Interacting with Red Hat Process Automation Manager using KIE APIs

Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8

Red Hat Customer Content Services

Abstract

This document describes how to use KIE APIs to interact with KIE Servers, KIE containers, and business assets in Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8.

Preface

As a business rules developer or systems administrator, you can use KIE APIs to interact with KIE Servers, KIE containers, and business assets in Red Hat Process Automation Manager. You can use the KIE Server REST API and Java client API to interact with KIE containers and business assets (such as business rules, processes, and solvers), the Process Automation Manager controller REST API and Java client API to interact with KIE Server templates and instances, and the Knowledge Store REST API to interact with spaces and projects in Business Central.

REST API endpoints for KIE Server and the Process Automation Manager controller

The lists of REST API endpoints for KIE Server and the Process Automation Manager controller are published separately from this document and maintained dynamically to ensure that endpoint options and data are as current as possible. Use this document to understand what the KIE Server and Process Automation Manager controller REST APIs enable you to do and how to use them, and use the separately maintained lists of REST API endpoints for specific endpoint details.

For the full list of KIE Server REST API endpoints and descriptions, use one of the following resources:

  • Execution Server REST API on the jBPM Documentation page (static)
  • Swagger UI for the KIE Server REST API at http://SERVER:PORT/kie-server/docs (dynamic, requires running KIE Server)

For the full list of Process Automation Manager controller REST API endpoints and descriptions, use one of the following resources:

  • Controller REST API on the jBPM Documentation page (static)
  • Swagger UI for the Process Automation Manager controller REST API at http://SERVER:PORT/CONTROLLER/docs (dynamic, requires running Process Automation Manager controller)

Prerequisites

  • Red Hat Process Automation Manager is installed and running. For installation and startup options, see Planning a Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation.
  • You have access to Red Hat Process Automation Manager with the following user roles:

    • kie-server: For access to KIE Server API capabilities, and access to headless Process Automation Manager controller API capabilities without Business Central (if applicable)
    • rest-all: For access to Business Central API capabilities for the built-in Process Automation Manager controller and for the Business Central Knowledge Store
    • admin: For full administrative access to Red Hat Process Automation Manager

      Although these user roles are not all required for every KIE API, consider acquiring all of them to ensure that you can access any KIE API without disruption. For more information about user roles, see Planning a Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation.

Chapter 1. KIE Server REST API for KIE containers and business assets

Red Hat Process Automation Manager provides a KIE Server REST API that you can use to interact with your KIE containers and business assets (such as business rules, processes, and solvers) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. This API support enables you to maintain your Red Hat Process Automation Manager resources more efficiently and optimize your integration and development with Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

With the KIE Server REST API, you can perform the following actions:

  • Deploy or dispose KIE containers
  • Retrieve and update KIE container information
  • Return KIE Server status and basic information
  • Retrieve and update business asset information
  • Execute business assets (such as rules and processes)

KIE Server REST API requests require the following components:

Authentication

The KIE Server REST API requires HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the user role kie-server. To view configured user roles for your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/standalone/configuration/application-roles.properties and ~/application-users.properties.

To add a user with the kie-server role, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/bin and run the following command:

$ ./add-user.sh -a --user <USERNAME> --password <PASSWORD> --role kie-server

For more information about user roles and Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation options, see Planning a Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation.

HTTP headers

The KIE Server REST API requires the following HTTP headers for API requests:

  • Accept: Data format accepted by your requesting client:

    • application/json (JSON)
    • application/xml (XML, for JAXB or XSTREAM)
  • Content-Type: Data format of your POST or PUT API request data:

    • application/json (JSON)
    • application/xml (XML, for JAXB or XSTREAM)
  • X-KIE-ContentType: Required header for application/xml XSTREAM API requests and responses:

    • XSTREAM
HTTP methods

The KIE Server REST API supports the following HTTP methods for API requests:

  • GET: Retrieves specified information from a specified resource endpoint
  • POST: Updates a resource or resource instance
  • PUT: Updates or creates a resource or resource instance
  • DELETE: Deletes a resource or resource instance
Base URL
The base URL for KIE Server REST API requests is http://SERVER:PORT/kie-server/services/rest/, such as http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/.
Endpoints

KIE Server REST API endpoints, such as /server/containers/{containerId} for a specified KIE container, are the URIs that you append to the KIE Server REST API base URL to access the corresponding resource or type of resource in Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

Example request URL for /server/containers/{containerId} endpoint

http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers/MyContainer

Request parameters and request data

Many KIE Server REST API requests require specific parameters in the request URL path to identify or filter specific resources and to perform specific actions. You can append URL parameters to the endpoint in the format ?<PARAM>=<VALUE>&<PARAM>=<VALUE>.

Example GET request URL with parameters

http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers?groupId=com.redhat&artifactId=Project1&version=1.0&status=STARTED

HTTP POST and PUT requests may additionally require a request body or file with data to accompany the request.

Example POST request URL and JSON request body data

http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers/MyContainer/release-id

{
  "release-id": {
    "artifact-id": "Project1",
    "group-id": "com.redhat",
    "version": "1.1"
  }
}

1.1. Sending requests with the KIE Server REST API using a REST client or curl utility

The KIE Server REST API enables you to interact with your KIE containers and business assets (such as business rules, processes, and solvers) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. You can send KIE Server REST API requests using any REST client or curl utility.

Prerequisites

  • KIE Server is installed and running.
  • You have kie-server user role access to KIE Server.

Procedure

  1. Identify the relevant API endpoint to which you want to send a request, such as [GET] /server/containers to retrieve KIE containers from KIE Server.
  2. In a REST client or curl utility, enter the following components for a GET request to /server/containers. Adjust any request details according to your use case.

    For REST client:

    • Authentication: Enter the user name and password of the KIE Server user with the kie-server role.
    • HTTP Headers: Set the following header:

      • Accept: application/json
    • HTTP method: Set to GET.
    • URL: Enter the KIE Server REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers.

    For curl utility:

    • -u: Enter the user name and password of the KIE Server user with the kie-server role.
    • -H: Set the following header:

      • accept: application/json
    • -X: Set to GET.
    • URL: Enter the KIE Server REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers.
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "accept: application/json" -X GET "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers"
  3. Execute the request and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "List of created containers",
      "result": {
        "kie-containers": {
          "kie-container": [
            {
              "container-id": "itorders_1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
              "release-id": {
                "group-id": "itorders",
                "artifact-id": "itorders",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "resolved-release-id": {
                "group-id": "itorders",
                "artifact-id": "itorders",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "status": "STARTED",
              "scanner": {
                "status": "DISPOSED",
                "poll-interval": null
              },
              "config-items": [],
              "container-alias": "itorders"
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  4. For this example, copy or note the project group-id, artifact-id, and version (GAV) data from one of the deployed KIE containers returned in the response.
  5. In your REST client or curl utility, send another API request with the following components for a PUT request to /server/containers/{containerId} to deploy a new KIE container with the copied project GAV data. Adjust any request details according to your use case.

    For REST client:

    • Authentication: Enter the user name and password of the KIE Server user with the kie-server role.
    • HTTP Headers: Set the following headers:

      • Accept: application/json
      • Content-Type: application/json
    • HTTP method: Set to PUT.
    • URL: Enter the KIE Server REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers/MyContainer.
    • Request body: Add a JSON request body with the configuration items for the new KIE container:
    {
      "config-items": [
        {
          "itemName": "RuntimeStrategy",
          "itemValue": "SINGLETON",
          "itemType": "java.lang.String"
        },
        {
          "itemName": "MergeMode",
          "itemValue": "MERGE_COLLECTIONS",
          "itemType": "java.lang.String"
        },
        {
          "itemName": "KBase",
          "itemValue": "",
          "itemType": "java.lang.String"
        },
        {
          "itemName": "KSession",
          "itemValue": "",
          "itemType": "java.lang.String"
        }
      ],
      "release-id": {
        "group-id": "itorders",
        "artifact-id": "itorders",
        "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
      },
      "scanner": {
        "poll-interval": "5000",
        "status": "STARTED"
      }
    }

    For curl utility:

    • -u: Enter the user name and password of the KIE Server user with the kie-server role.
    • -H: Set the following headers:

      • accept: application/json
      • content-type: application/json
    • -X: Set to PUT.
    • URL: Enter the KIE Server REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers/MyContainer.
    • -d: Add a JSON request body or file (@file.json) with the configuration items for the new KIE container:
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "accept: application/json" -H "content-type: application/json" -X PUT "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers/MyContainer" -d "{ \"config-items\": [ { \"itemName\": \"RuntimeStrategy\", \"itemValue\": \"SINGLETON\", \"itemType\": \"java.lang.String\" }, { \"itemName\": \"MergeMode\", \"itemValue\": \"MERGE_COLLECTIONS\", \"itemType\": \"java.lang.String\" }, { \"itemName\": \"KBase\", \"itemValue\": \"\", \"itemType\": \"java.lang.String\" }, { \"itemName\": \"KSession\", \"itemValue\": \"\", \"itemType\": \"java.lang.String\" } ], \"release-id\": { \"group-id\": \"itorders\", \"artifact-id\": \"itorders\", \"version\": \"1.0.0-SNAPSHOT\" }, \"scanner\": { \"poll-interval\": \"5000\", \"status\": \"STARTED\" }}"
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "accept: application/json" -H "content-type: application/json" -X PUT "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers/MyContainer" -d @my-container-configs.json
  6. Execute the request and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container MyContainer successfully deployed with module itorders:itorders:1.0.0-SNAPSHOT.",
      "result": {
        "kie-container": {
          "container-id": "MyContainer",
          "release-id": {
            "group-id": "itorders",
            "artifact-id": "itorders",
            "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
          },
          "resolved-release-id": {
            "group-id": "itorders",
            "artifact-id": "itorders",
            "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
          },
          "status": "STARTED",
          "scanner": {
            "status": "STARTED",
            "poll-interval": 5000
          },
          "config-items": [],
          "messages": [
            {
              "severity": "INFO",
              "timestamp": {
                "java.util.Date": 1540584717937
              },
              "content": [
                "Container MyContainer successfully created with module itorders:itorders:1.0.0-SNAPSHOT."
              ]
            }
          ],
          "container-alias": null
        }
      }
    }

    If you encounter request errors, review the returned error code messages and adjust your request accordingly.

    REST API requests for process instances

    For REST API requests that send complex data objects to the process instance endpoint /server/containers/{containerId}/processes/{processId}/instances, ensure that you include either the fully qualified class name (such as com.myspace.Person) or the simple class name (such as Person) in the request body. The class name is required for the request body to be mapped to the correct business object in Red Hat Process Automation Manager. If you exclude the class name from the request, KIE Server does not unmarshall the object to the expected type.

    Correct request body for process instance

    {
      "id": 4,
      "lease": {
        "com.myspace.restcall.LeaseModel": {
          "annualRent": 109608,
          "isAutoApproved": false
        }
      }
    }

    Incorrect request body for process instance

    {
      "id": 4,
      "lease": {
        "annualRent": 109608,
        "isAutoApproved": false
      }
    }

1.2. Sending requests with the KIE Server REST API using the Swagger interface

The KIE Server REST API supports a Swagger web interface that you can use instead of a standalone REST client or curl utility to interact with your KIE containers and business assets (such as business rules, processes, and solvers) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface.

Note

By default, the Swagger web interface for KIE Server is enabled by the org.kie.swagger.server.ext.disabled=false system property. To disable the Swagger web interface in KIE Server, set this system property to true.

Prerequisites

  • KIE Server is installed and running.
  • You have kie-server user role access to KIE Server.

Procedure

  1. In a web browser, navigate to http://SERVER:PORT/kie-server/docs, such as http://localhost:8080/kie-server/docs, and log in with the user name and password of the KIE Server user with the kie-server role.
  2. In the Swagger page, select the relevant API endpoint to which you want to send a request, such as KIE Server and KIE containers[GET] /server/containers to retrieve KIE containers from KIE Server.
  3. Click Try it out and provide any optional parameters by which you want to filter results, if needed.
  4. In the Response content type drop-down menu, select the desired format of the server response, such as application/json for JSON format.
  5. Click Execute and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "List of created containers",
      "result": {
        "kie-containers": {
          "kie-container": [
            {
              "container-id": "itorders_1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
              "release-id": {
                "group-id": "itorders",
                "artifact-id": "itorders",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "resolved-release-id": {
                "group-id": "itorders",
                "artifact-id": "itorders",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "status": "STARTED",
              "scanner": {
                "status": "DISPOSED",
                "poll-interval": null
              },
              "config-items": [],
              "container-alias": "itorders"
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  6. For this example, copy or note the project group-id, artifact-id, and version (GAV) data from one of the deployed KIE containers returned in the response.
  7. In the Swagger page, navigate to the KIE Server and KIE containers[PUT] /server/containers/{containerId} endpoint to send another request to deploy a new KIE container with the copied project GAV data. Adjust any request details according to your use case.
  8. Click Try it out and enter the following components for the request:

    • containerId: Enter the ID of the new KIE container, such as MyContainer.
    • body: Set the Parameter content type to the desired request body format, such as application/json for JSON format, and add a request body with the configuration items for the new KIE container:
    {
      "config-items": [
        {
          "itemName": "RuntimeStrategy",
          "itemValue": "SINGLETON",
          "itemType": "java.lang.String"
        },
        {
          "itemName": "MergeMode",
          "itemValue": "MERGE_COLLECTIONS",
          "itemType": "java.lang.String"
        },
        {
          "itemName": "KBase",
          "itemValue": "",
          "itemType": "java.lang.String"
        },
        {
          "itemName": "KSession",
          "itemValue": "",
          "itemType": "java.lang.String"
        }
      ],
      "release-id": {
        "group-id": "itorders",
        "artifact-id": "itorders",
        "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
      },
      "scanner": {
        "poll-interval": "5000",
        "status": "STARTED"
      }
    }
  9. In the Response content type drop-down menu, select the desired format of the server response, such as application/json for JSON format.
  10. Click Execute and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container MyContainer successfully deployed with module itorders:itorders:1.0.0-SNAPSHOT.",
      "result": {
        "kie-container": {
          "container-id": "MyContainer",
          "release-id": {
            "group-id": "itorders",
            "artifact-id": "itorders",
            "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
          },
          "resolved-release-id": {
            "group-id": "itorders",
            "artifact-id": "itorders",
            "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
          },
          "status": "STARTED",
          "scanner": {
            "status": "STARTED",
            "poll-interval": 5000
          },
          "config-items": [],
          "messages": [
            {
              "severity": "INFO",
              "timestamp": {
                "java.util.Date": 1540584717937
              },
              "content": [
                "Container MyContainer successfully created with module itorders:itorders:1.0.0-SNAPSHOT."
              ]
            }
          ],
          "container-alias": null
        }
      }
    }

    If you encounter request errors, review the returned error code messages and adjust your request accordingly.

    REST API requests for process instances

    For REST API requests that send complex data objects to the process instance endpoint /server/containers/{containerId}/processes/{processId}/instances, ensure that you include either the fully qualified class name (such as com.myspace.Person) or the simple class name (such as Person) in the request body. The class name is required for the request body to be mapped to the correct business object in Red Hat Process Automation Manager. If you exclude the class name from the request, KIE Server does not unmarshall the object to the expected type.

    Correct request body for process instance

    {
      "id": 4,
      "lease": {
        "com.myspace.restcall.LeaseModel": {
          "annualRent": 109608,
          "isAutoApproved": false
        }
      }
    }

    Incorrect request body for process instance

    {
      "id": 4,
      "lease": {
        "annualRent": 109608,
        "isAutoApproved": false
      }
    }

1.3. Supported KIE Server REST API endpoints

The KIE Server REST API provides endpoints for the following types of resources in Red Hat Process Automation Manager:

  • KIE Server and KIE containers
  • KIE session assets (for runtime commands)
  • DMN assets
  • Planning solvers
  • Processes
  • Process images
  • Process and task forms
  • Tasks
  • Cases
  • Documents
  • Jobs
  • Queries for processes, tasks, and cases
  • Custom queries

The KIE Server REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/kie-server/services/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the kie-server user role.

For the full list of KIE Server REST API endpoints and descriptions, use one of the following resources:

  • Execution Server REST API on the jBPM Documentation page (static)
  • Swagger UI for the KIE Server REST API at http://SERVER:PORT/kie-server/docs (dynamic, requires running KIE Server)

    Note

    By default, the Swagger web interface for KIE Server is enabled by the org.kie.swagger.server.ext.disabled=false system property. To disable the Swagger web interface in KIE Server, set this system property to true.

Endpoint requirements

Note the following requirements for some of the KIE Server REST API endpoints:

  • Process images: For API access to process images, the system property <storesvgonsave enabled="true"/> must be configured for your Red Hat Process Automation Manager project in $SERVER_HOME/standalone/deployments/business-central.war/org.kie.workbench.KIEWebapp/profiles/jbpm.xml. If this property is not set or set to false, set it to true, restart your KIE Server, modify the relevant process and save it, and then build and deploy your project. This property enables SVG images to be stored so that they can be retrieved by the KIE Server REST API.
  • Custom queries: Some custom query requests with the KIE Server REST API require a query mapper definition to map the query results to concrete objects. You can implement your own query result mappers or use the mappers provided with Red Hat Process Automation Manager. The query mappers in Red Hat Process Automation Manager are similar to other object-relational mapping (ORM) providers, such as Hibernate, which maps tables to entities. For example, you can use the org.jbpm.kie.services.impl.query.mapper.ProcessInstanceQueryMapper, also registered as ProcessInstances, in custom query endpoints for returning process instance data.

    Example POST endpoint with ProcessInstances mapper parameter:

    http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/queries/definitions/jbpmProcessInstances?mapper=ProcessInstances

    For a list of available query mappers in Red Hat Process Automation Manager, download and extract the Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8 Source Distribution from the Red Hat Customer Portal and navigate to ~/jbpm-$VERSION/jbpm-services/jbpm-kie-services/src/main/java/org/jbpm/kie/services/impl/query/mapper.

Chapter 2. KIE Server Java client API for KIE containers and business assets

Red Hat Process Automation Manager provides a KIE Server Java client API that enables you to connect to KIE Server using REST protocol from your Java client application. You can use the KIE Server Java client API as an alternative to the KIE Server REST API to interact with your KIE containers and business assets (such as business rules, processes, and solvers) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. This API support enables you to maintain your Red Hat Process Automation Manager resources more efficiently and optimize your integration and development with Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

With the KIE Server Java client API, you can perform the following actions also supported by the KIE Server REST API:

  • Deploy or dispose KIE containers
  • Retrieve and update KIE container information
  • Return KIE Server status and basic information
  • Retrieve and update business asset information
  • Execute business assets (such as rules and processes)

KIE Server Java client API requests require the following components:

Authentication

The KIE Server Java client API requires HTTP Basic authentication for the user role kie-server. To view configured user roles for your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/standalone/configuration/application-roles.properties and ~/application-users.properties.

