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Appendix D. Red Hat Virtualization and Encrypted Communication

D.1. Replacing the Red Hat Virtualization Manager CA Certificate


Do not change the permissions and ownerships for the /etc/pki directory or any subdirectories. The permission for the /etc/pki and the /etc/pki/ovirt-engine directory must remain as the default, 755.

You can configure your organization’s third-party CA certificate to identify the Red Hat Virtualization Manager to users connecting over HTTPS.


Using a third-party CA certificate for HTTPS connections does not affect the certificate used for authentication between the Manager and hosts. They will continue to use the self-signed certificate generated by the Manager.


  • A third-party CA certificate. This is the certificate of the CA (Certificate Authority) that issued the certificate you want to use. It is provided as a PEM file. The certificate chain must be complete up to the root certificate. The chain’s order is critical and must be from the last intermediate certificate to the root certificate. This procedure assumes that the third-party CA certificate is provided in /tmp/3rd-party-ca-cert.pem.
  • The private key that you want to use for Apache httpd. It must not have a password. This procedure assumes that it is located in /tmp/apache.key.
  • The certificate issued by the CA. This procedure assumes that it is located in /tmp/apache.cer.

If you received the private key and certificate from your CA in a P12 file, use the following procedure to extract them. For other file formats, contact your CA. After extracting the private key and certificate, proceed to Replacing the Red Hat Virtualization Manager Apache CA Certificate.

Extracting the Certificate and Private Key from a P12 Bundle

The internal CA stores the internally generated key and certificate in a P12 file, in /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.p12. Red Hat recommends storing your new file in the same location. The following procedure assumes that the new P12 file is in /tmp/apache.p12.

  1. Back up the current apache.p12 file:

    # cp -p /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.p12 /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.p12.bck
  2. Replace the current file with the new file:

    # cp /tmp/apache.p12 /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.p12
  3. Extract the private key and certificate to the required locations. If the file is password protected, you must add -passin pass:_password_, replacing password with the required password.

    # openssl pkcs12 -in /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.p12 -nocerts -nodes > /tmp/apache.key
    # openssl pkcs12 -in /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.p12 -nokeys > /tmp/apache.cer

For new Red Hat Virtualization installations, you must complete all of the steps in this procedure. If you upgraded from a Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 3.6 environment with a commercially signed certificate already configured, only steps 1, 8, and 9 are required.

Replacing the Red Hat Virtualization Manager Apache CA Certificate

  1. Add your CA certificate to the host-wide trust store:

    # cp /tmp/3rd-party-ca-cert.pem /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors
    # update-ca-trust
  2. The Manager has been configured to use /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/apache-ca.pem, which is symbolically linked to /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/ca.pem. Remove the symbolic link:

    # rm /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/apache-ca.pem
  3. Save your CA certificate as /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/apache-ca.pem:

    # cp /tmp/3rd-party-ca-cert.pem /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/apache-ca.pem
  4. Back up the existing private key and certificate:

    # cp /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.key.nopass /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.key.nopass.bck
    # cp /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/certs/apache.cer /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/certs/apache.cer.bck
  5. Copy the private key to the required location:

    # cp /tmp/apache.key /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/keys/apache.key.nopass
  6. Copy the certificate to the required location:

    # cp /tmp/apache.cer /etc/pki/ovirt-engine/certs/apache.cer
  7. Restart the Apache server:

    # systemctl restart httpd.service
  8. Create a new trust store configuration file, /etc/ovirt-engine/engine.conf.d/99-custom-truststore.conf, with the following parameters:

  9. Edit the /etc/ovirt-engine/ovirt-websocket-proxy.conf.d/10-setup.conf file, adding the following parameters:

  10. Restart the ovirt-provider-ovn service:

    # systemctl restart ovirt-provider-ovn.service
  11. Restart the ovirt-engine service:

    # systemctl restart ovirt-engine.service

Your users can now connect to the Administration Portal and VM Portal, without seeing a warning about the authenticity of the certificate used to encrypt HTTPS traffic.