Chapter 14. Enabling SSL/TLS on Overcloud Public Endpoints
By default, the overcloud uses unencrypted endpoints for its services. This means that the overcloud configuration requires an additional environment file to enable SSL/TLS for its Public API endpoints. The following chapter shows how to configure your SSL/TLS certificate and include it as a part of your overcloud creation.
This process only enables SSL/TLS for Public API endpoints. The Internal and Admin APIs remain unencrypted.
This process requires network isolation to define the endpoints for the Public API.
14.1. Initializing the Signing Host
The signing host is the host that generates and signs new certificates with a certificate authority. If you have never created SSL certificates on the chosen signing host, you might need to initialize the host so that it can sign new certificates.
/etc/pki/CA/index.txt file contains records of all signed certificates. Check if this file exists. If it does not exist, create an empty file:
$ sudo touch /etc/pki/CA/index.txt
/etc/pki/CA/serial file identifies the next serial number to use for the next certificate to sign. Check if this file exists. If the file does not exist, create a new file with a new starting value:
$ echo '1000' | sudo tee /etc/pki/CA/serial
14.2. Creating a Certificate Authority
Normally you sign your SSL/TLS certificates with an external certificate authority. In some situations, you might want to use your own certificate authority. For example, you might want to have an internal-only certificate authority.
Generate a key and certificate pair to act as the certificate authority:
$ openssl genrsa -out ca.key.pem 4096 $ openssl req -key ca.key.pem -new -x509 -days 7300 -extensions v3_ca -out ca.crt.pem
openssl req command asks for certain details about your authority. Enter these details at the prompt.
These commands create a certificate authority file called
14.3. Adding the Certificate Authority to Clients
For any external clients aiming to communicate using SSL/TLS, copy the certificate authority file to each client that requires access to your Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment.
$ sudo cp ca.crt.pem /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/
After you copy the certificate authority file to each client, run the following command on each client to add the certificate to the certificate authority trust bundle:
$ sudo update-ca-trust extract
For example, the undercloud requires a copy of the certificate authority file so that it can communicate with the overcloud endpoints during creation.
14.4. Creating an SSL/TLS Key
Run the following commands to generate the SSL/TLS key (
server.key.pem) that you use at different points to generate your undercloud or overcloud certificates:
$ openssl genrsa -out server.key.pem 2048
14.5. Creating an SSL/TLS Certificate Signing Request
This next procedure creates a certificate signing request for the overcloud. Copy the default OpenSSL configuration file for customization.
$ cp /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf .
Edit the custom
openssl.cnf file and set SSL parameters to use for the overcloud. An example of the types of parameters to modify include:
[req] distinguished_name = req_distinguished_name req_extensions = v3_req [req_distinguished_name] countryName = Country Name (2 letter code) countryName_default = AU stateOrProvinceName = State or Province Name (full name) stateOrProvinceName_default = Queensland localityName = Locality Name (eg, city) localityName_default = Brisbane organizationalUnitName = Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) organizationalUnitName_default = Red Hat commonName = Common Name commonName_default = 10.0.0.1 commonName_max = 64 [ v3_req ] # Extensions to add to a certificate request basicConstraints = CA:FALSE keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment subjectAltName = @alt_names [alt_names] IP.1 = 10.0.0.1 DNS.1 = 10.0.0.1 DNS.2 = myovercloud.example.com
commonName_default to one of the following:
If using an IP to access over SSL/TLS, use the Virtual IP for the Public API. Set this VIP using the
PublicVirtualFixedIPsparameter in an environment file. For more information, see Section 13.4, “Assigning Predictable Virtual IPs”. If you are not using predictable VIPs, the director assigns the first IP address from the range defined in the
- If using a fully qualified domain name to access over SSL/TLS, use the domain name instead.
Include the same Public API IP address as an IP entry and a DNS entry in the
alt_names section. If also using DNS, include the hostname for the server as DNS entries in the same section. For more information about
Run the following command to generate certificate signing request (
$ openssl req -config openssl.cnf -key server.key.pem -new -out server.csr.pem
Make sure to include the SSL/TLS key you created in Section 14.4, “Creating an SSL/TLS Key” for the
server.csr.pem file to create the SSL/TLS certificate in the next section.
14.6. Creating the SSL/TLS Certificate
Run the following command to create a certificate for your undercloud or overcloud:
$ sudo openssl ca -config openssl.cnf -extensions v3_req -days 3650 -in server.csr.pem -out server.crt.pem -cert ca.crt.pem -keyfile ca.key.pem
This command uses the following options:
The configuration file specifying the v3 extensions. Include the configuration file with the
The certificate signing request from Section 14.5, “Creating an SSL/TLS Certificate Signing Request” to generate and sign the certificate with a certificate authority. Include the certificate signing request with the
The certificate authority you created in Section 14.2, “Creating a Certificate Authority”, which signs the certificate. Include the certificate authority with the
The certificate authority private key you created in Section 14.2, “Creating a Certificate Authority”. Include the private key with the
This command creates a new certificate named
server.crt.pem. Use this certificate in conjunction with the SSL/TLS key from Section 14.4, “Creating an SSL/TLS Key” to enable SSL/TLS.
