Chapter 6. Deploying the Shared File Systems service with native CephFS

CephFS is the highly scalable, open-source, distributed file system component of Red Hat Ceph Storage, a unified distributed storage platform. Ceph Storage implements object, block, and file storage using Reliable Autonomic Distributed Object Store (RADOS). CephFS, which is POSIX compatible, provides file access to a Ceph Storage cluster.

The Shared File Systems service (manila) enables users to create shares in CephFS and access them using the native Ceph FS protocol. The Shared File Systems service manages the life cycle of these shares from within OpenStack.

With this release, director can deploy the Shared File Systems with a native CephFS back end on the overcloud.

Important

This chapter pertains to the deployment and use of native CephFS to provide a self-service Shared File Systems service in your Red Hat OpenStack Platform(RHOSP) cloud through the native CephFS NAS protocol. This type of deployment requires guest VM access to Ceph public network and infrastructure. Deploy native CephFS with trusted OpenStack Platform tenants only, because it requires a permissive trust model that is not suitable for general purpose OpenStack Platform deployments. For general purpose OpenStack Platform deployments that use a conventional tenant trust model, you can deploy CephFS through the NFS protocol.

6.1. CephFS with native driver

The CephFS native driver combines the OpenStack Shared File Systems service (manila) and Red Hat Ceph Storage. When you use Red Hat OpenStack (RHOSP) director, the Controller nodes host the Ceph daemons, such as the manager, metadata servers (MDS), and monitors (MON) and the Shared File Systems services.

Compute nodes can host one or more projects. Projects, which were formerly referred to as tenants, are represented in the following graphic by the white boxes. Projects contain user-managed VMs, which are represented by gray boxes with two NICs. To access the ceph and manila daemons projects, connect to the daemons over the public Ceph storage network.

On this network, you can access data on the storage nodes provided by the Ceph Object Storage Daemons (OSDs). Instances, or virtual machines (VMs), that are hosted on the project boot with two NICs: one dedicated to the storage provider network and the second to project-owned routers to the external provider network.

The storage provider network connects the VMs that run on the projects to the public Ceph storage network. The Ceph public network provides back-end access to the Ceph object storage nodes, metadata servers (MDS), and Controller nodes.

Using the native driver, CephFS relies on cooperation with the clients and servers to enforce quotas, guarantee project isolation, and for security. CephFS with the native driver works well in an environment with trusted end users on a private cloud. This configuration requires software that is running under user control to cooperate and work correctly.

cephfs nfs topology native driver

6.2. Native CephFS back-end security

The native CephFS back end requires a permissive trust model for Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) tenants. This trust model is not appropriate for general purpose OpenStack Platform clouds that deliberately block users from directly accessing the infrastructure behind the services that the OpenStack Platform provides.

With native CephFS, user Compute instances connect directly to the Ceph public network where the Ceph service daemons are exposed. CephFS clients that run on user VMs interact cooperatively with the Ceph service daemons, and they interact directly with RADOS to read and write file data blocks.

CephFS quotas, which enforce Shared File Systems (manila) share sizes, are enforced on the client side, such as on VMs that are owned by (RHOSP) users. The client side software on user VMs might not be current, which can leave critical cloud infrastructure vulnerable to malicious or inadvertently harmful software that targets the Ceph service ports.

Deploy native CephFS as a back end only in environments in which trusted users keep client-side software up to date. Ensure that no software that can impact the Red Hat Ceph Storage infrastructure runs on your VMs.

For a general purpose RHOSP deployment that serves many untrusted users, deploy CephFS-NFS. For more information about using CephFS-NFS, see Deploying Red Hat Ceph Storage and Red Hat OpenStack Platform together with director.

Users might not keep client-side software current, and they might fail to exclude harmful software from their VMs, but using CephFS-NFS, they only have access to the public side of an NFS server, not to the Ceph infrastructure itself. NFS does not require the same kind of cooperative client and, in the worst case, an attack from a user VM can damage the NFS gateway without damaging the Ceph Storage infrastructure behind it.

