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10.9. Proxy server configuration

Find an example proxy server configuration at etc/proxy-server.conf-sample in the source code repository.
The available configuration options are:

Table 10.47.  Description of configuration options for [DEFAULT] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
admin_key = secret_admin_key to use for admin calls that are HMAC signed. Default is empty, which will disable admin calls to /info. the proxy server. For most cases, this should be
backlog = 4096 Maximum number of allowed pending TCP connections
bind_ip = 0.0.0.0 IP Address for server to bind to
bind_port = 8080 Port for server to bind to
bind_timeout = 30 Seconds to attempt bind before giving up
cert_file = /etc/swift/proxy.crt to the ssl .crt. This should be enabled for testing purposes only.
client_timeout = 60 Timeout to read one chunk from a client external services
cors_allow_origin = is a list of hosts that are included with any CORS request by default and returned with the Access-Control-Allow-Origin header in addition to what the container has set. to call to setup custom log handlers. for eventlet the proxy server. For most cases, this should be
disallowed_sections = swift.valid_api_versions, container_quotas, tempurl No help text available for this option.
eventlet_debug = false If true, turn on debug logging for eventlet
expiring_objects_account_name = expiring_objects No help text available for this option.
expiring_objects_container_divisor = 86400 No help text available for this option.
expose_info = true Enables exposing configuration settings via HTTP GET /info.
key_file = /etc/swift/proxy.key to the ssl .key. This should be enabled for testing purposes only.
log_address = /dev/log Location where syslog sends the logs to
log_custom_handlers = Comma-separated list of functions to call to setup custom log handlers.
log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0 Syslog log facility
log_headers = false No help text available for this option.
log_level = INFO Logging level
log_max_line_length = 0 Caps the length of log lines to the value given; no limit if set to 0, the default.
log_name = swift Label used when logging
log_statsd_default_sample_rate = 1.0 Defines the probability of sending a sample for any given event or timing measurement.
log_statsd_host = localhost If not set, the StatsD feature is disabled.
log_statsd_metric_prefix = Value will be prepended to every metric sent to the StatsD server.
log_statsd_port = 8125 Port value for the StatsD server.
log_statsd_sample_rate_factor = 1.0 Not recommended to set this to a value less than 1.0, if frequency of logging is too high, tune the log_statsd_default_sample_rate instead.
log_udp_host = If not set, the UDP receiver for syslog is disabled.
log_udp_port = 514 Port value for UDP receiver, if enabled.
max_clients = 1024 Maximum number of clients one worker can process simultaneously Lowering the number of clients handled per worker, and raising the number of workers can lessen the impact that a CPU intensive, or blocking, request can have on other requests served by the same worker. If the maximum number of clients is set to one, then a given worker will not perform another call while processing, allowing other workers a chance to process it.
strict_cors_mode = True No help text available for this option.
swift_dir = /etc/swift Swift configuration directory
trans_id_suffix = No help text available for this option.
user = swift User to run as
workers = auto a much higher value, one can reduce the impact of slow file system operations in one request from negatively impacting other requests.

Table 10.48.  Description of configuration options for [app-proxy-server] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
account_autocreate = false If set to 'true' authorized accounts that do not yet exist within the Swift cluster will be automatically created.
allow_account_management = false Whether account PUTs and DELETEs are even callable
auto_create_account_prefix = . Prefix to use when automatically creating accounts
client_chunk_size = 65536 Chunk size to read from clients
conn_timeout = 0.5 Connection timeout to external services
deny_host_headers = No help text available for this option.
error_suppression_interval = 60 Time in seconds that must elapse since the last error for a node to be considered no longer error limited
error_suppression_limit = 10 Error count to consider a node error limited
log_handoffs = true No help text available for this option.
max_containers_per_account = 0 If set to a positive value, trying to create a container when the account already has at least this maximum containers will result in a 403 Forbidden. Note: This is a soft limit, meaning a user might exceed the cap for recheck_account_existence before the 403s kick in.
max_containers_whitelist = is a comma separated list of account names that ignore the max_containers_per_account cap.
max_large_object_get_time = 86400 No help text available for this option.
node_timeout = 10 Request timeout to external services
object_chunk_size = 65536 Chunk size to read from object servers
object_post_as_copy = true Set object_post_as_copy = false to turn on fast posts where only the metadata changes are stored anew and the original data file is kept in place. This makes for quicker posts; but since the container metadata isn't updated in this mode, features like container sync won't be able to sync posts.
post_quorum_timeout = 0.5 No help text available for this option.
put_queue_depth = 10 No help text available for this option.
read_affinity = ``r1z1=100, r1z2=200, r2=300`` No help text available for this option.
recheck_account_existence = 60 Cache timeout in seconds to send memcached for account existence
recheck_container_existence = 60 Cache timeout in seconds to send memcached for container existence
recoverable_node_timeout = node_timeout Request timeout to external services for requests that, on failure, can be recovered from. For example, object GET. from a client external services
request_node_count = 2 * replicas replicas Set to the number of nodes to contact for a normal request. You can use '* replicas' at the end to have it use the number given times the number of replicas for the ring being used for the request. conf file for values will only be shown to the list of swift_owners. The exact default definition of a swift_owner is headers> up to the auth system in use, but usually indicates administrative responsibilities. paste.deploy to use for auth. To use tempauth set to:
set log_address = /dev/log Location where syslog sends the logs to
set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0 Syslog log facility
set log_level = INFO Log level
set log_name = proxy-server Label to use when logging
sorting_method = shuffle No help text available for this option.
swift_owner_headers = ``x-container-read, x-container-write, x-container-sync-key, x-container-sync-to, x-account-meta-temp-url-key, x-account-meta-temp-url-key-2, x-container-meta-temp-url-key, x-container-meta-temp-url-key-2, x-account-access-control`` These are the headers whose conf file for values will only be shown to the list of swift_owners. The exact default definition of a swift_owner is headers> up to the auth system in use, but usually indicates administrative responsibilities. paste.deploy to use for auth. To use tempauth set to:
timing_expiry = 300 No help text available for this option.
use = egg:swift#proxy Entry point of paste.deploy in the server
write_affinity = r1, r2 This setting lets you trade data distribution for throughput. It makes the proxy server prefer local back-end servers for object PUT requests over non-local ones. Note that only object PUT requests are affected by the write_affinity setting; POST, GET, HEAD, DELETE, OPTIONS, and account/container PUT requests are not affected. The format is r<N> for region N or r<N>z<M> for region N, zone M. If this is set, then when handling an object PUT request, some number (see the write_affinity_node_count setting) of local backend servers will be tried before any nonlocal ones. Example: try to write to regions 1 and 2 before writing to any other nodes: write_affinity = r1, r2
write_affinity_node_count = 2 * replicas This setting is only useful in conjunction with write_affinity; it governs how many local object servers will be tried before falling back to non-local ones. You can use '* replicas' at the end to have it use the number given times the number of replicas for the ring being used for the request: write_affinity_node_count = 2 * replicas

