7.9. Manually Updating Hosts
This information is provided for advanced system administrators who need to update hosts manually, but Red Hat does not support this method. The procedure described in this topic does not include important steps, including certificate renewal, assuming advanced knowledge of such information. Red Hat supports updating hosts using the Administration Portal. For details, see Updating individual hosts or Updating all hosts in a cluster in the Administration Guide.
You can use the
dnf command to update your hosts. Update your systems regularly, to ensure timely application of security and bug fixes.
On RHVH, the update only preserves modified content in the
/vardirectories. Modified data in other paths is overwritten during an update.
- If the cluster has migration enabled, virtual machines are automatically migrated to another host in the cluster. Update a host when its usage is relatively low.
- In a self-hosted engine environment, the Manager virtual machine can only migrate between self-hosted engine nodes in the same cluster. It cannot migrate to standard hosts.
- The cluster must have sufficient memory reserved for its hosts to perform maintenance. Otherwise, virtual machine migrations will hang and fail. You can reduce the memory usage of host updates by shutting down some or all virtual machines before updating hosts.
- Do not update all hosts at the same time, as one host must remain available to perform Storage Pool Manager (SPM) tasks.
- You cannot migrate a pinned virtual machine (such as a virtual machine using a vGPU) to another host. Pinned virtual machines must be shut down before updating the host.
Ensure the correct repositories are enabled. You can check which repositories are currently enabled by running
For Red Hat Virtualization Hosts:
# subscription-manager repos --enable=rhvh-4-for-rhel-8-x86_64-rpms
For Red Hat Enterprise Linux hosts:
# subscription-manager repos \ --enable=rhel-8-for-x86_64-baseos-rpms \ --enable=rhel-8-for-x86_64-appstream-rpms \ --enable=rhv-4-mgmt-agent-for-rhel-8-x86_64-rpms \ --enable=advanced-virt-for-rhel-8-x86_64-rpms \ --enable=fast-datapath-for-rhel-8-x86_64-rpms
- In the Administration Portal, click → and select the host to be updated.
- Click → and .
For Red Hat Enterprise Linux hosts:
Identify the current version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux:
# cat /etc/redhat-release
Check which version of the redhat-release package is available:
# dnf --refresh info --available redhat-release
This command shows any available updates. For example, when upgrading from Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.2.z to 8.3, compare the version of the package with the currently installed version:
Available Packages Name : redhat-release Version : 8.3 Release : 1.0.el8 …Caution
The Red Hat Enterprise Linux Advanced Virtualization module is usually released later than the Red Hat Enterprise Linux y-stream. If no new Advanced Virtualization module is available yet, or if there is an error enabling it, stop here and cancel the upgrade. Otherwise you risk corrupting the host.
If the Advanced Virtualization stream is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.3 or later, reset the
# dnf module reset virtNote
If this module is already enabled in the Advanced Virtualization stream, this step is not necessary, but it has no negative impact.
You can see the value of the stream by entering:
# dnf module list virt
virtmodule in the Advanced Virtualization stream with the following command:
For RHV 4.4.2:
# dnf module enable virt:8.2
For RHV 4.4.3 to 4.4.5:
# dnf module enable virt:8.3
For RHV 4.4.6 or later:
# dnf module enable virt:avNote
Starting with RHEL 8.4, only one Advanced Virtualization stream is used,
Update the host:
# dnf upgrade --nobest
Reboot the host to ensure all updates are correctly applied.Note
Check the imgbased logs to see if any additional package updates have failed for a Red Hat Virtualization Host. If some packages were not successfully reinstalled after the update, check that the packages are listed in /var/imgbased/persisted-rpms. Add any missing packages then run
rpm -Uvh /var/imgbased/persisted-rpms/*.
Repeat this process for each host in the Red Hat Virtualization environment.