Show Table of Contents
3.7. Configure the Compute API
The Compute API, run by the
nova-apidaemon, is the component of OpenStack Compute that receives and responds to user requests, whether they be direct API calls, or via the CLI tools or dashboard.
Configure Compute API password handling
The OpenStack Compute API enables users to specify an administrative password when they create or rebuild a server instance. If the user does not specify a password, a random password is generated and returned in the API response.
In practice, how the admin password is handled depends on the hypervisor in use and might require additional configuration of the instance. For example, you might have to install an agent to handle the password setting. If the hypervisor and instance configuration do not support setting a password at server create time, the password that is returned by the create API call is misleading because it was ignored.
To prevent this confusion, use the
enable_instance_passwordconfiguration option to disable the return of the admin password for installations that do not support setting instance passwords.
Configure Compute API rate limiting
OpenStack Compute supports API rate limiting for the OpenStack API. The rate limiting allows an administrator to configure limits on the type and number of API calls that can be made in a specific time interval.
When API rate limits are exceeded, HTTP requests return an error with a status code of 403 Forbidden.
Rate limiting is not available for the EC2 API.
To define limits, set these values:
- The HTTP method used in the API call, typically one of GET, PUT, POST, or DELETE.
- A human readable URI that is used as a friendly description of where the limit is applied.
- A regular expression. The limit is applied to all URIs that match the regular expression and HTTP method.
- A limit value that specifies the maximum count of units before the limit takes effect.
- An interval that specifies time frame to which the limit is applied. The interval can be SECOND, MINUTE, HOUR, or DAY.
Rate limits are applied in relative order to the HTTP method, going from least to most specific.
Normally, you install OpenStack Compute with the following limits enabled:
Table 3.5. Default API rate limits
|HTTP method||API URI||API regular expression||Limit|
|POST||any URI (*)||.*||120 per minute|
|POST||/servers||^/servers||120 per minute|
|PUT||any URI (*)||.*||120 per minute|
|GET||*changes-since*||.*changes-since.*||120 per minute|
|DELETE||any URI (*)||.*||120 per minute|
|GET||*/os-fping||^/os-fping||12 per minute|
Configure and change limits
As part of the WSGI pipeline, the
/etc/nova/api-paste.inifile defines the actual limits.
To enable limits, include the
ratelimitfilter in the API pipeline specification. If the
ratelimitfilter is removed from the pipeline, limiting is disabled. You must also define the rate limit filter. The lines appear as follows:
[pipeline:openstack_compute_api_v2] pipeline = faultwrap authtoken keystonecontext ratelimit osapi_compute_app_v2 [pipeline:openstack_volume_api_v1] pipeline = faultwrap authtoken keystonecontext ratelimit osapi_volume_app_v1 [filter:ratelimit] paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.compute.limits:RateLimitingMiddleware.factory
To modify the limits, add a
limitsspecification to the
[filter:ratelimit]section of the file. Specify the limits in this order:
- HTTP method
- friendly URI
The following example shows the default rate-limiting values:
[filter:ratelimit] paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.compute.limits:RateLimitingMiddleware.factory limits =(POST, "*", .*, 120, MINUTE);(POST, "*/servers", ^/servers, 120, MINUTE);(PUT, "*", .*, 120, MINUTE);(GET, "*changes-since*", .*changes-since.*, 120, MINUTE);(DELETE, "*", .*, 120, MINUTE);(GET, "*/os-fping", ^/os-fping, 12, MINUTE)
The Compute API configuration options are documented in Table 3.9, “Description of API configuration options”.