpms.

A.4. Removed packages

The following packages are part of RHEL 8 but are not distributed with RHEL 9:

PackageNote

abrt

 

abrt-addon-ccpp

 

abrt-addon-kerneloops

 

abrt-addon-pstoreoops

 

abrt-addon-vmcore

 

abrt-addon-xorg

 

abrt-cli

 

abrt-console-notification

 

abrt-dbus

 

abrt-desktop

 

abrt-gui

 

abrt-gui-libs

 

abrt-libs

 

abrt-tui

 

adobe-source-sans-pro-fonts-3.02803.el9.noarch.rpm

 

alsa-plugins-pulseaudio

 

alsa-sof-firmware-debug

 

amanda

 

amanda-client

 

amanda-libs

 

amanda-server

 

ant-apache-log4j

 

ant-contrib

 

ant-contrib-javadoc

 

ant-javadoc

 

ant-manual

 

antlr-C++

 

antlr-javadoc

 

antlr-manual

 

antlr3

 

antlr32

 

aopalliance

 

aopalliance

 

aopalliance-javadoc

 

apache-commons-beanutils-javadoc

 

apache-commons-cli-javadoc

 

apache-commons-codec-javadoc

 

apache-commons-collections-javadoc

 

apache-commons-collections-testframework

 

apache-commons-compress-javadoc

 

apache-commons-exec

 

apache-commons-exec-javadoc

 

apache-commons-io-javadoc

 

apache-commons-jxpath

 

apache-commons-jxpath

 

apache-commons-jxpath-javadoc

 

apache-commons-lang-javadoc

 

apache-commons-lang3-javadoc

 

apache-commons-logging-javadoc

 

apache-commons-net-javadoc

 

apache-commons-parent

 

apache-ivy

 

apache-ivy-javadoc

 

apache-parent

 

apache-resource-bundles

 

apache-sshd

 

apiguardian

 

aqute-bnd-javadoc

 

aspnetcore-runtime-3.0

 

aspnetcore-runtime-3.1

 

aspnetcore-runtime-5.0

 

aspnetcore-targeting-pack-3.0

 

aspnetcore-targeting-pack-3.1

 

aspnetcore-targeting-pack-5.0

 

assertj-core-javadoc

 

atinject-javadoc

 

atinject-tck

 

authd

 

auto

 

autoconf213

 

autogen

 

autogen-libopts

 

autogen-libopts-devel

 

awscli

 

base64coder

 

batik

 

batik-css

 

batik-util

 

bcel-javadoc

 

bea-stax

 

bea-stax-api

 

beust-jcommander-javadoc

 

bind-export-devel

 

bind-export-libs

 

bind-pkcs11

Instead of named-pkcs11 service append -E pkcs11 to named.service. Use pkcs11-tool from opensc package to manage pkcs11 tokens or stored keys.

bind-pkcs11-devel

 

bind-pkcs11-libs

 

bind-pkcs11-utils

 

bind-sdb

 

bind-sdb-chroot

 

bluez-hid2hci

 

bnd-maven-plugin

 

boost-jam

 

boost-signals

 

bouncycastle

 

bpg-algeti-fonts

 

bpg-chveulebrivi-fonts

 

bpg-classic-fonts

 

bpg-courier-fonts

 

bpg-courier-s-fonts

 

bpg-dedaena-block-fonts

 

bpg-dejavu-sans-fonts

 

bpg-elite-fonts

 

bpg-excelsior-caps-fonts

 

bpg-excelsior-condenced-fonts

 

bpg-excelsior-fonts

 

bpg-fonts-common

 

bpg-glaho-fonts

 

bpg-gorda-fonts

 

bpg-ingiri-fonts

 

bpg-irubaqidze-fonts

 

bpg-mikhail-stephan-fonts

 

bpg-mrgvlovani-caps-fonts

 

bpg-mrgvlovani-fonts

 

bpg-nateli-caps-fonts

 

bpg-nateli-condenced-fonts

 

bpg-nateli-fonts

 

bpg-nino-medium-cond-fonts

 

bpg-nino-medium-fonts

 

bpg-sans-fonts

 

bpg-sans-medium-fonts

 

bpg-sans-modern-fonts

 