Table 10.49.  Description of configuration options for [pipeline-main] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
pipeline = catch_errors gatekeeper healthcheck proxy-logging cache container_sync bulk tempurl ratelimit tempauth container-quotas account-quotas slo dlo versioned_writes proxy-logging proxy-server No help text available for this option.

Table 10.50.  Description of configuration options for [filter-account-quotas] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
use = egg:swift#account_quotas Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.51.  Description of configuration options for [filter-authtoken] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
admin_password = password No help text available for this option.
admin_tenant_name = service No help text available for this option.
admin_user = swift No help text available for this option.
auth_uri = http://keystonehost:5000/ No help text available for this option.
cache = swift.cache No help text available for this option.
delay_auth_decision = False No help text available for this option.
identity_uri = http://keystonehost:35357/ No help text available for this option.
include_service_catalog = False No help text available for this option.

Table 10.52.  Description of configuration options for [filter-cache] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
memcache_max_connections = 2 Max number of connections to each memcached server per worker services
memcache_serialization_support = 2 Sets how memcache values are serialized and deserialized
memcache_servers = 127.0.0.1:11211 Comma-separated list of memcached servers ip:port services
set log_address = /dev/log Location where syslog sends the logs to
set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0 Syslog log facility
set log_headers = false If True, log headers in each request
set log_level = INFO Log level
set log_name = cache Label to use when logging
use = egg:swift#memcache Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.53.  Description of configuration options for [filter-catch_errors] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
set log_address = /dev/log Location where syslog sends the logs to
set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0 Syslog log facility
set log_headers = false If True, log headers in each request
set log_level = INFO Log level
set log_name = catch_errors Label to use when logging
use = egg:swift#catch_errors Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.54.  Description of configuration options for [filter-container_sync] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
allow_full_urls = true No help text available for this option.
current = //REALM/CLUSTER No help text available for this option.
use = egg:swift#container_sync Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.55.  Description of configuration options for [filter-dlo] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
max_get_time = 86400 No help text available for this option.
rate_limit_after_segment = 10 Rate limit the download of large object segments after this segment is downloaded.
rate_limit_segments_per_sec = 1 Rate limit large object downloads at this rate. contact for a normal request. You can use '* replicas' at the end to have it use the number given times the number of replicas for the ring being used for the request. paste.deploy to use for auth. To use tempauth set to:
use = egg:swift#dlo Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.56.  Description of configuration options for [filter-gatekeeper] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
set log_address = /dev/log Location where syslog sends the logs to
set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0 Syslog log facility
set log_headers = false If True, log headers in each request
set log_level = INFO Log level
set log_name = gatekeeper Label to use when logging
use = egg:swift#gatekeeper Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.57.  Description of configuration options for [filter-healthcheck] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
disable_path = No help text available for this option.
use = egg:swift#healthcheck Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.58.  Description of configuration options for [filter-keystoneauth] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
allow_names_in_acls = true The backwards compatible behavior can be disabled by setting this option to False.
allow_overrides = true This option allows middleware higher in the WSGI pipeline to override auth processing, useful for middleware such as tempurl and formpost. If you know you are not going to use such middleware and you want a bit of extra security, you can set this to False.
default_domain_id = default Name of the default domain. It is identified by its UUID, which by default has the value "default".
is_admin = false If this option is set to True, it allows to give a user whose username is the same as the project name and who has any role in the project access rights elevated to be the same as if the user had one of the operator_roles. Note that the condition compares names rather than UUIDs. This option is deprecated. It is False by default.
operator_roles = admin, swiftoperator Operator role defines the user which is allowed to manage a tenant and create containers or give ACL to others. This parameter may be prefixed with an appropriate prefix.
reseller_admin_role = ResellerAdmin The reseller admin role gives the ability to create and delete accounts.
reseller_prefix = AUTH The naming scope for the auth service. Swift
