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14.3.3. Domain Controller
A domain controller in Windows NT is functionally similar to a Network Information Service (NIS) server in a Linux environment. Domain controllers and NIS servers both host user/group information databases as well as related services. Domain controllers are mainly used for security, including the authentication of users accessing domain resources. The service that maintains the user/group database integrity is called the Security Account Manager (SAM). The SAM database is stored differently between Windows and Linux Samba-based systems, therefore SAM replication cannot be achieved and platforms cannot be mixed in a PDC/BDC environment.
In a Samba environment, there can be only one PDC and zero or more BDCs.
Samba cannot exist in a mixed Samba/Windows domain controller environment (Samba cannot be a BDC of a Windows PDC or vice versa). Alternatively, Samba PDCs and BDCs can coexist.
188.8.131.52. Primary Domain Controller (PDC) using
The simplest and most common implementation of a Samba PDC uses the
tdbsampassword database backend. Planned to replace the aging
tdbsamhas numerous improvements that are explained in more detail in Section 14.5, “ Samba Account Information Databases ”. The
passdb backenddirective controls which backend is to be used for the PDC.
[global] workgroup = DOCS netbios name = DOCS_SRV passdb backend = tdbsam security = user add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd -m %u delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel -r %u add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd %g delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel %g add user to group script = /usr/sbin/usermod -G %g %u add machine script = \ /usr/sbin/useradd -s /bin/false -d /dev/null \ -g machines %u # The following specifies the default logon script # Per user logon scripts can be specified in the user # account using pdbedit logon script = logon.bat # This sets the default profile path. # Set per user paths with pdbedit logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U logon drive = H: logon home = \\%L\%U domain logons = Yes os level = 35 preferred master = Yes domain master = Yes idmap uid = 15000-20000 idmap gid = 15000-20000 [homes] comment = Home Directories valid users = %S read only = No browseable = No writable = Yes [public] comment = Data path = /export force user = docsbot force group = users guest ok = Yes [netlogon] comment = Network Logon Service path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon/scripts admin users = ed, john, sam guest ok = No browseable = No writable = No # For profiles to work, create a user directory under the # path shown. mkdir -p /var/lib/samba/profiles/john [Profiles] comment = Roaming Profile Share path = /var/lib/samba/profiles read only = No browseable = No guest ok = Yes profile acls = Yes # Other resource shares ... ...
If you need more than one domain controller or have more than 250 users, do not use a
tdbsamauthentication backend. LDAP is recommended in these cases.