bpg-sans-regular-fonts

 

bpg-serif-fonts

 

bpg-serif-modern-fonts

 

bpg-ucnobi-fonts

 

brlapi-java

 

bsf-javadoc

 

bsh

 

bsh-javadoc

 

bsh-manual

 

buildnumber-maven-plugin

 

byaccj

 

byaccj-debuginfo

 

byaccj-debugsource

 

cal10n

 

cal10n-javadoc

 

cbi-plugins

 

cdi-api-javadoc

 

cdparanoia

 

cdparanoia-devel

 

cdparanoia-libs

 

cdrdao

 

celt051

 

celt051-devel

 

cglib-javadoc

 

clutter-devel

 

clutter-doc

 

clutter-gst3-devel

 

clutter-gtk-devel

 

cmirror

 

codehaus-parent

 

codemodel

 

cogl-devel

 

cogl-doc

 

compat-exiv2-026

 

compat-guile18

 

compat-guile18-devel

 

compat-hwloc1

 

compat-libpthread-nonshared

 

compat-libtiff3

 

compat-openssl10

 

compat-sap-c++-10

 

compat-sap-c++-11

 

compat-sap-c++-9

 

crash-ptdump-command

 

ctags

 

ctags-etags

 

custodia

 

cyrus-imapd-vzic

 

dbus-c++

 

dbus-c++-devel

 

dbus-c++-glib

 

dbxtool

 

dhcp-libs

 

directory-maven-plugin

 

directory-maven-plugin-javadoc

 

dirsplit

 

dleyna-connector-dbus

 

dleyna-core

 

dleyna-renderer

 

dleyna-server

 

dnf-plugin-spacewalk

 

dnssec-trigger

 

dnssec-trigger-panel

 

dotnet-apphost-pack-3.0

 

dotnet-apphost-pack-3.1

 

dotnet-apphost-pack-5.0

 

dotnet-build-reference-packages

 

dotnet-host-fxr-2.1

 

dotnet-hostfxr-3.0

 

dotnet-hostfxr-3.1

 

dotnet-hostfxr-5.0

 

dotnet-runtime-2.1

 

dotnet-runtime-3.0

 

dotnet-runtime-3.1

 

dotnet-runtime-5.0

 

dotnet-sdk-2.1

 

dotnet-sdk-2.1.5xx

 

dotnet-sdk-3.0

 

dotnet-sdk-3.1

 

dotnet-sdk-3.1-source-built-artifacts

 

dotnet-sdk-5.0

 

dotnet-sdk-5.0-source-built-artifacts

 

dotnet-targeting-pack-3.0

 

dotnet-targeting-pack-3.1

 

dotnet-targeting-pack-5.0

 

dotnet-templates-3.0

 

dotnet-templates-3.1

 

dotnet-templates-5.0

 

dotnet5.0-build-reference-packages

 

dptfxtract

 

drpm

 

drpm-devel

 

dump

 

dvd+rw-tools

 

dyninst-static

 

easymock-javadoc

 

eclipse-ecf

 

eclipse-ecf-core

 

eclipse-ecf-runtime

 

eclipse-emf

 

eclipse-emf-core

 

eclipse-emf-runtime

 

eclipse-emf-xsd

 

eclipse-equinox-osgi

 

eclipse-jdt

 

eclipse-license

 

eclipse-p2-discovery

 

eclipse-pde

 

eclipse-platform

 

eclipse-swt

 

ed25519-java

 

ee4j-parent

 

elfutils-devel-static

 

elfutils-libelf-devel-static

 

enca

 

enca-devel

 

environment-modules-compat

 

evince-browser-plugin

 

exec-maven-plugin

 

exec-maven-plugin-javadoc

 

farstream02

 

felix-gogo-command

 

felix-gogo-runtime

 

felix-gogo-shell

 

felix-osgi-compendium

 

felix-osgi-compendium-javadoc

 

felix-osgi-core

 

felix-osgi-core-javadoc

 

felix-osgi-foundation

 

felix-osgi-foundation-javadoc

 

felix-parent

 

felix-scr

 

felix-utils-javadoc

 

file-roller

 

fipscheck

 

fipscheck-devel

 

fipscheck-lib

 

fonts-tweak-tool

 

forge-parent

 

freeradius-mysql

 

freeradius-perl

 

freeradius-postgresql

 

freeradius-sqlite

 

freeradius-unixODBC

 

frei0r-devel

 

frei0r-plugins

 

frei0r-plugins-opencv

 

fuse-sshfs

 

fusesource-pom

 

future

 

gamin

 

gamin-devel

 

gavl

 

gcc-toolset-10

 

gcc-toolset-10-annobin

 

gcc-toolset-10-binutils

 

gcc-toolset-10-binutils-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-build

