Red Hat Training

A Red Hat training course is available for Red Hat Virtualization

A.13. VDSM Hook Examples

The example hook scripts provided in this section are strictly not supported by Red Hat. You must ensure that any and all hook scripts that you install to your system, regardless of source, are thoroughly tested for your environment.

Example A.5. NUMA Node Tuning

Purpose:

This hook script allows for tuning the allocation of memory on a NUMA host based on the numaset custom property. Where the custom property is not set no action is taken.

Configuration String:

numaset=^(interleave|strict|preferred):[\^]?\d+(-\d+)?(,[\^]?\d+(-\d+)?)*$

The regular expression used allows the numaset custom property for a given virtual machine to specify both the allocation mode (interleave, strict, preferred) and the node to use. The two values are separated by a colon (:). The regular expression allows specification of the nodeset as:

  • that a specific node (numaset=strict:1, specifies that only node 1 be used), or
  • that a range of nodes be used (numaset=strict:1-4, specifies that nodes 1 through 4 be used), or
  • that a specific node not be used (numaset=strict:^3, specifies that node 3 not be used), or
  • any comma-separated combination of the above (numaset=strict:1-4,6, specifies that nodes 1 to 4, and 6 be used).

Script:

/usr/libexec/vdsm/hooks/before_vm_start/50_numa

#!/usr/bin/python

import os
import sys
import hooking
import traceback

'''
numa hook
=========
add numa support for domain xml:

<numatune>
    <memory mode="strict" nodeset="1-4,^3" />
</numatune>

memory=interleave|strict|preferred

numaset="1" (use one NUMA node)
numaset="1-4" (use 1-4 NUMA nodes)
numaset="^3" (don't use NUMA node 3)
numaset="1-4,^3,6" (or combinations)

syntax:
    numa=strict:1-4
'''

if os.environ.has_key('numa'):
    try:
        mode, nodeset = os.environ['numa'].split(':')

        domxml = hooking.read_domxml()

        domain = domxml.getElementsByTagName('domain')[0]
        numas = domxml.getElementsByTagName('numatune')

        if not len(numas) > 0:
            numatune = domxml.createElement('numatune')
            domain.appendChild(numatune)

            memory = domxml.createElement('memory')
            memory.setAttribute('mode', mode)
            memory.setAttribute('nodeset', nodeset)
            numatune.appendChild(memory)

            hooking.write_domxml(domxml)
        else:
            sys.stderr.write('numa: numa already exists in domain xml')
            sys.exit(2)
    except:
        sys.stderr.write('numa: [unexpected error]: %s\n' % traceback.format_exc())
        sys.exit(2)