service_roles = When present, this option requires that the X-Service-Token header supplies a token from a user who has a role listed in service_roles. This parameter may be prefixed with an appropriate prefix.
use = egg:swift#keystoneauth Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.59.  Description of configuration options for [filter-list-endpoints] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
list_endpoints_path = /endpoints/ No help text available for this option.
use = egg:swift#list_endpoints Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.60.  Description of configuration options for [filter-proxy-logging] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
access_log_address = /dev/log No help text available for this option.
access_log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0 No help text available for this option.
access_log_headers = false No help text available for this option.
access_log_headers_only = If access_log_headers is True and access_log_headers_only is set only these headers are logged. Multiple headers can be defined as comma separated list like this: access_log_headers_only = Host, X-Object-Meta-Mtime
access_log_level = INFO No help text available for this option.
access_log_name = swift No help text available for this option.
access_log_statsd_default_sample_rate = 1.0 No help text available for this option.
access_log_statsd_host = localhost No help text available for this option.
access_log_statsd_metric_prefix = No help text available for this option.
access_log_statsd_port = 8125 No help text available for this option.
access_log_statsd_sample_rate_factor = 1.0 No help text available for this option.
access_log_udp_host = No help text available for this option.
access_log_udp_port = 514 No help text available for this option.
log_statsd_valid_http_methods = GET,HEAD,POST,PUT,DELETE,COPY,OPTIONS No help text available for this option.
logged with access_log_headers = True. No help text available for this option.
reveal_sensitive_prefix = 16 The X-Auth-Token is sensitive data. If revealed to an unauthorised person, they can now make requests against an account until the token expires. Set reveal_sensitive_prefix to the number of characters of the token that are logged. For example reveal_sensitive_prefix = 12 so only first 12 characters of the token are logged. Or, set to 0 to completely remove the token.
use = egg:swift#proxy_logging Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

Table 10.61.  Description of configuration options for [filter-tempauth] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
allow_overrides = true This option allows middleware higher in the WSGI pipeline to override auth processing, useful for middleware such as tempurl and formpost. If you know you are not going to use such middleware and you want a bit of extra security, you can set this to False.
auth_prefix = /auth/ The HTTP request path prefix for the auth service. Swift itself reserves anything beginning with the letter
require_group = No help text available for this option.
reseller_prefix = AUTH The naming scope for the auth service. Swift
set log_address = /dev/log Location where syslog sends the logs to
set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0 Syslog log facility
set log_headers = false If True, log headers in each request
set log_level = INFO Log level
set log_name = tempauth Label to use when logging
storage_url_scheme = default Scheme to return with storage urls: http, https, or default (chooses based on what the server is running as) This can be useful with an SSL load balancer in front of a non-SSL server.
token_life = 86400 The number of seconds a token is valid.
use = egg:swift#tempauth Entry point of paste.deploy in the server
user_admin_admin = admin .admin .reseller_admin No help text available for this option.
user_test2_tester2 = testing2 .admin No help text available for this option.
user_test5_tester5 = testing5 service No help text available for this option.
user_test_tester = testing .admin No help text available for this option.
user_test_tester3 = testing3 No help text available for this option.

Table 10.62.  Description of configuration options for [filter-xprofile] in proxy-server.conf

Configuration option = Default valueDescription
dump_interval = 5.0 No help text available for this option.
dump_timestamp = false No help text available for this option.
flush_at_shutdown = false No help text available for this option.
log_filename_prefix = /tmp/log/swift/profile/default.profile No help text available for this option.
path = /__profile__ No help text available for this option.
profile_module = eventlet.green.profile No help text available for this option.
unwind = false No help text available for this option.
use = egg:swift#xprofile Entry point of paste.deploy in the server

10.9.1. Sample proxy server configuration file

[DEFAULT]
# bind_ip = 0.0.0.0
bind_port = 8080
# bind_timeout = 30
# backlog = 4096
# swift_dir = /etc/swift
# user = swift

# Enables exposing configuration settings via HTTP GET /info.
# expose_info = true

# Key to use for admin calls that are HMAC signed.  Default is empty,
# which will disable admin calls to /info.
# admin_key = secret_admin_key
#
# Allows the ability to withhold sections from showing up in the public calls
# to /info.  You can withhold subsections by separating the dict level with a
# ".".  The following would cause the sections 'container_quotas' and 'tempurl'
# to not be listed, and the key max_failed_deletes would be removed from
# bulk_delete.  Default value is 'swift.valid_api_versions' which allows all
# registered features to be listed via HTTP GET /info except
# swift.valid_api_versions information
# disallowed_sections = swift.valid_api_versions, container_quotas, tempurl

