Capítulo 12. Autenticação e Interoperabilidade

Manual Backup and Restore Functionality

This update introduces the ipa-backup and ipa-restore commands to Identity Management (IdM), which allow users to manually back up their IdM data and restore them in case of a hardware failure. For further information, see the ipa-backup(1) and ipa-restore(1) manual pages or the documentation in the Linux Domain Identity, Authentication, and Policy Guide.

Suporte para a Migração do WinSync para Trust

This update implements the new ID Views mechanism of user configuration. It enables the migration of Identity Management users from a WinSync synchronization-based architecture used by Active Directory to an infrastructure based on Cross-Realm Trusts. For the details of ID Views and the migration procedure, see the documentation in the Windows Integration Guide.

One-Time Password Authentication

One of the best ways to increase authentication security is to require two factor authentication (2FA). A very popular option is to use one-time passwords (OTP). This technique began in the proprietary space, but over time some open standards emerged (HOTP: RFC 4226, TOTP: RFC 6238). Identity Management in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1 contains the first implementation of the standard OTP mechanism. For further details, see the documentation in the System-Level Authentication Guide.

A Integração do SSSD para o Sistema de Arquivo de Internet Comum

A plug-in interface provided by SSSD has been added to configure the way in which the cifs-utils utility conducts the ID-mapping process. As a result, an SSSD client can now access a CIFS share with the same functionality as a client running the Winbind service. For further information, see the documentation in the Windows Integration Guide.

Ferramenta de Gerenciamento de Autoridade de Certificado

The ipa-cacert-manage renew command has been added to the Identity management (IdM) client, which makes it possible to renew the IdM Certification Authority (CA) file. This enables users to smoothly install and set up IdM using a certificate signed by an external CA. For details on this feature, see the ipa-cacert-manage(1) manual page.

Granularidade do Controle de Acesso Aumentado

It is now possible to regulate read permissions of specific sections in the Identity Management (IdM) server UI. This allows IdM server administrators to limit the accessibility of privileged content only to chosen users. In addition, authenticated users of the IdM server no longer have read permissions to all of its contents by default. These changes improve the overall security of the IdM server data.

Acesso de Domínio Limitado para Usuários Desprivilegiados

The domains= option has been added to the pam_sss module, which overrides the domains= option in the /etc/sssd/sssd.conf file. In addition, this update adds the pam_trusted_users option, which allows the user to add a list of numerical UIDs or user names that are trusted by the SSSD daemon, and the pam_public_domains option and a list of domains accessible even for untrusted users. The mentioned additions allow the configuration of systems, where regular users are allowed to access the specified applications, but do not have login rights on the system itself. For additional information on this feature, see the documentation in the Linux Domain Identity, Authentication, and Policy Guide.

Configuração de provedor de dados automática

O comando ipa-client-install agora, por padrão, configura o SSSDcomo o provedor de dados para o serviço sudo. Este comportamento pode ser desabilitado ao utilizar a opção --no-sudo. Além disso, a opção --nisdomain foi adicionada para especificar o nome do domínio NIS para a instalação do cliente de Gerenciamento de Identidade, e a opção --no_nisdomain foi adicionada para evitar a configuração do nome do domínio NIS. Caso nenhuma destas opções seja utilizada, o domínio IPA será utilizado.

Uso dos Provedores AD e LDAP sudo

O provedor AD é um backend usado para conectar à um servidor Active Diretory. No Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1, é suportado o uso do provedor sudo AD junto com um provedor LDAP provider is supported como uma Amostra de Tecnologia. Para habilitar o provedor sudo AD, adicione a configuração sudo_provider=ad na seção do domínio do arquivo sssd.conf.

32-bit Version of krb5-server and krb5-server-ldap Deprecated

The 32-bit version of Kerberos 5 Server is no longer distributed, and the following packages are deprecated starting with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1: krb5-server.i686, krb5-server.s390, krb5-server.ppc, krb5-server-ldap.i686, krb5-server-ldap.s390, and krb5-server-ldap.ppc. There is no need to distribute the 32-bit version of krb5-server on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7, which is supported only on the following architectures: AMD64 and Intel 64 systems (x86_64), 64-bit IBM Power Systems servers (ppc64), and IBM System z (s390x).