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6.2. Enabling Smart Card Login

Smart card login for Red Hat Enterprise Linux servers and workstations is not enabled by default and must be enabled in the system settings.

Note

Using single sign-on when logging into Red Hat Enterprise Linux requires these packages:
  • nss-tools
  • esc
  • pam_pkcs11
  • coolkey
  • ccid
  • gdm
  • authconfig
  • authconfig-gtk
  • krb5-libs
  • krb5-workstation
  • krb5-auth-dialog
  • krb5-pkinit-openssl
  1. Log into the system as root.
  2. Download the root CA certificates for the network in base 64 format, and install them on the server. The certificates are installed in the appropriate system database using the certutil command. For example:
    # certutil -A -d /etc/pki/nssdb -n "root CA cert" -t "CT,C,C" -i /tmp/ca_cert.crt
  3. In the top menu, select the System menu, select Administration, and then click Authentication.
  4. Open the Advanced Options tab.
  5. Click the Enable Smart Card Support checkbox.
  6. When the button is active, click Configure smart card ....
    There are two behaviors that can be configured for smart cards:
    • The Require smart card for login checkbox requires smart cards and essentially disables Kerberos password authentication for logging into the system. Do not select this until after you have successfully logged in using a smart card.
    • The Card removal action menu sets the response that the system takes if the smart card is removed during an active session. Ignore means that the system continues functioning as normal if the smart card is removed, while Lock immediately locks the screen.
  7. By default, the mechanisms to check whether a certificate has been revoked (Online Certificate Status Protocol, or OCSP, responses) are disabled. To validate whether a certificate has been revoked before its expiration period, enable OCSP checking by adding the ocsp_on option to the cert_policy directive.
    1. Open the pam_pkcs11.conf file.
      vim /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
    2. Change every cert_policy line so that it contains the ocsp_on option.
      cert_policy = ca, ocsp_on, signature;

      Note

      Because of the way the file is parsed, there must be a space between cert_policy and the equals sign. Otherwise, parsing the parameter fails.
  8. If the smart card has not yet been enrolled (set up with personal certificates and keys), enroll the smart card, as described in Section 5.3, “Enrolling a Smart Card Automatically”.
  9. If the smart card is a CAC card, the PAM modules used for smart card login must be configured to recognize the specific CAC card.
    1. As root, create a file called /etc/pam_pkcs11/cn_map.
    2. Add the following entry to the cn_map file:
      MY.CAC_CN.123454 -> login
      MY.CAC_CN.123454 is the common name on the CAC card and login is the Red Hat Enterprise Linux login ID.

Note

When a smart card is inserted, the pklogin_finder tool (in debug mode) first maps the login ID to the certificates on the card and then attempts to output information about the validity of certificates.
pklogin_finder debug
This is useful for diagnosing any problems with using the smart card to log into the system.