# Use an integer to override the number of pre-forked processes that will
# accept connections.  Should default to the number of effective cpu
# cores in the system.  It's worth noting that individual workers will
# use many eventlet co-routines to service multiple concurrent requests.
# workers = auto
#
# Maximum concurrent requests per worker
# max_clients = 1024
#
# Set the following two lines to enable SSL. This is for testing only.
# cert_file = /etc/swift/proxy.crt
# key_file = /etc/swift/proxy.key
#
# expiring_objects_container_divisor = 86400
# expiring_objects_account_name = expiring_objects
#
# You can specify default log routing here if you want:
# log_name = swift
# log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# log_level = INFO
# log_headers = false
# log_address = /dev/log
# The following caps the length of log lines to the value given; no limit if
# set to 0, the default.
# log_max_line_length = 0
#
# This optional suffix (default is empty) that would be appended to the swift transaction
# id allows one to easily figure out from which cluster that X-Trans-Id belongs to.
# This is very useful when one is managing more than one swift cluster.
# trans_id_suffix =
#
# comma separated list of functions to call to setup custom log handlers.
# functions get passed: conf, name, log_to_console, log_route, fmt, logger,
# adapted_logger
# log_custom_handlers =
#
# If set, log_udp_host will override log_address
# log_udp_host =
# log_udp_port = 514
#
# You can enable StatsD logging here:
# log_statsd_host = localhost
# log_statsd_port = 8125
# log_statsd_default_sample_rate = 1.0
# log_statsd_sample_rate_factor = 1.0
# log_statsd_metric_prefix =
#
# Use a comma separated list of full url (http://foo.bar:1234,https://foo.bar)
# cors_allow_origin =
# strict_cors_mode = True
#
# client_timeout = 60
# eventlet_debug = false

[pipeline:main]
pipeline = catch_errors gatekeeper healthcheck proxy-logging cache container_sync bulk tempurl ratelimit tempauth container-quotas account-quotas slo dlo proxy-logging proxy-server

[app:proxy-server]
use = egg:swift#proxy
# You can override the default log routing for this app here:
# set log_name = proxy-server
# set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# set log_level = INFO
# set log_address = /dev/log
#
# log_handoffs = true
# recheck_account_existence = 60
# recheck_container_existence = 60
# object_chunk_size = 65536
# client_chunk_size = 65536
#
# How long the proxy server will wait on responses from the a/c/o servers.
# node_timeout = 10
#
# How long the proxy server will wait for an initial response and to read a
# chunk of data from the object servers while serving GET / HEAD requests.
# Timeouts from these requests can be recovered from so setting this to
# something lower than node_timeout would provide quicker error recovery
# while allowing for a longer timeout for non-recoverable requests (PUTs).
# Defaults to node_timeout, should be overriden if node_timeout is set to a
# high number to prevent client timeouts from firing before the proxy server
# has a chance to retry.
# recoverable_node_timeout = node_timeout
#
# conn_timeout = 0.5
#
# How long to wait for requests to finish after a quorum has been established.
# post_quorum_timeout = 0.5
#
# How long without an error before a node's error count is reset. This will
# also be how long before a node is reenabled after suppression is triggered.
# error_suppression_interval = 60
#
# How many errors can accumulate before a node is temporarily ignored.
# error_suppression_limit = 10
#
# If set to 'true' any authorized user may create and delete accounts; if
# 'false' no one, even authorized, can.
# allow_account_management = false
#
# Set object_post_as_copy = false to turn on fast posts where only the metadata
# changes are stored anew and the original data file is kept in place. This
# makes for quicker posts; but since the container metadata isn't updated in
# this mode, features like container sync won't be able to sync posts.
# object_post_as_copy = true
#
# If set to 'true' authorized accounts that do not yet exist within the Swift
# cluster will be automatically created.
# account_autocreate = false
#
# If set to a positive value, trying to create a container when the account
# already has at least this maximum containers will result in a 403 Forbidden.
# Note: This is a soft limit, meaning a user might exceed the cap for
# recheck_account_existence before the 403s kick in.
# max_containers_per_account = 0
#
# This is a comma separated list of account hashes that ignore the
# max_containers_per_account cap.
# max_containers_whitelist =
#
# Comma separated list of Host headers to which the proxy will deny requests.
# deny_host_headers =
#
# Prefix used when automatically creating accounts.
# auto_create_account_prefix = .
#
# Depth of the proxy put queue.
# put_queue_depth = 10
#
# Storage nodes can be chosen at random (shuffle), by using timing
# measurements (timing), or by using an explicit match (affinity).
# Using timing measurements may allow for lower overall latency, while
# using affinity allows for finer control. In both the timing and
# affinity cases, equally-sorting nodes are still randomly chosen to
# spread load.
# The valid values for sorting_method are "affinity", "shuffle", and "timing".
# sorting_method = shuffle
#
# If the "timing" sorting_method is used, the timings will only be valid for
# the number of seconds configured by timing_expiry.
# timing_expiry = 300
#
# The maximum time (seconds) that a large object connection is allowed to last.
# max_large_object_get_time = 86400
#
# Set to the number of nodes to contact for a normal request. You can use
# '* replicas' at the end to have it use the number given times the number of
# replicas for the ring being used for the request.
# request_node_count = 2 * replicas
#
# Which backend servers to prefer on reads. Format is r<N> for region
# N or r<N>z<M> for region N, zone M. The value after the equals is
# the priority; lower numbers are higher priority.
#
# Example: first read from region 1 zone 1, then region 1 zone 2, then
# anything in region 2, then everything else:
# read_affinity = r1z1=100, r1z2=200, r2=300
# Default is empty, meaning no preference.
# read_affinity =
#
# Which backend servers to prefer on writes. Format is r<N> for region
# N or r<N>z<M> for region N, zone M. If this is set, then when
# handling an object PUT request, some number (see setting
# write_affinity_node_count) of local backend servers will be tried
# before any nonlocal ones.
#
# Example: try to write to regions 1 and 2 before writing to any other
# nodes:
# write_affinity = r1, r2
# Default is empty, meaning no preference.
# write_affinity =
#
# The number of local (as governed by the write_affinity setting)
# nodes to attempt to contact first, before any non-local ones. You
# can use '* replicas' at the end to have it use the number given
# times the number of replicas for the ring being used for the
# request.
# write_affinity_node_count = 2 * replicas
#
# These are the headers whose values will only be shown to swift_owners. The
# exact definition of a swift_owner is up to the auth system in use, but
# usually indicates administrative responsibilities.
# swift_owner_headers = x-container-read, x-container-write, x-container-sync-key, x-container-sync-to, x-account-meta-temp-url-key, x-account-meta-temp-url-key-2, x-container-meta-temp-url-key, x-container-meta-temp-url-key-2, x-account-access-control

