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Chapter 7. Templates and Pools

7.1. Templates and Pools

The Red Hat Virtualization environment provides administrators with tools to simplify the provisioning of virtual machines to users. These are templates and pools. A template is a shortcut that allows an administrator to quickly create a new virtual machine based on an existing, pre-configured virtual machine, bypassing operating system installation and configuration. This is especially helpful for virtual machines that will be used like appliances, for example web server virtual machines. If an organization uses many instances of a particular web server, an administrator can create a virtual machine that will be used as a template, installing an operating system, the web server, any supporting packages, and applying unique configuration changes. The administrator can then create a template based on the working virtual machine that will be used to create new, identical virtual machines as they are required.

Virtual machine pools are groups of virtual machines based on a given template that can be rapidly provisioned to users. Permission to use virtual machines in a pool is granted at the pool level; a user who is granted permission to use the pool will be assigned any virtual machine from the pool. Inherent in a virtual machine pool is the transitory nature of the virtual machines within it. Because users are assigned virtual machines without regard for which virtual machine in the pool they have used in the past, pools are not suited for purposes which require data persistence. Virtual machine pools are best suited for scenarios where either user data is stored in a central location and the virtual machine is a means to accessing and using that data, or data persistence is not important. The creation of a pool results in the creation of the virtual machines that populate the pool, in a stopped state. These are then started on user request.