Chapter 4. Specifics of Individual Software Collections

This chapter is focused on the specifics of certain Software Collections and provides additional details concerning these components.

4.1. Red Hat Developer Toolset

Red Hat Developer Toolset is designed for developers working on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux platform. Red Hat Developer Toolset provides current versions of the GNU Compiler Collection, GNU Debugger, Eclipse development platform, and other development, debugging, and performance monitoring tools. Similarly to other Software Collections, an additional set of tools is installed into the /opt/ directory. These tools are enabled by the user on demand using the supplied scl utility. Similarly to other Software Collections, these do not replace the Red Hat Enterprise Linux system versions of these tools, nor will they be used in preference to those system versions unless explicitly invoked using the scl utility.
For a list of features, refer to the Main Features section of the Red Hat Developer Toolset Release Notes.
For a complete list of components, see the Red Hat Developer Toolset Components table in the Red Hat Developer Toolset User Guide.

4.2. Thermostat 1

The Thermostat Software Collection provides a monitoring and instrumentation tool for the OpenJDK HotSpot JVM, with support for monitoring multiple JVM instances. The system is made up of two components: an Agent, which collects data, and a Client, which allows users to visualize collected data. These components communicate via a storage layer: either directly via MongoDB or indirectly via a Web layer for increased security. A pluggable agent and GUI framework allows for collection and visualization of performance data beyond what is included out of the box.
To install the thermostat1 collection, type the following command as root:
yum install thermostat1
To enable this collection, type the following command at a shell prompt:
scl enable thermostat1 bash
To deploy the thermostat1-thermostat-webapp, start the web storage endpoint in Red Hat Software Collections by typing the following command as root:
service thermostat1-thermostat-tomcat start
For more information, please refer to the Thermostat User Guide. In order to deploy Thermostat securely, see the Configuration and Administration Guide.

4.3. Ruby on Rails 4.0

This Software Collection adds the ruby200 package together with the ror40 package. The Ruby on Rails collection can be enabled by the following command, which will automatically enable ruby200:
scl enable ror40 bash
These two collections are supported together.

4.4. MongoDB 2.4.9

To install the mongodb24 collection, type the following command as root:
yum install mongodb24
To run the MongoDB shell utility, type the following command:
scl enable mongodb24 'mongo'

4.4.1. MongoDB 2.4.9 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6

If you are using Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, the following instructions apply to your system.
To start the MongoDB daemon, type the following command as root:
service mongodb24-mongodb start
To start the MongoDB daemon on boot, type this command as root:
chkconfig mongodb24-mongodb on
To start the MongoDB sharding server, type this command as root:
service mongodb24-mongodb-shard start
To start the MongoDB sharding server on boot, type the following command as root:
chkconfig mongodb24-mongodb-shard on

4.4.2. MongoDB 2.4.9 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7

When using Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7, the following commands are applicable.
To start the MongoDB daemon, type the following command as root:
systemctl start mongodb24-mongodb.service
To start the MongoDB daemon on boot, type this command as root:
systemctl enable mongodb24-mongodb.service
To start the MongoDB sharding server, type the following command as root:
systemctl start mongodb24-mongodb-shard.service
To start the MongoDB sharding server on boot, type this command as root:
systemctl enable mongodb24-mongodb-shard.service

4.5. Git

Git is a distributed revision control system with a decentralized architecture. As opposed to centralized version control systems with a client-server model, Git ensures that each working copy of a Git repository is an exact copy with complete revision history. This not only allows you to work on and contribute to projects without the need to have permission to push your changes to their official repositories, but also makes it possible for you to work with no network connection. For detailed information, see the Git chapter in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Developer Guide.

4.6. DevAssistant

DevAssistant is a tool designed to assist developers with creating and setting up basic projects in various programming languages, installing dependencies, setting up a development environment, and working with source control. The devassist09 Software Collection supports several programming languages, namely C, C++, Java, and Python. Additionally, DevAssistant is able to support working with any other language, framework, or tool due to its modular architecture.
DevAssistant is a framework that runs plug-ins called assistants. Each assistant can have several subassistants.

4.6.1. Getting Started with DevAssistant

To install the devassist09 Software Collection, type the following command as root:
yum install devassist09
To enable this collection, type the following command at a shell prompt:
scl enable devassist09 bash
To get help for DevAssistant, use the following command:
devassistant --help
or the shorter variant of the same command:
da -h
It is advisable to use the --help option on each level to list your possible next steps, until you reach the level of an executable subassistant (see Example 4.1, “Creating a New Python Library Project”).
To access the graphical user interface, type this command at a shell prompt:
devassistant-gui
or the shortened variant:
da-gui
Please note that the GUI is available only if you install the devassist09 Software Collection on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. The functionalities and procedures are the same as when using the command line interface.
Note that the devassistant and da commands are equal. Further in the text, we will use only the shorter variant, the da command.