[filter:tempauth]
use = egg:swift#tempauth
# You can override the default log routing for this filter here:
# set log_name = tempauth
# set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# set log_level = INFO
# set log_headers = false
# set log_address = /dev/log
#
# The reseller prefix will verify a token begins with this prefix before even
# attempting to validate it. Also, with authorization, only Swift storage
# accounts with this prefix will be authorized by this middleware. Useful if
# multiple auth systems are in use for one Swift cluster.
# The reseller_prefix may contain a comma separated list of items. The first
# item is used for the token as mentioned above. If second and subsequent
# items exist, the middleware will handle authorization for an account with
# that prefix. For example, for prefixes "AUTH, SERVICE", a path of
# /v1/SERVICE_account is handled the same as /v1/AUTH_account. If an empty
# (blank) reseller prefix is required, it must be first in the list. Two
# single quote characters indicates an empty (blank) reseller prefix.
# reseller_prefix = AUTH

#
# The require_group parameter names a group that must be presented by
# either X-Auth-Token or X-Service-Token. Usually this parameter is
# used only with multiple reseller prefixes (e.g., SERVICE_require_group=blah).
# By default, no group is needed. Do not use .admin.
# require_group =

# The auth prefix will cause requests beginning with this prefix to be routed
# to the auth subsystem, for granting tokens, etc.
# auth_prefix = /auth/
# token_life = 86400
#
# This allows middleware higher in the WSGI pipeline to override auth
# processing, useful for middleware such as tempurl and formpost. If you know
# you're not going to use such middleware and you want a bit of extra security,
# you can set this to false.
# allow_overrides = true
#
# This specifies what scheme to return with storage urls:
# http, https, or default (chooses based on what the server is running as)
# This can be useful with an SSL load balancer in front of a non-SSL server.
# storage_url_scheme = default
#
# Lastly, you need to list all the accounts/users you want here. The format is:
#   user_<account>_<user> = <key> [group] [group] [...] [storage_url]
# or if you want underscores in <account> or <user>, you can base64 encode them
# (with no equal signs) and use this format:
#   user64_<account_b64>_<user_b64> = <key> [group] [group] [...] [storage_url]
# There are special groups of:
#   .reseller_admin = can do anything to any account for this auth
#   .admin = can do anything within the account
# If neither of these groups are specified, the user can only access containers
# that have been explicitly allowed for them by a .admin or .reseller_admin.
# The trailing optional storage_url allows you to specify an alternate url to
# hand back to the user upon authentication. If not specified, this defaults to
# $HOST/v1/<reseller_prefix>_<account> where $HOST will do its best to resolve
# to what the requester would need to use to reach this host.
# Here are example entries, required for running the tests:
user_admin_admin = admin .admin .reseller_admin
user_test_tester = testing .admin
user_test2_tester2 = testing2 .admin
user_test_tester3 = testing3
user_test5_tester5 = testing5 service