To add a user with the kie-server role, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/bin and run the following command:

$ ./add-user.sh -a --user <USERNAME> --password <PASSWORD> --role kie-server

For more information about user roles and Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation options, see Planning a Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation.

Project dependencies

The KIE Server Java client API requires the following dependencies on the relevant classpath of your Java project:

<!-- For remote execution on KIE Server -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.kie.server</groupId>
  <artifactId>kie-server-client</artifactId>
  <version>${rhpam.version}</version>
</dependency>

<!-- For runtime commands -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.drools</groupId>
  <artifactId>drools-compiler</artifactId>
  <scope>runtime</scope>
  <version>${rhpam.version}</version>
</dependency>

<!-- For debug logging (optional) -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
  <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
  <version>${logback.version}</version>
</dependency>

The <version> for Red Hat Process Automation Manager dependencies is the Maven artifact version for Red Hat Process Automation Manager currently used in your project (for example, 7.39.0.Final-redhat-00005).

Note

Instead of specifying a Red Hat Process Automation Manager <version> for individual dependencies, consider adding the Red Hat Business Automation bill of materials (BOM) dependency to your project pom.xml file. The Red Hat Business Automation BOM applies to both Red Hat Decision Manager and Red Hat Process Automation Manager. When you add the BOM files, the correct versions of transitive dependencies from the provided Maven repositories are included in the project.

Example BOM dependency:

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.redhat.ba</groupId>
  <artifactId>ba-platform-bom</artifactId>
  <version>7.8.0.redhat-00005</version>
  <scope>import</scope>
  <type>pom</type>
</dependency>

For more information about the Red Hat Business Automation BOM, see What is the mapping between RHPAM product and maven library version?.

Client request configuration

All Java client requests with the KIE Server Java client API must define at least the following server communication components:

  • Credentials of the kie-server user
  • KIE Server location, such as http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server
  • Marshalling format for API requests and responses (JSON, JAXB, or XSTREAM)
  • A KieServicesConfiguration object and a KieServicesClient object, which serve as the entry point for starting the server communication using the Java client API
  • A KieServicesFactory object defining REST protocol and user access
  • Any other client services used, such as RuleServicesClient, ProcessServicesClient, or QueryServicesClient

The following are examples of basic and advanced client configurations with these components:

Basic client configuration example

import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesConfiguration;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesFactory;

public class MyConfigurationObject {

  private static final String URL = "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server";
  private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
  private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";

  private static final MarshallingFormat FORMAT = MarshallingFormat.JSON;

  private static KieServicesConfiguration conf;
  private static KieServicesClient kieServicesClient;

  public static void initialize() {
    conf = KieServicesFactory.newRestConfiguration(URL, USER, PASSWORD);

    //If you use custom classes, such as Obj.class, add them to the configuration.
    Set<Class<?>> extraClassList = new HashSet<Class<?>>();
    extraClassList.add(Obj.class);
    conf.addExtraClasses(extraClassList);

    conf.setMarshallingFormat(FORMAT);
    kieServicesClient = KieServicesFactory.newKieServicesClient(conf);
  }
}

Advanced client configuration example with additional client services

import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
import org.kie.server.client.CaseServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.DMNServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.DocumentServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.JobServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesConfiguration;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesFactory;
import org.kie.server.client.ProcessServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.QueryServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.RuleServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.SolverServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.UIServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.UserTaskServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.api.model.instance.ProcessInstance;
import org.kie.server.api.model.KieContainerResource;
import org.kie.server.api.model.ReleaseId;

public class MyAdvancedConfigurationObject {

    // REST API base URL, credentials, and marshalling format
    private static final String URL = "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server";
    private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
    private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";;

    private static final MarshallingFormat FORMAT = MarshallingFormat.JSON;

    private static KieServicesConfiguration conf;

    // KIE client for common operations
    private static KieServicesClient kieServicesClient;

    // Rules client
    private static RuleServicesClient ruleClient;

    // Process automation clients
    private static CaseServicesClient caseClient;
    private static DocumentServicesClient documentClient;
    private static JobServicesClient jobClient;
    private static ProcessServicesClient processClient;
    private static QueryServicesClient queryClient;
    private static UIServicesClient uiClient;
    private static UserTaskServicesClient userTaskClient;

    // DMN client
    private static DMNServicesClient dmnClient;

    // Planning client
    private static SolverServicesClient solverClient;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        initializeKieServerClient();
        initializeDroolsServiceClients();
        initializeJbpmServiceClients();
        initializeSolverServiceClients();
    }

    public static void initializeKieServerClient() {
        conf = KieServicesFactory.newRestConfiguration(URL, USER, PASSWORD);
        conf.setMarshallingFormat(FORMAT);
        kieServicesClient = KieServicesFactory.newKieServicesClient(conf);
    }

    public static void initializeDroolsServiceClients() {
        ruleClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(RuleServicesClient.class);
        dmnClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(DMNServicesClient.class);
    }

    public static void initializeJbpmServiceClients() {
        caseClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(CaseServicesClient.class);
        documentClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(DocumentServicesClient.class);
        jobClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(JobServicesClient.class);
        processClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(ProcessServicesClient.class);
        queryClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(QueryServicesClient.class);
        uiClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(UIServicesClient.class);
        userTaskClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(UserTaskServicesClient.class);
    }

    public static void initializeSolverServiceClients() {
        solverClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(SolverServicesClient.class);
    }
}

2.1. Sending requests with the KIE Server Java client API

The KIE Server Java client API enables you to connect to KIE Server using REST protocol from your Java client application. You can use the KIE Server Java client API as an alternative to the KIE Server REST API to interact with your KIE containers and business assets (such as business rules, processes, and solvers) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface.

Prerequisites

  • KIE Server is installed and running.
  • You have kie-server user role access to KIE Server.
  • You have a Java project with Red Hat Process Automation Manager resources.

Procedure

  1. In your client application, ensure that the following dependencies have been added to the relevant classpath of your Java project:

    <!-- For remote execution on KIE Server -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.kie.server</groupId>
      <artifactId>kie-server-client</artifactId>
      <version>${rhpam.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    
    <!-- For runtime commands -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.drools</groupId>
      <artifactId>drools-compiler</artifactId>
      <scope>runtime</scope>
      <version>${rhpam.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    
    <!-- For debug logging (optional) -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
      <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
      <version>${logback.version}</version>
    </dependency>
  2. Download the Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8.0 Source Distribution from the Red Hat Customer Portal and navigate to ~/rhpam-7.8.0-sources/src/droolsjbpm-integration-$VERSION/kie-server-parent/kie-server-remote/kie-server-client/src/main/java/org/kie/server/client to access the KIE Server Java clients.
  3. In the ~/kie/server/client folder , identify the relevant Java client for the request you want to send, such as KieServicesClient to access client services for KIE containers and other assets in KIE Server.
  4. In your client application, create a .java class for the API request. The class must contain the necessary imports, KIE Server location and user credentials, a KieServicesClient object, and the client method to execute, such as createContainer and disposeContainer from the KieServicesClient client. Adjust any configuration details according to your use case.

    Creating and disposing a container

    import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
    import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesClient;
    import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesConfiguration;
    import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesFactory;
    import org.kie.server.api.model.KieContainerResource;
    import org.kie.server.api.model.ServiceResponse;
    
    public class MyConfigurationObject {
    
      private static final String URL = "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server";
      private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
      private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";
    
      private static final MarshallingFormat FORMAT = MarshallingFormat.JSON;
    
      private static KieServicesConfiguration conf;
      private static KieServicesClient kieServicesClient;
    
      public static void initialize() {
        conf = KieServicesFactory.newRestConfiguration(URL, USER, PASSWORD);
    
      public void disposeAndCreateContainer() {
          System.out.println("== Disposing and creating containers ==");
    
          // Retrieve list of KIE containers
          List<KieContainerResource> kieContainers = kieServicesClient.listContainers().getResult().getContainers();
          if (kieContainers.size() == 0) {
              System.out.println("No containers available...");
              return;
          }
    
          // Dispose KIE container
          KieContainerResource container = kieContainers.get(0);
          String containerId = container.getContainerId();
          ServiceResponse<Void> responseDispose = kieServicesClient.disposeContainer(containerId);
          if (responseDispose.getType() == ResponseType.FAILURE) {
              System.out.println("Error disposing " + containerId + ". Message: ");
              System.out.println(responseDispose.getMsg());
              return;
          }
          System.out.println("Success Disposing container " + containerId);
          System.out.println("Trying to recreate the container...");
    
          // Re-create KIE container
          ServiceResponse<KieContainerResource> createResponse = kieServicesClient.createContainer(containerId, container);
          if(createResponse.getType() == ResponseType.FAILURE) {
              System.out.println("Error creating " + containerId + ". Message: ");
              System.out.println(responseDispose.getMsg());
              return;
          }
          System.out.println("Container recreated with success!");
          }
      }
    }

    You define service responses using the org.kie.server.api.model.ServiceResponse<T> object, where T represents the type of returned response. The ServiceResponse object has the following attributes:

    • String message: Returns the response message
    • ResponseType type: Returns either SUCCESS or FAILURE
    • T result: Returns the requested object

    In this example, when you dispose a container, the ServiceResponse returns a Void response. When you create a container, the ServiceResponse returns a KieContainerResource object.

    Note

    A conversation between a client and a specific KIE Server container in a clustered environment is secured by a unique conversationID. The conversationID is transferred using the X-KIE-ConversationId REST header. If you update the container, unset the previous conversationID. Use KieServiesClient.completeConversation() to unset the conversationID for Java API.

  5. Run the configured .java class from your project directory to execute the request, and review the KIE Server response.

    If you enabled debug logging, KIE Server responds with a detailed response according to your configured marshalling format, such as JSON.

    Example server response for a new KIE container (log):

    10:23:35.194 [main] INFO  o.k.s.a.m.MarshallerFactory - Marshaller extensions init
    10:23:35.396 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.client.balancer.LoadBalancer - Load balancer RoundRobinBalancerStrategy{availableEndpoints=[http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server]} selected url 'http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server'
    10:23:35.398 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.i.AbstractKieServicesClientImpl - About to send GET request to 'http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server'
    10:23:35.440 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.i.AbstractKieServicesClientImpl - About to deserialize content:
     '{
      "type" : "SUCCESS",
      "msg" : "Kie Server info",
      "result" : {
        "kie-server-info" : {
          "id" : "default-kieserver",
          "version" : "7.11.0.Final-redhat-00003",
          "name" : "default-kieserver",
          "location" : "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server",
          "capabilities" : [ "KieServer", "BRM", "BPM", "CaseMgmt", "BPM-UI", "BRP", "DMN", "Swagger" ],
          "messages" : [ {
            "severity" : "INFO",
            "timestamp" : {
      "java.util.Date" : 1540814906533
    },
            "content" : [ "Server KieServerInfo{serverId='default-kieserver', version='7.11.0.Final-redhat-00003', name='default-kieserver', location='http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server', capabilities=[KieServer, BRM, BPM, CaseMgmt, BPM-UI, BRP, DMN, Swagger], messages=null}started successfully at Mon Oct 29 08:08:26 EDT 2018" ]
          } ]
        }
      }
    }'
     into type: 'class org.kie.server.api.model.ServiceResponse'
    10:23:35.653 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - KieServicesClient connected to: default-kieserver version 7.11.0.Final-redhat-00003
    10:23:35.653 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Supported capabilities by the server: [KieServer, BRM, BPM, CaseMgmt, BPM-UI, BRP, DMN, Swagger]
    10:23:35.653 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Building services client for server capability KieServer
    10:23:35.653 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - No builder found for 'KieServer' capability
    10:23:35.654 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Building services client for server capability BRM
    10:23:35.654 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Builder 'org.kie.server.client.helper.DroolsServicesClientBuilder@6b927fb' for capability 'BRM'
    10:23:35.655 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Capability implemented by {interface org.kie.server.client.RuleServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.RuleServicesClientImpl@4a94ee4}
    10:23:35.655 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Building services client for server capability BPM
    10:23:35.656 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Builder 'org.kie.server.client.helper.JBPMServicesClientBuilder@4cc451f2' for capability 'BPM'
    10:23:35.672 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Capability implemented by {interface org.kie.server.client.JobServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.JobServicesClientImpl@1189dd52, interface org.kie.server.client.admin.ProcessAdminServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.admin.impl.ProcessAdminServicesClientImpl@36bc55de, interface org.kie.server.client.DocumentServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.DocumentServicesClientImpl@564fabc8, interface org.kie.server.client.admin.UserTaskAdminServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.admin.impl.UserTaskAdminServicesClientImpl@16d04d3d, interface org.kie.server.client.QueryServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.QueryServicesClientImpl@49ec71f8, interface org.kie.server.client.ProcessServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.ProcessServicesClientImpl@1d2adfbe, interface org.kie.server.client.UserTaskServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.UserTaskServicesClientImpl@36902638}
    10:23:35.672 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Building services client for server capability CaseMgmt
    10:23:35.672 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Builder 'org.kie.server.client.helper.CaseServicesClientBuilder@223d2c72' for capability 'CaseMgmt'
    10:23:35.676 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Capability implemented by {interface org.kie.server.client.admin.CaseAdminServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.admin.impl.CaseAdminServicesClientImpl@2b662a77, interface org.kie.server.client.CaseServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.CaseServicesClientImpl@7f0eb4b4}
    10:23:35.676 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Building services client for server capability BPM-UI
    10:23:35.676 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Builder 'org.kie.server.client.helper.JBPMUIServicesClientBuilder@5c33f1a9' for capability 'BPM-UI'
    10:23:35.677 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Capability implemented by {interface org.kie.server.client.UIServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.UIServicesClientImpl@223191a6}
    10:23:35.678 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Building services client for server capability BRP
    10:23:35.678 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Builder 'org.kie.server.client.helper.OptaplannerServicesClientBuilder@49139829' for capability 'BRP'
    10:23:35.679 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Capability implemented by {interface org.kie.server.client.SolverServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.SolverServicesClientImpl@77fbd92c}
    10:23:35.679 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Building services client for server capability DMN
    10:23:35.679 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Builder 'org.kie.server.client.helper.DMNServicesClientBuilder@67c27493' for capability 'DMN'
    10:23:35.680 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Capability implemented by {interface org.kie.server.client.DMNServicesClient=org.kie.server.client.impl.DMNServicesClientImpl@35e2d654}
    10:23:35.680 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - Building services client for server capability Swagger
    10:23:35.680 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.impl.KieServicesClientImpl - No builder found for 'Swagger' capability
    10:23:35.681 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.client.balancer.LoadBalancer - Load balancer RoundRobinBalancerStrategy{availableEndpoints=[http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server]} selected url 'http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server'
    10:23:35.701 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.i.AbstractKieServicesClientImpl - About to send PUT request to 'http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers/employee-rostering3' with payload '{
      "container-id" : null,
      "release-id" : {
        "group-id" : "employeerostering",
        "artifact-id" : "employeerostering",
        "version" : "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
      },
      "resolved-release-id" : null,
      "status" : null,
      "scanner" : null,
      "config-items" : [ ],
      "messages" : [ ],
      "container-alias" : null
    }'
    10:23:38.071 [main] DEBUG o.k.s.c.i.AbstractKieServicesClientImpl - About to deserialize content:
     '{
      "type" : "SUCCESS",
      "msg" : "Container employee-rostering3 successfully deployed with module employeerostering:employeerostering:1.0.0-SNAPSHOT.",
      "result" : {
        "kie-container" : {
          "container-id" : "employee-rostering3",
          "release-id" : {
            "group-id" : "employeerostering",
            "artifact-id" : "employeerostering",
            "version" : "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
          },
          "resolved-release-id" : {
            "group-id" : "employeerostering",
            "artifact-id" : "employeerostering",
            "version" : "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
          },
          "status" : "STARTED",
          "scanner" : {
            "status" : "DISPOSED",
            "poll-interval" : null
          },
          "config-items" : [ ],
          "messages" : [ {
            "severity" : "INFO",
            "timestamp" : {
      "java.util.Date" : 1540909418069
    },
            "content" : [ "Container employee-rostering3 successfully created with module employeerostering:employeerostering:1.0.0-SNAPSHOT." ]
          } ],
          "container-alias" : null
        }
      }
    }'
     into type: 'class org.kie.server.api.model.ServiceResponse'

    If you encounter request errors, review the returned error code messages and adjust your Java configurations accordingly.

2.2. Supported KIE Server Java clients

The following are some of the Java client services available in the org.kie.server.client package of your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution. You can use these services to interact with related resources in KIE Server similarly to the KIE Server REST API.

  • KieServicesClient: Used as the entry point for other KIE Server Java clients, and used to interact with KIE containers
  • JobServicesClient: Used to schedule, cancel, re-queue, and get job requests
  • RuleServicesClient: Used to send commands to the server to perform rule-related operations, such as executing rules or inserting objects into the KIE session
  • SolverServicesClient: Used to perform all Red Hat Business Optimizer operations, such as getting the solver state and the best solution, or disposing a solver
  • ProcessServicesClient: Used to start, signal, and abort processes or work items
  • QueryServicesClient: Used to query processes, process nodes, and process variables
  • UserTaskServicesClient: Used to perform all user-task operations, such as starting, claiming, or canceling a task, and to query tasks by a specified field, such as by user or by process instances ID
  • UIServicesClient: Used to get String representation of forms (XML or JSON) and of a process image (SVG)
  • ProcessAdminServicesClient: Provides an interface for operations with process instances (found in ~/org/kie/server/client/admin)
  • UserTaskAdminServicesClient: Provides an interface for operations with user tasks (found in ~/org/kie/server/client/admin)

The getServicesClient method provides access to any of these clients:

RuleServicesClient rulesClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(RuleServicesClient.class);

For the full list of available KIE Server Java clients, download the Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8.0 Source Distribution from the Red Hat Customer Portal and navigate to ~/rhpam-7.8.0-sources/src/droolsjbpm-integration-$VERSION/kie-server-parent/kie-server-remote/kie-server-client/src/main/java/org/kie/server/client.

2.3. Example requests with the KIE Server Java client API

The following are examples of KIE Server Java client API requests for basic interactions with KIE Server. For the full list of available KIE Server Java clients, download the Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8.0 Source Distribution from the Red Hat Customer Portal and navigate to ~/rhpam-7.8.0-sources/src/droolsjbpm-integration-$VERSION/kie-server-parent/kie-server-remote/kie-server-client/src/main/java/org/kie/server/client.

Listing KIE Server capabilities

You can use the org.kie.server.api.model.KieServerInfo object to identify server capabilities. The KieServicesClient client requires the server capability information to correctly produce service clients. You can specify the capabilities globally in KieServicesConfiguration; otherwise they are automatically retrieved from KIE Server.

Example request to return KIE Server capabilities

public void listCapabilities() {

  KieServerInfo serverInfo = kieServicesClient.getServerInfo().getResult();
  System.out.print("Server capabilities:");

  for (String capability : serverInfo.getCapabilities()) {
    System.out.print(" " + capability);
  }

  System.out.println();
}

Listing KIE containers in KIE Server

KIE containers are represented by the org.kie.server.api.model.KieContainerResource object. The list of resources is represented by the org.kie.server.api.model.KieContainerResourceList object.

