Chapter 18. Implementing Federation
Red Hat does not support federation at this time. This feature should only be used for testing, and should not be deployed in a production environment.
18.1. Federate with IdM using Red Hat Single Sign-On
You can use Red Hat Single Sign-On (RH-SSO) to federate your IdM users for OpenStack authentication (authN). Federation allows your IdM users to login to the OpenStack Dashboard without revealing their credentials to any OpenStack services. Instead, when Dashboard needs a user’s credentials, it will forward the user to Red Hat Single Sign-On (RH-SSO) and allow them to enter their IdM credentials there. As a result, RH-SSO asserts back to Dashboard that the user has successfully authenticated, and Dashboard then allows the user to access the project.
18.2. The federation workflow
This section describes how keystone, RH-SSO and IdM interact with each other. Federation in OpenStack uses the concept of Identity Providers and Service Providers:
Identity Provider (IdP) - the service that stores the user accounts. In this case, the user accounts held in IdM, are presented to Keystone using RH-SSO.
Service Provider (SP) - the service that requires authentication from the users in the IdP. In this case, keystone is the service provider that grants Dashboard access to IdM users.
In the diagram below, keystone (the SP) communicates with RH-SSO (the IdP), which is also able to serve as a universal adapter for other IdPs. In this configuration, you can point keystone at RH-SSO, and RH-SSO will forward requests on to the Identity Providers that it supports (known as authentication modules), these currently include IdM and Active Directory. This is done by having the Service Provider (SP) and Identity Provider (IdP) exchange metadata, which each sysadmin then makes a decision to trust. The result is that the IdP can confidently make assertions, and the SP can then receive these assertions.
For more information, see the federation guide: https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/red_hat_openstack_platform/16.1/html-single/federate_with_identity_service/