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4.18.5. 添​​​​​​​加​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​

注意

You must dedicate at least one partition for this installation, and optionally more. For more information, refer to 第 25 章 磁​​​​​​​盘​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​简​​​​​​​介​​​​​​​.
创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​新​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​

图 4.16. 创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​新​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​

  • Mount Point: Enter the partition's mount point. For example, if this partition should be the root partition, enter /; enter /boot for the /boot partition, and so on. You can also use the pull-down menu to choose the correct mount point for your partition. For a swap partition the mount point should not be set - setting the filesystem type to swap is sufficient.
  • File System Type: Using the pull-down menu, select the appropriate file system type for this partition. For more information on file system types, refer to 第 4.18.5.1 节 “文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​类​​​​​​​型​​​​​​​”.
  • Allowable Drives: This field contains a list of the hard disks installed on your system. If a hard disk's box is highlighted, then a desired partition can be created on that hard disk. If the box is not checked, then the partition will never be created on that hard disk. By using different checkbox settings, you can have Disk Druid place partitions where you need them, or let Disk Druid decide where partitions should go.
  • 「​​​​​​​大​​​​​​​小​​​​​​​(MB)」​​​​​​​:输​​​​​​​入​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​大​​​​​​​小​​​​​​​(MB)。​​​​​​​注​​​​​​​意​​​​​​​,该​​​​​​​字​​​​​​​段​​​​​​​从​​​​​​​ 100MB 开​​​​​​​始​​​​​​​;若​​​​​​​不​​​​​​​改​​​​​​​变​​​​​​​,创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​将​​​​​​​只​​​​​​​有​​​​​​​ 100MB。​​​​​​​
  • Additional Size Options: Choose whether to keep this partition at a fixed size, to allow it to "grow" (fill up the available hard drive space) to a certain point, or to allow it to grow to fill any remaining hard drive space available.
    如​​​​​​​果​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​选​​​​​​​择​​​​​​​ 「​​​​​​​指​​​​​​​定​​​​​​​空​​​​​​​间​​​​​​​大​​​​​​​小​​​​​​​(MB)」​​​​​​​,你​​​​​​​必​​​​​​​须​​​​​​​在​​​​​​​这​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​选​​​​​​​项​​​​​​​右​​​​​​​侧​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​字​​​​​​​段​​​​​​​内​​​​​​​给​​​​​​​出​​​​​​​大​​​​​​​小​​​​​​​限​​​​​​​制​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​这​​​​​​​会​​​​​​​允​​​​​​​许​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​在​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​硬​​​​​​​盘​​​​​​​驱​​​​​​​动​​​​​​​器​​​​​​​上​​​​​​​保​​​​​​​留​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​定​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​空​​​​​​​间​​​​​​​为​​​​​​​将​​​​​​​来​​​​​​​使​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​
  • Force to be a primary partition: Select whether the partition you are creating should be one of the first four partitions on the hard drive. If unselected, the partition is created as a logical partition. Refer to 第 25.1.3 节 “分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​内​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​ — 扩​​​​​​​展​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​概​​​​​​​述​​​​​​​”, for more information.
  • 「​​​​​​​确​​​​​​​定​​​​​​​」​​​​​​​:当​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​对​​​​​​​设​​​​​​​置​​​​​​​满​​​​​​​意​​​​​​​并​​​​​​​想​​​​​​​创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​时​​​​​​​候​​​​​​​,选​​​​​​​择​​​​​​​「​​​​​​​确​​​​​​​定​​​​​​​」​​​​​​​按​​​​​​​钮​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​
  • 「​​​​​​​取​​​​​​​消​​​​​​​」​​​​​​​:如​​​​​​​果​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​不​​​​​​​想​​​​​​​创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​这​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​,选​​​​​​​择​​​​​​​「​​​​​​​取​​​​​​​消​​​​​​​」​​​​​​​按​​​​​​​钮​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​