Example request to return KIE containers from KIE Server

public void listContainers() {
    KieContainerResourceList containersList = kieServicesClient.listContainers().getResult();
    List<KieContainerResource> kieContainers = containersList.getContainers();
    System.out.println("Available containers: ");
    for (KieContainerResource container : kieContainers) {
        System.out.println("\t" + container.getContainerId() + " (" + container.getReleaseId() + ")");
    }
}

You can optionally filter the KIE container results using an instance of the org.kie.server.api.model.KieContainerResourceFilter class, which is passed to the org.kie.server.client.KieServicesClient.listContainers() method.

Example request to return KIE containers by release ID and status

public void listContainersWithFilter() {

    // Filter containers by releaseId "org.example:container:1.0.0.Final" and status FAILED
    KieContainerResourceFilter filter = new KieContainerResourceFilter.Builder()
            .releaseId("org.example", "container", "1.0.0.Final")
            .status(KieContainerStatus.FAILED)
            .build();

    // Using previously created KieServicesClient
    KieContainerResourceList containersList = kieServicesClient.listContainers(filter).getResult();
    List<KieContainerResource> kieContainers = containersList.getContainers();

    System.out.println("Available containers: ");

    for (KieContainerResource container : kieContainers) {
        System.out.println("\t" + container.getContainerId() + " (" + container.getReleaseId() + ")");
    }
}

Creating and disposing KIE containers in KIE Server

You can use the createContainer and disposeContainer methods in the KieServicesClient client to dispose and create KIE containers. In this example, when you dispose a container, the ServiceResponse returns a Void response. When you create a container, the ServiceResponse returns a KieContainerResource object.

Example request to dispose and re-create a KIE container

public void disposeAndCreateContainer() {
    System.out.println("== Disposing and creating containers ==");

    // Retrieve list of KIE containers
    List<KieContainerResource> kieContainers = kieServicesClient.listContainers().getResult().getContainers();
    if (kieContainers.size() == 0) {
        System.out.println("No containers available...");
        return;
    }

    // Dispose KIE container
    KieContainerResource container = kieContainers.get(0);
    String containerId = container.getContainerId();
    ServiceResponse<Void> responseDispose = kieServicesClient.disposeContainer(containerId);
    if (responseDispose.getType() == ResponseType.FAILURE) {
        System.out.println("Error disposing " + containerId + ". Message: ");
        System.out.println(responseDispose.getMsg());
        return;
    }
    System.out.println("Success Disposing container " + containerId);
    System.out.println("Trying to recreate the container...");

    // Re-create KIE container
    ServiceResponse<KieContainerResource> createResponse = kieServicesClient.createContainer(containerId, container);
    if(createResponse.getType() == ResponseType.FAILURE) {
        System.out.println("Error creating " + containerId + ". Message: ");
        System.out.println(responseDispose.getMsg());
        return;
    }
    System.out.println("Container recreated with success!");
}

Executing runtime commands in KIE Server

Red Hat Process Automation Manager supports runtime commands that you can send to KIE Server for asset-related operations, such as inserting or retracting objects in a KIE session or firing all rules. The full list of supported runtime commands is located in the org.drools.core.command.runtime package in your Red Hat Process Automation Manager instance.

You can use the org.kie.api.command.KieCommands class to insert commands, and use org.kie.api.KieServices.get().getCommands() to instantiate the KieCommands class. If you want to add multiple commands, use the BatchExecutionCommand wrapper.

Example request to insert an object and fire all rules

import org.kie.api.command.Command;
import org.kie.api.command.KieCommands;
import org.kie.server.api.model.ServiceResponse;
import org.kie.server.client.RuleServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesClient;
import org.kie.api.KieServices;

import java.util.Arrays;

...

public void executeCommands() {

  String containerId = "hello";
  System.out.println("== Sending commands to the server ==");
  RuleServicesClient rulesClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(RuleServicesClient.class);
  KieCommands commandsFactory = KieServices.Factory.get().getCommands();

  Command<?> insert = commandsFactory.newInsert("Some String OBJ");
  Command<?> fireAllRules = commandsFactory.newFireAllRules();
  Command<?> batchCommand = commandsFactory.newBatchExecution(Arrays.asList(insert, fireAllRules));

  ServiceResponse<String> executeResponse = rulesClient.executeCommands(containerId, batchCommand);

  if(executeResponse.getType() == ResponseType.SUCCESS) {
    System.out.println("Commands executed with success! Response: ");
    System.out.println(executeResponse.getResult());
  } else {
    System.out.println("Error executing rules. Message: ");
    System.out.println(executeResponse.getMsg());
  }
}

Note

A conversation between a client and a specific KIE Server container in a clustered environment is secured by a unique conversationID. The conversationID is transferred using the X-KIE-ConversationId REST header. If you update the container, unset the previous conversationID. Use KieServiesClient.completeConversation() to unset the conversationID for Java API.

Listing available business processes in a KIE container

You can use the QueryServicesClient client to list available process definitions. The QueryServicesClient methods use pagination, so in addition to the query you make, you must provide the current page and the number of results per page. In this example, the query starts on page 0 and lists the first 1000 results.

Example request to list business processes in KIE Server

public void listProcesses() {
    System.out.println("== Listing Business Processes ==");
    QueryServicesClient queryClient = kieServicesClient.getServicesClient(QueryServicesClient.class);
    List<ProcessDefinition> findProcessesByContainerId = queryClient.findProcessesByContainerId("rewards", 0, 1000);
    for (ProcessDefinition def : findProcessesByContainerId) {
        System.out.println(def.getName() + " - " + def.getId() + " v" + def.getVersion());
    }
}

Starting a business process in a KIE container

You can use the ProcessServicesClient client to start a business process. Ensure that any custom classes that you require for your process are added into the KieServicesConfiguration object, using the addExtraClasses() method.

Example request to start a business process

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.xml.bind.JAXBContext;
import javax.xml.bind.JAXBException;
import javax.xml.bind.Marshaller;

import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesClient;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesConfiguration;
import org.kie.server.client.KieServicesFactory;
import org.kie.server.client.ProcessServicesClient;
...

public static void startProcess() {

  //Client configuration setup
  KieServicesConfiguration config = KieServicesFactory.newRestConfiguration(SERVER_URL, LOGIN, PASSWORD);

  //Add custom classes, such as Obj.class, to the configuration
  Set<Class<?>> extraClassList = new HashSet<Class<?>>();
  extraClassList.add(Obj.class);
  config.addExtraClasses(extraClassList);
  config.setMarshallingFormat(MarshallingFormat.JSON);

  // ProcessServicesClient setup
  KieServicesClient client = KieServicesFactory.newKieServicesClient(config);
  ProcessServicesClient processServicesClient = client.getServicesClient(ProcessServicesClient.class);

  // Create an instance of the custom class
  Obj obj = new Obj();
  obj.setOk("ok");

  Map<String, Object> variables = new HashMap<String, Object>();
  variables.put("test", obj);

  // Start the process with custom class
  processServicesClient.startProcess(CONTAINER, processId, variables);
}

Running a custom query

You can use the QueryDefinition object of the QueryServicesClient client to register and execute custom queries in KIE Server.

Example request to register and execute a custom query in KIE Server

// Client setup
KieServicesConfiguration conf = KieServicesFactory.newRestConfiguration(SERVER_URL, LOGIN, PASSWORD);
KieServicesClient client = KieServicesFactory.newKieServicesClient(conf);

// Get the QueryServicesClient
QueryServicesClient queryClient = client.getServicesClient(QueryServicesClient.class);

// Build the query
QueryDefinition queryDefinition = QueryDefinition.builder().name(QUERY_NAME)
        .expression("select * from Task t")
        .source("java:jboss/datasources/ExampleDS")
        .target("TASK").build();

// Specify that two queries cannot have the same name
queryClient.unregisterQuery(QUERY_NAME);

// Register the query
queryClient.registerQuery(queryDefinition);

// Execute the query with parameters: query name, mapping type (to map the fields to an object), page number, page size, and return type
List<TaskInstance> query = queryClient.query(QUERY_NAME, QueryServicesClient.QUERY_MAP_TASK, 0, 100, TaskInstance.class);

// Read the result
for (TaskInstance taskInstance : query) {
    System.out.println(taskInstance);
}

In this example, the target instructs the query service to apply default filters. Alternatively, you can set filter parameters manually. The Target class supports the following values:

public enum Target {
    PROCESS,
    TASK,
    BA_TASK,
    PO_TASK,
    JOBS,
    CUSTOM;
}

Chapter 3. KIE Server and KIE container commands in Red Hat Process Automation Manager

Red Hat Process Automation Manager supports server commands that you can send to KIE Server for server-related or container-related operations, such as retrieving server information or creating or deleting a container. The full list of supported KIE Server configuration commands is located in the org.kie.server.api.commands package in your Red Hat Process Automation Manager instance.

In the KIE Server REST API, you use the org.kie.server.api.commands commands as the request body for POST requests to http://SERVER:PORT/kie-server/services/rest/server/config. For more information about using the KIE Server REST API, see Chapter 1, KIE Server REST API for KIE containers and business assets.

In the KIE Server Java client API, you use the corresponding method in the parent KieServicesClient Java client as an embedded API request in your Java application. All KIE Server commands are executed by methods provided in the Java client API, so you do not need to embed the actual KIE Server commands in your Java application. For more information about using the KIE Server Java client API, see Chapter 2, KIE Server Java client API for KIE containers and business assets.

3.1. Sample KIE Server and KIE container commands

The following are sample KIE Server commands that you can use with the KIE Server REST API or Java client API for server-related or container-related operations in KIE Server:

  • GetServerInfoCommand
  • GetServerStateCommand
  • CreateContainerCommand
  • GetContainerInfoCommand
  • ListContainersCommand
  • CallContainerCommand
  • DisposeContainerCommand
  • GetScannerInfoCommand
  • UpdateScannerCommand
  • UpdateReleaseIdCommand

For the full list of supported KIE Server configuration and management commands, see the org.kie.server.api.commands package in your Red Hat Process Automation Manager instance.

You can run KIE Server commands individually or together as a batch REST API request or batch Java API request:

Batch REST API request to create, call, and dispose a KIE container (JSON)

{
  "commands": [
    {
      "create-container": {
        "container": {
          "status": "STARTED",
          "container-id": "command-script-container",
          "release-id": {
            "version": "1.0",
            "group-id": "com.redhat",
            "artifact-id": "Project1"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "call-container": {
        "payload": "{\n  \"commands\" : [ {\n    \"fire-all-rules\" : {\n      \"max\" : -1,\n      \"out-identifier\" : null\n    }\n  } ]\n}",
        "container-id": "command-script-container"
      }
    },
    {
      "dispose-container": {
        "container-id": "command-script-container"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Batch Java API request to retrieve, dispose, and re-create a KIE container

public void disposeAndCreateContainer() {
    System.out.println("== Disposing and creating containers ==");

    // Retrieve list of KIE containers
    List<KieContainerResource> kieContainers = kieServicesClient.listContainers().getResult().getContainers();
    if (kieContainers.size() == 0) {
        System.out.println("No containers available...");
        return;
    }

    // Dispose KIE container
    KieContainerResource container = kieContainers.get(0);
    String containerId = container.getContainerId();
    ServiceResponse<Void> responseDispose = kieServicesClient.disposeContainer(containerId);
    if (responseDispose.getType() == ResponseType.FAILURE) {
        System.out.println("Error disposing " + containerId + ". Message: ");
        System.out.println(responseDispose.getMsg());
        return;
    }
    System.out.println("Success Disposing container " + containerId);
    System.out.println("Trying to recreate the container...");

    // Re-create KIE container
    ServiceResponse<KieContainerResource> createResponse = kieServicesClient.createContainer(containerId, container);
    if(createResponse.getType() == ResponseType.FAILURE) {
        System.out.println("Error creating " + containerId + ". Message: ");
        System.out.println(responseDispose.getMsg());
        return;
    }
    System.out.println("Container recreated with success!");
}

Each command in this section includes a REST request body example (JSON) for the KIE Server REST API and an embedded method example from the KieServicesClient Java client for the KIE Server Java client API.

GetServerInfoCommand

Returns information about the KIE Server.

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "get-server-info" : { }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

KieServerInfo serverInfo = kieServicesClient.getServerInfo();

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Kie Server info",
      "result": {
        "kie-server-info": {
          "id": "default-kieserver",
          "version": "7.11.0.Final-redhat-00001",
          "name": "default-kieserver",
          "location": "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server",
          "capabilities": [
            "KieServer",
            "BRM",
            "BPM",
            "CaseMgmt",
            "BPM-UI",
            "BRP",
            "DMN",
            "Swagger"
          ],
          "messages": [
            {
              "severity": "INFO",
              "timestamp": {
                "java.util.Date": 1538502533321
              },
              "content": [
                "Server KieServerInfo{serverId='default-kieserver', version='7.11.0.Final-redhat-00001', name='default-kieserver', location='http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server', capabilities=[KieServer, BRM, BPM, CaseMgmt, BPM-UI, BRP, DMN, Swagger], messages=null}started successfully at Tue Oct 02 13:48:53 EDT 2018"
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

GetServerStateCommand

Returns information about the current state and configurations of the KIE Server.

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "get-server-state" : { }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

KieServerStateInfo serverStateInfo = kieServicesClient.getServerState();

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Successfully loaded server state for server id default-kieserver",
      "result": {
        "kie-server-state-info": {
          "controller": [
            "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller"
          ],
          "config": {
            "config-items": [
              {
                "itemName": "org.kie.server.location",
                "itemValue": "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server",
                "itemType": "java.lang.String"
              },
              {
                "itemName": "org.kie.server.controller.user",
                "itemValue": "controllerUser",
                "itemType": "java.lang.String"
              },
              {
                "itemName": "org.kie.server.controller",
                "itemValue": "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller",
                "itemType": "java.lang.String"
              }
            ]
          },
          "containers": [
            {
              "container-id": "employee-rostering",
              "release-id": {
                "group-id": "employeerostering",
                "artifact-id": "employeerostering",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "resolved-release-id": null,
              "status": "STARTED",
              "scanner": {
                "status": "STOPPED",
                "poll-interval": null
              },
              "config-items": [
                {
                  "itemName": "KBase",
                  "itemValue": "",
                  "itemType": "BPM"
                },
                {
                  "itemName": "KSession",
                  "itemValue": "",
                  "itemType": "BPM"
                },
                {
                  "itemName": "MergeMode",
                  "itemValue": "MERGE_COLLECTIONS",
                  "itemType": "BPM"
                },
                {
                  "itemName": "RuntimeStrategy",
                  "itemValue": "SINGLETON",
                  "itemType": "BPM"
                }
              ],
              "messages": [],
              "container-alias": "employeerostering"
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

CreateContainerCommand

Creates a KIE container in the KIE Server.

Table 3.1. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

container

Map containing the container-id, release-id data (group ID, artifact ID, version), status, and any other components of the new KIE container

Required

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "create-container" : {
      "container" : {
        "status" : null,
        "messages" : [ ],
        "container-id" : "command-script-container",
        "release-id" : {
          "version" : "1.0",
          "group-id" : "com.redhat",
          "artifact-id" : "Project1"
        },
        "config-items" : [ ]
      }
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

ServiceResponse<KieContainerResource> response = kieServicesClient.createContainer("command-script-container", resource);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully deployed with module com.redhat:Project1:1.0.",
      "result": {
        "kie-container": {
          "container-id": "command-script-container",
          "release-id": {
            "version" : "1.0",
            "group-id" : "com.redhat",
            "artifact-id" : "Project1"
          },
          "resolved-release-id": {
            "version" : "1.0",
            "group-id" : "com.redhat",
            "artifact-id" : "Project1"
          },
          "status": "STARTED",
          "scanner": {
            "status": "DISPOSED",
            "poll-interval": null
          },
          "config-items": [],
          "messages": [
            {
              "severity": "INFO",
              "timestamp": {
                "java.util.Date": 1538762455510
              },
              "content": [
                "Container command-script-container successfully created with module com.redhat:Project1:1.0."
              ]
            }
          ],
          "container-alias": null
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

GetContainerInfoCommand

Returns information about a specified KIE container in KIE Server.

Table 3.2. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

container-id

ID of the KIE container

Required

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "get-container-info" : {
      "container-id" : "command-script-container"
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

ServiceResponse<KieContainerResource> response = kieServicesClient.getContainerInfo("command-script-container");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Info for container command-script-container",
      "result": {
        "kie-container": {
          "container-id": "command-script-container",
          "release-id": {
            "group-id": "com.redhat",
            "artifact-id": "Project1",
            "version": "1.0"
          },
          "resolved-release-id": {
            "group-id": "com.redhat",
            "artifact-id": "Project1",
            "version": "1.0"
          },
          "status": "STARTED",
          "scanner": {
            "status": "DISPOSED",
            "poll-interval": null
          },
          "config-items": [

          ],
          "container-alias": null
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

ListContainersCommand

Returns a list of KIE containers that have been created in the KIE Server.

Table 3.3. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

kie-container-filter

Optional map containing release-id-filter, container-status-filter, and any other KIE container properties by which you want to filter results

Optional

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "list-containers" : {
      "kie-container-filter" : {
        "release-id-filter" : { },
        "container-status-filter" : {
          "accepted-status" : ["FAILED"]
        }
      }
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

KieContainerResourceFilter filter = new KieContainerResourceFilter.Builder()
        .status(KieContainerStatus.FAILED)
        .build();

KieContainerResourceList containersList = kieServicesClient.listContainers(filter);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "List of created containers",
      "result": {
        "kie-containers": {
          "kie-container": [
            {
              "container-id": "command-script-container",
              "release-id": {
                "group-id": "com.redhat",
                "artifact-id": "Project1",
                "version": "1.0"
              },
              "resolved-release-id": {
                "group-id": "com.redhat",
                "artifact-id": "Project1",
                "version": "1.0"
              },
              "status": "STARTED",
              "scanner": {
                "status": "STARTED",
                "poll-interval": 5000
              },
              "config-items": [
                {
                  "itemName": "RuntimeStrategy",
                  "itemValue": "SINGLETON",
                  "itemType": "java.lang.String"
                },
                {
                  "itemName": "MergeMode",
                  "itemValue": "MERGE_COLLECTIONS",
                  "itemType": "java.lang.String"
                },
                {
                  "itemName": "KBase",
                  "itemValue": "",
                  "itemType": "java.lang.String"
                },
                {
                  "itemName": "KSession",
                  "itemValue": "",
                  "itemType": "java.lang.String"
                }
              ],
              "messages": [
                {
                  "severity": "INFO",
                  "timestamp": {
                    "java.util.Date": 1538504619749
                  },
                  "content": [
                    "Container command-script-container successfully created with module com.redhat:Project1:1.0."
                  ]
                }
              ],
              "container-alias": null
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

CallContainerCommand

Calls a KIE container and executes one or more runtime commands. For information about Red Hat Process Automation Manager runtime commands, see Chapter 4, Runtime commands in Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

Table 3.4. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

container-id

ID of the KIE container to be called

Required

payload

One or more commands in a BatchExecutionCommand wrapper to be executed on the KIE container

Required

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "call-container" : {
      "payload" : "{\n  \"lookup\" : \"defaultKieSession\",\n  \"commands\" : [ {\n    \"fire-all-rules\" : {\n      \"max\" : -1,\n      \"out-identifier\" : null\n    }\n  } ]\n}",
      "container-id" : "command-script-container"
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

List<Command<?>> commands = new ArrayList<Command<?>>();
      BatchExecutionCommand batchExecution1 = commandsFactory.newBatchExecution(commands, "defaultKieSession");
      commands.add(commandsFactory.newFireAllRules());

      ServiceResponse<ExecutionResults> response1 = ruleClient.executeCommandsWithResults("command-script-container", batchExecution1);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully called.",
      "result": "{\n  \"results\" : [ ],\n  \"facts\" : [ ]\n}"
    }
  ]
}

DisposeContainerCommand

Disposes a specified KIE container in the KIE Server.

