Chapter 3. Define the Back End

Important

This section describes the deployment of a single back end. Deploying multiple instances of a NetApp back end requires a custom back end configuration. For more information, see the Custom Block Storage Back End Deployment Guide.

With a director deployment, the easiest way to define the NetApp appliance as a Block Storage back end is through the integrated NetApp environment file. This file is located in the following path of the undercloud node:

/usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/cinder-netapp-config.yaml

Copy this file to a local path where you can edit and invoke it later. For example, to copy it to ~/templates/:

$ cp /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/cinder-netapp-config.yaml ~/templates/

Afterwards, open the copy (~/templates/cinder-netapp-config.yaml) and edit it as you see fit. The following snippet displays the default contents of this file:

# A heat environment file which can be used to enable a
# a Cinder NetApp backend, configured via puppet
resource_registry:
  OS::TripleO::Services::CinderBackendNetApp: ../puppet/services/cinder-backend-netapp.yaml  1

parameter_defaults:  2
  CinderEnableNetappBackend: true  3
  CinderNetappBackendName: 'tripleo_netapp'
  CinderNetappLogin: ''
  CinderNetappPassword: ''
  CinderNetappServerHostname: ''
  CinderNetappServerPort: '80'
  CinderNetappSizeMultiplier: '1.2'
  CinderNetappStorageFamily: 'ontap_cluster'
  CinderNetappStorageProtocol: 'nfs'
  CinderNetappTransportType: 'http'
  CinderNetappVfiler: ''
  CinderNetappVolumeList: ''
  CinderNetappVserver: ''
  CinderNetappPartnerBackendName: ''
  CinderNetappNfsShares: ''
  CinderNetappNfsSharesConfig: '/etc/cinder/shares.conf'
  CinderNetappNfsMountOptions: ''
  CinderNetappCopyOffloadToolPath: ''
  CinderNetappControllerIps: ''
  CinderNetappSaPassword: ''
  CinderNetappStoragePools: ''
  CinderNetappEseriesHostType: 'linux_dm_mp'
  CinderNetappWebservicePath: '/devmgr/v2'
Note

There are several director heat parameters that control whether an NFS back end or a NetApp NFS Block Storage back end supports a NetApp feature called NAS secure:

  • CinderNetappNasSecureFileOperations
  • CinderNetappNasSecureFilePermissions
  • CinderNasSecureFileOperations
  • CinderNasSecureFilePermissions

Red Hat does not recommend that you enable the feature, because it interferes with normal volume operations. Director disables the feature by default, and Red Hat OpenStack Platform does not support it.

1
The OS::TripleO::Services::CinderBackendNetApp parameter in the resource_registry section refers to a composable service template named cinder-backend-netapp.yaml. This is the template that the Director should use to load the necessary resources for configuring the back end. By default, the parameter specifies the path to cinder-backend-netapp.yaml relatively. As such, update this parameter with the absolute path to the file:
resource_registry:
  OS::TripleO::Services::CinderBackendNetApp: /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/puppet/services/cinder-backend-netapp.yaml
2
The parameter_defaults section contains your back end definition. Specifically, it contains the parameters that director passes to the resources defined in cinder-backend-netapp.yaml.
3
The CinderEnableNetappBackend: true line instructs director to use the puppet manifests necessary for the default configuration of a NetApp back end. This includes defining the volume driver that the Block Storage service should use (specifically, cinder.volume.drivers.netapp.common.NetAppDriver).

To define your NetApp back end, edit the settings in the parameter_defaults section as you see fit. The following table explains each parameter and lists its corresponding cinder.conf setting.

Note

For more about variables, see the corresponding reference in NetApp OpenStack Docs for your NetApp appliance.

Table 3.1. NetApp universal back end settings

Parametercinder.conf settingDescription

CinderNetappBackendName

volume_backend_name

(Required) An arbitrary name to identify the volume back end. The cinder-netapp-config.yaml file uses the name tripleo_netapp by default.

CinderNetappLogin

netapp_login

(Required) Administrative account name used to access the back end or its proxy server. For this parameter, you can use an account with cluster-level administrative permissions (namely, admin) or a cluster-scoped account [a] with the appropriate privileges.

CinderNetappPassword

netapp_password

(Required) The corresponding password of CinderNetappLogin.

CinderNetappServerHostname

netapp_server_hostname

(Required) The storage system or proxy server (for E-Series). The value of this option should be the IP address or hostname of either the cluster management logical interface (LIF) or Storage Virtual Machine (SVM) LIF.

CinderNetappServerPort

netapp_server_port

(Optional) The TCP port that the Block Storage service should use to communicate with the NetApp back end. If not specified, Data ONTAP drivers will use 80 for HTTP and 443 for HTTPS; E-Series will use 8080 for HTTP and 8443 for HTTPS.

CinderNetappSizeMultiplier

netapp_size_multiplier

(Deprecated) During volume creation, the quantity to be multiplied to the requested volume size to ensure that the NetApp back end has enough space.

