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2.9.20. Creating the Ingress DNS Records

If you removed the DNS Zone configuration, manually create DNS records that point to the Ingress load balancer. You can create either a wildcard record or specific records. While the following procedure uses A records, you can use other record types that you require, such as CNAME or alias.

Prerequisites

Procedure

  1. Determine the routes to create.

    • To create a wildcard record, use *.apps.<cluster_name>.<domain_name>, where <cluster_name> is your cluster name, and <domain_name> is the Route 53 base domain for your OpenShift Container Platform cluster.
    • To create specific records, you must create a record for each route that your cluster uses, as shown in the output of the following command:

      $ oc get --all-namespaces -o jsonpath='{range .items[*]}{range .status.ingress[*]}{.host}{"\n"}{end}{end}' routes

      Example output

      oauth-openshift.apps.<cluster_name>.<domain_name>
      console-openshift-console.apps.<cluster_name>.<domain_name>
      downloads-openshift-console.apps.<cluster_name>.<domain_name>
      alertmanager-main-openshift-monitoring.apps.<cluster_name>.<domain_name>
      grafana-openshift-monitoring.apps.<cluster_name>.<domain_name>
      prometheus-k8s-openshift-monitoring.apps.<cluster_name>.<domain_name>

  2. Retrieve the Ingress Operator load balancer status and note the value of the external IP address that it uses, which is shown in the EXTERNAL-IP column:

    $ oc -n openshift-ingress get service router-default

    Example output

    NAME             TYPE           CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP                            PORT(S)                      AGE
    router-default   LoadBalancer   172.30.62.215   ab3...28.us-east-2.elb.amazonaws.com   80:31499/TCP,443:30693/TCP   5m

  3. Locate the hosted zone ID for the load balancer:

    $ aws elb describe-load-balancers | jq -r '.LoadBalancerDescriptions[] | select(.DNSName == "<external_ip>").CanonicalHostedZoneNameID' 1
    1
    For <external_ip>, specify the value of the external IP address of the Ingress Operator load balancer that you obtained.

    Example output

    Z3AADJGX6KTTL2

    The output of this command is the load balancer hosted zone ID.

  4. Obtain the public hosted zone ID for your cluster’s domain:

    $ aws route53 list-hosted-zones-by-name \
                --dns-name "<domain_name>" \ 1
                --query 'HostedZones[? Config.PrivateZone != `true` && Name == `<domain_name>.`].Id' 2
                --output text
    1 2
    For <domain_name>, specify the Route 53 base domain for your OpenShift Container Platform cluster.

    Example output

    /hostedzone/Z3URY6TWQ91KVV

    The public hosted zone ID for your domain is shown in the command output. In this example, it is Z3URY6TWQ91KVV.

  5. Add the alias records to your private zone:

    $ aws route53 change-resource-record-sets --hosted-zone-id "<private_hosted_zone_id>" --change-batch '{ 1
    >   "Changes": [
    >     {
    >       "Action": "CREATE",
    >       "ResourceRecordSet": {
    >         "Name": "\\052.apps.<cluster_domain>", 2
    >         "Type": "A",
    >         "AliasTarget":{
    >           "HostedZoneId": "<hosted_zone_id>", 3
    >           "DNSName": "<external_ip>.", 4
    >           "EvaluateTargetHealth": false
    >         }
    >       }
    >     }
    >   ]
    > }'
    1
    For <private_hosted_zone_id>, specify the value from the output of the CloudFormation template for DNS and load balancing.
    2
    For <cluster_domain>, specify the domain or subdomain that you use with your OpenShift Container Platform cluster.
    3
    For <hosted_zone_id>, specify the public hosted zone ID for the load balancer that you obtained.
    4
    For <external_ip>, specify the value of the external IP address of the Ingress Operator load balancer. Ensure that you include the trailing period (.) in this parameter value.
  6. Add the records to your public zone:

    $ aws route53 change-resource-record-sets --hosted-zone-id "<public_hosted_zone_id>"" --change-batch '{ 1
    >   "Changes": [
    >     {
    >       "Action": "CREATE",
    >       "ResourceRecordSet": {
    >         "Name": "\\052.apps.<cluster_domain>", 2
    >         "Type": "A",
    >         "AliasTarget":{
    >           "HostedZoneId": "<hosted_zone_id>", 3
    >           "DNSName": "<external_ip>.", 4
    >           "EvaluateTargetHealth": false
    >         }
    >       }
    >     }
    >   ]
    > }'
    1
    For <public_hosted_zone_id>, specify the public hosted zone for your domain.
    2
    For <cluster_domain>, specify the domain or subdomain that you use with your OpenShift Container Platform cluster.
    3
    For <hosted_zone_id>, specify the public hosted zone ID for the load balancer that you obtained.
    4
    For <external_ip>, specify the value of the external IP address of the Ingress Operator load balancer. Ensure that you include the trailing period (.) in this parameter value.