Table 3.5. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

container-id

ID of the KIE container to be disposed

Required

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "dispose-container" : {
      "container-id" : "command-script-container"
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

ServiceResponse<Void> response = kieServicesClient.disposeContainer("command-script-container");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully disposed.",
      "result": null
    }
  ]
}

GetScannerInfoCommand

Returns information about the KIE scanner used for automatic updates in a specified KIE container, if applicable.

Table 3.6. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

container-id

ID of the KIE container where the KIE scanner is used

Required

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "get-scanner-info" : {
      "container-id" : "command-script-container"
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

ServiceResponse<KieScannerResource> response = kieServicesClient.getScannerInfo("command-script-container");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Scanner info successfully retrieved",
      "result": {
        "kie-scanner": {
          "status": "DISPOSED",
          "poll-interval": null
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

UpdateScannerCommand

Starts or stops a KIE scanner that controls polling for updated KIE container deployments.

Note

Avoid using a KIE scanner with business processes. Using a KIE scanner with processes can lead to unforeseen updates that can then cause errors in long-running processes when changes are not compatible with running process instances.

Table 3.7. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

container-id

ID of the KIE container where the KIE scanner is used

Required

status

Status to be set on the KIE scanner (STARTED, STOPPED)

Required

poll-interval

Permitted polling duration in milliseconds

Required only when starting scanner

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "update-scanner" : {
      "scanner" : {
        "status" : "STARTED",
        "poll-interval" : 10000
      },
      "container-id" : "command-script-container"
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

KieScannerResource scannerResource = new KieScannerResource();
scannerResource.setPollInterval(10000);
scannerResource.setStatus(KieScannerStatus. STARTED);

ServiceResponse<KieScannerResource> response = kieServicesClient.updateScanner("command-script-container", scannerResource);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Kie scanner successfully created.",
      "result": {
        "kie-scanner": {
          "status": "STARTED",
          "poll-interval": 10000
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

UpdateReleaseIdCommand

Updates the release ID data (group ID, artifact ID, version) for a specified KIE container.

Table 3.8. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

container-id

ID of the KIE container to be updated

Required

releaseId

Updated GAV (group ID, artifact ID, version) data to be applied to the KIE container

Required

Example REST request body (JSON)

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "update-release-id" : {
      "releaseId" : {
        "version" : "1.1",
        "group-id" : "com.redhat",
        "artifact-id" : "Project1"
      },
      "container-id" : "command-script-container"
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java client method

ServiceResponse<ReleaseId> response = kieServicesClient.updateReleaseId("command-script-container", "com.redhat:Project1:1.1");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Release id successfully updated",
      "result": {
        "release-id": {
          "group-id": "com.redhat",
          "artifact-id": "Project1",
          "version": "1.1"
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

Chapter 4. Runtime commands in Red Hat Process Automation Manager

Red Hat Process Automation Manager supports runtime commands that you can send to KIE Server for asset-related operations, such as executing all rules or inserting or retracting objects in a KIE session. The full list of supported runtime commands is located in the org.drools.core.command.runtime package in your Red Hat Process Automation Manager instance.

In the KIE Server REST API, you use the global org.drools.core.command.runtime commands or the rule-specific org.drools.core.command.runtime.rule commands as the request body for POST requests to http://SERVER:PORT/kie-server/services/rest/server/containers/instances/{containerId}. For more information about using the KIE Server REST API, see Chapter 1, KIE Server REST API for KIE containers and business assets.

In the KIE Server Java client API, you can embed these commands in your Java application along with the relevant Java client. For example, for rule-related commands, you use the RuleServicesClient Java client with the embedded commands. For more information about using the KIE Server Java client API, see Chapter 2, KIE Server Java client API for KIE containers and business assets.

4.1. Sample runtime commands in Red Hat Process Automation Manager

The following are sample runtime commands that you can use with the KIE Server REST API or Java client API for asset-related operations in KIE Server:

  • BatchExecutionCommand
  • InsertObjectCommand
  • RetractCommand
  • ModifyCommand
  • GetObjectCommand
  • GetObjectsCommand
  • InsertElementsCommand
  • FireAllRulesCommand
  • StartProcessCommand
  • SignalEventCommand
  • CompleteWorkItemCommand
  • AbortWorkItemCommand
  • QueryCommand
  • SetGlobalCommand
  • GetGlobalCommand

For the full list of supported runtime commands, see the org.drools.core.command.runtime package in your Red Hat Process Automation Manager instance.

Each command in this section includes a REST request body example (JSON) for the KIE Server REST API and an embedded Java command example for the KIE Server Java client API. The Java examples use an object org.drools.compiler.test.Person with the fields name (String) and age (Integer).

BatchExecutionCommand

Contains multiple commands to be executed together.

Table 4.1. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

commands

List of commands to be executed.

Required

lookup

Sets the KIE session ID on which the commands will be executed. For stateless KIE sessions, this attribute is required. For stateful KIE sessions, this attribute is optional and if not specified, the default KIE session is used.

Required for stateless KIE session, optional for stateful KIE session

Note

KIE session IDs are in the kmodule.xml file of your Red Hat Process Automation Manager project. To view or add a KIE session ID in Business Central to use with the lookup command attribute, navigate to the relevant project in Business Central and go to project SettingsKIE basesKIE sessions. If no KIE bases exist, click Add KIE baseKIE sessions to define the new KIE base and KIE sessions.

Example JSON request body

{
  "lookup": "ksession1",
  "commands": [ {
      "insert": {
        "object": {
          "org.drools.compiler.test.Person": {
            "name": "john",
            "age": 25
          }
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "fire-all-rules": {
        "max": 10,
        "out-identifier": "firedActivations"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

BatchExecutionCommand command = new BatchExecutionCommand();
command.setLookup("ksession1");

InsertObjectCommand insertObjectCommand = new InsertObjectCommand(new Person("john", 25));
FireAllRulesCommand fireAllRulesCommand = new FireAllRulesCommand();

command.getCommands().add(insertObjectCommand);
command.getCommands().add(fireAllRulesCommand);

ksession.execute(command);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [
            {
              "value": 0,
              "key": "firedActivations"
            }
          ],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

InsertObjectCommand

Inserts an object into the KIE session.

Table 4.2. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

object

The object to be inserted

Required

out-identifier

ID of the FactHandle created from the object insertion and added to the execution results

Optional

return-object

Boolean to determine whether the object must be returned in the execution results (default: true)

Optional

entry-point

Entry point for the insertion

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
      "insert": {
        "entry-point": "my stream",
        "object": {
          "org.drools.compiler.test.Person": {
            "age": 25,
            "name": "john"
          }
        },
        "out-identifier": "john",
        "return-object": false
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

Command insertObjectCommand =
  CommandFactory.newInsert(new Person("john", 25), "john", false, null);

ksession.execute(insertObjectCommand);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [],
          "facts": [
            {
              "value": {
                "org.drools.core.common.DefaultFactHandle": {
                  "external-form": "0:4:436792766:-2127720265:4:DEFAULT:NON_TRAIT:java.util.LinkedHashMap"
                }
              },
              "key": "john"
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

RetractCommand

Retracts an object from the KIE session.

Table 4.3. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

fact-handle

The FactHandle associated with the object to be retracted

Required

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
      "retract": {
        "fact-handle": "0:4:436792766:-2127720265:4:DEFAULT:NON_TRAIT:java.util.LinkedHashMap"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command: Use FactHandleFromString

RetractCommand retractCommand = new RetractCommand();
retractCommand.setFactHandleFromString("123:234:345:456:567");

Example Java command: Use FactHandle from inserted object

RetractCommand retractCommand = new RetractCommand(factHandle);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container employee-rostering successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

ModifyCommand

Modifies a previously inserted object in the KIE session.

Table 4.4. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

fact-handle

The FactHandle associated with the object to be modified

Required

setters

List of setters for object modifications

Required

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
      "modify": {
        "fact-handle": "0:4:436792766:-2127720265:4:DEFAULT:NON_TRAIT:java.util.LinkedHashMap",
        "setters": {
          "accessor": "age",
          "value": 25
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

ModifyCommand modifyCommand = new ModifyCommand(factHandle);

List<Setter> setters = new ArrayList<Setter>();
setters.add(new SetterImpl("age", "25"));

modifyCommand.setSetters(setters);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container employee-rostering successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

GetObjectCommand

Retrieves an object from a KIE session.

Table 4.5. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

fact-handle

The FactHandle associated with the object to be retrieved

Required

out-identifier

ID of the FactHandle created from the object insertion and added to the execution results

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
      "get-object": {
        "fact-handle": "0:4:436792766:-2127720265:4:DEFAULT:NON_TRAIT:java.util.LinkedHashMap",
        "out-identifier": "john"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

GetObjectCommand getObjectCommand = new GetObjectCommand();
getObjectCommand.setFactHandleFromString("123:234:345:456:567");
getObjectCommand.setOutIdentifier("john");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [
            {
              "value": null,
              "key": "john"
            }
          ],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

GetObjectsCommand

Retrieves all objects from the KIE session as a collection.

Table 4.6. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

object-filter

Filter for the objects returned from the KIE session

Optional

out-identifier

Identifier to be used in the execution results

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
      "get-objects": {
        "out-identifier": "objects"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

GetObjectsCommand getObjectsCommand = new GetObjectsCommand();
getObjectsCommand.setOutIdentifier("objects");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [
            {
              "value": [
                {
                  "org.apache.xerces.dom.ElementNSImpl": "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-16\"?>\n<object xmlns:xsi=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance\" xsi:type=\"person\"><age>25</age><name>john</name>\n <\/object>"
                },
                {
                  "org.drools.compiler.test.Person": {
                    "name": "john",
                    "age": 25
                  }
                }
              ],
              "key": "objects"
            }
          ],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

InsertElementsCommand

Inserts a list of objects into the KIE session.

Table 4.7. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

objects

The list of objects to be inserted into the KIE session

Required

out-identifier

ID of the FactHandle created from the object insertion and added to the execution results

Optional

return-object

Boolean to determine whether the object must be returned in the execution results. Default value: true.

Optional

entry-point

Entry point for the insertion

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
    "insert-elements": {
        "objects": [
            {
                "containedObject": {
                    "@class": "org.drools.compiler.test.Person",
                    "age": 25,
                    "name": "john"
                }
            },
            {
                "containedObject": {
                    "@class": "Person",
                    "age": 35,
                    "name": "sarah"
                }
            }
        ]
    }
  }
]
}

Example Java command

List<Object> objects = new ArrayList<Object>();
objects.add(new Person("john", 25));
objects.add(new Person("sarah", 35));

Command insertElementsCommand = CommandFactory.newInsertElements(objects);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [],
          "facts": [
            {
              "value": {
                "org.drools.core.common.DefaultFactHandle": {
                  "external-form": "0:4:436792766:-2127720265:4:DEFAULT:NON_TRAIT:java.util.LinkedHashMap"
                }
              },
              "key": "john"
            },
            {
              "value": {
                "org.drools.core.common.DefaultFactHandle": {
                  "external-form": "0:4:436792766:-2127720266:4:DEFAULT:NON_TRAIT:java.util.LinkedHashMap"
                }
              },
              "key": "sarah"
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

FireAllRulesCommand

Executes all rules in the KIE session.

Table 4.8. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

max

Maximum number of rules to be executed. The default is -1 and does not put any restriction on execution.

Optional

out-identifier

ID to be used for retrieving the number of fired rules in execution results.

Optional

agenda-filter

Agenda Filter to be used for rule execution.

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands" : [ {
    "fire-all-rules": {
        "max": 10,
        "out-identifier": "firedActivations"
    }
  } ]
}

Example Java command

FireAllRulesCommand fireAllRulesCommand = new FireAllRulesCommand();
fireAllRulesCommand.setMax(10);
fireAllRulesCommand.setOutIdentifier("firedActivations");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [
            {
              "value": 0,
              "key": "firedActivations"
            }
          ],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

StartProcessCommand

Starts a process using the process ID. You can also pass parameters and initial data to be inserted.

Table 4.9. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

processId

ID of the process to be started

Required

parameters

A Map <String,Object> argument to pass parameters in the process startup

Optional

data

List of objects to be inserted into the KIE session before the process startup

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [
    {
      "start-process": {
        "processId": "myProject.myProcess",
        "data": null,
        "parameter": [],
        "out-identifier": null
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

StartProcessCommand startProcessCommand = new StartProcessCommand();
startProcessCommand.setProcessId("org.drools.task.processOne");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "type": "SUCCESS",
  "msg": "Container stateful-session successfully called.",
  "result": {
    "execution-results": {
      "results": [],
      "facts": []
    }
  }
}

SignalEventCommand

Sends a signal event to the KIE session.

Table 4.10. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

event-type

Type of the incoming event

Required

process-instance-id

ID of the process instance to be signalled

Optional

event

Data of the incoming event

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [
    {
      "signal-event": {
        "process-instance-id": 1001,
        "correlation-key": null,
        "event-type": "start",
        "event": {
          "org.kie.server.testing.Person": {
            "fullname": "john",
            "age": 25
          }
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

SignalEventCommand signalEventCommand = new SignalEventCommand();
signalEventCommand.setProcessInstanceId(1001);
signalEventCommand.setEventType("start");
signalEventCommand.setEvent(new Person("john", 25));

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "type": "SUCCESS",
  "msg": "Container stateful-session successfully called.",
  "result": {
    "execution-results": {
      "results": [],
      "facts": []
    }
  }
}

CompleteWorkItemCommand

Completes a work item in the KIE session.

Table 4.11. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

workItemId

ID of the work item to be completed

Required

results

Result of the work item

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
    "complete-work-item": {
        "id": 1001
    }
  }
]
}

Example Java command

CompleteWorkItemCommand completeWorkItemCommand = new CompleteWorkItemCommand();
completeWorkItemCommand.setWorkItemId(1001);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container employee-rostering successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

AbortWorkItemCommand

Aborts a work item in the KIE session in the same way as ksession.getWorkItemManager().abortWorkItem(workItemId).

Table 4.12. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

workItemId

ID of the work item to be aborted

Required

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
      "abort-work-item": {
        "id": 1001
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

AbortWorkItemCommand abortWorkItemCommand = new AbortWorkItemCommand();
abortWorkItemCommand.setWorkItemId(1001);

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container employee-rostering successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

QueryCommand

Executes a query defined in the KIE base.

Table 4.13. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

name

Query name.

Required

out-identifier

ID of the query results. The query results are added in the execution results with this identifier.

Optional

arguments

List of objects to be passed as a query parameter.

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [
    {
      "query": {
        "name": "persons",
        "arguments": [],
        "out-identifier": "persons"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

QueryCommand queryCommand = new QueryCommand();
queryCommand.setName("persons");
queryCommand.setOutIdentifier("persons");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "type": "SUCCESS",
  "msg": "Container stateful-session successfully called.",
  "result": {
    "execution-results": {
      "results": [
        {
          "value": {
            "org.drools.core.runtime.rule.impl.FlatQueryResults": {
              "idFactHandleMaps": {
                "type": "LIST",
                "componentType": null,
                "element": [
                  {
                    "type": "MAP",
                    "componentType": null,
                    "element": [
                      {
                        "value": {
                          "org.drools.core.common.DisconnectedFactHandle": {
                            "id": 1,
                            "identityHashCode": 1809949690,
                            "objectHashCode": 1809949690,
                            "recency": 1,
                            "object": {
                              "org.kie.server.testing.Person": {
                                "fullname": "John Doe",
                                "age": 47
                              }
                            },
                            "entryPointId": "DEFAULT",
                            "traitType": "NON_TRAIT",
                            "external-form": "0:1:1809949690:1809949690:1:DEFAULT:NON_TRAIT:org.kie.server.testing.Person"
                          }
                        },
                        "key": "$person"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                ]
              },
              "idResultMaps": {
                "type": "LIST",
                "componentType": null,
                "element": [
                  {
                    "type": "MAP",
                    "componentType": null,
                    "element": [
                      {
                        "value": {
                          "org.kie.server.testing.Person": {
                            "fullname": "John Doe",
                            "age": 47
                          }
                        },
                        "key": "$person"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                ]
              },
              "identifiers": {
                "type": "SET",
                "componentType": null,
                "element": [
                  "$person"
                ]
              }
            }
          },
          "key": "persons"
        }
      ],
      "facts": []
    }
  }
}

SetGlobalCommand

Sets an object to a global state.

Table 4.14. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

identifier

ID of the global variable defined in the KIE base

Required

object

Object to be set into the global variable

Optional

out

Boolean to exclude the global variable you set from the execution results

Optional

out-identifier

ID of the global execution result

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [
    {
      "set-global": {
        "identifier": "helper",
        "object": {
          "org.kie.server.testing.Person": {
            "fullname": "kyle",
            "age": 30
          }
        },
        "out-identifier": "output"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

SetGlobalCommand setGlobalCommand = new SetGlobalCommand();
setGlobalCommand.setIdentifier("helper");
setGlobalCommand.setObject(new Person("kyle", 30));
setGlobalCommand.setOut(true);
setGlobalCommand.setOutIdentifier("output");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "type": "SUCCESS",
  "msg": "Container stateful-session successfully called.",
  "result": {
    "execution-results": {
      "results": [
        {
          "value": {
            "org.kie.server.testing.Person": {
              "fullname": "kyle",
              "age": 30
            }
          },
          "key": "output"
        }
      ],
      "facts": []
    }
  }
}

GetGlobalCommand

Retrieves a previously defined global object.