CinderNetappStorageFamily

netapp_storage_family

(Optional) The storage family type used on the back end device. Use ontap_cluster for clustered Data ONTAP or eseries for E-Series.

NOTE: Support for ontap_7mode for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode is deprecated.

CinderNetappStorageProtocol

netapp_storage_protocol

(Required) The storage protocol to be used. Use either nfs, iscsi, or fc.

CinderNetappTransportType

netapp_transport_type

(Required) Transport protocol to be used for communicating with the back end. Valid options include http and https.

[a] For more information on cluster-scoped accounts, see ONTAP Configuration (from NetApp OpenStack Docs)

The following setting is only valid for clustered Data ONTAP (as in, with CinderNetappStorageFamily set to ontap_cluster).

Table 3.2. NetApp settings for clustered DATA ONTAP

Parametercinder.conf settingDescription

CinderNetappVserver

netapp_vserver

(Required) Specifies which the name of the SVM where volume provisioning should occur. This refers to a single SVM on the storage cluster.

The following settings are only valid with Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode (as in, with CinderNetappStorageFamily set to ontap_7mode).

Table 3.3. NetApp settings for DATA ONTAP operating in 7-Mode

Parametercinder.conf settingDescription

CinderNetappVfiler

netapp_vfiler

(Optional) The vFiler unit on which provisioning of volumes will be done. Use this option only when you want to use the MultiStore feature on the NetApp back end.

CinderNetappVolumeList

netapp_volume_list

(Deprecated) Restricts provisioning to the specified comma-separated list of NetApp controller volumes. Backwards compatibility for this option remains for this release.

CinderNetappPartnerBackendName [a]

netapp_partner_backend_name

(Required) This specifies another back end that acts as the second half of a high-availability (HA) pair. Both back ends must refer to each other’s volume_backend_name in their respective back end definitions.

[a] This option is only valid when using the Fibre Channel protocol (as in, with CinderNetappStorageProtocol set to fc). For more information, see NetApp Unified Driver for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode with Fibre Channel (from the NetApp OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide)

The following settings are only valid with the E-Series family of devices (as in, with CinderNetappStorageFamily set to eseries).

Table 3.4. NetApp settings for E-Series

Parametercinder.conf settingDescription

CinderNetappControllerIps

netapp_controller_ip

(Required) A comma-separated list of controller management IPs/hostnames to which provisioning should be restricted.

CinderNetappSaPassword

netapp_sa_password

(Optional) Password to the NetApp E-Series storage array.

CinderNetappStoragePools

netapp_storage_pools

(Removed) A comma-separated list of disk pools to which provisioning should be restricted.

Do not edit this parameter, as it now refers to an unavailable driver option.

CinderNetappEseriesHostType

netapp_eseries_host_type

(Removed) Defines the type of operating system for all initiators that can access a LUN. This information is used when mapping LUNs to individual hosts or groups of hosts.

Do not edit this parameter, as it now refers to an unavailable driver option.

CinderNetappWebservicePath

netapp_webservice_path

(Optional) Specifies the path to the E-Series proxy application on a proxy server. To determine the full URL for connecting to the proxy application, the driver combines the CinderNetappTransportType, CinderNetappServerHostname, and CinderNetappServerPort port values.

The following settings are only valid when using the NFS protocol (as in, with CinderNetappStorageProtocol set to nfs). For more information, see NetApp Unified Driver for Clustered Data ONTAP with NFS or NetApp Unified Driver for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode with NFS (both from the NetApp OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide).

Table 3.5. NetApp settings for NFS

Parametercinder.conf settingDescription

CinderNetappNfsShares

None

(Required) Comma-separated list of Data LIFs exported from the NetApp ONTAP device to be mounted by the Controller nodes. This list gets written to the location defined by CinderNetappNfsSharesConfig. For example:

CinderNetappNfsShares: \'192.168.67.1:/cinder1,192.168.67.2:/cinder2,192.168.67.2:/cinder3,192.168.67.2:/archived_data'

CinderNetappNfsSharesConfig

nfs_shares_config

(Required) Absolute path to the NFS exports file. This file contains a list of available NFS shares to be used as a back end.

CinderNetappNfsMountOptions

nfs_mount_options

(Optional) Comma-separated list of mount options you want to pass to the NFS client. For more information about valid options, see man mount.

CinderNetappCopyOffloadToolPath [a]

netapp_copyoffload_tool_path

(Optional) Specifies the path of the NetApp copy offload tool binary. This binary (available from the NetApp Support portal) must have the Execute permissions set, as the openstack-cinder-volume process will need to execute this file.

[a] This option is only valid with Clustered Data ONTAP (as in, with CinderNetappStorageFamily set to ontap_cluster). For more information, see NetApp Unified Driver for Clustered Data ONTAP with NFS (from the NetApp OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide).