Appendix E. Preparing a Local Manually-Configured PostgreSQL Database

You have the option of configuring a local PostgreSQL database on the Manager machine to use as the Manager database. By default, the Red Hat Virtualization Manager’s configuration script, engine-setup, creates and configures the Manager database locally on the Manager machine. For automatic database configuration, see Section 2.3, “Configuring the Red Hat Virtualization Manager”.

To configure the Manager database on a machine that is separate from the machine where the Manager is installed, see Appendix D, Preparing a Remote PostgreSQL Database.

Use this procedure to set up the Manager database with custom values. Set up this database before you configure the Manager; you must supply the database credentials during engine-setup. To set up the database, you must first install the rhvm package on the Manager machine. The postgresql-server package is installed as a dependency.

Note

The engine-setup and engine-backup --mode=restore commands only support system error messages in the en_US.UTF8 locale, even if the system locale is different.

The locale settings in the postgresql.conf file must be set to en_US.UTF8.

Important

The database name must contain only numbers, underscores, and lowercase letters.

Enabling the Red Hat Virtualization Manager Repositories

Register the system with Red Hat Subscription Manager, attach the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server and Red Hat Virtualization subscriptions, and enable the Manager repositories.

Procedure

  1. Register your system with the Content Delivery Network, entering your Customer Portal user name and password when prompted:

    # subscription-manager register
  2. Find the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server and Red Hat Virtualization subscription pools and record the pool IDs:

    # subscription-manager list --available
  3. Use the pool IDs to attach the subscriptions to the system:

    # subscription-manager attach --pool=pool_id
    Note

    To view currently attached subscriptions:

    # subscription-manager list --consumed

    To list all enabled repositories:

    # yum repolist
  4. Configure the repositories:

    # subscription-manager repos \
        --disable='*' \
        --enable=rhel-7-server-rpms \
        --enable=rhel-7-server-supplementary-rpms \
        --enable=rhel-7-server-rhv-4.2-manager-rpms \
        --enable=rhel-7-server-rhv-4-manager-tools-rpms \
        --enable=rhel-7-server-ansible-2-rpms \
        --enable=jb-eap-7-for-rhel-7-server-rpms

Initializing the PostgreSQL Database

  1. Install the PostgreSQL server package:

    # yum install rh-postgresql95 rh-postgresql95-postgresql-contrib
  2. Initialize the PostgreSQL database, start the postgresql service, and ensure that this service starts on boot:

    # scl enable rh-postgresql95 -- postgresql-setup --initdb
    # systemctl enable rh-postgresql95-postgresql
    # systemctl start rh-postgresql95-postgresql
  3. Connect to the psql command line interface as the postgres user:

    su - postgres -c 'scl enable rh-postgresql95 -- psql'
  4. Create a user for the Manager to use when it writes to and reads from the database. The default user name on the Manager is engine:

    postgres=# create role user_name with login encrypted password 'password';
  5. Create a database in which to store data about the Red Hat Virtualization environment. The default database name on the Manager is engine:

    postgres=# create database database_name owner user_name template template0 encoding 'UTF8' lc_collate 'en_US.UTF-8' lc_ctype 'en_US.UTF-8';
  6. Connect to the new database:

    postgres=# \c database_name
  7. Add the uuid-ossp extension:

    database_name=# CREATE EXTENSION "uuid-ossp";
  8. Add the plpgsql language if it does not exist:

    database_name=# CREATE LANGUAGE plpgsql;
  9. Ensure the database can be accessed remotely by enabling md5 client authentication. Edit the /var/opt/rh/rh-postgresql95/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf file, and add the following line immediately underneath the line starting with local at the bottom of the file, replacing ::0/32 or ::0/128 with the IP address of the Manager:

    host    [database name]    [user name]    0.0.0.0/0  md5
    host    [database name]    [user name]    ::/32      md5
    host    [database name]    [user name]    ::/128     md5
  10. Update the PostgreSQL server’s configuration. Edit the /var/opt/rh/rh-postgresql95/lib/pgsql/data/postgresql.conf file and add the following lines:

    autovacuum_vacuum_scale_factor='0.01'
    autovacuum_analyze_scale_factor='0.075'
    autovacuum_max_workers='6'
    maintenance_work_mem='65536'
    max_connections='150'
    work_mem='8192'
  11. Restart the postgresql service:

    # systemctl rh-postgresql95-postgresql restart

Optionally, set up SSL to secure database connections using the instructions at http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.5/static/ssl-tcp.html#SSL-FILE-USAGE.