Table 4.15. Command attributes

NameDescriptionRequirement

identifier

ID of the global variable defined in the KIE base

Required

out-identifier

ID to be used in the execution results

Optional

Example JSON request body

{
  "commands": [ {
      "get-global": {
        "identifier": "helper",
        "out-identifier": "helperOutput"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example Java command

GetGlobalCommand getGlobalCommand = new GetGlobalCommand();
getGlobalCommand.setIdentifier("helper");
getGlobalCommand.setOutIdentifier("helperOutput");

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "response": [
    {
      "type": "SUCCESS",
      "msg": "Container command-script-container successfully called.",
      "result": {
        "execution-results": {
          "results": [
            {
              "value": null,
              "key": "helperOutput"
            }
          ],
          "facts": []
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

Chapter 5. Process Automation Manager controller REST API for KIE Server templates and instances

Red Hat Process Automation Manager provides a Process Automation Manager controller REST API that you can use to interact with your KIE Server templates (configurations), KIE Server instances (remote servers), and associated KIE containers (deployment units) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. This API support enables you to maintain your Red Hat Process Automation Manager servers and resources more efficiently and optimize your integration and development with Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

With the Process Automation Manager controller REST API, you can perform the following actions:

  • Retrieve information about KIE Server templates, instances, and associated KIE containers
  • Update, start, or stop KIE containers associated with KIE Server templates and instances
  • Create, update, or delete KIE Server templates
  • Create, update, or delete KIE Server instances

Requests to the Process Automation Manager controller REST API require the following components:

Authentication

The Process Automation Manager controller REST API requires HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the following user roles, depending on controller type:

  • rest-all user role if you installed Business Central and you want to use the built-in Process Automation Manager controller
  • kie-server user role if you installed the headless Process Automation Manager controller separately from Business Central

To view configured user roles for your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/standalone/configuration/application-roles.properties and ~/application-users.properties.

To add a user with the kie-server role or the rest-all role or both, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/bin and run the following command with the role or roles specified:

$ ./add-user.sh -a --user <USERNAME> --password <PASSWORD> --role kie-server,rest-all

To configure the kie-server or rest-all user with Process Automation Manager controller access, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/standalone/configuration/standalone-full.xml, uncomment the org.kie.server properties (if applicable), and add the controller user login credentials and controller location (if needed):

<property name="org.kie.server.location" value="http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server"/>
<property name="org.kie.server.controller" value="http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller"/>
<property name="org.kie.server.controller.user" value="baAdmin"/>
<property name="org.kie.server.controller.pwd" value="password@1"/>
<property name="org.kie.server.id" value="default-kieserver"/>

For more information about user roles and Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation options, see Planning a Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation.

HTTP headers

The Process Automation Manager controller REST API requires the following HTTP headers for API requests:

  • Accept: Data format accepted by your requesting client:

    • application/json (JSON)
    • application/xml (XML, for JAXB)
  • Content-Type: Data format of your POST or PUT API request data:

    • application/json (JSON)
    • application/xml (XML, for JAXB)
HTTP methods

The Process Automation Manager controller REST API supports the following HTTP methods for API requests:

  • GET: Retrieves specified information from a specified resource endpoint
  • POST: Updates a resource or resource instance
  • PUT: Creates a resource or resource instance
  • DELETE: Deletes a resource or resource instance
Base URL
The base URL for Process Automation Manager controller REST API requests is http://SERVER:PORT/CONTROLLER/rest/, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/ if you are using the Process Automation Manager controller built in to Business Central.
Endpoints

Process Automation Manager controller REST API endpoints, such as /controller/management/servers/{serverTemplateId} for a specified KIE Server template, are the URIs that you append to the Process Automation Manager controller REST API base URL to access the corresponding server resource or type of server resource in Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

Example request URL for /controller/management/servers/{serverTemplateId} endpoint

http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers/default-kieserver

Request parameters and request data

Some Process Automation Manager controller REST API requests require specific parameters in the request URL path to identify or filter specific resources and to perform specific actions. You can append URL parameters to the endpoint in the format ?<PARAM>=<VALUE>&<PARAM>=<VALUE>.

Example DELETE request URL with parameters

http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/server/new-kieserver-instance?location=http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server

HTTP POST and PUT requests may additionally require a request body or file with data to accompany the request.

Example PUT request URL and JSON request body data

http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers/new-kieserver

{
  "server-id": "new-kieserver",
  "server-name": "new-kieserver",
  "container-specs": [],
  "server-config": {},
  "capabilities": [
    "RULE",
    "PROCESS",
    "PLANNING"
  ]
}

5.1. Sending requests with the Process Automation Manager controller REST API using a REST client or curl utility

The Process Automation Manager controller REST API enables you to interact with your KIE Server templates (configurations), KIE Server instances (remote servers), and associated KIE containers (deployment units) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. You can send Process Automation Manager controller REST API requests using any REST client or curl utility.

Prerequisites

  • KIE Server is installed and running.
  • The Process Automation Manager controller or headless Process Automation Manager controller is installed and running.
  • You have rest-all user role access to the Process Automation Manager controller if you installed Business Central, or kie-server user role access to the headless Process Automation Manager controller installed separately from Business Central.

Procedure

  1. Identify the relevant API endpoint to which you want to send a request, such as [GET] /controller/management/servers to retrieve KIE Server templates from the Process Automation Manager controller.
  2. In a REST client or curl utility, enter the following components for a GET request to controller/management/servers. Adjust any request details according to your use case.

    For REST client:

    • Authentication: Enter the user name and password of the Process Automation Manager controller user with the rest-all role or the headless Process Automation Manager controller user with the kie-server role.
    • HTTP Headers: Set the following header:

      • Accept: application/json
    • HTTP method: Set to GET.
    • URL: Enter the Process Automation Manager controller REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers.

    For curl utility:

    • -u: Enter the user name and password of the Process Automation Manager controller user with the rest-all role or the headless Process Automation Manager controller user with the kie-server role.
    • -H: Set the following header:

      • accept: application/json
    • -X: Set to GET.
    • URL: Enter the Process Automation Manager controller REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers.
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "accept: application/json" -X GET "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers"
  3. Execute the request and review the Process Automation Manager controller response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    {
      "server-template": [
        {
          "server-id": "default-kieserver",
          "server-name": "default-kieserver",
          "container-specs": [
            {
              "container-id": "employeerostering_1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
              "container-name": "employeerostering",
              "server-template-key": {
                "server-id": "default-kieserver",
                "server-name": "default-kieserver"
              },
              "release-id": {
                "group-id": "employeerostering",
                "artifact-id": "employeerostering",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "configuration": {
                "RULE": {
                  "org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.RuleConfig": {
                    "pollInterval": null,
                    "scannerStatus": "STOPPED"
                  }
                },
                "PROCESS": {
                  "org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.ProcessConfig": {
                    "runtimeStrategy": "SINGLETON",
                    "kbase": "",
                    "ksession": "",
                    "mergeMode": "MERGE_COLLECTIONS"
                  }
                }
              },
              "status": "STARTED"
            },
            {
              "container-id": "mortgage-process_1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
              "container-name": "mortgage-process",
              "server-template-key": {
                "server-id": "default-kieserver",
                "server-name": "default-kieserver"
              },
              "release-id": {
                "group-id": "mortgage-process",
                "artifact-id": "mortgage-process",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "configuration": {
                "RULE": {
                  "org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.RuleConfig": {
                    "pollInterval": null,
                    "scannerStatus": "STOPPED"
                  }
                },
                "PROCESS": {
                  "org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.ProcessConfig": {
                    "runtimeStrategy": "PER_PROCESS_INSTANCE",
                    "kbase": "",
                    "ksession": "",
                    "mergeMode": "MERGE_COLLECTIONS"
                  }
                }
              },
              "status": "STARTED"
            }
          ],
          "server-config": {},
          "server-instances": [
            {
              "server-instance-id": "default-kieserver-instance@localhost:8080",
              "server-name": "default-kieserver-instance@localhost:8080",
              "server-template-id": "default-kieserver",
              "server-url": "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server"
            }
          ],
          "capabilities": [
            "RULE",
            "PROCESS",
            "PLANNING"
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  4. In your REST client or curl utility, send another API request with the following components for a PUT request to /controller/management/servers/{serverTemplateId} to create a new KIE Server template. Adjust any request details according to your use case.

    For REST client:

    • Authentication: Enter the user name and password of the Process Automation Manager controller user with the rest-all role or the headless Process Automation Manager controller user with the kie-server role.
    • HTTP Headers: Set the following headers:

      • Accept: application/json
      • Content-Type: application/json
    • HTTP method: Set to PUT.
    • URL: Enter the Process Automation Manager controller REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers/new-kieserver.
    • Request body: Add a JSON request body with the configurations for the new KIE Server template:
    {
      "server-id": "new-kieserver",
      "server-name": "new-kieserver",
      "container-specs": [],
      "server-config": {},
      "capabilities": [
        "RULE",
        "PROCESS",
        "PLANNING"
      ]
    }

    For curl utility:

    • -u: Enter the user name and password of the Process Automation Manager controller user with the rest-all role or the headless Process Automation Manager controller user with the kie-server role.
    • -H: Set the following headers:

      • accept: application/json
      • content-type: application/json
    • -X: Set to PUT.
    • URL: Enter the Process Automation Manager controller REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers/new-kieserver.
    • -d: Add a JSON request body or file (@file.json) with the configurations for the new KIE Server template:
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "accept: application/json" -H "content-type: application/json" -X PUT "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers/new-kieserver" -d "{ \"server-id\": \"new-kieserver\", \"server-name\": \"new-kieserver\", \"container-specs\": [], \"server-config\": {}, \"capabilities\": [ \"RULE\", \"PROCESS\", \"PLANNING\" ]}"
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "accept: application/json" -H "content-type: application/json" -X PUT "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller/management/servers/new-kieserver" -d @my-server-template-configs.json
  5. Execute the request and confirm the successful Process Automation Manager controller response.

    If you encounter request errors, review the returned error code messages and adjust your request accordingly.

5.2. Sending requests with the Process Automation Manager controller REST API using the Swagger interface

The Process Automation Manager controller REST API supports a Swagger web interface that you can use instead of a standalone REST client or curl utility to interact with your KIE Server templates, instances, and associated KIE containers in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface.

Note

By default, the Swagger web interface for the Process Automation Manager controller is enabled by the org.kie.workbench.swagger.disabled=false system property. To disable the Swagger web interface for the Process Automation Manager controller, set this system property to true.

Prerequisites

  • The Process Automation Manager controller is installed and running.
  • You have rest-all user role access to the Process Automation Manager controller if you installed Business Central, or kie-server user role access to the headless Process Automation Manager controller installed separately from Business Central.

Procedure

  1. In a web browser, navigate to http://SERVER:PORT/CONTROLLER/docs, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/docs, and log in with the user name and password of the Process Automation Manager controller user with the rest-all role or the headless Process Automation Manager controller user with the kie-server role.

    Note

    If you are using the Process Automation Manager controller built in to Business Central, the Swagger page associated with the Process Automation Manager controller is identified as the "Business Central API" for Business Central REST services. If you are using the headless Process Automation Manager controller without Business Central, the Swagger page associated with the headless Process Automation Manager controller is identified as the "Controller API". In both cases, the Process Automation Manager controller REST API endpoints are the same.

  2. In the Swagger page, select the relevant API endpoint to which you want to send a request, such as Controller :: KIE Server templates and KIE containers[GET] /controller/management/servers to retrieve KIE Server templates from the Process Automation Manager controller.
  3. Click Try it out and provide any optional parameters by which you want to filter results, if applicable.
  4. In the Response content type drop-down menu, select the desired format of the server response, such as application/json for JSON format.
  5. Click Execute and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    {
      "server-template": [
        {
          "server-id": "default-kieserver",
          "server-name": "default-kieserver",
          "container-specs": [
            {
              "container-id": "employeerostering_1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
              "container-name": "employeerostering",
              "server-template-key": {
                "server-id": "default-kieserver",
                "server-name": "default-kieserver"
              },
              "release-id": {
                "group-id": "employeerostering",
                "artifact-id": "employeerostering",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "configuration": {
                "RULE": {
                  "org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.RuleConfig": {
                    "pollInterval": null,
                    "scannerStatus": "STOPPED"
                  }
                },
                "PROCESS": {
                  "org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.ProcessConfig": {
                    "runtimeStrategy": "SINGLETON",
                    "kbase": "",
                    "ksession": "",
                    "mergeMode": "MERGE_COLLECTIONS"
                  }
                }
              },
              "status": "STARTED"
            },
            {
              "container-id": "mortgage-process_1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
              "container-name": "mortgage-process",
              "server-template-key": {
                "server-id": "default-kieserver",
                "server-name": "default-kieserver"
              },
              "release-id": {
                "group-id": "mortgage-process",
                "artifact-id": "mortgage-process",
                "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
              },
              "configuration": {
                "RULE": {
                  "org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.RuleConfig": {
                    "pollInterval": null,
                    "scannerStatus": "STOPPED"
                  }
                },
                "PROCESS": {
                  "org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.ProcessConfig": {
                    "runtimeStrategy": "PER_PROCESS_INSTANCE",
                    "kbase": "",
                    "ksession": "",
                    "mergeMode": "MERGE_COLLECTIONS"
                  }
                }
              },
              "status": "STARTED"
            }
          ],
          "server-config": {},
          "server-instances": [
            {
              "server-instance-id": "default-kieserver-instance@localhost:8080",
              "server-name": "default-kieserver-instance@localhost:8080",
              "server-template-id": "default-kieserver",
              "server-url": "http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server"
            }
          ],
          "capabilities": [
            "RULE",
            "PROCESS",
            "PLANNING"
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  6. In the Swagger page, navigate to the Controller :: KIE Server templates and KIE containers[GET] /controller/management/servers/{serverTemplateId} endpoint to send another request to create a new KIE Server template. Adjust any request details according to your use case.
  7. Click Try it out and enter the following components for the request:

    • serverTemplateId: Enter the ID of the new KIE Server template, such as new-kieserver.
    • body: Set the Parameter content type to the desired request body format, such as application/json for JSON format, and add a request body with the configurations for the new KIE Server template:
    {
      "server-id": "new-kieserver",
      "server-name": "new-kieserver",
      "container-specs": [],
      "server-config": {},
      "capabilities": [
        "RULE",
        "PROCESS",
        "PLANNING"
      ]
    }
  8. In the Response content type drop-down menu, select the desired format of the server response, such as application/json for JSON format.
  9. Click Execute and confirm the successful Process Automation Manager controller response.

    If you encounter request errors, review the returned error code messages and adjust your request accordingly.

5.3. Supported Process Automation Manager controller REST API endpoints

The Process Automation Manager controller REST API provides endpoints for interacting with KIE Server templates (configurations), KIE Server instances (remote servers), and associated KIE containers (deployment units). The Process Automation Manager controller REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/CONTROLLER/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the rest-all user role if you installed Business Central and you want to use the built-in Process Automation Manager controller, or the kie-server user role if you installed the headless Process Automation Manager controller separately from Business Central.

For the full list of Process Automation Manager controller REST API endpoints and descriptions, use one of the following resources:

  • Controller REST API on the jBPM Documentation page (static)
  • Swagger UI for the Process Automation Manager controller REST API at http://SERVER:PORT/CONTROLLER/docs (dynamic, requires running Process Automation Manager controller)

    Note

    By default, the Swagger web interface for the Process Automation Manager controller is enabled by the org.kie.workbench.swagger.disabled=false system property. To disable the Swagger web interface for the Process Automation Manager controller, set this system property to true.

    If you are using the Process Automation Manager controller built in to Business Central, the Swagger page associated with the Process Automation Manager controller is identified as the "Business Central API" for Business Central REST services. If you are using the headless Process Automation Manager controller without Business Central, the Swagger page associated with the headless Process Automation Manager controller is identified as the "Controller API". In both cases, the Process Automation Manager controller REST API endpoints are the same.

Chapter 6. Process Automation Manager controller Java client API for KIE Server templates and instances

Red Hat Process Automation Manager provides a Process Automation Manager controller Java client API that enables you to connect to the Process Automation Manager controller using REST or WebSocket protocol from your Java client application. You can use the Process Automation Manager controller Java client API as an alternative to the Process Automation Manager controller REST API to interact with your KIE Server templates (configurations), KIE Server instances (remote servers), and associated KIE containers (deployment units) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. This API support enables you to maintain your Red Hat Process Automation Manager servers and resources more efficiently and optimize your integration and development with Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

With the Process Automation Manager controller Java client API, you can perform the following actions also supported by the Process Automation Manager controller REST API:

  • Retrieve information about KIE Server templates, instances, and associated KIE containers
  • Update, start, or stop KIE containers associated with KIE Server templates and instances
  • Create, update, or delete KIE Server templates
  • Create, update, or delete KIE Server instances

Process Automation Manager controller Java client API requests require the following components:

Authentication

The Process Automation Manager controller Java client API requires HTTP Basic authentication for the following user roles, depending on controller type:

  • rest-all user role if you installed Business Central and you want to use the built-in Process Automation Manager controller
  • kie-server user role if you installed the headless Process Automation Manager controller separately from Business Central

To view configured user roles for your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/standalone/configuration/application-roles.properties and ~/application-users.properties.

To add a user with the kie-server role or the rest-all role or both, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/bin and run the following command with the role or roles specified:

$ ./add-user.sh -a --user <USERNAME> --password <PASSWORD> --role kie-server,rest-all

To configure the kie-server or rest-all user with Process Automation Manager controller access, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/standalone/configuration/standalone-full.xml, uncomment the org.kie.server properties (if applicable), and add the controller user login credentials and controller location (if needed):

<property name="org.kie.server.location" value="http://localhost:8080/kie-server/services/rest/server"/>
<property name="org.kie.server.controller" value="http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller"/>
<property name="org.kie.server.controller.user" value="baAdmin"/>
<property name="org.kie.server.controller.pwd" value="password@1"/>
<property name="org.kie.server.id" value="default-kieserver"/>

For more information about user roles and Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation options, see Planning a Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation.

Project dependencies

The Process Automation Manager controller Java client API requires the following dependencies on the relevant classpath of your Java project:

<!-- For remote execution on controller -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.kie.server</groupId>
  <artifactId>kie-server-controller-client</artifactId>
  <version>${rhpam.version}</version>
</dependency>

<!-- For REST client -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.jboss.resteasy</groupId>
  <artifactId>resteasy-client</artifactId>
  <version>${resteasy.version}</version>
</dependency>

<!-- For WebSocket client -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>io.undertow</groupId>
  <artifactId>undertow-websockets-jsr</artifactId>
  <version>${undertow.version}</version>
</dependency>

<!-- For debug logging (optional) -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
  <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
  <version>${logback.version}</version>
</dependency>

The <version> for Red Hat Process Automation Manager dependencies is the Maven artifact version for Red Hat Process Automation Manager currently used in your project (for example, 7.39.0.Final-redhat-00005).

Note

Instead of specifying a Red Hat Process Automation Manager <version> for individual dependencies, consider adding the Red Hat Business Automation bill of materials (BOM) dependency to your project pom.xml file. The Red Hat Business Automation BOM applies to both Red Hat Decision Manager and Red Hat Process Automation Manager. When you add the BOM files, the correct versions of transitive dependencies from the provided Maven repositories are included in the project.

