Chapter 21. Proxies
21.1. SPICE Proxy
21.1.1. SPICE Proxy Overview
The SPICE Proxy is a tool used to connect SPICE Clients to virtual machines when the SPICE Clients are outside the network that connects the hypervisors. Setting up a SPICE Proxy consists of installing Squid on a machine and configuring iptables to allow proxy traffic through the firewall. Turning a SPICE Proxy on consists of using engine-config on the Manager to set the key
SpiceProxyDefault to a value consisting of the name and port of the proxy. Turning a SPICE Proxy off consists of using engine-config on the Manager to remove the value to which the key
SpiceProxyDefault has been set.
The SPICE Proxy can only be used in conjunction with the standalone SPICE client, and cannot be used to connect to virtual machines using SPICE HTML5 or noVNC.
21.1.2. SPICE Proxy Machine Setup
This procedure explains how to set up a machine as a SPICE Proxy. A SPICE Proxy makes it possible to connect to the Red Hat Virtualization network from outside the network. We use Squid in this procedure to provide proxy services.
Procedure 21.1. Installing Squid on Red Hat Enterprise Linux
- Install Squid on the Proxy machine:
yum install squid
http_access deny CONNECT !SSL_portsto:
http_access deny CONNECT !Safe_ports
- Start the proxy:
# systemctl start squid.service
- Open the default squid port:
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 3128 -j ACCEPT
- Make this iptables rule persistent:
service iptables save
You have now set up a machine as a SPICE proxy. Before connecting to the Red Hat Virtualization network from outside the network, activate the SPICE proxy.
21.1.3. Turning on SPICE Proxy
This procedure explains how to activate (or turn on) the SPICE proxy.
Procedure 21.2. Activating SPICE Proxy
- On the Manager, use the engine-config tool to set a proxy:
engine-config -s SpiceProxyDefault=someProxy
- Restart the ovirt-engine service:
# systemctl restart ovirt-engine.serviceThe proxy must have this form:
NoteOnly SPICE clients shipped with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.7, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2, or later, support HTTPS proxies. Earlier clients only support HTTP. If HTTPS is specified for earlier clients, the client will ignore the proxy setting and attempt a direct connection to the host.
SPICE Proxy is now activated (turned on). It is now possible to connect to the Red Hat Virtualization network through the SPICE proxy.
21.1.4. Turning Off a SPICE Proxy
This procedure explains how to turn off (deactivate) a SPICE proxy.
Procedure 21.3. Turning Off a SPICE Proxy
- Log in to the Manager:
$ ssh root@[IP of Manager]
- Run the following command to clear the SPICE proxy:
# engine-config -s SpiceProxyDefault=""
- Restart the Manager:
# systemctl restart ovirt-engine.service
SPICE proxy is now deactivated (turned off). It is no longer possible to connect to the Red Hat Virtualization network through the SPICE proxy.