You can expose the native CephFS back end to all trusted users, but you must enact the following security measures:

  • Configure the storage network as a provider network.
  • Impose role-based access control (RBAC) policies to secure the Storage provider network.
  • Create a private share type.

6.3. Native CephFS deployment

A typical native Ceph file system (CephFS) installation in a Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) environment includes the following components:

  • RHOSP Controller nodes that run containerized Ceph metadata server (MDS), Ceph monitor (MON) and Shared File Systems (manila) services. Some of these services can coexist on the same node or they can have one or more dedicated nodes.
  • Ceph Storage cluster with containerized object storage daemons (OSDs) that run on Ceph Storage nodes.
  • An isolated storage network that serves as the Ceph public network on which the clients can communicate with Ceph service daemons. To facilitate this, the storage network is made available as a provider network for users to connect their VMs and mount CephFS shares.
Important

You cannot use the Shared File Systems service (manila) with the CephFS native driver to serve shares to OpenShift Container Platform through Manila CSI, because Red Hat does not support this type of deployment. For more information, contact Red Hat Support.

The Shared File Systems (manila) service provides APIs that allow the tenants to request file system shares, which are fulfilled by driver modules. The driver for Red Hat CephFS, manila.share.drivers.cephfs.driver.CephFSDriver, allows the Shared File Systems service to use native CephFS as a back end. You can install native CephFS in an integrated deployment managed by director.

When director deploys the Shared File Systems service with a CephFS back end on the overcloud, it automatically creates the required data center storage network. However, you must create the corresponding storage provider network on the overcloud.

For more information about network planning, see Overcloud networks in Installing and managing Red Hat OpenStack Platform with director.

Although you can manually configure the Shared File Systems service by editing the /var/lib/config-data/puppet-generated/manila/etc/manila/manila.conf file for the node, any settings can be overwritten by the Red Hat OpenStack Platform director in future overcloud updates. Red Hat only supports deployments of the Shared File Systems service that are managed by director.

6.4. Requirements

You can deploy a native CephFS back end with new or existing Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) environments if you meet the following requirements:

Important

The RHOSP Shared File Systems service (manila) with the native CephFS back end is supported for use with Red Hat Ceph Storage version 5.2 or later. For more information about how to determine the version of Ceph Storage installed on your system, see Red Hat Ceph Storage releases and corresponding Ceph package versions.

  • Install the Shared File Systems service on a Controller node. This is the default behavior.
  • Use only a single instance of a CephFS back end for the Shared File Systems service.

6.5. File shares

The Shared File Systems service (manila), Ceph File System (CephFS), and CephFS-NFS manage shares differently.

The Shared File Systems service provides shares, where a share is an individual file system namespace and a unit of storage with a defined size. Shared file system storage allows multiple clients to connect, read, and write data to any given share, but you must give each client access to the share through the Shared File Systems service access control APIs before they can connect.

CephFS manages a share like a directory with a defined quota and a layout that points to a particular storage pool or namespace. CephFS quotas limit the size of a directory to the size of the share that the Shared File Systems service creates.

You control access to native CephFS shares by using Metadata Service (MDS) authentication capabilities. With native CephFS, file shares are provisioned and accessed through the CephFS protocol. Access control is performed with a CephX authentication scheme that uses CephFS usernames.

6.6. Network isolation for native CephFS

Native CephFS deployments use the isolated storage network deployed by director as the Red Hat Ceph Storage public network. Clients use this network to communicate with various Ceph Storage infrastructure service daemons. For more information about isolating networks, see Network isolation in Installing and managing Red Hat OpenStack Platform with director.

6.7. Deploying the native CephFS environment

When you are ready to deploy the environment, use the openstack overcloud deploy command with the custom environments and roles required to configure the native CephFS back end.

The openstack overcloud deploy command has the following options in addition to other required options.

ActionOptionAdditional Information

Specify the network configuration with network_data.yaml

[filename] -n /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/network_data.yaml

You can use a custom environment file to override values for the default networks specified in this network data environment file. This is the default network data file that is available when you use isolated networks. You can omit this file from the openstack overcloud deploy command for brevity.

Deploy the Ceph daemons.

