Chapter 4. Deploying Quay using the Quay Operator

4.1. Creating a Quay Registry

The default configuration tells the Operator to manage all of Quay’s dependencies (database, Redis, object storage, etc).

4.1.1. OpenShift Console

  1. Select Operators → Installed Operators, then select the Quay Operator to navigate to the Operator detail view.
  2. Click 'Create Instance' on the 'Quay Registry' tile under 'Provided APIs'.
  3. Optionally change the 'Name' of the QuayRegistry. This will affect the hostname of the registry. All other fields have been populated with defaults.
  4. Click 'Create' to submit the QuayRegistry to be deployed by the Quay Operator.
  5. You should be redirected to the QuayRegistry list view. Click on the QuayRegistry you just created to see the detail view.
  6. Once the 'Registry Endpoint' has a value, click it to access your new Quay registry via the UI. You can now select 'Create Account' to create a user and sign in.

4.1.2. Command Line

The same result can be achieved using the CLI.

  1. Create the following QuayRegistry custom resource in a file called quay.yaml.

    quay.yaml:

    apiVersion: quay.redhat.com/v1
    kind: QuayRegistry
    metadata:
      name: my-registry

  2. Create the QuayRegistry in your namespace:

    $ oc create -n <your-namespace> -f quay.yaml
  3. Wait until the status.registryEndpoint is populated.

    $ oc get -n <your-namespace> quayregistry my-registry -o jsonpath="{.status.registryEndpoint}" -w
  4. Once the status.registryEndpoint has a value, navigate to it using your web browser to access your new Quay registry via the UI. You can now select 'Create Account' to create a user and sign in.

4.2. Deploying Quay on infrastructure nodes

By default, Quay-related pods are placed on arbitrary worker nodes when using the Operator to deploy the registry. The OpenShift Container Platform documentation shows how to use machine sets to configure nodes to only host infrastructure components (see https://docs.openshift.com/container-platform/4.7/machine_management/creating-infrastructure-machinesets.html).

If you are not using OCP MachineSet resources to deploy infra nodes, this section shows you how to manually label and taint nodes for infrastructure purposes.

Once you have your configured your infrastructure nodes, either manually or using machine sets, you can then control the placement of Quay pods on these nodes using node selectors and tolerations.

4.2.1. Label and taint nodes for infrastructure use

In the cluster used in this example, there are three master nodes and six worker nodes:

$ oc get nodes
NAME                                               STATUS   ROLES    AGE     VERSION
user1-jcnp6-master-0.c.quay-devel.internal         Ready    master   3h30m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-master-1.c.quay-devel.internal         Ready    master   3h30m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-master-2.c.quay-devel.internal         Ready    master   3h30m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-b-65plj.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker   3h21m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-b-jr7hc.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker   3h21m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-c-jrq4v.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker   3h21m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-c-pwxfp.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker   3h21m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-d-h5tv2.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker   3h22m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-d-m9gg4.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker   3h21m   v1.20.0+ba45583

Label the final three worker nodes for infrastructure use:

$ oc label node --overwrite user1-jcnp6-worker-c-pwxfp.c.quay-devel.internal node-role.kubernetes.io/infra=
$ oc label node --overwrite user1-jcnp6-worker-d-h5tv2.c.quay-devel.internal node-role.kubernetes.io/infra=
$ oc label node --overwrite user1-jcnp6-worker-d-m9gg4.c.quay-devel.internal node-role.kubernetes.io/infra=

Now, when you list the nodes in the cluster, the last 3 worker nodes will have an added role of infra:

$ oc get nodes
NAME                                               STATUS   ROLES          AGE     VERSION
user1-jcnp6-master-0.c.quay-devel.internal         Ready    master         4h14m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-master-1.c.quay-devel.internal         Ready    master         4h15m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-master-2.c.quay-devel.internal         Ready    master         4h14m   v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-b-65plj.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker         4h6m    v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-b-jr7hc.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker         4h5m    v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-c-jrq4v.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    worker         4h5m    v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-c-pwxfp.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    infra,worker   4h6m    v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-d-h5tv2.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    infra,worker   4h6m    v1.20.0+ba45583
user1-jcnp6-worker-d-m9gg4.c.quay-devel.internal   Ready    infra,worker   4h6m    v1.20.0+ba45583

With an infra node being assigned as a worker, there is a chance that user workloads could get inadvertently assigned to an infra node. To avoid this, you can apply a taint to the infra node and then add tolerations for the pods you want to control.