4.18.5.1. 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​类​​​​​​​型​​​​​​​

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 允​​​​​​​许​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​依​​​​​​​据​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​将​​​​​​​使​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​来​​​​​​​创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​不​​​​​​​同​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​类​​​​​​​型​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​下​​​​​​​面​​​​​​​是​​​​​​​对​​​​​​​不​​​​​​​同​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​以​​​​​​​及​​​​​​​它​​​​​​​们​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​使​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​方​​​​​​​法​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​简​​​​​​​单​​​​​​​描​​​​​​​述​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​
  • 「​​​​​​​ext2」​​​​​​​ — ext2 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​支​​​​​​​持​​​​​​​标​​​​​​​准​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​ Unix 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​类​​​​​​​型​​​​​​​(常​​​​​​​规​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​、​​​​​​​目​​​​​​​录​​​​​​​、​​​​​​​符​​​​​​​号​​​​​​​链​​​​​​​接​​​​​​​等​​​​​​​等​​​​​​​)。​​​​​​​它​​​​​​​提​​​​​​​供​​​​​​​了​​​​​​​可​​​​​​​以​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​配​​​​​​​长​​​​​​​达​​​​​​​ 255 个​​​​​​​字​​​​​​​符​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​长​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​名​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​能​​​​​​​力​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​
  • 「​​​​​​​ext3」​​​​​​​ — ext3 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​是​​​​​​​基​​​​​​​于​​​​​​​ ext2 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​之​​​​​​​上​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​,它​​​​​​​有​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​主​​​​​​​要​​​​​​​优​​​​​​​点​​​​​​​ — 日​​​​​​​志​​​​​​​(journaling)。​​​​​​​使​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​日​​​​​​​志​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​减​​​​​​​少​​​​​​​了​​​​​​​崩​​​​​​​溃​​​​​​​后​​​​​​​恢​​​​​​​复​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​所​​​​​​​花​​​​​​​费​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​时​​​​​​​间​​​​​​​,因​​​​​​​为​​​​​​​它​​​​​​​没​​​​​​​有​​​​​​​必​​​​​​​要​​​​​​​运​​​​​​​行​​​​​​​ fsck[2] 来​​​​​​​检​​​​​​​查​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​ext3 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​会​​​​​​​被​​​​​​​缺​​​​​​​省​​​​​​​选​​​​​​​定​​​​​​​,这​​​​​​​也​​​​​​​是​​​​​​​我​​​​​​​们​​​​​​​极​​​​​​​力​​​​​​​推​​​​​​​荐​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​
  • 「​​​​​​​物​​​​​​​理​​​​​​​卷​​​​​​​(LVM)」​​​​​​​ — 创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​或​​​​​​​多​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​物​​​​​​​理​​​​​​​卷​​​​​​​(LVM)分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​允​​​​​​​许​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​ LVM 逻​​​​​​​辑​​​​​​​卷​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​LVM 可​​​​​​​以​​​​​​​在​​​​​​​使​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​物​​​​​​​理​​​​​​​磁​​​​​​​盘​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​时​​​​​​​候​​​​​​​提​​​​​​​高​​​​​​​性​​​​​​​能​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​关​​​​​​​于​​​​​​​ LVM 的​​​​​​​详​​​​​​​细​​​​​​​信​​​​​​​息​​​​​​​,请​​​​​​​参​​​​​​​阅​​​​​​​ 《​​​​​​​Red Hat Enterprise Linux Deployment Guide》​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​
  • 「​​​​​​​软​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​ RAID」​​​​​​​ — 创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​两​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​或​​​​​​​多​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​软​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​ RAID 分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​允​​​​​​​许​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​创​​​​​​​建​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​ RAID 设​​​​​​​备​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​关​​​​​​​于​​​​​​​ RAID 的​​​​​​​详​​​​​​​情​​​​​​​,请​​​​​​​参​​​​​​​阅​​​​​​​《​​​​​​​Red Hat Enterprise Linux Deployment Guide》​​​​​​​中​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​“​​​​​​​RAID(独​​​​​​​立​​​​​​​磁​​​​​​​盘​​​​​​​冗​​​​​​​余​​​​​​​阵​​​​​​​列​​​​​​​)”​​​​​​​这​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​章​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​
  • 「​​​​​​​交​​​​​​​换​​​​​​​空​​​​​​​间​​​​​​​」​​​​​​​ — 交​​​​​​​换​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​被​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​于​​​​​​​支​​​​​​​持​​​​​​​虚​​​​​​​拟​​​​​​​内​​​​​​​存​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​换​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​句​​​​​​​话​​​​​​​说​​​​​​​,如​​​​​​​果​​​​​​​存​​​​​​​放​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​正​​​​​​​要​​​​​​​处​​​​​​​理​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​数​​​​​​​据​​​​​​​所​​​​​​​需​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​内​​​​​​​存​​​​​​​不​​​​​​​够​​​​​​​时​​​​​​​,这​​​​​​​些​​​​​​​数​​​​​​​据​​​​​​​就​​​​​​​会​​​​​​​被​​​​​​​写​​​​​​​到​​​​​​​你​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​交​​​​​​​换​​​​​​​分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​上​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​额​​​​​​​外​​​​​​​信​​​​​​​息​​​​​​​请​​​​​​​参​​​​​​​阅​​​​​​​《​​​​​​​Red Hat Enterprise Linux Deployment Guide》​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​
  • 「​​​​​​​vfat」​​​​​​​ — VFAT 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​是​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​ Linux 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​,它​​​​​​​与​​​​​​​ Microsoft Windows 的​​​​​​​ FAT 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​长​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​名​​​​​​​兼​​​​​​​容​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​这​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​必​​​​​​​须​​​​​​​被​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​在​​​​​​​ Itanuim 系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​的​​​​​​​ /boot/efi 分​​​​​​​区​​​​​​​上​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​


[2] fsck 程​​​​​​​序​​​​​​​被​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​来​​​​​​​检​​​​​​​查​​​​​​​文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​元​​​​​​​数​​​​​​​据​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​性​​​​​​​,还​​​​​​​可​​​​​​​以​​​​​​​选​​​​​​​用​​​​​​​它​​​​​​​修​​​​​​​复​​​​​​​一​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​或​​​​​​​多​​​​​​​个​​​​​​​ Linux 文​​​​​​​件​​​​​​​系​​​​​​​统​​​​​​​。​​​​​​​