8.3.5. Searching For and Viewing Denials

This section assumes the setroubleshoot, setroubleshoot-server, dbus and audit packages are installed, and that the auditd, rsyslogd, and setroubleshootd daemons are running. Refer to Section 5.2, “Which Log File is Used” for information about starting these daemons. A number of tools are available for searching for and viewing SELinux denials, such as ausearch, aureport, and sealert.

ausearch

The audit package provides the ausearch utility. From the ausearch(8) manual page: "ausearch is a tool that can query the audit daemon logs based for events based on different search criteria"[14]. The ausearch utility accesses /var/log/audit/audit.log, and as such, must be run as the Linux root user:
Searching ForCommand
all denialsausearch -m avc
denials for that todayausearch -m avc -ts today
denials from the last 10 minutesausearch -m avc -ts recent
To search for SELinux denials for a particular service, use the -c comm-name option, where comm-name "is the executable’s name"[15], for example, httpd for the Apache HTTP Server, and smbd for Samba:
~]# ausearch -m avc -c httpd
~]# ausearch -m avc -c smbd
With each ausearch command, it is advised to use either the --interpret (-i) option for easier readability, or the --raw (-r) option for script processing. Refer to the ausearch(8) manual page for further ausearch options.

aureport

The audit package provides the aureport utility. From the aureport(8) manual page: "aureport is a tool that produces summary reports of the audit system logs"[16]. The aureport utility accesses /var/log/audit/audit.log, and as such, must be run as the Linux root user. To view a list of SELinux denials and how often each one occurred, run the aureport -a command. The following is example output that includes two denials:
~]# aureport -a

AVC Report
========================================================
# date time comm subj syscall class permission obj event
========================================================
1. 05/01/2009 21:41:39 httpd unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0 195 file getattr system_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0 denied 2
2. 05/03/2009 22:00:25 vsftpd unconfined_u:system_r:ftpd_t:s0 5 file read unconfined_u:object_r:cifs_t:s0 denied 4
Refer to the aureport(8) manual page for further aureport options.

sealert

The setroubleshoot-server package provides the sealert utility, which reads denial messages translated by setroubleshoot-server. Denials are assigned IDs, as seen in /var/log/messages. The following is an example denial from messages:
setroubleshoot: SELinux is preventing httpd (httpd_t) "getattr" to /var/www/html/file1 (samba_share_t). For complete SELinux messages. run sealert -l 84e0b04d-d0ad-4347-8317-22e74f6cd020
In this example, the denial ID is 84e0b04d-d0ad-4347-8317-22e74f6cd020. The -l option takes an ID as an argument. Running the sealert -l 84e0b04d-d0ad-4347-8317-22e74f6cd020 command presents a detailed analysis of why SELinux denied access, and a possible solution for allowing access.
If you are running the X Window System, have the setroubleshoot and setroubleshoot-server packages installed, and the setroubleshootd, dbus and auditd daemons are running, a warning is displayed when access is denied by SELinux. Clicking on 'Show' launches the sealert GUI, and displays denials in HTML output:
  • Run the sealert -b command to launch the sealert GUI.
  • Run the sealert -l \* command to view a detailed analysis of all denials.
  • As the Linux root user, run the sealert -a /var/log/audit/audit.log -H > audit.html command to create a HTML version of the sealert analysis, as seen with the sealert GUI.
Refer to the sealert(8) manual page for further sealert options.


[14] From the ausearch(8) manual page, as shipped with the audit package in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.
[15] From the ausearch(8) manual page, as shipped with the audit package in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.
[16] From the aureport(8) manual page, as shipped with the audit package in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.