4.6.2. Running Assistants

DevAssistant provides the following functionalities: create, modify, prepare, and task. To run an assistant, use the following command:
da [--debug] {create,modify,prepare,task} [assistant [arguments]] ...
The four basic commands and descriptions related to these functionalities are listed in the following table:

Table 4.1. Functionalities of DevAssistant

Command Shortened Command Description
da create da crt Creating a new project from scratch
da modify da mod Working with an existing project
da prepare da prep Preparing a development environment for an upstream project
da task Performing a custom task not related to a specific project
The devassist09 Software Collection does not include any assistants for the modify, prepare, and task functionalities. These categories are available for users who want to create their own assistants.

4.6.3. Creating Projects with DevAssistant

The devassist09 Software Collection includes the following assistants for creating projects:

Table 4.2. Assistants for Creating Projects

Assistant Subassistant Description
c app An application in C
lib A dynamically linked library in C
cpp app An application in C++
lib A dynamically linked library in C++
java maven A simple project using Maven
python lib A simple library for Python
The following example demonstrates creating a new Python library project by following instructions displayed by the --help option.

Example 4.1. Creating a New Python Library Project

To create a new Python library project, complete the following steps:
  1. Enable the devassist09 Software Collection by running this command:
    ~]$ scl enable devassist09 bash
  2. Display help about DevAssistant by using the --help option:
    ~]$ da --help
    You can either run assistants with:
    da [--debug] {create,modify,prepare,task} [ASSISTANT [ARGUMENTS]] ...
    
    Where:
    create   used for creating new projects
    modify   used for working with existing projects
    prepare  used for preparing environment for upstream projects
    task     used for performing custom tasks not related to a specific project
    You can shorten "create" to "crt", "modify" to "mod" and "prepare" to "prep".
    
    Or you can run a custom action:
    da [--debug] [ACTION] [ARGUMENTS]
    
    Available actions:
    help     Print detailed help
    version  Print version
  3. List the possible next steps for creating a project by typing:
    ~]$ da create --help
    usage:  create [-h] [--deps-only] {c,cpp,java,python} ...
    
    Kickstart new projects easily with DevAssistant.
    
    optional arguments:
      -h, --help           show this help message and exit
      --deps-only          Only install dependencies
    
    subassistants:
      Following subassistants will help you with setting up your project.
    
      {c,cpp,java,python}
  4. Display help on the python assistant by typing at a shell prompt:
    ~]$ da create python --help
    usage: create python [-h] {lib} ...
    
    This is a base Python assistant, you have to select a subassistant.
    
    optional arguments:
      -h, --help  show this help message and exit
    
    subassistants:
      Following subassistants will help you with setting up your project.
    
      {lib}
    
  5. List your choices for the only python subassistant, lib, by running this command:
    ~]$ da create python lib --help
    usage: create python lib [-h] [-e [ECLIPSE]] -n NAME
    
    Scaffolds a simple Python library project.
    
    optional arguments:
      -h, --help            show this help message and exit
      -e [ECLIPSE], --eclipse [ECLIPSE]
                            Configure as Eclipse project (uses ~/workspace or
                            specified directory)
      -n NAME, --name NAME  Name of project to create
  6. Run the assistant to create your new Python library project named mypythonlib by using the following command:
    ~]$ da create python lib -n mypythonlib
To get more information about the upstream version of DevAssistant, refer to the DevAssistant User Documentation. Please note that though the basic concept of the upstream application is the same as in the devassist09 Software Collection, individual plug-ins and their functionalities might differ.

4.7. Maven

The maven30 Software Collection provides a software project management and comprehension tool. Based on the concept of a project object model (POM), Maven can manage a project's build, reporting, and documentation from a central piece of information.
To install the maven30 collection, type the following command as root:
yum install maven30
To enable this collection, type the following command at a shell prompt:
scl enable maven30 bash
Global Maven settings, such as remote repositories or mirrors, can be customized by editing the /opt/rh/maven30/root/etc/maven/settings.xml file.
For more information about using Maven, refer to the Maven documentation. To find documentation regarding individual plug-ins, please see the index of plug-ins.