3.3. デフォルト設定のカスタマイズ

独自の設定ファイルを作成し、これを使用してインストーラーの設定をカスタマイズすることができます。

3.3.1. デフォルトの設定ファイルの設定

Anaconda 設定ファイルは、.ini ファイル形式で記述できます。Anaconda 設定ファイルは、セクション、オプション、およびコメントで構成されています。各セクションは、[section] ヘッダー、# 文字で始まるコメント、および オプション を定義するためのキーで定義されます。生成される設定ファイルは、configparser 設定ファイルパーサーで処理されます。

/etc/anaconda/anaconda.conf にあるデフォルトの設定ファイルには、文書化されたセクションおよびオプションが含まれています。このファイルは、インストーラーの完全なデフォルト設定を提供します。製品設定ファイルの設定は、/etc/anaconda/product.d/ から変更でき、カスタム設定ファイルは /etc/anaconda/conf.d/ から変更できます。

以下の設定ファイルは、RHEL 8.4 のデフォルト設定を説明します。

# Anaconda configuration file for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

[Product]
product_name = Red Hat Enterprise Linux

[Anaconda]
# Run Anaconda in the debugging mode.
debug = False

# Enable Anaconda addons.
addons_enabled = True

# List of enabled Anaconda DBus modules for RHEL.
kickstart_modules =
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Timezone
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Network
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Localization
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Security
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Users
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Payloads
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Storage
    org.fedoraproject.Anaconda.Modules.Services

[Installation System]
# Should the installer show a warning about enabled SMT?
can_detect_enabled_smt = False

[Installation Target]
# Type of the installation target.
type = HARDWARE

# A path to the physical root of the target.
physical_root = /mnt/sysimage

# A path to the system root of the target.
system_root = /mnt/sysroot

# Should we install the network configuration?
can_configure_network = True

[Network]
# Network device to be activated on boot if none was configured so.
# Valid values:
#
#   NONE                   No device
#   DEFAULT_ROUTE_DEVICE   A default route device
#   FIRST_WIRED_WITH_LINK  The first wired device with link
#
default_on_boot = NONE

[Payload]
# Default package environment.
default_environment =

# List of ignored packages.
ignored_packages =

# Enable installation of latest updates.
enable_updates = True

# List of .treeinfo variant types to enable.
# Valid items:
#
#   addon
#   optional
#   variant
#
enabled_repositories_from_treeinfo = addon optional variant

# Enable installation from the closest mirror.
enable_closest_mirror = True

# Default installation source.
# Valid values:
#
#    CLOSEST_MIRROR  Use closest public repository mirror.
#    CDN             Use Content Delivery Network (CDN).
#
default_source = CLOSEST_MIRROR

# Enable ssl verification for all HTTP connection
verify_ssl = True

[Security]
# Enable SELinux usage in the installed system.
# Valid values:
#
#  -1  The value is not set.
#   0  SELinux is disabled.
#   1  SELinux is enabled.
#
selinux = -1

[Bootloader]
# Type of the bootloader.
# Supported values:
#
#   DEFAULT   Choose the type by platform.
#   EXTLINUX  Use extlinux as the bootloader.
#
type = DEFAULT

# Name of the EFI directory.
efi_dir = default

# Hide the GRUB menu.
menu_auto_hide = False

# Are non-iBFT iSCSI disks allowed?
nonibft_iscsi_boot = False

# Arguments preserved from the installation system.
preserved_arguments =
     cio_ignore rd.znet rd_ZNET zfcp.allow_lun_scan
     speakup_synth apic noapic apm ide noht acpi video
     pci nodmraid nompath nomodeset noiswmd fips selinux
     biosdevname ipv6.disable net.ifnames net.ifnames.prefix
     nosmt

[Storage]
# Enable dmraid usage during the installation.
dmraid = True

# Enable iBFT usage during the installation.
ibft = True

# Do you prefer creation of GPT disk labels?
gpt = False

# Tell multipathd to use user friendly names when naming devices during the installation.
multipath_friendly_names = True

# Do you want to allow imperfect devices (for example, degraded mdraid array devices)?
allow_imperfect_devices = False

# Default file system type. Use whatever Blivet uses by default.
file_system_type =

# Default partitioning.
# Specify a mount point and its attributes on each line.
#
# Valid attributes:
#
#   size <SIZE>    The size of the mount point.
#   min <MIN_SIZE> The size will grow from MIN_SIZE to MAX_SIZE.
#   max <MAX_SIZE> The max size is unlimited by default.
#   free <SIZE>    The required available space.
#
default_partitioning =
    /     (min 1 GiB, max 70 GiB)
    /home (min 500 MiB, free 50 GiB)
    swap

# Default partitioning scheme.
# Valid values:
#
#    PLAIN      Create standard partitions.
#    BTRFS      Use the Btrfs scheme.
#    LVM        Use the LVM scheme.
#    LVM_THINP  Use LVM Thin Provisioning.
#
default_scheme = LVM

# Default version of LUKS.
# Valid values:
#
#   luks1  Use version 1 by default.
#   luks2  Use version 2 by default.
#
luks_version = luks2

[Storage Constraints]
# Minimal size of the total memory.
min_ram = 320 MiB

# Minimal size of the available memory for LUKS2.
luks2_min_ram = 128 MiB

# Should we recommend to specify a swap partition?
swap_is_recommended = True

# Recommended minimal sizes of partitions.
# Specify a mount point and a size on each line.
min_partition_sizes =
    /      250 MiB
    /usr   250 MiB
    /tmp   50  MiB
    /var   384 MiB
    /home  100 MiB
    /boot  200 MiB

# Required minimal sizes of partitions.
# Specify a mount point and a size on each line.

# Allowed device types of the / partition if any.
# Valid values:
#
#  LVM        Allow LVM.
#  MD         Allow RAID.
#  PARTITION  Allow standard partitions.
#  BTRFS      Allow Btrfs.
#  DISK       Allow disks.
#  LVM_THINP  Allow LVM Thin Provisioning.
#
root_device_types =

# Mount points that must be on a linux file system.
# Specify a list of mount points.
must_be_on_linuxfs = / /var /tmp /usr /home /usr/share /usr/lib

# Paths that must be directories on the / file system.
# Specify a list of paths.
must_be_on_root = /bin /dev /sbin /etc /lib /root /mnt lost+found /proc

# Paths that must NOT be directories on the / file system.
# Specify a list of paths.
must_not_be_on_root =

[User Interface]
# The path to a custom stylesheet.
custom_stylesheet =

# The path to a directory with help files.
help_directory =

# A list of spokes to hide in UI.
# FIXME: Use other identification then names of the spokes.
hidden_spokes =

[License]
# A path to EULA (if any)
#
# If the given distribution has an EULA & feels the need to
# tell the user about it fill in this variable by a path
# pointing to a file with the EULA on the installed system.
#
# This is currently used just to show the path to the file to
# the user at the end of the installation.
eula =