Example BOM dependency:

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.redhat.ba</groupId>
  <artifactId>ba-platform-bom</artifactId>
  <version>7.8.0.redhat-00005</version>
  <scope>import</scope>
  <type>pom</type>
</dependency>

For more information about the Red Hat Business Automation BOM, see What is the mapping between RHPAM product and maven library version?.

Client request configuration

All Java client requests with the Process Automation Manager controller Java client API must define at least the following controller communication components:

  • Credentials of the rest-all user if you installed Business Central, or the kie-server user if you installed the headless Process Automation Manager controller separately from Business Central
  • Process Automation Manager controller location for REST or WebSocket protocol:

    • Example REST URL: http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller
    • Example WebSocket URL: ws://localhost:8080/headless-controller/websocket/controller
  • Marshalling format for API requests and responses (JSON or JAXB)
  • A KieServerControllerClient object, which serves as the entry point for starting the server communication using the Java client API
  • A KieServerControllerClientFactory defining REST or WebSocket protocol and user access
  • The Process Automation Manager controller client service or services used, such as listServerTemplates, getServerTemplate, or getServerInstances

The following are examples of REST and WebSocket client configurations with these components:

Client configuration example with REST

import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
import org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.ServerTemplateList;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClient;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClientFactory;

public class ListServerTemplatesExample {

    private static final String URL = "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller";
    private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
    private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";

    private static final MarshallingFormat FORMAT = MarshallingFormat.JSON;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        KieServerControllerClient client = KieServerControllerClientFactory.newRestClient(URL,
                                                                                          USER,
                                                                                          PASSWORD);

        final ServerTemplateList serverTemplateList = client.listServerTemplates();
        System.out.println(String.format("Found %s server template(s) at controller url: %s",
                                         serverTemplateList.getServerTemplates().length,
                                         URL));
    }
}

Client configuration example with WebSocket

import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
import org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.ServerTemplateList;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClient;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClientFactory;

public class ListServerTemplatesExample {

    private static final String URL = "ws://localhost:8080/my-controller/websocket/controller";
    private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
    private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";

    private static final MarshallingFormat FORMAT = MarshallingFormat.JSON;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        KieServerControllerClient client = KieServerControllerClientFactory.newWebSocketClient(URL,
                                                                                               USER,
                                                                                               PASSWORD);

        final ServerTemplateList serverTemplateList = client.listServerTemplates();
        System.out.println(String.format("Found %s server template(s) at controller url: %s",
                                         serverTemplateList.getServerTemplates().length,
                                         URL));
    }
}

6.1. Sending requests with the Process Automation Manager controller Java client API

The Process Automation Manager controller Java client API enables you to connect to the Process Automation Manager controller using REST or WebSocket protocols from your Java client application. You can use the Process Automation Manager controller Java client API as an alternative to the Process Automation Manager controller REST API to interact with your KIE Server templates (configurations), KIE Server instances (remote servers), and associated KIE containers (deployment units) in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface.

Prerequisites

  • KIE Server is installed and running.
  • The Process Automation Manager controller or headless Process Automation Manager controller is installed and running.
  • You have rest-all user role access to the Process Automation Manager controller if you installed Business Central, or kie-server user role access to the headless Process Automation Manager controller installed separately from Business Central.
  • You have a Java project with Red Hat Process Automation Manager resources.

Procedure

  1. In your client application, ensure that the following dependencies have been added to the relevant classpath of your Java project:

    <!-- For remote execution on controller -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.kie.server</groupId>
      <artifactId>kie-server-controller-client</artifactId>
      <version>${rhpam.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    
    <!-- For REST client -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.jboss.resteasy</groupId>
      <artifactId>resteasy-client</artifactId>
      <version>${resteasy.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    
    <!-- For WebSocket client -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>io.undertow</groupId>
      <artifactId>undertow-websockets-jsr</artifactId>
      <version>${undertow.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    
    <!-- For debug logging (optional) -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
      <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
      <version>${logback.version}</version>
    </dependency>
  2. Download the Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8.0 Source Distribution from the Red Hat Customer Portal and navigate to ~/rhpam-7.8.0-sources/src/droolsjbpm-integration-$VERSION/kie-server-parent/kie-server-controller/kie-server-controller-client/src/main/java/org/kie/server/controller/client to access the Process Automation Manager controller Java clients.
  3. In the ~/kie/server/controller/client folder , identify the relevant Java client implementation for the request you want to send, such as the RestKieServerControllerClient implementation to access client services for KIE Server templates and KIE containers in REST protocol.
  4. In your client application, create a .java class for the API request. The class must contain the necessary imports, the Process Automation Manager controller location and user credentials, a KieServerControllerClient object, and the client method to execute, such as createServerTemplate and createContainer from the RestKieServerControllerClient implementation. Adjust any configuration details according to your use case.

    Creating and interacting with a KIE Server template and KIE containers

    import java.util.Arrays;
    import java.util.HashMap;
    import java.util.Map;
    
    import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
    import org.kie.server.api.model.KieContainerStatus;
    import org.kie.server.api.model.KieScannerStatus;
    import org.kie.server.api.model.ReleaseId;
    import org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.*;
    import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClient;
    import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClientFactory;
    
    public class RestTemplateContainerExample {
    
      private static final String URL = "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller";
      private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
      private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";
    
        private static KieServerControllerClient client;
    
        public static void main(String[] args) {
            KieServerControllerClient client = KieServerControllerClientFactory.newRestClient(URL,
                                                                                              USER,
                                                                                              PASSWORD,
                                                                                              MarshallingFormat.JSON);
            // Create server template and KIE container, start and stop KIE container, and delete server template
            ServerTemplate serverTemplate = createServerTemplate();
            ContainerSpec container = createContainer(serverTemplate);
            client.startContainer(container);
            client.stopContainer(container);
            client.deleteServerTemplate(serverTemplate.getId());
        }
    
        // Re-create and configure server template
        protected static ServerTemplate createServerTemplate() {
            ServerTemplate serverTemplate = new ServerTemplate();
            serverTemplate.setId("example-client-id");
            serverTemplate.setName("example-client-name");
            serverTemplate.setCapabilities(Arrays.asList(Capability.PROCESS.name(),
                                                         Capability.RULE.name(),
                                                         Capability.PLANNING.name()));
    
            client.saveServerTemplate(serverTemplate);
    
            return serverTemplate;
        }
    
        // Re-create and configure KIE containers
        protected static ContainerSpec createContainer(ServerTemplate serverTemplate){
            Map<Capability, ContainerConfig> containerConfigMap = new HashMap();
    
            ProcessConfig processConfig = new ProcessConfig("PER_PROCESS_INSTANCE", "kieBase", "kieSession", "MERGE_COLLECTION");
            containerConfigMap.put(Capability.PROCESS, processConfig);
    
            RuleConfig ruleConfig = new RuleConfig(500l, KieScannerStatus.SCANNING);
            containerConfigMap.put(Capability.RULE, ruleConfig);
    
            ReleaseId releaseId = new ReleaseId("org.kie.server.testing", "stateless-session-kjar", "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT");
    
            ContainerSpec containerSpec = new ContainerSpec("example-container-id", "example-client-name", serverTemplate, releaseId, KieContainerStatus.STOPPED, containerConfigMap);
            client.saveContainerSpec(serverTemplate.getId(), containerSpec);
    
            return containerSpec;
        }
    }

  5. Run the configured .java class from your project directory to execute the request, and review the Process Automation Manager controller response.

    If you enabled debug logging, KIE Server responds with a detailed response according to your configured marshalling format, such as JSON. If you encounter request errors, review the returned error code messages and adjust your Java configurations accordingly.

6.2. Supported Process Automation Manager controller Java clients

The following are some of the Java client services available in the org.kie.server.controller.client package of your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution. You can use these services to interact with related resources in the Process Automation Manager controller similarly to the Process Automation Manager controller REST API.

  • KieServerControllerClient: Used as the entry point for communicating with the Process Automation Manager controller
  • RestKieServerControllerClient: Implementation used to interact with KIE Server templates and KIE containers in REST protocol (found in ~/org/kie/server/controller/client/rest)
  • WebSocketKieServerControllerClient: Implementation used to interact with KIE Server templates and KIE containers in WebSocket protocol (found in ~/org/kie/server/controller/client/websocket)

For the full list of available Process Automation Manager controller Java clients, download the Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8.0 Source Distribution from the Red Hat Customer Portal and navigate to ~/rhpam-7.8.0-sources/src/droolsjbpm-integration-$VERSION/kie-server-parent/kie-server-controller/kie-server-controller-client/src/main/java/org/kie/server/controller/client.

6.3. Example requests with the Process Automation Manager controller Java client API

The following are examples of Process Automation Manager controller Java client API requests for basic interactions with the Process Automation Manager controller. For the full list of available Process Automation Manager controller Java clients, download the Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8.0 Source Distribution from the Red Hat Customer Portal and navigate to ~/rhpam-7.8.0-sources/src/droolsjbpm-integration-$VERSION/kie-server-parent/kie-server-controller/kie-server-controller-client/src/main/java/org/kie/server/controller/client.

Creating and interacting with KIE Server templates and KIE containers

You can use the ServerTemplate and ContainerSpec services in the REST or WebSocket Process Automation Manager controller clients to create, dispose, and update KIE Server templates and KIE containers, and to start and stop KIE containers, as illustrated in this example.

Example request to create and interact with a KIE Server template and KIE containers

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
import org.kie.server.api.model.KieContainerStatus;
import org.kie.server.api.model.KieScannerStatus;
import org.kie.server.api.model.ReleaseId;
import org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.*;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClient;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClientFactory;

public class RestTemplateContainerExample {

  private static final String URL = "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller";
  private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
  private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";

    private static KieServerControllerClient client;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        KieServerControllerClient client = KieServerControllerClientFactory.newRestClient(URL,
                                                                                          USER,
                                                                                          PASSWORD,
                                                                                          MarshallingFormat.JSON);
        // Create server template and KIE container, start and stop KIE container, and delete server template
        ServerTemplate serverTemplate = createServerTemplate();
        ContainerSpec container = createContainer(serverTemplate);
        client.startContainer(container);
        client.stopContainer(container);
        client.deleteServerTemplate(serverTemplate.getId());
    }

    // Re-create and configure server template
    protected static ServerTemplate createServerTemplate() {
        ServerTemplate serverTemplate = new ServerTemplate();
        serverTemplate.setId("example-client-id");
        serverTemplate.setName("example-client-name");
        serverTemplate.setCapabilities(Arrays.asList(Capability.PROCESS.name(),
                                                     Capability.RULE.name(),
                                                     Capability.PLANNING.name()));

        client.saveServerTemplate(serverTemplate);

        return serverTemplate;
    }

    // Re-create and configure KIE containers
    protected static ContainerSpec createContainer(ServerTemplate serverTemplate){
        Map<Capability, ContainerConfig> containerConfigMap = new HashMap();

        ProcessConfig processConfig = new ProcessConfig("PER_PROCESS_INSTANCE", "kieBase", "kieSession", "MERGE_COLLECTION");
        containerConfigMap.put(Capability.PROCESS, processConfig);

        RuleConfig ruleConfig = new RuleConfig(500l, KieScannerStatus.SCANNING);
        containerConfigMap.put(Capability.RULE, ruleConfig);

        ReleaseId releaseId = new ReleaseId("org.kie.server.testing", "stateless-session-kjar", "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT");

        ContainerSpec containerSpec = new ContainerSpec("example-container-id", "example-client-name", serverTemplate, releaseId, KieContainerStatus.STOPPED, containerConfigMap);
        client.saveContainerSpec(serverTemplate.getId(), containerSpec);

        return containerSpec;
    }
}

Listing KIE Server templates and specifying connection timeout (REST)

When you use REST protocol for Process Automation Manager controller Java client API requests, you can provide your own javax.ws.rs.core.Configuration specification to modify the underlying REST client API, such as connection timeout.

Example REST request to return server templates and specify connection timeout

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import javax.ws.rs.core.Configuration;
import org.jboss.resteasy.client.jaxrs.ResteasyClientBuilder;

import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
import org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.ServerTemplateList;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClient;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClientFactory;

public class RESTTimeoutExample {

  private static final String URL = "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/controller";
  private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
  private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";

  public static void main(String[] args) {

      // Specify connection timeout
      final Configuration configuration =
              new ResteasyClientBuilder()
                      .establishConnectionTimeout(10,
                                                    TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                      .socketTimeout(60,
                                       TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                        .getConfiguration();
        KieServerControllerClient client = KieServerControllerClientFactory.newRestClient(URL,
                                                                                          USER,
                                                                                          PASSWORD,
                                                                                          MarshallingFormat.JSON,
                                                                                          configuration);

        // Retrieve list of server templates
        final ServerTemplateList serverTemplateList = client.listServerTemplates();
        System.out.println(String.format("Found %s server template(s) at controller url: %s",
                                         serverTemplateList.getServerTemplates().length,
                                         URL));
    }
}

Listing KIE Server templates and specifying event notifications (WebSocket)

When you use WebSocket protocol for Process Automation Manager controller Java client API requests, you can enable event notifications based on changes that happen in the particular Process Automation Manager controller to which the client API is connected. For example, you can receive notifications when KIE Server templates or instances are connected to or updated in the Process Automation Manager controller.

Example WebSocket request to return server templates and specify event notifications

import org.kie.server.api.marshalling.MarshallingFormat;
import org.kie.server.controller.api.model.events.*;
import org.kie.server.controller.api.model.spec.ServerTemplateList;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClient;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.KieServerControllerClientFactory;
import org.kie.server.controller.client.event.EventHandler;

public class WebSocketEventsExample {

    private static final String URL = "ws://localhost:8080/my-controller/websocket/controller";
    private static final String USER = "baAdmin";
    private static final String PASSWORD = "password@1";

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        KieServerControllerClient client = KieServerControllerClientFactory.newWebSocketClient(URL,
                                                                                               USER,
                                                                                               PASSWORD,
                                                                                               MarshallingFormat.JSON,
                                                                                               new TestEventHandler());

        // Retrieve list of server templates
        final ServerTemplateList serverTemplateList = client.listServerTemplates();
        System.out.println(String.format("Found %s server template(s) at controller url: %s",
                                         serverTemplateList.getServerTemplates().length,
                                         URL));
        try {
            Thread.sleep(60 * 1000);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    // Set up event notifications
    static class TestEventHandler implements EventHandler {

        @Override
        public void onServerInstanceConnected(ServerInstanceConnected serverInstanceConnected) {
            System.out.println("serverInstanceConnected = " + serverInstanceConnected);
        }

        @Override
        public void onServerInstanceDeleted(ServerInstanceDeleted serverInstanceDeleted) {
            System.out.println("serverInstanceDeleted = " + serverInstanceDeleted);
        }

        @Override
        public void onServerInstanceDisconnected(ServerInstanceDisconnected serverInstanceDisconnected) {
            System.out.println("serverInstanceDisconnected = " + serverInstanceDisconnected);
        }

        @Override
        public void onServerTemplateDeleted(ServerTemplateDeleted serverTemplateDeleted) {
            System.out.println("serverTemplateDeleted = " + serverTemplateDeleted);
        }

        @Override
        public void onServerTemplateUpdated(ServerTemplateUpdated serverTemplateUpdated) {
            System.out.println("serverTemplateUpdated = " + serverTemplateUpdated);
        }

        @Override
        public void onServerInstanceUpdated(ServerInstanceUpdated serverInstanceUpdated) {
            System.out.println("serverInstanceUpdated = " + serverInstanceUpdated);
        }

        @Override
        public void onContainerSpecUpdated(ContainerSpecUpdated containerSpecUpdated) {
            System.out.println("onContainerSpecUpdated = " + containerSpecUpdated);
        }
    }
}

Chapter 7. Knowledge Store REST API for Business Central spaces and projects

Red Hat Process Automation Manager provides a Knowledge Store REST API that you can use to interact with your projects and spaces in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. The Knowledge Store is the artifact repository for assets in Red Hat Process Automation Manager. This API support enables you to facilitate and automate maintenance of Business Central projects and spaces.

With the Knowledge Store REST API, you can perform the following actions:

  • Retrieve information about all projects and spaces
  • Create, update, or delete projects and spaces
  • Build, deploy, and test projects
  • Retrieve information about previous Knowledge Store REST API requests, or jobs

Knowledge Store REST API requests require the following components:

Authentication

The Knowledge Store REST API requires HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the user role rest-all. To view configured user roles for your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/standalone/configuration/application-roles.properties and ~/application-users.properties.

To add a user with the rest-all role, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/bin and run the following command:

$ ./add-user.sh -a --user <USERNAME> --password <PASSWORD> --role rest-all

For more information about user roles and Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation options, see Planning a Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation.

HTTP headers

The Knowledge Store REST API requires the following HTTP headers for API requests:

  • Accept: Data format accepted by your requesting client:

    • application/json (JSON)
  • Content-Type: Data format of your POST or PUT API request data:

    • application/json (JSON)
HTTP methods

The Knowledge Store REST API supports the following HTTP methods for API requests:

  • GET: Retrieves specified information from a specified resource endpoint
  • POST: Creates or updates a resource
  • PUT: Updates a resource
  • DELETE: Deletes a resource
Base URL

The base URL for Knowledge Store REST API requests is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/.

Note

The REST API base URL for the Knowledge Store and for the Process Automation Manager controller built in to Business Central are the same because both are considered part of Business Central REST services.

Endpoints

Knowledge Store REST API endpoints, such as /spaces/{spaceName} for a specified space, are the URIs that you append to the Knowledge Store REST API base URL to access the corresponding resource or type of resource in Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

Example request URL for /spaces/{spaceName} endpoint

http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces/MySpace

Request data

HTTP POST requests in the Knowledge Store REST API may require a JSON request body with data to accompany the request.

Example POST request URL and JSON request body data

http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces/MySpace/projects

{
  "name": "Employee_Rostering",
  "groupId": "employeerostering",
  "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
  "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill."
}

7.1. Sending requests with the Knowledge Store REST API using a REST client or curl utility

The Knowledge Store REST API enables you to interact with your projects and spaces in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. You can send Knowledge Store REST API requests using any REST client or curl utility.

Prerequisites

  • Business Central is installed and running.
  • You have rest-all user role access to Business Central.

Procedure

  1. Identify the relevant API endpoint to which you want to send a request, such as [GET] /spaces to retrieve spaces in Business Central.
  2. In a REST client or curl utility, enter the following components for a GET request to /spaces. Adjust any request details according to your use case.

    For REST client:

    • Authentication: Enter the user name and password of the Business Central user with the rest-all role.
    • HTTP Headers: Set the following header:

      • Accept: application/json
    • HTTP method: Set to GET.
    • URL: Enter the Knowledge Store REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces.