 

gcc-toolset-10-dwz

 

gcc-toolset-10-dyninst

 

gcc-toolset-10-dyninst-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-elfutils

 

gcc-toolset-10-elfutils-debuginfod-client

 

gcc-toolset-10-elfutils-debuginfod-client-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-elfutils-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-elfutils-libelf

 

gcc-toolset-10-elfutils-libelf-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-elfutils-libs

 

gcc-toolset-10-gcc

 

gcc-toolset-10-gcc-c++

 

gcc-toolset-10-gcc-gdb-plugin

 

gcc-toolset-10-gcc-gfortran

 

gcc-toolset-10-gcc-plugin-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-gdb

 

gcc-toolset-10-gdb-doc

 

gcc-toolset-10-gdb-gdbserver

 

gcc-toolset-10-libasan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-libatomic-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-libitm-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-liblsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-libquadmath-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-libstdc++-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-libstdc++-docs

 

gcc-toolset-10-libtsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-libubsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-ltrace

 

gcc-toolset-10-make

 

gcc-toolset-10-make-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-perftools

 

gcc-toolset-10-runtime

 

gcc-toolset-10-strace

 

gcc-toolset-10-systemtap

 

gcc-toolset-10-systemtap-client

 

gcc-toolset-10-systemtap-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-systemtap-initscript

 

gcc-toolset-10-systemtap-runtime

 

gcc-toolset-10-systemtap-sdt-devel

 

gcc-toolset-10-systemtap-server

 

gcc-toolset-10-toolchain

 

gcc-toolset-10-valgrind

 

gcc-toolset-10-valgrind-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11

 

gcc-toolset-11-annobin-annocheck

 

gcc-toolset-11-annobin-docs

 

gcc-toolset-11-annobin-plugin-gcc

 

gcc-toolset-11-binutils

 

gcc-toolset-11-binutils-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-build

 

gcc-toolset-11-dwz

 

gcc-toolset-11-dyninst

 

gcc-toolset-11-dyninst-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-elfutils

 

gcc-toolset-11-elfutils-debuginfod-client

 

gcc-toolset-11-elfutils-debuginfod-client-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-elfutils-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-elfutils-libelf

 

gcc-toolset-11-elfutils-libelf-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-elfutils-libs

 

gcc-toolset-11-gcc

 

gcc-toolset-11-gcc-c++

 

gcc-toolset-11-gcc-gdb-plugin

 

gcc-toolset-11-gcc-gfortran

 

gcc-toolset-11-gcc-plugin-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-gdb

 

gcc-toolset-11-gdb-doc

 

gcc-toolset-11-gdb-gdbserver

 

gcc-toolset-11-libasan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-libatomic-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-libgccjit

 

gcc-toolset-11-libgccjit-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-libgccjit-docs

 

gcc-toolset-11-libitm-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-liblsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-libquadmath-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-libstdc++-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-libstdc++-docs

 

gcc-toolset-11-libtsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-libubsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-ltrace

 

gcc-toolset-11-make

 

gcc-toolset-11-make-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-perftools

 

gcc-toolset-11-runtime

 

gcc-toolset-11-strace

 

gcc-toolset-11-systemtap

 

gcc-toolset-11-systemtap-client

 

gcc-toolset-11-systemtap-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-systemtap-initscript

 

gcc-toolset-11-systemtap-runtime

 

gcc-toolset-11-systemtap-sdt-devel

 

gcc-toolset-11-systemtap-server

 

gcc-toolset-11-toolchain

 

gcc-toolset-11-valgrind

 

gcc-toolset-11-valgrind-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9

 

gcc-toolset-9-annobin

 

gcc-toolset-9-binutils

 

gcc-toolset-9-binutils-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-build