# To enable Keystone authentication you need to have the auth token
# middleware first to be configured. Here is an example below, please
# refer to the keystone's documentation for details about the
# different settings.
#
# You'll need to have as well the keystoneauth middleware enabled
# and have it in your main pipeline so instead of having tempauth in
# there you can change it to: authtoken keystoneauth
#
# [filter:authtoken]
# paste.filter_factory = keystonemiddleware.auth_token:filter_factory
# identity_uri = http://keystonehost:35357/
# auth_uri = http://keystonehost:5000/
# admin_tenant_name = service
# admin_user = swift
# admin_password = password
#
# delay_auth_decision defaults to False, but leaving it as false will
# prevent other auth systems, staticweb, tempurl, formpost, and ACLs from
# working. This value must be explicitly set to True.
# delay_auth_decision = False
#
# cache = swift.cache
# include_service_catalog = False
#
# [filter:keystoneauth]
# use = egg:swift#keystoneauth
# The reseller_prefix option lists account namespaces that this middleware is
# responsible for. The prefix is placed before the Keystone project id.
# For example, for project 12345678, and prefix AUTH, the account is
# named AUTH_12345678 (i.e., path is /v1/AUTH_12345678/...).
# Several prefixes are allowed by specifying a comma-separated list
# as in: "reseller_prefix = AUTH, SERVICE". The empty string indicates a
# single blank/empty prefix. If an empty prefix is required in a list of
# prefixes, a value of '' (two single quote characters) indicates a
# blank/empty prefix. Except for the blank/empty prefix, an underscore ('_')
# character is appended to the value unless already present.
# reseller_prefix = AUTH
#
# The user must have at least one role named by operator_roles on a
# project in order to create, delete and modify containers and objects
# and to set and read privileged headers such as ACLs.
# If there are several reseller prefix items, you can prefix the
# parameter so it applies only to those accounts (for example
# the parameter SERVICE_operator_roles applies to the /v1/SERVICE_<project>
# path). If you omit the prefix, the option applies to all reseller
# prefix items. For the blank/empty prefix, prefix with '' (do not put
# underscore after the two single quote characters).
# operator_roles = admin, swiftoperator
#
# The reseller admin role has the ability to create and delete accounts
# reseller_admin_role = ResellerAdmin
#
# This allows middleware higher in the WSGI pipeline to override auth
# processing, useful for middleware such as tempurl and formpost. If you know
# you're not going to use such middleware and you want a bit of extra security,
# you can set this to false.
# allow_overrides = true
#
# If is_admin is true, a user whose username is the same as the project name
# and who has any role on the project will have access rights elevated to be
# the same as if the user had an operator role. Note that the condition
# compares names rather than UUIDs. This option is deprecated.
# is_admin = false
#
# If the service_roles parameter is present, an X-Service-Token must be
# present in the request that when validated, grants at least one role listed
# in the parameter. The X-Service-Token may be scoped to any project.
# If there are several reseller prefix items, you can prefix the
# parameter so it applies only to those accounts (for example
# the parameter SERVICE_service_roles applies to the /v1/SERVICE_<project>
# path). If you omit the prefix, the option applies to all reseller
# prefix items. For the blank/empty prefix, prefix with '' (do not put
# underscore after the two single quote characters).
# By default, no service_roles are required.
# service_roles =
#
# For backwards compatibility, keystoneauth will match names in cross-tenant
# access control lists (ACLs) when both the requesting user and the tenant
# are in the default domain i.e the domain to which existing tenants are
# migrated. The default_domain_id value configured here should be the same as
# the value used during migration of tenants to keystone domains.
# default_domain_id = default
#
# For a new installation, or an installation in which keystone projects may
# move between domains, you should disable backwards compatible name matching
# in ACLs by setting allow_names_in_acls to false:
# allow_names_in_acls = true

[filter:healthcheck]
use = egg:swift#healthcheck
# An optional filesystem path, which if present, will cause the healthcheck
# URL to return "503 Service Unavailable" with a body of "DISABLED BY FILE".
# This facility may be used to temporarily remove a Swift node from a load
# balancer pool during maintenance or upgrade (remove the file to allow the
# node back into the load balancer pool).
# disable_path =

[filter:cache]
use = egg:swift#memcache
# You can override the default log routing for this filter here:
# set log_name = cache
# set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# set log_level = INFO
# set log_headers = false
# set log_address = /dev/log
#
# If not set here, the value for memcache_servers will be read from
# memcache.conf (see memcache.conf-sample) or lacking that file, it will
# default to the value below. You can specify multiple servers separated with
# commas, as in: 10.1.2.3:11211,10.1.2.4:11211
# memcache_servers = 127.0.0.1:11211
#
# Sets how memcache values are serialized and deserialized:
# 0 = older, insecure pickle serialization
# 1 = json serialization but pickles can still be read (still insecure)
# 2 = json serialization only (secure and the default)
# If not set here, the value for memcache_serialization_support will be read
# from /etc/swift/memcache.conf (see memcache.conf-sample).
# To avoid an instant full cache flush, existing installations should
# upgrade with 0, then set to 1 and reload, then after some time (24 hours)
# set to 2 and reload.
# In the future, the ability to use pickle serialization will be removed.
# memcache_serialization_support = 2
#
# Sets the maximum number of connections to each memcached server per worker
# memcache_max_connections = 2
#
# More options documented in memcache.conf-sample

