Chapter 4. Recovering applications with RWO storage

Applications that use ReadWriteOnce (RWO) storage have a known behavior described in this Kubernetes issue. Because of this issue, if there is a data zone failure, any application pods in that zone mounting RWO volumes (for example, cephrbd based volumes) are stuck with Terminating status after 6-8 minutes and is not re-created on the active zone without manual intervention.

Check the OpenShift Container Platform nodes with a status of NotReady. There may be an issue that prevents the nodes from communicating with the OpenShift control plane. However, the nodes may still be performing I/O operations against Persistent Volumes (PVs).

If two pods are concurrently writing to the same RWO volume, there is a risk of data corruption. Ensure that processes on the NotReady node are either terminated or blocked until they are terminated.

Example solutions:

  • Use an out of band management system to power off a node, with confirmation, to ensure process termination.
  • Withdraw a network route that is used by nodes at a failed site to communicate with storage.

    Note

    Before restoring service to the failed zone or nodes, confirm that all the pods with PVs have terminated successfully.

To get the Terminating pods to recreate on the active zone, you can either force delete the pod or delete the finalizer on the associated PV. Once one of these two actions are completed, the application pod should recreate on the active zone and successfully mount its RWO storage.

Force deleting the pod

Force deletions do not wait for confirmation from the kubelet that the pod has been terminated.

$ oc delete pod <PODNAME> --grace-period=0 --force --namespace <NAMESPACE>
<PODNAME>
Is the name of the pod
<NAMESPACE>
Is the project namespace
Deleting the finalizer on the associated PV

Find the associated PV for the Persistent Volume Claim (PVC) that is mounted by the Terminating pod and delete the finalizer using the oc patch command.

$ oc patch -n openshift-storage pv/<PV_NAME> -p '{"metadata":{"finalizers":[]}}' --type=merge
<PV_NAME>

Is the name of the PV

An easy way to find the associated PV is to describe the Terminating pod. If you see a multi-attach warning, it should have the PV names in the warning (for example, pvc-0595a8d2-683f-443b-aee0-6e547f5f5a7c).

$ oc describe pod <PODNAME> --namespace <NAMESPACE>
<PODNAME>
Is the name of the pod
<NAMESPACE>

Is the project namespace

Example output:

[...]
Events:
  Type     Reason                  Age   From                     Message
  ----     ------                  ----  ----                     -------
  Normal   Scheduled               4m5s  default-scheduler        Successfully assigned openshift-storage/noobaa-db-pg-0 to perf1-mz8bt-worker-d2hdm
  Warning  FailedAttachVolume      4m5s  attachdetach-controller  Multi-Attach error for volume "pvc-0595a8d2-683f-443b-aee0-6e547f5f5a7c" Volume is already exclusively attached to one node and can't be attached to another