    For curl utility:

    • -u: Enter the user name and password of the Business Central user with the rest-all role.
    • -H: Set the following header:

      • Accept: application/json
    • -X: Set to GET.
    • URL: Enter the Knowledge Store REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces.
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "Accept: application/json" -X GET "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces"
  3. Execute the request and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    [
      {
        "name": "MySpace",
        "description": null,
        "projects": [
          {
            "name": "Employee_Rostering",
            "spaceName": "MySpace",
            "groupId": "employeerostering",
            "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
            "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill.",
            "publicURIs": [
              {
                "protocol": "git",
                "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
              },
              {
                "protocol": "ssh",
                "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "name": "Mortgage_Process",
            "spaceName": "MySpace",
            "groupId": "mortgage-process",
            "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
            "description": "Getting started loan approval process in BPMN2, decision table, business rules, and forms.",
            "publicURIs": [
              {
                "protocol": "git",
                "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Mortgage_Process"
              },
              {
                "protocol": "ssh",
                "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Mortgage_Process"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "owner": "admin",
        "defaultGroupId": "com.myspace"
      },
      {
        "name": "MySpace2",
        "description": null,
        "projects": [
          {
            "name": "IT_Orders",
            "spaceName": "MySpace",
            "groupId": "itorders",
            "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
            "description": "Case Management IT Orders project",
            "publicURIs": [
              {
                "protocol": "git",
                "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-IT_Orders-1"
              },
              {
                "protocol": "ssh",
                "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-IT_Orders-1"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "owner": "admin",
        "defaultGroupId": "com.myspace"
      }
    ]
  4. In your REST client or curl utility, send another API request with the following components for a POST request to /spaces/{spaceName}/projects to create a project within a space. Adjust any request details according to your use case.

    For REST client:

    • Authentication: Enter the user name and password of the Business Central user with the rest-all role.
    • HTTP Headers: Set the following header:

      • Accept: application/json
      • Content-Type: application/json
    • HTTP method: Set to POST.
    • URL: Enter the Knowledge Store REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces/MySpace/projects.
    • Request body: Add a JSON request body with the identification data for the new project:
    {
      "name": "Employee_Rostering",
      "groupId": "employeerostering",
      "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
      "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill."
    }

    For curl utility:

    • -u: Enter the user name and password of the Business Central user with the rest-all role.
    • -H: Set the following headers:

      • Accept: application/json
      • Content-Type: application/json
    • -X: Set to POST.
    • URL: Enter the Knowledge Store REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces/MySpace/projects.
    • -d: Add a JSON request body or file (@file.json) with the identification data for the new project:
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces/MySpace/projects" -d "{ \"name\": \"Employee_Rostering\", \"groupId\": \"employeerostering\", \"version\": \"1.0.0-SNAPSHOT\", \"description\": \"Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill.\"}"
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/spaces/MySpace/projects" -d @my-project.json
  5. Execute the request and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    {
      "jobId": "1541017411591-6",
      "status": "APPROVED",
      "spaceName": "MySpace",
      "projectName": "Employee_Rostering",
      "projectGroupId": "employeerostering",
      "projectVersion": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
      "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill."
    }

    If you encounter request errors, review the returned error code messages and adjust your request accordingly.

7.2. Supported Knowledge Store REST API endpoints

The Knowledge Store REST API provides endpoints for managing spaces and projects in Red Hat Process Automation Manager and for retrieving information about previous Knowledge Store REST API requests, or jobs.

7.2.1. Spaces

The Knowledge Store REST API supports the following endpoints for managing spaces in Business Central. The Knowledge Store REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the rest-all user role.

[GET] /spaces

Returns all spaces in Business Central.

Example server response (JSON)

[
  {
    "name": "MySpace",
    "description": null,
    "projects": [
      {
        "name": "Employee_Rostering",
        "spaceName": "MySpace",
        "groupId": "employeerostering",
        "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
        "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill.",
        "publicURIs": [
          {
            "protocol": "git",
            "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
          },
          {
            "protocol": "ssh",
            "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "name": "Mortgage_Process",
        "spaceName": "MySpace",
        "groupId": "mortgage-process",
        "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
        "description": "Getting started loan approval process in BPMN2, decision table, business rules, and forms.",
        "publicURIs": [
          {
            "protocol": "git",
            "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Mortgage_Process"
          },
          {
            "protocol": "ssh",
            "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Mortgage_Process"
          }
        ]
      }
    ],
    "owner": "admin",
    "defaultGroupId": "com.myspace"
  },
  {
    "name": "MySpace2",
    "description": null,
    "projects": [
      {
        "name": "IT_Orders",
        "spaceName": "MySpace",
        "groupId": "itorders",
        "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
        "description": "Case Management IT Orders project",
        "publicURIs": [
          {
            "protocol": "git",
            "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-IT_Orders-1"
          },
          {
            "protocol": "ssh",
            "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-IT_Orders-1"
          }
        ]
      }
    ],
    "owner": "admin",
    "defaultGroupId": "com.myspace"
  }
]

[GET] /spaces/{spaceName}

Returns information about a specified space.

Table 7.1. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space to be retrieved

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "name": "MySpace",
  "description": null,
  "projects": [
    {
      "name": "Mortgage_Process",
      "spaceName": "MySpace",
      "groupId": "mortgage-process",
      "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
      "description": "Getting started loan approval process in BPMN2, decision table, business rules, and forms.",
      "publicURIs": [
        {
          "protocol": "git",
          "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Mortgage_Process"
        },
        {
          "protocol": "ssh",
          "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Mortgage_Process"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "name": "Employee_Rostering",
      "spaceName": "MySpace",
      "groupId": "employeerostering",
      "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
      "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill.",
      "publicURIs": [
        {
          "protocol": "git",
          "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
        },
        {
          "protocol": "ssh",
          "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "name": "Evaluation_Process",
      "spaceName": "MySpace",
      "groupId": "evaluation",
      "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
      "description": "Getting started Business Process for evaluating employees",
      "publicURIs": [
        {
          "protocol": "git",
          "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Evaluation_Process"
        },
        {
          "protocol": "ssh",
          "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Evaluation_Process"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "name": "IT_Orders",
      "spaceName": "MySpace",
      "groupId": "itorders",
      "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
      "description": "Case Management IT Orders project",
      "publicURIs": [
        {
          "protocol": "git",
          "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-IT_Orders"
        },
        {
          "protocol": "ssh",
          "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-IT_Orders"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "owner": "admin",
  "defaultGroupId": "com.myspace"
}

[POST] /spaces

Creates a space in Business Central.

Table 7.2. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

body

The name, description, owner, defaultGroupId, and any other components of the new space

Request body

Required

Example request body (JSON)

{
  "name": "NewSpace",
  "description": "My new space.",
  "owner": "admin",
  "defaultGroupId": "com.newspace"
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541016978154-3",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "spaceName": "NewSpace",
  "owner": "admin",
  "defaultGroupId": "com.newspace",
  "description": "My new space."
}

[PUT] /spaces

Updates description, owner, and defaultGroupId of a space in Business Central.

Example request body (JSON)

{
  "name": "MySpace",
  "description": "This is updated description",
  "owner": "admin",
  "defaultGroupId": "com.updatedGroupId"
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1592214574454-1",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "spaceName": "MySpace",
  "owner": "admin",
  "defaultGroupId": "com.updatedGroupId",
  "description": "This is updated description"
}

[DELETE] /spaces/{spaceName}

Deletes a specified space from Business Central.

Table 7.3. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space to be deleted

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541127032997-8",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "spaceName": "MySpace",
  "owner": "admin",
  "description": "My deleted space.",
  "repositories": null
}

7.2.2. Projects

The Knowledge Store REST API supports the following endpoints for managing, building, and deploying projects in Business Central. The Knowledge Store REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the rest-all user role.

[GET] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects

Returns projects in a specified space.

Table 7.4. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space for which you are retrieving projects

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

[
  {
    "name": "Mortgage_Process",
    "spaceName": "MySpace",
    "groupId": "mortgage-process",
    "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
    "description": "Getting started loan approval process in BPMN2, decision table, business rules, and forms.",
    "publicURIs": [
      {
        "protocol": "git",
        "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Mortgage_Process"
      },
      {
        "protocol": "ssh",
        "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Mortgage_Process"
      }
    ]
  },
  {
    "name": "Employee_Rostering",
    "spaceName": "MySpace",
    "groupId": "employeerostering",
    "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
    "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill.",
    "publicURIs": [
      {
        "protocol": "git",
        "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
      },
      {
        "protocol": "ssh",
        "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
      }
    ]
  },
  {
    "name": "Evaluation_Process",
    "spaceName": "MySpace",
    "groupId": "evaluation",
    "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
    "description": "Getting started Business Process for evaluating employees",
    "publicURIs": [
      {
        "protocol": "git",
        "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Evaluation_Process"
      },
      {
        "protocol": "ssh",
        "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Evaluation_Process"
      }
    ]
  },
  {
    "name": "IT_Orders",
    "spaceName": "MySpace",
    "groupId": "itorders",
    "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
    "description": "Case Management IT Orders project",
    "publicURIs": [
      {
        "protocol": "git",
        "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-IT_Orders"
      },
      {
        "protocol": "ssh",
        "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-IT_Orders"
      }
    ]
  }
]

[GET] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}

Returns information about a specified project in a specified space.

Table 7.5. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project to be retrieved

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "name": "Employee_Rostering",
  "spaceName": "MySpace",
  "groupId": "employeerostering",
  "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
  "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill.",
  "publicURIs": [
    {
      "protocol": "git",
      "uri": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
    },
    {
      "protocol": "ssh",
      "uri": "ssh://localhost:8001/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
    }
  ]
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects

Creates a project in a specified space.

Table 7.6. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space in which the new project will be created

String

Required

body

The name, groupId, version, description, and any other components of the new project

Request body

Required

Example request body (JSON)

{
  "name": "Employee_Rostering",
  "groupId": "employeerostering",
  "version": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
  "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill."
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541017411591-6",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "spaceName": "MySpace",
  "projectName": "Employee_Rostering",
  "projectGroupId": "employeerostering",
  "projectVersion": "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT",
  "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill."
}

[DELETE] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}

Deletes a specified project from a specified space.

Table 7.7. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project to be deleted

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541128617727-10",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "projectName": "Employee_Rostering",
  "spaceName": "MySpace"
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/git/clone

Clones a project into a specified space from a specified Git address.

Table 7.8. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space to which you are cloning a project

String

Required

body

The name, description, and Git repository userName, password, and gitURL for the project to be cloned

Request body

Required

Example request body (JSON)

{
  "name": "Employee_Rostering",
  "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill.",
  "userName": "baAdmin",
  "password": "password@1",
  "gitURL": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541129488547-13",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "cloneProjectRequest": {
    "name": "Employee_Rostering",
    "description": "Employee rostering problem optimisation using Planner. Assigns employees to shifts based on their skill.",
    "userName": "baAdmin",
    "password": "password@1",
    "gitURL": "git://localhost:9418/MySpace/example-Employee_Rostering"
  },
  "spaceName": "MySpace2"
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/maven/compile

Compiles a specified project in a specified space (equivalent to mvn compile).

Table 7.9. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project to be compiled

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541128617727-10",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "projectName": "Employee_Rostering",
  "spaceName": "MySpace"
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/maven/test

Tests a specified project in a specified space (equivalent to mvn test).

Table 7.10. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project to be tested

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541132591595-19",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "projectName": "Employee_Rostering",
  "spaceName": "MySpace"
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/maven/install

Installs a specified project in a specified space (equivalent to mvn install).

Table 7.11. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project to be installed

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541132668987-20",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "projectName": "Employee_Rostering",
  "spaceName": "MySpace"
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/maven/deploy

Deploys a specified project in a specified space (equivalent to mvn deploy).

Table 7.12. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project to be deployed

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "jobId": "1541132816435-21",
  "status": "APPROVED",
  "projectName": "Employee_Rostering",
  "spaceName": "MySpace"
}

7.2.3. Jobs (API requests)

All POST and DELETE requests in the Knowledge Store REST API return a job ID associated with each request, in addition to the returned request details. You can use a job ID to view the request status or delete a sent request.

Knowledge Store REST API requests, or jobs, can have the following statuses:

Table 7.13. Job statuses (API request statuses)

StatusDescription

ACCEPTED

The request was accepted and is being processed.

BAD_REQUEST

The request contained incorrect content and was not accepted.

RESOURCE_NOT_EXIST

The requested resource (path) does not exist.

DUPLICATE_RESOURCE

The resource already exists.

SERVER_ERROR

An error occurred in KIE Server.

SUCCESS

The request finished successfully.

FAIL

The request failed.

APPROVED

The request was approved.

DENIED

The request was denied.

GONE

The job ID for the request could not be found due to one of the following reasons:

  • The request was explicitly removed.
  • The request finished and has been deleted from a status cache. A request is removed from a status cache after the cache has reached its maximum capacity.
  • The request never existed.

The Knowledge Store REST API supports the following endpoints for retrieving or deleting sent API requests. The Knowledge Store REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the rest-all user role.

[GET] /jobs/{jobId}

Returns the status of a specified job (a previously sent API request).

Table 7.14. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

jobId

ID of the job to be retrieved (example: 1541010216919-1)

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "SUCCESS",
  "jobId": "1541010216919-1",
  "result": null,
  "lastModified": 1541010218352,
  "detailedResult": [
    "level:INFO, path:null, text:Build of module 'Mortgage_Process' (requested by system) completed.\n Build: SUCCESSFUL"
  ]
}

[DELETE] /jobs/{jobId}

Deletes a specified job (a previously sent API request). If the job is not being processed yet, this request removes the job from the job queue. This request does not cancel or stop an ongoing job.

Table 7.15. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

jobId

ID of the job to be deleted (example: 1541010216919-1)

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "GONE",
  "jobId": "1541010216919-1",
  "result": null,
  "lastModified": 1541132054916,
  "detailedResult": [
    "level:INFO, path:null, text:Build of module 'Mortgage_Process' (requested by system) completed.\n Build: SUCCESSFUL"
  ]
}

7.2.4. Branches

The Knowledge Store REST API supports the following endpoints for managing branches in Business Central. The Knowledge Store REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the rest-all user role.

[GET] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/branches

Returns all branches in a specified project and space.

Table 7.16. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space for which you are retrieving projects

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project for which you are retrieving branches

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

[
  {
    "name":"master"
  }
]

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/branches

Adds a specified branch in a specified project and space.

Table 7.17. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project in which the new branch needs to be created

String

Required

body

The newBranchName and baseBranchName of a project

Request body

Required

Example request body (JSON)

{
   "newBranchName":  "branch01",
   "baseBranchName": "master"
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
    "jobId":          "1576175811141-3",
    "status":         "APPROVED",
    "spaceName":      "Space123",
    "projectName":    "ProjABC",
    "newBranchName":  "b1",
    "baseBranchName": "master",
    "userIdentifier": "bc"
}

[DELETE] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/branches/{branchName}

Deletes a specified branch in a specified project and space.

Table 7.18. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project where the branch is located

String

Required

branchName

Name of the branch to be deleted

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
    "jobId":          "1576175811421-5",
    "status":         "APPROVED",
    "spaceName":      "Space123",
    "projectName":    "ProjABC",
    "branchName":     "b1",
    "userIdentifier": "bc"
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/branches/{branchName}/maven/compile

Compiles a specified branch in a specified project and space. If branchName is not specified, then request applies to the master branch.

Table 7.19. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project where the branch is located

String

Required

branchName

Name of the branch to be compiled

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
    "jobId":       "1576175811233-4",
    "status":      "APPROVED",
    "spaceName":   "Space123",
    "projectName": "ProjABC",
    "branchName":  "b1",
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/branches/{branchName}/maven/install

Installs a specified branch in a specified project and space. If branchName is not specified, then request applies to the master branch.

Table 7.20. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project where the branch is located

String

Required

branchName

Name of the branch to be installed

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
    "jobId":       "1576175811233-4",
    "status":      "APPROVED",
    "spaceName":   "Space123",
    "projectName": "ProjABC",
    "branchName":  "b1",
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/branches/{branchName}/maven/test

Tests a specified branch in a specified project and space. If branchName is not specified, then request applies to the master branch.

Table 7.21. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project where the branch is located

String

Required

branchName

Name of the branch to be tested

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
    "jobId":       "1576175811233-4",
    "status":      "APPROVED",
    "spaceName":   "Space123",
    "projectName": "ProjABC",
    "branchName":  "b1",
}

[POST] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects/{projectName}/branches/{branchName}/maven/deploy

Deploys a specified branch in a specified project and space. If branchName is not specified, then request applies to the master branch.

Table 7.22. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

spaceName

Name of the space where the project is located

String

Required

projectName

Name of the project where the branch is located

String

Required

branchName

Name of the branch to be deployed

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
    "jobId":       "1576175811233-4",
    "status":      "APPROVED",
    "spaceName":   "Space123",
    "projectName": "ProjABC",
    "branchName":  "b1",
}

Chapter 8. Security Management REST API for Business Central groups, roles, and users

Red Hat Process Automation Manager provides a Security Management REST API that you can use to manage the groups, roles, and users in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. This API support enables you to facilitate and automate management of Business Central groups, roles, users, and granted permissions.

With the Security Management REST API, you can perform the following actions:

  • Retrieve information about all groups, roles, users, and their granted permissions
  • Create, update, or delete groups and users
  • Update granted permissions for groups, roles, and users
  • Retrieve information about groups and roles assigned to the users

Security Management REST API requests require the following components:

Authentication

The Security Management REST API requires HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the user role admin. To view configured user roles for your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/standalone/configuration/application-roles.properties and ~/application-users.properties.

To add a user with the admin role, navigate to ~/$SERVER_HOME/bin and run the following command:

$ ./add-user.sh -a --user <USERNAME> --password <PASSWORD> --role admin

For more information about user roles and Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation options, see Planning a Red Hat Process Automation Manager installation.

HTTP headers

The Security Management REST API requires the following HTTP headers for API requests:

  • Accept: Data format accepted by your requesting client:

    • application/json (JSON)
  • Content-Type: Data format of your POST or PUT API request data:

    • application/json (JSON)
HTTP methods

The Security Management REST API supports the following HTTP methods for API requests:

  • GET: Retrieves specified information from a specified resource endpoint
  • POST: Creates or updates a resource
  • DELETE: Deletes a resource
Base URL

The base URL for Security Management REST API requests is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/.

Note

The REST API base URL for the Security Management, Knowledge Store, and Process Automation Manager controller built into Business Central are the same because all are considered part of Business Central REST services.

Endpoints

Security Management REST API endpoints, such as /users/{userName} for a specified user, are the URIs that you append to the Security Management REST API base URL to access the corresponding resource or type of resource in Red Hat Process Automation Manager.

Example request URL for /users/{userName} endpoint

http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/users/newUser

Request data

HTTP POST requests in the Security Management REST API may require a JSON request body with data to accompany the request.

Example POST request URL and JSON request body data

http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/users/newUser/groups

[
  "newGroup"
]

8.1. Sending requests with the Security Management REST API using a REST client or curl utility

The Security Management REST API enables you to manage the groups, roles, and users in Red Hat Process Automation Manager without using the Business Central user interface. You can send Security Management REST API requests using any REST client or curl utility.

