Chapter 20. Fencing the Controller Nodes
Fencing is the process of isolating a failed node to protect a cluster and its resources. Without fencing, a failed node can result in data corruption in a cluster.
The director uses Pacemaker to provide a highly available cluster of Controller nodes. Pacemaker uses a process called STONITH to fence failed nodes. STONITH is disabled by default and requires manual configuration so that Pacemaker can control the power management of each node in the cluster.
20.1. Review the state of STONITH and Pacemaker
Log in to each node as the
heat-adminuser from the
stackuser on the director. The overcloud creation automatically copies the
stackuser’s SSH key to each node’s
Verify you have a running cluster:
$ sudo pcs status Cluster name: openstackHA Last updated: Wed Jun 24 12:40:27 2015 Last change: Wed Jun 24 11:36:18 2015 Stack: corosync Current DC: lb-c1a2 (2) - partition with quorum Version: 1.1.12-a14efad 3 Nodes configured 141 Resources configured
Verify STONITH is disabled:
$ sudo pcs property show Cluster Properties: cluster-infrastructure: corosync cluster-name: openstackHA dc-version: 1.1.12-a14efad have-watchdog: false stonith-enabled: false
20.2. Enable Fencing
fencing.yamlenvironment file using the
openstack overcloud generate fencingcommand:
$ openstack overcloud generate fencing --ipmi-lanplus --ipmi-level administrator --output fencing.yaml instackenv.json
This command requires the
instackenv.jsonfile you created when registering your nodes in director. If using pre-provisioned nodes, you must create the
The following snippet is a sample
parameter_defaults: EnableFencing: true FencingConfig: devices: - agent: fence_ipmilan host_mac: 11:11:11:11:11:11 params: ipaddr: 10.0.0.101 lanplus: true login: admin passwd: InsertComplexPasswordHere pcmk_host_list: host04 privlvl: administratorNote
openstack overcloud generate fencingcommand only outputs fencing options for IPMI. The command accepts nodes using
ipmipower management details and converts
dracpower management details to IPMI equivalents.
Pass the resulting
fencing.yamlfile to the
deploycommand you previously used to deploy the overcloud. This will re-run the deployment procedure and configure fencing on the hosts:
openstack overcloud deploy --templates -e /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/environments/network-isolation.yaml -e ~/templates/network-environment.yaml -e ~/templates/storage-environment.yaml --control-scale 3 --compute-scale 3 --ceph-storage-scale 3 --control-flavor control --compute-flavor compute --ceph-storage-flavor ceph-storage --ntp-server pool.ntp.org --neutron-network-type vxlan --neutron-tunnel-types vxlan -e fencing.yaml
The deployment command should complete without any error or exceptions.
Log in to the overcloud and verify fencing was configured for each of the controllers:
Check the fencing resources are managed by Pacemaker:
$ source stackrc $ nova list | grep controller $ ssh heat-admin@<controller-x_ip> $ sudo pcs status |grep fence stonith-overcloud-controller-x (stonith:fence_ipmilan): Started overcloud-controller-y
You should see Pacemaker is configured to use a STONITH resource for each of the controllers specified in
fence-resourceprocess should not be configured on the same host it controls.
pcsto verify the fence resource attributes:
$ sudo pcs stonith show <stonith-resource-controller-x>
The values used by STONITH should match those defined in the
20.3. Fencing parameters
The following example shows the structure of the
fencing.yaml environment file:
This file requires the following parameters:
- Enables the fencing functionality for Pacemaker nodes.
The configuration for Pacemaker fencing functionality. This parameter contains a list of
devices, which requires three main parameters:
agent, which is the fencing agent. Red Hat OpenStack Platform only supports
host_mac, which is a unique identifier for the device.
params, which is a YAML dictionary of fencing parameters.
Table 20.1. Fencing device parameters
| || |
IPMI authentication type (
| || |
IPMI IP address.
| || |
| || |
Username for the IPMI device.
| || |
Password for the IPMI device.
| || |
Use lanplus to improve security of connection.
| || |
Privilege level on IPMI device
| || |
List of Pacemaker hosts.
20.4. Test Fencing
This procedure tests whether fencing is working as expected.
Trigger a fencing action for each controller in the deployment:
Log in to a controller:
$ source stackrc $ nova list |grep controller $ ssh heat-admin@<controller-x_ip>
As root, trigger fencing by using
iptablesto close all ports:
$ sudo -i iptables -A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT && iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT && iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 5016 -j ACCEPT && iptables -A INPUT -p udp -m state --state NEW -m udp --dport 5016 -j ACCEPT && iptables -A INPUT ! -i lo -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited && iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --sport 22 -j ACCEPT && iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --sport 5016 -j ACCEPT && iptables -A OUTPUT -p udp --sport 5016 -j ACCEPT && iptables -A OUTPUT ! -o lo -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
As a result, the connections should drop, and the server should be rebooted.
From another controller, locate the fencing event in the Pacemaker log file:
$ ssh heat-admin@<controller-x_ip> $ less /var/log/cluster/corosync.log (less): /fenc*
You should see that STONITH has issued a fence action against the controller, and that Pacemaker has raised an event in the log.
Verify the rebooted controller has returned to the cluster:
From the second controller, wait a few minutes and run
pcs statusto see if the fenced controller has returned to the cluster. The duration can vary depending on your configuration.
- From the second controller, wait a few minutes and run