Chapter 12. VLAN-Aware Instances

12.1. Overview

Instances can now send and receive VLAN-tagged traffic over a single vNIC. This ability is particularly useful for NFV applications (VNFs) that expect VLAN-tagged traffic, allowing multiple customers/services to be served by a single vNIC.

For example, the tenant data network can use VLANs, or tunneling (VXLAN/GRE) segmentation, while the instances will see the traffic tagged with VLAN IDs. As a result, network packets are tagged just before they are injected to the instance; they don’t need to be tagged throughout the entire network.

To implement this, start by creating a parent port and attaching it to an existing neutron network. Doing so will add a trunk connection to the parent port you created. Next, create subports. These subports are the ports that connect VLANs to instances, thereby allowing connectivity to the trunk. Within the instance operating system, you need to create a sub-interface that tags traffic for the VLAN associated with the subport.

12.2. Review the Trunk Plugin

In a director-based deployment, the trunk plugin is turned on by default. You can review the configuration on the controller nodes:

1.On the controller node, confirm that the trunk plugin is enabled in /etc/neutron/neutron.conf. For example:

service_plugins=router,metering,qos,trunk

12.3. Create a Trunk Connection

1. Identify the network that requires the trunk port connection. This would be the network that will contain the instance that requires access to the trunked VLANs. In this example, this is the public network:

openstack network list
+--------------------------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name    | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
| 82845092-4701-4004-add7-838837837621 | private | 434c7982-cd96-4c41-a8c9-b93adbdcb197 |
| 8d8bc6d6-5b28-4e00-b99e-157516ff0050 | public  | 3fd811b4-c104-44b5-8ff8-7a86af5e332c |
+--------------------------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+

2. Create the parent trunk port, and attach it to the network that the instance will be connected to. In this example, a neutron port named parent-trunk-port is created on the public network. This trunk will be considered the parent port, as you can use it to create subports.

openstack port create --network public parent-trunk-port
+-----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field                 | Value                                                                       |
+-----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up        | UP                                                                          |
| allowed_address_pairs |                                                                             |
| binding_host_id       |                                                                             |
| binding_profile       |                                                                             |
| binding_vif_details   |                                                                             |
| binding_vif_type      | unbound                                                                     |
| binding_vnic_type     | normal                                                                      |
| created_at            | 2016-10-20T02:02:33Z                                                        |
| description           |                                                                             |
| device_id             |                                                                             |
| device_owner          |                                                                             |
| extra_dhcp_opts       |                                                                             |
| fixed_ips             | ip_address='172.24.4.230', subnet_id='dc608964-9af3-4fed-9f06-6d3844fb9b9b' |
| headers               |                                                                             |
| id                    | 20b6fdf8-0d43-475a-a0f1-ec8f757a4a39                                        |
| mac_address           | fa:16:3e:33:c4:75                                                           |
| name                  | parent-trunk-port                                                           |
| network_id            | 871a6bd8-4193-45d7-a300-dcb2420e7cc3                                        |
| project_id            | 745d33000ac74d30a77539f8920555e7                                            |
| project_id            | 745d33000ac74d30a77539f8920555e7                                            |
| revision_number       | 4                                                                           |
| security_groups       | 59e2af18-93c6-4201-861b-19a8a8b79b23                                        |
| status                | DOWN                                                                        |
| updated_at            | 2016-10-20T02:02:33Z                                                        |
+-----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

3. Create a trunk using the port you just created. In this example the trunk is named parent-trunk.

openstack network trunk create --parent-port parent-trunk-port parent-trunk
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field           | Value                                |
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up  | UP                                   |
| created_at      | 2016-10-20T02:05:17Z                 |
| description     |                                      |
| id              | 0e4263e2-5761-4cf6-ab6d-b22884a0fa88 |
| name            | parent-trunk                         |
| port_id         | 20b6fdf8-0d43-475a-a0f1-ec8f757a4a39 |
| revision_number | 1                                    |
| status          | DOWN                                 |
| sub_ports       |                                      |
| tenant_id       | 745d33000ac74d30a77539f8920555e7     |
| updated_at      | 2016-10-20T02:05:17Z                 |
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+

4. View the trunk connection:

openstack network trunk list
+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------------------------------------+-------------+
| ID                                   | Name         | Parent Port                          | Description |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------------------------------------+-------------+
| 0e4263e2-5761-4cf6-ab6d-b22884a0fa88 | parent-trunk | 20b6fdf8-0d43-475a-a0f1-ec8f757a4a39 |             |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------------------------------------+-------------+
  • View the details of the trunk connection:
openstack network trunk show parent-trunk
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field           | Value                                |
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up  | UP                                   |
| created_at      | 2016-10-20T02:05:17Z                 |
| description     |                                      |
| id              | 0e4263e2-5761-4cf6-ab6d-b22884a0fa88 |
| name            | parent-trunk                         |
| port_id         | 20b6fdf8-0d43-475a-a0f1-ec8f757a4a39 |
| revision_number | 1                                    |
| status          | DOWN                                 |
| sub_ports       |                                      |
| tenant_id       | 745d33000ac74d30a77539f8920555e7     |
| updated_at      | 2016-10-20T02:05:17Z                 |
+-----------------+--------------------------------------+