$ oc adm taint nodes user1-jcnp6-worker-c-pwxfp.c.quay-devel.internal node-role.kubernetes.io/infra:NoSchedule
$ oc adm taint nodes user1-jcnp6-worker-d-h5tv2.c.quay-devel.internal node-role.kubernetes.io/infra:NoSchedule
$ oc adm taint nodes user1-jcnp6-worker-d-m9gg4.c.quay-devel.internal node-role.kubernetes.io/infra:NoSchedule

4.2.2. Create a Project with node selector and toleration

If you have already deployed Quay using the Quay Operator, remove the installed operator and any specific namespace(s) you created for the deployment.

Create a Project resource, specifying a node selector and toleration as shown in the following example:

quay-registry.yaml

kind: Project
apiVersion: project.openshift.io/v1
metadata:
  name: quay-registry
  annotations:
    openshift.io/node-selector: 'node-role.kubernetes.io/infra='
    scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/defaultTolerations: >-
      [{"operator": "Exists", "effect": "NoSchedule", "key":
      "node-role.kubernetes.io/infra"}
      ]

Use the oc apply command to create the project:

$ oc apply -f quay-registry.yaml
project.project.openshift.io/quay-registry created

Any subsequent resources created in the quay-registry namespace should now be scheduled on the dedicated infrastructure nodes.

4.2.3. Install the Quay Operator in the namespace

When installing the Quay Operator, specify the appropriate project namespace explicitly, in this case quay-registry. This will result in the operator pod itself landing on one of the three infrastructure nodes:

$ oc get pods -n quay-registry -o wide
NAME                                    READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE   IP            NODE                                              
quay-operator.v3.4.1-6f6597d8d8-bd4dp   1/1     Running   0          30s   10.131.0.16   user1-jcnp6-worker-d-h5tv2.c.quay-devel.internal

4.2.4. Create the registry

Create the registry as explained earlier, and then wait for the deployment to be ready. When you list the Quay pods, you should now see that they have only been scheduled on the three nodes that you have labelled for infrastructure purposes:

$ oc get pods -n quay-registry -o wide
NAME                                                   READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE     IP            NODE                                                
example-registry-clair-app-789d6d984d-gpbwd            1/1     Running     1          5m57s   10.130.2.80   user1-jcnp6-worker-d-m9gg4.c.quay-devel.internal
example-registry-clair-postgres-7c8697f5-zkzht         1/1     Running     0          4m53s   10.129.2.19   user1-jcnp6-worker-c-pwxfp.c.quay-devel.internal
example-registry-quay-app-56dd755b6d-glbf7             1/1     Running     1          5m57s   10.129.2.17   user1-jcnp6-worker-c-pwxfp.c.quay-devel.internal
example-registry-quay-config-editor-7bf9bccc7b-dpc6d   1/1     Running     0          5m57s   10.131.0.23   user1-jcnp6-worker-d-h5tv2.c.quay-devel.internal
example-registry-quay-database-8dc7cfd69-dr2cc         1/1     Running     0          5m43s   10.129.2.18   user1-jcnp6-worker-c-pwxfp.c.quay-devel.internal
example-registry-quay-mirror-78df886bcc-v75p9          1/1     Running     0          5m16s   10.131.0.24   user1-jcnp6-worker-d-h5tv2.c.quay-devel.internal
example-registry-quay-postgres-init-8s8g9              0/1     Completed   0          5m54s   10.130.2.79   user1-jcnp6-worker-d-m9gg4.c.quay-devel.internal
example-registry-quay-redis-5688ddcdb6-ndp4t           1/1     Running     0          5m56s   10.130.2.78   user1-jcnp6-worker-d-m9gg4.c.quay-devel.internal
quay-operator.v3.4.1-6f6597d8d8-bd4dp                  1/1     Running     0          22m     10.131.0.16   user1-jcnp6-worker-d-h5tv2.c.quay-devel.internal