[filter:ratelimit]
use = egg:swift#ratelimit
# You can override the default log routing for this filter here:
# set log_name = ratelimit
# set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# set log_level = INFO
# set log_headers = false
# set log_address = /dev/log
#
# clock_accuracy should represent how accurate the proxy servers' system clocks
# are with each other. 1000 means that all the proxies' clock are accurate to
# each other within 1 millisecond.  No ratelimit should be higher than the
# clock accuracy.
# clock_accuracy = 1000
#
# max_sleep_time_seconds = 60
#
# log_sleep_time_seconds of 0 means disabled
# log_sleep_time_seconds = 0
#
# allows for slow rates (e.g. running up to 5 sec's behind) to catch up.
# rate_buffer_seconds = 5
#
# account_ratelimit of 0 means disabled
# account_ratelimit = 0

# DEPRECATED- these will continue to work but will be replaced
# by the X-Account-Sysmeta-Global-Write-Ratelimit flag.
# Please see ratelimiting docs for details.
# these are comma separated lists of account names
# account_whitelist = a,b
# account_blacklist = c,d

# with container_limit_x = r
# for containers of size x limit write requests per second to r.  The container
# rate will be linearly interpolated from the values given. With the values
# below, a container of size 5 will get a rate of 75.
# container_ratelimit_0 = 100
# container_ratelimit_10 = 50
# container_ratelimit_50 = 20

# Similarly to the above container-level write limits, the following will limit
# container GET (listing) requests.
# container_listing_ratelimit_0 = 100
# container_listing_ratelimit_10 = 50
# container_listing_ratelimit_50 = 20

[filter:domain_remap]
use = egg:swift#domain_remap
# You can override the default log routing for this filter here:
# set log_name = domain_remap
# set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# set log_level = INFO
# set log_headers = false
# set log_address = /dev/log
#
# storage_domain = example.com
# path_root = v1
# reseller_prefixes = AUTH

[filter:catch_errors]
use = egg:swift#catch_errors
# You can override the default log routing for this filter here:
# set log_name = catch_errors
# set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# set log_level = INFO
# set log_headers = false
# set log_address = /dev/log

[filter:cname_lookup]
# Note: this middleware requires python-dnspython
use = egg:swift#cname_lookup
# You can override the default log routing for this filter here:
# set log_name = cname_lookup
# set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# set log_level = INFO
# set log_headers = false
# set log_address = /dev/log
#
# Specify the storage_domain that match your cloud, multiple domains
# can be specified separated by a comma
# storage_domain = example.com
#
# lookup_depth = 1

# Note: Put staticweb just after your auth filter(s) in the pipeline
[filter:staticweb]
use = egg:swift#staticweb

# Note: Put tempurl before dlo, slo and your auth filter(s) in the pipeline
[filter:tempurl]
use = egg:swift#tempurl
# The methods allowed with Temp URLs.
# methods = GET HEAD PUT POST DELETE
#
# The headers to remove from incoming requests. Simply a whitespace delimited
# list of header names and names can optionally end with '*' to indicate a
# prefix match. incoming_allow_headers is a list of exceptions to these
# removals.
# incoming_remove_headers = x-timestamp
#
# The headers allowed as exceptions to incoming_remove_headers. Simply a
# whitespace delimited list of header names and names can optionally end with
# '*' to indicate a prefix match.
# incoming_allow_headers =
#
# The headers to remove from outgoing responses. Simply a whitespace delimited
# list of header names and names can optionally end with '*' to indicate a
# prefix match. outgoing_allow_headers is a list of exceptions to these
# removals.
# outgoing_remove_headers = x-object-meta-*
#
# The headers allowed as exceptions to outgoing_remove_headers. Simply a
# whitespace delimited list of header names and names can optionally end with
# '*' to indicate a prefix match.
# outgoing_allow_headers = x-object-meta-public-*

# Note: Put formpost just before your auth filter(s) in the pipeline
[filter:formpost]
use = egg:swift#formpost

# Note: Just needs to be placed before the proxy-server in the pipeline.
[filter:name_check]
use = egg:swift#name_check
# forbidden_chars = '"`<>
# maximum_length = 255
# forbidden_regexp = /\./|/\.\./|/\.$|/\.\.$

[filter:list-endpoints]
use = egg:swift#list_endpoints
# list_endpoints_path = /endpoints/