12.4. Add Subports to the Trunk

1. Create a neutron port. This port will be used as a subport connection to the trunk. You must also specify the MAC address that was assigned to the parent port:

openstack port create --network private --mac-address fa:16:3e:33:c4:75 subport-trunk-port
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field                 | Value                                                                    |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up        | UP                                                                       |
| allowed_address_pairs |                                                                          |
| binding_host_id       |                                                                          |
| binding_profile       |                                                                          |
| binding_vif_details   |                                                                          |
| binding_vif_type      | unbound                                                                  |
| binding_vnic_type     | normal                                                                   |
| created_at            | 2016-10-20T02:08:14Z                                                     |
| description           |                                                                          |
| device_id             |                                                                          |
| device_owner          |                                                                          |
| extra_dhcp_opts       |                                                                          |
| fixed_ips             | ip_address='10.0.0.11', subnet_id='1a299780-56df-4c0b-a4c0-c5a612cef2e8' |
| headers               |                                                                          |
| id                    | 479d742e-dd00-4c24-8dd6-b7297fab3ee9                                     |
| mac_address           | fa:16:3e:33:c4:75                                                        |
| name                  | subport-trunk-port                                                       |
| network_id            | 3fe6b758-8613-4b17-901e-9ba30a7c4b51                                     |
| project_id            | 745d33000ac74d30a77539f8920555e7                                         |
| project_id            | 745d33000ac74d30a77539f8920555e7                                         |
| revision_number       | 4                                                                        |
| security_groups       | 59e2af18-93c6-4201-861b-19a8a8b79b23                                     |
| status                | DOWN                                                                     |
| updated_at            | 2016-10-20T02:08:15Z                                                     |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
Note

If you receive the error HttpException: Conflict, confirm that you are creating the subport on a different network to the one that has the parent trunk port. This example uses the public network for the parent trunk port, and private for the subport.

2. Associate the port with the trunk (parent-trunk), and specify the VLAN ID (55):

openstack network trunk set --subport port=subport-trunk-port,segmentation-type=vlan,segmentation-id=55 parent-trunk

12.5. Configure an Instance to use a Trunk

The instance operating system must be configured to use the MAC address that neutron assigned to the subport. You can also configure the subport to use a specific MAC address during the subport creation step.

1. Review the configuration of your network trunk:

$ openstack network trunk list
+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------------------------------------+-------------+
| ID                                   | Name         | Parent Port                          | Description |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------------------------------------+-------------+
| 0e4263e2-5761-4cf6-ab6d-b22884a0fa88 | parent-trunk | 20b6fdf8-0d43-475a-a0f1-ec8f757a4a39 |             |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------------------------------------+-------------+


$ openstack network trunk show parent-trunk
+-----------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field           | Value                                                                                          |
+-----------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up  | UP                                                                                             |
| created_at      | 2016-10-20T02:05:17Z                                                                           |
| description     |                                                                                                |
| id              | 0e4263e2-5761-4cf6-ab6d-b22884a0fa88                                                           |
| name            | parent-trunk                                                                                   |
| port_id         | 20b6fdf8-0d43-475a-a0f1-ec8f757a4a39                                                           |
| revision_number | 2                                                                                              |
| status          | DOWN                                                                                           |
| sub_ports       | port_id='479d742e-dd00-4c24-8dd6-b7297fab3ee9', segmentation_id='55', segmentation_type='vlan' |
| tenant_id       | 745d33000ac74d30a77539f8920555e7                                                               |
| updated_at      | 2016-10-20T02:10:06Z                                                                           |
+-----------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

2. Create an instance that uses the parent port id as its vNIC:

nova boot --image cirros --flavor m1.tiny testInstance --security-groups default --key-name sshaccess --nic port-id=20b6fdf8-0d43-475a-a0f1-ec8f757a4a39


+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| Property                             | Value                                         |
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig                    | MANUAL                                        |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone          |                                               |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:host                 | -                                             |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hostname             | testinstance                                  |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hypervisor_hostname  | -                                             |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:instance_name        |                                               |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:kernel_id            |                                               |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:launch_index         | 0                                             |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:ramdisk_id           |                                               |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:reservation_id       | r-juqco0el                                    |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:root_device_name     | -                                             |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:user_data            | -                                             |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state               | 0                                             |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state                | scheduling                                    |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state                  | building                                      |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at               | -                                             |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at             | -                                             |
| accessIPv4                           |                                               |
| accessIPv6                           |                                               |
| adminPass                            | uMyL8PnZRBwQ                                  |
| config_drive                         |                                               |
| created                              | 2016-10-20T03:02:51Z                          |
| description                          | -                                             |
| flavor                               | m1.tiny (1)                                   |
| hostId                               |                                               |
| host_status                          |                                               |
| id                                   | 88b7aede-1305-4d91-a180-67e7eac8b70d          |
| image                                | cirros (568372f7-15df-4e61-a05f-10954f79a3c4) |
| key_name                             | sshaccess                                     |
| locked                               | False                                         |
| metadata                             | {}                                            |
| name                                 | testInstance                                  |
| os-extended-volumes:volumes_attached | []                                            |
| progress                             | 0                                             |
| security_groups                      | default                                       |
| status                               | BUILD                                         |
| tags                                 | []                                            |
| tenant_id                            | 745d33000ac74d30a77539f8920555e7              |
| updated                              | 2016-10-20T03:02:51Z                          |
| user_id                              | 8c4aea738d774967b4ef388eb41fef5e              |
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

12.6. Trunk States

  • ACTIVE: The trunk is working as expected and there are no current requests.
  • DOWN: The virtual and physical resources for the trunk are not in sync. This can be a temporary state during negotiation.
  • BUILD: There has been a request and the resources are being provisioned. Upon successful completion the trunk will return to ACTIVE.
  • DEGRADED: The provisioning request did not complete, so the trunk has only been partially provisioned. It is recommended to remove the subports and try again.
  • ERROR: The provisioning request was unsuccessful. Removing the resource that led to the error will return the trunk to a healther state. Do not add more subports while in the ERROR state, as this can cause more issues.