14.7. Enabling SSL/TLS
enable-tls.yaml environment file from the Heat template collection:
$ cp -r /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/ssl/enable-tls.yaml ~/templates/.
Edit this file and make the following changes for these parameters:
Copy the contents of the certificate file (
server.crt.pem) into the
SSLCertificateparameter. For example:
parameter_defaults: SSLCertificate: | -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- MIIDgzCCAmugAwIBAgIJAKk46qw6ncJaMA0GCSqGS ... sFW3S2roS4X0Af/kSSD8mlBBTFTCMBAj6rtLBKLaQ -----END CERTIFICATE-----Important
The certificate contents require the same indentation level for all new lines.
Copy the contents of the private key (
server.key.pem) into the
SSLKeyparameter. For example:
parameter_defaults: ... SSLKey: | -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- MIIEowIBAAKCAQEAqVw8lnQ9RbeI1EdLN5PJP0lVO ... ctlKn3rAAdyumi4JDjESAXHIKFjJNOLrBmpQyES4X -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----Important
The private key contents require the same indentation level for all new lines.
14.8. Injecting a Root Certificate
If the certificate signer is not in the default trust store on the overcloud image, you must inject the certificate authority into the overcloud image. Copy the
inject-trust-anchor-hiera.yaml environment file from the heat template collection:
$ cp -r /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/ssl/inject-trust-anchor-hiera.yaml ~/templates/.
Edit this file and make the following changes for these parameters:
Lists each certificate authority content (CA) to inject into the overcloud. The overcloud requires both a CA files used to sign the certificates for the undercloud and the overcloud. Copy the contents of the root certificate authority file (
ca.crt.pem) into an entry. For example, your
CAMapparameter might look like the following:
parameter_defaults: CAMap: ... undercloud-ca: content: | -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- MIIDlTCCAn2gAwIBAgIJAOnPtx2hHEhrMA0GCS BAYTAlVTMQswCQYDVQQIDAJOQzEQMA4GA1UEBw UmVkIEhhdDELMAkGA1UECwwCUUUxFDASBgNVBA -----END CERTIFICATE----- overcloud-ca: content: | -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- MIIDBzCCAe+gAwIBAgIJAIc75A7FD++DMA0GCS BAMMD3d3dy5leGFtcGxlLmNvbTAeFw0xOTAxMz Um54yGCARyp3LpkxvyfMXX1DokpS1uKi7s6CkF -----END CERTIFICATE-----Important
The certificate authority contents require the same indentation level for all new lines.
You can also inject additional CAs with the
14.9. Configuring DNS Endpoints
If using a DNS hostname to access the overcloud through SSL/TLS, create a new environment file (
~/templates/cloudname.yaml) to define the hostname of the overcloud’s endpoints. Use the following parameters:
- The DNS hostname of the overcloud endpoints.
A list of DNS servers to use. The configured DNS servers must contain an entry for the configured
CloudNamethat matches the IP address of the Public API.
An example of the contents for this file:
parameter_defaults: CloudName: overcloud.example.com DnsServers: ["10.0.0.254"]
14.10. Adding Environment Files During Overcloud Creation
The deployment command (
openstack overcloud deploy) uses the
-e option to add environment files. Add the environment files from this section in the following order:
The environment file to enable SSL/TLS (
The environment file to set the DNS hostname (
The environment file to inject the root certificate authority (
The environment file to set the public endpoint mapping:
If using a DNS name for accessing the public endpoints, use
If using a IP address for accessing the public endpoints, use
- If using a DNS name for accessing the public endpoints, use
$ openstack overcloud deploy --templates [...] -e /home/stack/templates/enable-tls.yaml -e ~/templates/cloudname.yaml -e ~/templates/inject-trust-anchor-hiera.yaml -e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/ssl/tls-endpoints-public-dns.yaml
14.11. Updating SSL/TLS Certificates
If you need to update certificates in the future:
enable-tls.yamlfile and update the
If your certificate authority has changed, edit the
inject-trust-anchor.yamlfile and update the
Once the new certificate content is in place, rerun your deployment command. For example:
$ openstack overcloud deploy --templates [...] -e /home/stack/templates/enable-tls.yaml -e ~/templates/cloudname.yaml -e ~/templates/inject-trust-anchor.yaml -e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/ssl/tls-endpoints-public-dns.yaml