[filter:proxy-logging]
use = egg:swift#proxy_logging
# If not set, logging directives from [DEFAULT] without "access_" will be used
# access_log_name = swift
# access_log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# access_log_level = INFO
# access_log_address = /dev/log
#
# If set, access_log_udp_host will override access_log_address
# access_log_udp_host =
# access_log_udp_port = 514
#
# You can use log_statsd_* from [DEFAULT] or override them here:
# access_log_statsd_host = localhost
# access_log_statsd_port = 8125
# access_log_statsd_default_sample_rate = 1.0
# access_log_statsd_sample_rate_factor = 1.0
# access_log_statsd_metric_prefix =
# access_log_headers = false
#
# If access_log_headers is True and access_log_headers_only is set only
# these headers are logged. Multiple headers can be defined as comma separated
# list like this: access_log_headers_only = Host, X-Object-Meta-Mtime
# access_log_headers_only =
#
# By default, the X-Auth-Token is logged. To obscure the value,
# set reveal_sensitive_prefix to the number of characters to log.
# For example, if set to 12, only the first 12 characters of the
# token appear in the log. An unauthorized access of the log file
# won't allow unauthorized usage of the token. However, the first
# 12 or so characters is unique enough that you can trace/debug
# token usage. Set to 0 to suppress the token completely (replaced
# by '...' in the log).
# Note: reveal_sensitive_prefix will not affect the value
# logged with access_log_headers=True.
# reveal_sensitive_prefix = 16
#
# What HTTP methods are allowed for StatsD logging (comma-sep); request methods
# not in this list will have "BAD_METHOD" for the <verb> portion of the metric.
# log_statsd_valid_http_methods = GET,HEAD,POST,PUT,DELETE,COPY,OPTIONS
#
# Note: The double proxy-logging in the pipeline is not a mistake. The
# left-most proxy-logging is there to log requests that were handled in
# middleware and never made it through to the right-most middleware (and
# proxy server). Double logging is prevented for normal requests. See
# proxy-logging docs.

# Note: Put before both ratelimit and auth in the pipeline.
[filter:bulk]
use = egg:swift#bulk
# max_containers_per_extraction = 10000
# max_failed_extractions = 1000
# max_deletes_per_request = 10000
# max_failed_deletes = 1000

# In order to keep a connection active during a potentially long bulk request,
# Swift may return whitespace prepended to the actual response body. This
# whitespace will be yielded no more than every yield_frequency seconds.
# yield_frequency = 10

# Note: The following parameter is used during a bulk delete of objects and
# their container. This would frequently fail because it is very likely
# that all replicated objects have not been deleted by the time the middleware got a
# successful response. It can be configured the number of retries. And the
# number of seconds to wait between each retry will be 1.5**retry

# delete_container_retry_count = 0

# Note: Put after auth and staticweb in the pipeline.
[filter:slo]
use = egg:swift#slo
# max_manifest_segments = 1000
# max_manifest_size = 2097152
# min_segment_size = 1048576
# Start rate-limiting SLO segment serving after the Nth segment of a
# segmented object.
# rate_limit_after_segment = 10
#
# Once segment rate-limiting kicks in for an object, limit segments served
# to N per second. 0 means no rate-limiting.
# rate_limit_segments_per_sec = 0
#
# Time limit on GET requests (seconds)
# max_get_time = 86400

# Note: Put after auth and staticweb in the pipeline.
# If you don't put it in the pipeline, it will be inserted for you.
[filter:dlo]
use = egg:swift#dlo
# Start rate-limiting DLO segment serving after the Nth segment of a
# segmented object.
# rate_limit_after_segment = 10
#
# Once segment rate-limiting kicks in for an object, limit segments served
# to N per second. 0 means no rate-limiting.
# rate_limit_segments_per_sec = 1
#
# Time limit on GET requests (seconds)
# max_get_time = 86400

# Note: Put after auth in the pipeline.
[filter:container-quotas]
use = egg:swift#container_quotas

# Note: Put after auth in the pipeline.
[filter:account-quotas]
use = egg:swift#account_quotas

[filter:gatekeeper]
use = egg:swift#gatekeeper
# You can override the default log routing for this filter here:
# set log_name = gatekeeper
# set log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
# set log_level = INFO
# set log_headers = false
# set log_address = /dev/log

[filter:container_sync]
use = egg:swift#container_sync
# Set this to false if you want to disallow any full url values to be set for
# any new X-Container-Sync-To headers. This will keep any new full urls from
# coming in, but won't change any existing values already in the cluster.
# Updating those will have to be done manually, as knowing what the true realm
# endpoint should be cannot always be guessed.
# allow_full_urls = true
# Set this to specify this clusters //realm/cluster as "current" in /info
# current = //REALM/CLUSTER

# Note: Put it at the beginning of the pipeline to profile all middleware. But
# it is safer to put this after catch_errors, gatekeeper and healthcheck.
[filter:xprofile]
use = egg:swift#xprofile
# This option enable you to switch profilers which should inherit from python
# standard profiler. Currently the supported value can be 'cProfile',
# 'eventlet.green.profile' etc.
# profile_module = eventlet.green.profile
#
# This prefix will be used to combine process ID and timestamp to name the
# profile data file.  Make sure the executing user has permission to write
# into this path (missing path segments will be created, if necessary).
# If you enable profiling in more than one type of daemon, you must override
# it with an unique value like: /var/log/swift/profile/proxy.profile
# log_filename_prefix = /tmp/log/swift/profile/default.profile
#
# the profile data will be dumped to local disk based on above naming rule
# in this interval.
# dump_interval = 5.0
#
# Be careful, this option will enable profiler to dump data into the file with
# time stamp which means there will be lots of files piled up in the directory.
# dump_timestamp = false
#
# This is the path of the URL to access the mini web UI.
# path = /__profile__
#
# Clear the data when the wsgi server shutdown.
# flush_at_shutdown = false
#
# unwind the iterator of applications
# unwind = false