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7.3. 管理可信系统证书

trust 命令为管理全系统共享的信任存储中的证书提供了一种方便的方式。

  • 要列出、提取、添加、删除或更改信任定位符,请使用 trust 命令。要查看这个命令的内置帮助信息,请在没有任何参数的情况下输入它,或使用 --help 指令输入它:

    $ trust
    usage: trust command <args>...
    
    Common trust commands are:
      list             List trust or certificates
      extract          Extract certificates and trust
      extract-compat   Extract trust compatibility bundles
      anchor           Add, remove, change trust anchors
      dump             Dump trust objects in internal format
    
    See 'trust <command> --help' for more information
  • 要列出所有系统信任定位符和证书,请使用信任列表命令

    $ trust list
    pkcs11:id=%d2%87%b4%e3%df%37%27%93%55%f6%56%ea%81%e5%36%cc%8c%1e%3f%bd;type=cert
        type: certificate
        label: ACCVRAIZ1
        trust: anchor
        category: authority
    
    pkcs11:id=%a6%b3%e1%2b%2b%49%b6%d7%73%a1%aa%94%f5%01%e7%73%65%4c%ac%50;type=cert
        type: certificate
        label: ACEDICOM Root
        trust: anchor
        category: authority
    ...
  • 要将信任定位符存储到系统范围的信任存储中,请使用 信任定位符 子命令并指定证书的路径。将 path.to/certificate.crt 替换为证书的路径及其文件名:

    # trust anchor path.to/certificate.crt
  • 要删除证书,请使用证书的路径或证书 ID:

    # trust anchor --remove path.to/certificate.crt
    # trust anchor --remove "pkcs11:id=%AA%BB%CC%DD%EE;type=cert"

其它资源

  • trust 命令的所有子命令都提供了详细的内置帮助,例如。

    $ trust list --help
    usage: trust list --filter=<what>
    
      --filter=<what>     filter of what to export
                            ca-anchors        certificate anchors
    ...
      --purpose=<usage>   limit to certificates usable for the purpose
                            server-auth       for authenticating servers
    ...