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4.3. 기본 구성 사용자 지정

고유한 구성 파일을 생성하고 이를 사용하여 설치 프로그램의 구성을 사용자 지정할 수 있습니다.

4.3.1. 기본 구성 파일 구성

Anaconda 구성 파일을 .ini 파일 형식으로 작성할 수 있습니다. Anaconda 구성 파일은 섹션, 옵션 및 주석으로 구성됩니다. 각 섹션은 [section] 헤더, # 문자로 시작하는 주석과 옵션을 정의하는 키로 정의합니다. 결과 구성 파일은 configparser 구성 파일 parser를 사용하여 처리됩니다.

/etc/anaconda/anaconda.conf 에 있는 기본 구성 파일에는 지원되는 문서화된 섹션 및 옵션이 포함되어 있습니다. 파일은 설치 프로그램의 전체 기본 구성을 제공합니다. /etc/anaconda/product.d//etc/anaconda/conf.d/ 의 사용자 지정 구성 파일에서 제품 구성 파일의 구성을 수정할 수 있습니다.

다음 구성 파일은 RHEL 9의 기본 구성을 설명합니다.

[Anaconda]
# Run Anaconda in the debugging mode.
debug = False

# Enable Anaconda addons.
# This option is deprecated and will be removed in in the future.
# addons_enabled = True

# List of enabled Anaconda DBus modules.
# This option is deprecated and will be removed in in the future.
# kickstart_modules =

# List of Anaconda DBus modules that can be activated.
# Supported patterns: MODULE.PREFIX., MODULE.NAME activatable_modules = org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Addons.*

# List of Anaconda DBus modules that are not allowed to run.
# Supported patterns: MODULE.PREFIX., MODULE.NAME forbidden_modules = # List of Anaconda DBus modules that can fail to run. # The installation won't be aborted because of them. # Supported patterns: MODULE.PREFIX., MODULE.NAME
optional_modules =
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Subscription
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Addons.*


[Installation System]

# Should the installer show a warning about enabled SMT?
can_detect_enabled_smt = False


[Installation Target]
# Type of the installation target.
type = HARDWARE

# A path to the physical root of the target.
physical_root = /mnt/sysimage

# A path to the system root of the target.
system_root = /mnt/sysroot

# Should we install the network configuration?
can_configure_network = True


[Network]
# Network device to be activated on boot if none was configured so.
# Valid values:
#
#   NONE                   No device
#   DEFAULT_ROUTE_DEVICE   A default route device
#   FIRST_WIRED_WITH_LINK  The first wired device with link
#
default_on_boot = NONE


[Payload]
# Default package environment.
default_environment =

# List of ignored packages.
ignored_packages =

# Names of repositories that provide latest updates.
updates_repositories =

# List of .treeinfo variant types to enable.
# Valid items:
#
#   addon
#   optional
#   variant
#
enabled_repositories_from_treeinfo = addon optional variant

# Enable installation from the closest mirror.
enable_closest_mirror = True

# Default installation source.
# Valid values:
#
#    CLOSEST_MIRROR  Use closest public repository mirror.
#    CDN             Use Content Delivery Network (CDN).
#
default_source = CLOSEST_MIRROR

# Enable ssl verification for all HTTP connection
verify_ssl = True

# GPG keys to import to RPM database by default.
# Specify paths on the installed system, each on a line.
# Substitutions for $releasever and $basearch happen automatically.
default_rpm_gpg_keys =

[Security]
# Enable SELinux usage in the installed system.
# Valid values:
#
#  -1  The value is not set.
#   0  SELinux is disabled.
#   1  SELinux is enabled.
#
selinux = -1


[Bootloader]
# Type of the bootloader.
# Supported values:
#
#   DEFAULT   Choose the type by platform.
#   EXTLINUX  Use extlinux as the bootloader.
#
type = DEFAULT

# Name of the EFI directory.
efi_dir = default

# Hide the GRUB menu.
menu_auto_hide = False

# Are non-iBFT iSCSI disks allowed?
nonibft_iscsi_boot = False

# Arguments preserved from the installation system.
preserved_arguments =
    cio_ignore rd.znet rd_ZNET zfcp.allow_lun_scan
    speakup_synth apic noapic apm ide noht acpi video
    pci nodmraid nompath nomodeset noiswmd fips selinux
    biosdevname ipv6.disable net.ifnames net.ifnames.prefix
    nosmt