-e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/cephadm/cephadm.yaml

Initiating overcloud deployment in Deploying Red Hat Ceph Storage and Red Hat OpenStack Platform together with director

Deploy the Ceph metadata server with ceph-mds.yaml

-e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/cephadm/ceph-mds.yaml

Initiating overcloud deployment in Deploying Red Hat Ceph Storage and Red Hat OpenStack Platform together with director

Deploy the manila service with the native CephFS back end.

-e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/manila-cephfsnative-config.yaml

Environment file

The following example shows an openstack overcloud deploy command that includes options to deploy a Ceph cluster, Ceph MDS, the native CephFS back end, and the networks required for the Ceph cluster:

[stack@undercloud ~]$ openstack overcloud deploy \
...
-n /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/network_data.yaml \
-e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/network-isolation.yaml   \
-e /home/stack/network-environment.yaml  \
-e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/cephadm/cephadm.yaml  \
-e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/cephadm/ceph-mds.yaml  \
-e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/manila-cephfsnative-config.yaml

For more information about the openstack overcloud deploy command, see Provisioning and deploying your overcloud in Installing and managing Red Hat OpenStack Platform with director.

6.8. Native CephFS back-end environment file

The environment file for defining a native CephFS back end, manila-cephfsnative-config.yaml is located in the following path of an undercloud node: /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/manila-cephfsnative-config.yaml.

The manila-cephfsnative-config.yaml environment file contains settings relevant to the deployment of the Shared File Systems service. The back end default settings should work for most environments.

The example shows the default values that director uses during deployment of the Shared File Systems service:

[stack@undercloud ~]$ cat /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/manila-cephfsnative-config.yaml

# A Heat environment file which can be used to enable a
# a Manila CephFS Native driver backend.
resource_registry:
  OS::TripleO::Services::ManilaApi: ../deployment/manila/manila-api-container-puppet.yaml
  OS::TripleO::Services::ManilaScheduler: ../deployment/manila/manila-scheduler-container-puppet.yaml
  # Only manila-share is pacemaker managed:
  OS::TripleO::Services::ManilaShare: ../deployment/manila/manila-share-pacemaker-puppet.yaml
  OS::TripleO::Services::ManilaBackendCephFs: ../deployment/manila/manila-backend-cephfs.yaml

parameter_defaults:
  ManilaCephFSBackendName: cephfs 1
  ManilaCephFSDriverHandlesShareServers: false 2
  ManilaCephFSCephFSAuthId: 'manila' 3
  ManilaCephFSCephFSEnableSnapshots: true 4
  ManilaCephFSCephVolumeMode: '0755'  5
  # manila cephfs driver supports either native cephfs backend - 'CEPHFS'
  # (users mount shares directly from ceph cluster), or nfs-ganesha backend -
  # 'NFS' (users mount shares through nfs-ganesha server)
  ManilaCephFSCephFSProtocolHelperType: 'CEPHFS'  6

The parameter_defaults header signifies the start of the configuration. Specifically, settings under this header let you override default values set in resource_registry. This includes values set by OS::Tripleo::Services::ManilaBackendCephFs, which sets defaults for a CephFS back end.

1
ManilaCephFSBackendName sets the name of the manila configuration of your CephFS backend. In this case, the default back end name is cephfs.
2
ManilaCephFSDriverHandlesShareServers controls the lifecycle of the share server. When set to false, the driver does not handle the lifecycle. This is the only supported option for CephFS back ends.
3
ManilaCephFSCephFSAuthId defines the Ceph auth ID that the director creates for the manila service to access the Ceph cluster.
4
ManilaCephFSCephFSEnableSnapshots controls snapshot activation. Snapshots are supported With Ceph Storage 4.1 and later, but the value of this parameter defaults to false. You can set the value to true to ensure that the driver reports the snapshot_support capability to the manila scheduler.
5
ManilaCephFSCephVolumeMode controls the UNIX permissions to set against the manila share created on the native CephFS back end. The value defaults to 755.
6
ManilaCephFSCephFSProtocolHelperType must be set to CEPHFS to use the native CephFS driver.

For more information about environment files, see Environment Files in the Installing and managing Red Hat OpenStack Platform with director guide.