 

gcc-toolset-9-dwz

 

gcc-toolset-9-dyninst

 

gcc-toolset-9-dyninst-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-dyninst-doc

 

gcc-toolset-9-dyninst-static

 

gcc-toolset-9-dyninst-testsuite

 

gcc-toolset-9-elfutils

 

gcc-toolset-9-elfutils-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-elfutils-libelf

 

gcc-toolset-9-elfutils-libelf-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-elfutils-libs

 

gcc-toolset-9-gcc

 

gcc-toolset-9-gcc-c++

 

gcc-toolset-9-gcc-gdb-plugin

 

gcc-toolset-9-gcc-gfortran

 

gcc-toolset-9-gcc-plugin-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-gdb

 

gcc-toolset-9-gdb-doc

 

gcc-toolset-9-gdb-gdbserver

 

gcc-toolset-9-libasan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-libatomic-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-libitm-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-liblsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-libquadmath-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-libstdc++-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-libstdc++-docs

 

gcc-toolset-9-libtsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-libubsan-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-ltrace

 

gcc-toolset-9-make

 

gcc-toolset-9-make-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-perftools

 

gcc-toolset-9-runtime

 

gcc-toolset-9-strace

 

gcc-toolset-9-systemtap

 

gcc-toolset-9-systemtap-client

 

gcc-toolset-9-systemtap-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-systemtap-initscript

 

gcc-toolset-9-systemtap-runtime

 

gcc-toolset-9-systemtap-sdt-devel

 

gcc-toolset-9-systemtap-server

 

gcc-toolset-9-toolchain

 

gcc-toolset-9-valgrind

 

gcc-toolset-9-valgrind-devel

 

GConf2

 

GConf2-devel

 

gegl

 

genwqe-tools

 

genwqe-vpd

 

genwqe-zlib

 

genwqe-zlib-devel

 

geoipupdate

 

geronimo-annotation

 

geronimo-annotation

 

geronimo-annotation-javadoc

 

geronimo-jms

 

geronimo-jms-javadoc

 

geronimo-jpa

 

geronimo-jpa-javadoc

 

geronimo-parent-poms

 

gfbgraph

 

gflags

 

gflags-devel

 

glassfish-annotation-api

 

glassfish-annotation-api

 

glassfish-annotation-api-javadoc

 

glassfish-el

 

glassfish-fastinfoset

 

glassfish-jaxb-core

 

glassfish-jaxb-txw2

 

glassfish-jsp

 

glassfish-jsp-api

 

glassfish-jsp-api

 

glassfish-jsp-api-javadoc

 

glassfish-legal

 

glassfish-master-pom

 

glassfish-servlet-api

 

glassfish-servlet-api

 

glassfish-servlet-api-javadoc

 

glew-devel

 

glib2-fam

 

glog

 

glog-devel

 

gmock

 

gmock-devel

 

gnome-abrt

 

gnome-boxes

 

gnome-menus-devel

 

gnome-online-miners

 

gnome-shell-extension-dash-to-panel

 

gnome-shell-extension-disable-screenshield

 

gnome-shell-extension-horizontal-workspaces

 

gnome-shell-extension-no-hot-corner

 

gnome-shell-extension-window-grouper

 

gnome-themes-standard

 

gnu-free-fonts-common

 

gnu-free-mono-fonts

 

gnu-free-sans-fonts

 

gnu-free-serif-fonts

 

gnuplot

 

gnuplot-common

 

gnuplot-doc

 

google-gson

 

google-guice-javadoc

 

google-noto-sans-syriac-eastern-fonts

 

google-noto-sans-syriac-estrangela-fonts

 

google-noto-sans-syriac-western-fonts

 

google-noto-sans-tibetan-fonts

 

google-noto-sans-ui-fonts

 

gphoto2

 

gsl-devel

 

gssntlmssp

 

gtest

 

gtest-devel

 

gtkmm24

 

gtkmm24-devel

 

gtkmm24-docs

 

gtksourceview3

 

gtksourceview3-devel

 

gtkspell

 

gtkspell-devel

 

guava20-javadoc

 

guava20-testlib

 

guice-assistedinject