[Storage]
# Enable dmraid usage during the installation.
dmraid = True

# Enable iBFT usage during the installation.
ibft = True

# Do you prefer creation of GPT disk labels?
gpt = False

# Tell multipathd to use user friendly names when naming devices during the installation.
multipath_friendly_names = True

# Do you want to allow imperfect devices (for example, degraded mdraid array devices)?
allow_imperfect_devices = False

# Default file system type. Use whatever Blivet uses by default.
file_system_type =

# Default partitioning.
# Specify a mount point and its attributes on each line.
#
# Valid attributes:
#
#   size <SIZE>    The size of the mount point.
#   min <MIN_SIZE> The size will grow from MIN_SIZE to MAX_SIZE.
#   max <MAX_SIZE> The max size is unlimited by default.
#   free <SIZE>    The required available space.
#
default_partitioning =
    /     (min 1 GiB, max 70 GiB)
    /home (min 500 MiB, free 50 GiB)

# Default partitioning scheme.
# Valid values:
#
#   PLAIN      Create standard partitions.
#   BTRFS      Use the Btrfs scheme.
#   LVM        Use the LVM scheme.
#   LVM_THINP  Use LVM Thin Provisioning.
#
default_scheme = LVM

# Default version of LUKS.
# Valid values:
#
#   luks1  Use version 1 by default.
#   luks2  Use version 2 by default.
#
luks_version = luks2


[Storage Constraints]

# Minimal size of the total memory.
min_ram = 320 MiB

# Minimal size of the available memory for LUKS2.
luks2_min_ram = 128 MiB

# Should we recommend to specify a swap partition?
swap_is_recommended = False

# Recommended minimal sizes of partitions.
# Specify a mount point and a size on each line.
min_partition_sizes =
    /      250 MiB
    /usr   250 MiB
    /tmp   50  MiB
    /var   384 MiB
    /home  100 MiB
    /boot  200 MiB

# Required minimal sizes of partitions.
# Specify a mount point and a size on each line.
req_partition_sizes =

# Allowed device types of the / partition if any.
# Valid values:
#
#   LVM        Allow LVM.
#   MD         Allow RAID.
#   PARTITION  Allow standard partitions.
#   BTRFS      Allow Btrfs.
#   DISK       Allow disks.
#   LVM_THINP  Allow LVM Thin Provisioning.
#
root_device_types =

# Mount points that must be on a linux file system.
# Specify a list of mount points.
must_be_on_linuxfs = / /var /tmp /usr /home /usr/share /usr/lib

# Paths that must be directories on the / file system.
# Specify a list of paths.
must_be_on_root = /bin /dev /sbin /etc /lib /root /mnt lost+found /proc

# Paths that must NOT be directories on the / file system.
# Specify a list of paths.
must_not_be_on_root =

# Mount points that are recommended to be reformatted.
#
# It will be recommended to create a new file system on a mount point
# that has an allowed prefix, but doesn't have a blocked one.
# Specify lists of mount points.
reformat_allowlist = /boot /var /tmp /usr
reformat_blocklist = /home /usr/local /opt /var/www


[User Interface]
# The path to a custom stylesheet.
custom_stylesheet =

# The path to a directory with help files.
help_directory = /usr/share/anaconda/help

# A list of spokes to hide in UI.
# FIXME: Use other identification then names of the spokes.
hidden_spokes =

# Should the UI allow to change the configured root account?
can_change_root = False

# Should the UI allow to change the configured user accounts?
can_change_users = False

# Define the default password policies.
# Specify a policy name and its attributes on each line.
#
# Valid attributes:
#
#   quality <NUMBER>  The minimum quality score (see libpwquality).
#   length <NUMBER>   The minimum length of the password.
#   empty             Allow an empty password.
#   strict            Require the minimum quality.
#
password_policies =
    root (quality 1, length 6)
    user (quality 1, length 6, empty)
    luks (quality 1, length 6)


[License]
# A path to EULA (if any)
#
# If the given distribution has an EULA & feels the need to
# tell the user about it fill in this variable by a path
# pointing to a file with the EULA on the installed system.
#
# This is currently used just to show the path to the file to
# the user at the end of the installation.
eula =