Prerequisites

  • Business Central is installed and running.
  • You have admin user role access to Business Central.

Procedure

  1. Identify the relevant API endpoint to which you want to send a request, such as [GET] /groups to retrieve groups in Business Central.
  2. In a REST client or curl utility, enter the following components for a GET request to /groups. Adjust any request details according to your use case.

    For REST client:

    • Authentication: Enter the user name and password of the Business Central user with the admin role.
    • HTTP Headers: Set the following header:

      • Accept: application/json
    • HTTP method: Set to GET.
    • URL: Enter the Security Management REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/groups.

    For curl utility:

    • -u: Enter the user name and password of the Business Central user with the admin role.
    • -H: Set the following header:

      • Accept: application/json
    • -X: Set to GET.
    • URL: Enter the Security Management REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/groups.
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "Accept: application/json" -X GET "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/groups"
  3. Execute the request and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    [
      	{
    		"group1"
    	},
    	{
    		"group2"
    	}
    ]
  4. In your REST client or curl utility, send another API request with the following components for a POST request to /users/{userName}/groups to update the groups assigned to a user. Adjust any request details according to your use case.

    For REST client:

    • Authentication: Enter the user name and password of the Business Central user with the admin role.
    • HTTP Headers: Set the following header:

      • Accept: application/json
      • Content-Type: application/json
    • HTTP method: Set to POST.
    • URL: Enter the Security Management REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/users/newUser/groups.
    • Request body: Add a JSON request body with the identification data for the new group:
    [
      "newGroup"
    ]

    For curl utility:

    • -u: Enter the user name and password of the Business Central user with the admin role.
    • -H: Set the following headers:

      • Accept: application/json
      • Content-Type: application/json
    • -X: Set to POST.
    • URL: Enter the Security Management REST API base URL and endpoint, such as http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/users/newUser/groups.
    • -d: Add a JSON request body or file (@file.json) with the identification data for the new group:
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/users/newUser/groups" -d "["newGroup"]"
    curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/users/newUser/groups" -d @user-groups.json
  5. Execute the request and review the KIE Server response.

    Example server response (JSON):

    {
      "status": "OK",
      "message": "Groups [newGroup] are assigned successfully to user wbadmin"
    }

    If you encounter request errors, review the returned error code messages and adjust your request accordingly.

8.2. Supported Security Management REST API endpoints

The Security Management REST API provides endpoints for managing groups, roles, users, and permissions in Business Central. It includes the security and permission management tasks that an administrator can also perform using the Security Management page in Business Central.

8.2.1. Groups

The Security Management REST API supports the following endpoints for managing groups in Business Central. The Security Management REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the admin user role.

[GET] /groups

Returns all groups in Business Central.

Example server response (JSON)

[
  	{
		"group1"
	},
	{
		"group2"
	}
]

[POST] /groups

Creates a group in Business Central. A group must have at least one user assigned.

Table 8.1. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

body

Name of the group and users assigned to the new group

Request body

Required

Example request body (JSON)

{
  "name": "groupName",
  "users": [
    "userNames"
  ]
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "Group newGroup is created successfully."
}

[DELETE] /groups/{groupName}

Deletes a specified group from Business Central.

Table 8.2. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

groupName

Name of the group to be deleted

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "Group newGroup is deleted successfully."
}

8.2.2. Roles

The Security Management REST API supports the following endpoints for managing roles in Business Central. The Security Management REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the admin user role.

[GET] /roles

Returns all roles in Business Central.

Example server response (JSON)

[
  {
    "name": "process-admin"
  },
  {
    "name": "manager"
  },
  {
    "name": "admin"
  }
]

8.2.3. Users

The Security Management REST API supports the following endpoints for managing users in Business Central. The Security Management REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the admin user role.

[GET] /users

Returns all users in Business Central.

Example server response (JSON)

[
    "newUser",
    "user1",
    "user2",
]

[GET] /users/{userName}/groups

Returns all groups assigned to a specified user.

Table 8.3. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

userName

Name of the user for whom you are retrieving assigned groups

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

[
  	{
		"group1"
	},
	{
		"group2"
	}
]

[GET] /users/{userName}/roles

Returns all roles assigned to a specified user.

Table 8.4. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

userName

Name of the user for whom you are retrieving assigned roles

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

[
  {
    "name": "process-admin"
  },
  {
    "name": "manager"
  },
  {
    "name": "admin"
  }
]

[POST] /users

Creates a specified user with specified roles and groups.

Example request body (JSON)

{
  "name": "newUser",
  "roles": [
    "admin",
    "developer"
  ],
  "groups": [
    "group1",
    "group2"
  ]
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "User newUser is created successfully."
}

[Post] /users/{userName}/changePassword

Changes the password of a specified user.

Table 8.5. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

userName

Name of the user for whom you are changing the password

String

Required

Example request command

curl -u 'baAdmin:password@1' -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST "http://localhost:8080/business-central/rest/users/newUser/changePassword" -d newpassword

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "Password for newUser has been updated successfully."
}

[DELETE] /users/{userName}

Deletes a specified user from Business Central.

Table 8.6. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

userName

Name of the user to be deleted

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "User newUser is deleted successfully."
}

[POST] /users/{userName}/groups

Overrides the existing groups assigned to a specified user with new groups.

Table 8.7. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

userName

Name of the user for whom you are updating groups

String

Required

Example request body (JSON)

[
  "newGroup"
]

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "Groups [newGroup] are assigned successfully to user wbadmin"
}

[POST] /users/{userName}/roles

Overrides the existing roles assigned to a specified user with new roles.

Table 8.8. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

userName

Name of the user for whom you are updating roles

String

Required

Example request body (JSON)

[
  "admin"
]

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "Roles [admin] are assigned successfully to user wbadmin"
}

8.2.4. Permissions

The Security Management REST API supports the following endpoints for managing permissions granted to the groups, roles, and users in Business Central. The Security Management REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/. All requests require HTTP Basic authentication or token-based authentication for the admin user role.

[GET] /groups/{groupName}/permissions

Returns all permissions granted to a specified group.

Table 8.9. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

groupName

Name of the group for whom you are retrieving permissions

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
	"homePage": "HomePerspective",
	"priority": -10,
	"project": {
		"read": {
			"access": false,
			"exceptions": []
		},

	},
	"spaces": {
		"read": {
			"access": true,
			"exceptions": [
				"MySpace"
			]
		},
	},
	"editor": {
		"read": {
			"access": false,
			"exceptions": [
				"GuidedDecisionTreeEditorPresenter"
			]
		},
		"create": null,
		"update": null,
		"delete": null,
		"build": null
	},
	"pages": {
		"read": {
			"access": true,
			"exceptions": []
		},
		"build": null
	},
	"workbench": {
		"editDataObject": false,
		"plannerAvailable": false,
		"editGlobalPreferences": false,
		"editProfilePreferences": false,
		"accessDataTransfer": false,
		"jarDownload": true,
		"editGuidedDecisionTableColumns": true
	}
}

[GET] /roles/{roleName}/permissions

Returns all permissions granted to a specified role.

Table 8.10. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

roleName

Name of the role for whom you are retrieving permissions

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
	"homePage": "HomePerspective",
	"priority": -10,
	"project": {
		"read": {
			"access": false,
			"exceptions": []
		},

	},
	"spaces": {
		"read": {
			"access": true,
			"exceptions": [
				"MySpace"
			]
		},
	},
	"editor": {
		"read": {
			"access": false,
			"exceptions": [
				"GuidedDecisionTreeEditorPresenter"
			]
		},
		"create": null,
		"update": null,
		"delete": null,
		"build": null
	},
	"pages": {
		"read": {
			"access": true,
			"exceptions": []
		},
		"build": null
	},
	"workbench": {
		"editDataObject": false,
		"plannerAvailable": false,
		"editGlobalPreferences": false,
		"editProfilePreferences": false,
		"accessDataTransfer": false,
		"jarDownload": true,
		"editGuidedDecisionTableColumns": true
	}
}

[GET] /users/{userName}/permissions

Returns all permissions granted to a specified user.

Table 8.11. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

userName

Name of the user for whom you are retrieving permissions

String

Required

Example server response (JSON)

{
	"homePage": null,
	"priority": null,
	"project": {
		"read": {
			"access": false,
			"exceptions": []
		},

	},
	"spaces": {
		"read": {
			"access": true,
			"exceptions": [
				"MySpace"
			]
		},
	},
	"editor": {
		"read": {
			"access": false,
			"exceptions": [
				"GuidedDecisionTreeEditorPresenter"
			]
		},
		"create": null,
		"update": null,
		"delete": null,
		"build": null
	},
	"pages": {
		"read": {
			"access": true,
			"exceptions": []
		},
		"build": null
	},
	"workbench": {
		"editDataObject": false,
		"plannerAvailable": false,
		"editGlobalPreferences": false,
		"editProfilePreferences": false,
		"accessDataTransfer": false,
		"jarDownload": true,
		"editGuidedDecisionTableColumns": true
	}
}

[Post] /groups/{groupName}/permissions

Updates the permissions of a specified group.

Table 8.12. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

groupName

Name of the group for whom you are updating permissions

String

Required

Example request body (JSON)

{
  "homepage": "HomePerspective",
  "priority": 10,
  "pages": {
    "create": true,
    "read": false,
    "delete": false,
    "update": false,
    "exceptions": [
      {
        "name": "HomePerspective",
        "permissions": {
          "read": true
        }
      }
    ]
  },
  "project": {
    "create": true,
    "read": true,
    "delete": false,
    "update": false,
    "Build": false
  },
  "spaces": {
    "create": true,
    "read": true,
    "delete": false,
    "update": false
  },
  "editor": {
    "read": true
  },
  "workbench": {
    "editDataObject": true,
    "plannerAvailable": true,
    "editGlobalPreferences": true,
    "editProfilePreferences": true,
    "accessDataTransfer": true,
    "jarDownload": true,
    "editGuidedDecisionTableColumns": true
  }
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "Group newGroup permissions are updated successfully."
}

[Post] /roles/{roleName}/permissions

Updates the permissions of a specified role.

Table 8.13. Request parameters

NameDescriptionTypeRequirement

roleName

Name of the role for whom you are updating permissions

String

Required

Example request body (JSON)

{
	"homepage": "HomePerspective",
	"priority": 10,
	"pages": {
		"create": true,
		"read": false,
		"delete": false,
		"update": false,
		"exceptions": [{
			"name": "HomePerspective",
			"permissions": {
				"read": true
			}
		}]
	},
	"project": {
		"create": true,
		"read": true,
		"delete": false,
		"update": false,
		"Build": false
	},
	"spaces": {
		"create": true,
		"read": true,
		"delete": false,
		"update": false
	},
	"editor": {
		"read": true
	},
	"workbench": {
		"editDataObject": true,
		"plannerAvailable": true,
		"editGlobalPreferences": true,
		"editProfilePreferences": true,
		"accessDataTransfer": true,
		"jarDownload": true,
		"editGuidedDecisionTableColumns": true
	}
}

Example server response (JSON)

{
  "status": "OK",
  "message": "Role newRole permissions are updated successfully."
}

8.2.4.1. Supported permissions in Business Central

The following are available permissions in Red Hat Process Automation Manager. Administrators use these permissions to allow specific actions to a group, role, or user in Business Central.

Priority

Priority is an integer that defines the precedence of users who are assigned multiple roles or groups. The default value of priority for a new group is -100. In Business Central, you can set an integer value as a priority, which is resolved using the following rules:

Table 8.14. Priority value table

Integer valuePriority

Less than -5

VERY LOW

Between -5 and 0

LOW

Equal to 0

NORMAL

Between 0 and 5

HIGH

Greater than 5

VERY HIGH

Home Page
Home Page indicates the default landing page for users.
Workbench

Workbench consists of the following defined permissions:

{
  "editDataObject": true,
  "plannerAvailable": true,
  "editGlobalPreferences": true,
  "editProfilePreferences": true,
  "accessDataTransfer": true,
  "jarDownload": true,
  "editGuidedDecisionTableColumns": true
}
Pages, Editor, Spaces, and Projects

The following are possible values for the permissions based on the resource type:

  • PAGES: read,create,update,delete
  • EDITOR: read
  • SPACES: read,create,update,delete
  • PROJECT: read,create,update,delete,build

You can use following code to add exceptions to Pages, Editor, Spaces, and Projects permissions:

{
  "pages": {
    "read": false,
    "exceptions": [
      {
        "resourceName": "ProcessInstances",
        "permissions": {
          "read": false
        }
      },
      {
        "resourceName": "ProcessDefinitions",
        "permissions": {
          "read": false
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

The name attribute is an identifier of a resource that you add as an exception. Use the following REST API endpoints to get the list of possible identifiers. The REST API base URL is http://SERVER:PORT/business-central/rest/.

  • [GET] /perspectives: Returns perspective names of all pages in Business Central
  • [GET] /editors: Returns all editors in Business Central
  • [GET] /spaces: Returns all spaces in Business Central
  • [GET] /spaces/{spaceName}/projects: Returns projects in a specified space

Example server response for pages (JSON)

"pages": {
	"create": true,
	"read": false,
	"exceptions": [
    {
		"name": "HomePerspective",
		"permissions": {
			"read": true
		}
	}
]
}

Chapter 9. EJB API for KIE sessions and task services

Red Hat Process Automation Manager provides an Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) API that you can use for embedded use cases to access KieSession and TaskService objects remotely from an application. The EJB API enables close transaction integration between the process engine in Red Hat Process Automation Manager and remote customer applications.

Although KIE Server does not support EJB, you can use EJB as a remote protocol for the process engine similar to remote REST or JMS operations with KIE Server.

The implementation of the EJB interface is a single framework-independent and container-agnostic API that you can use with framework-specific code. The EJB services are exposed through the org.jbpm.services.api and org.jbpm.services.ejb packages in Red Hat Process Automation Manager. The implementation does not support the RuleService class, but the ProcessService class exposes an execute method that enables you to use various rule-related commands, such as InsertCommand and FireAllRulesCommand.

Note

Contexts and Dependency Injection (CDI) is also supported through the org.jbpm.services.cdi package in Red Hat Process Automation Manager. However, to avoid conflicts in your EJB integration, do not use EJB and CDI together.

9.1. Supported EJB services

For the full list of available Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) services in Red Hat Process Automation Manager, download the Red Hat Process Automation Manager 7.8.0 Maven Repository from the Red Hat Customer Portal and navigate to ~/jboss-rhba-7.8.0.GA-maven-repository/maven-repository/org/jbpm/jbpm-services-ejb-*.

The artifacts that provide the EJB interface to the jBPM services are in the following packages:

  • org.jbpm.services.ejb.api: Contains extensions of the jBPM services API for the EJB interface
  • org.jbpm.services.ejb.impl: Contains EJB wrappers on top of the core service implementation
  • org.jbpm.services.ejb.client: Contains the EJB remote client implementation, supported on Red Hat JBoss EAP only

The org.jbpm.services.ejb.api package contains the following service interfaces that you can use with remote EJB clients:

  • DefinitionServiceEJBRemote: Use this interface to gather information about processes (ID, name, and version), process variables (name and type), defined reusable subprocesses, domain-specific services, user tasks, and user task inputs and outputs.
  • DeploymentServiceEJBRemote: Use this interface to initiate deployments and undeployments. The interface includes the methods deploy, undeploy, getRuntimeManager, getDeployedUnits, isDeployed, activate, deactivate, and getDeployedUnit. Calling the deploy method with an instance of DeploymentUnit deploys the unit into the runtime engine by building a RuntimeManager instance. After a successful deployment, an instance of DeployedUnit is created and cached for further use. (To use these methods, you must install the artifacts of the project in a Maven repository.)
  • ProcessServiceEJBRemote: Use this interface to control the life cycle of one or more processes and work items.
  • RuntimeDataServiceEJBRemote: Use this interface to retrieve data related to the run time, such as process instances, process definitions, node instance information, and variable information. The interface includes several convenience methods for gathering task information based on owner, status, and time.
  • UserTaskServiceEJBRemote: Use this interface to control the life cycle of a user task. The interface includes several convenience methods for interacting with user tasks, such as activate, start, stop, and execute.
  • QueryServiceEJBRemote: Use this interface for advanced queries.
  • ProcessInstanceMigrationServiceEJBRemote: Use this interface to migrate process instances when a new version of a process definition is deployed.

If you run EJB applications and Business Central on the same KIE Server instance, you can synchronize the information between EJB and Business Central at a specified interval by setting the org.jbpm.deploy.sync.int system property. After the service finishes the synchronization, you can access the updated information using REST operations.

Note

EJB services in Red Hat Process Automation Manager are intended for embedded use cases. If you run EJB applications and Business Central on the same KIE Server instance, you must also add the kie-services package on the class path of your EJB application.

9.2. Deploying an EJB services WAR file

You can use the Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) interface to create and deploy an EJB services WAR file that you want to use as part of your Red Hat Process Automation Manager distribution.

Procedure

  1. Register a human task callback using a startup Java class, such as the following example:

    @Singleton
    @Startup
    public class StartupBean {
    
      @PostConstruct
      public void init()
      { System.setProperty("org.jbpm.ht.callback", "jaas"); }
    
    }
  2. Build your EJB project to generate the WAR file according to your project configuration.
  3. Deploy the generated file on the Red Hat JBoss EAP instance where Red Hat Process Automation Manager is running.

    Avoid using the Singleton strategy for your runtime sessions. The Singleton strategy can cause applications to load the same ksession instance multiple times from the underlying file system and cause optimistic lock exceptions.

    If you want to deploy the EJB WAR file on a Red Hat JBoss EAP instance separate from the one where Red Hat Process Automation Manager is running, configure your application or the application server to invoke a remote EJB and to propagate the security context.

    If you are using Hibernate to create a database schema for Red Hat Process Automation Manager, update the persistence.xml file in Business Central and set the value of the hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto property to update instead of create.

  4. Test the deployment locally by creating a basic web application and injecting the EJB services, as shown in the following example:

    @EJB(lookup = "ejb:/sample-war-ejb-app/ProcessServiceEJBImpl!org.jbpm.services.ejb.api.ProcessServiceEJBRemote")
    private ProcessServiceEJBRemote processService;
    
    @EJB(lookup = "ejb:/sample-war-ejb-app/UserTaskServiceEJBImpl!org.jbpm.services.ejb.api.UserTaskServiceEJBRemote")
    private UserTaskServiceEJBRemote userTaskService;
    
    @EJB(lookup = "ejb:/sample-war-ejb-app/RuntimeDataServiceEJBImpl!org.jbpm.services.ejb.api.RuntimeDataServiceEJBRemote")
    private RuntimeDataServiceEJBRemote runtimeDataService;

For more information about developing and deploying EJB applications with Red Hat JBoss EAP, see Developing EJB Applications.

Chapter 10. Additional resources

Appendix A. Versioning information

Documentation last updated on Wednesday, July 29, 2020.

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