Chapter 3. Dynamically provisioned OpenShift Data Foundation deployed on Red Hat Virtualization

3.1. Replacing operational or failed storage devices on Red Hat Virtualization installer-provisioned infrastructure

Create a new Persistent Volume Claim (PVC) on a new volume, and remove the old object storage device (OSD).


  • Ensure that the data is resilient.

    • In the OpenShift Web Console, click StorageData Foundation.
    • Click the Storage Systems tab, and then click ocs-storagecluster-storagesystem.
    • In the Status card of Block and File dashboard, under the Overview tab, verify that Data Resiliency has a green tick mark.


  1. Identify the OSD that needs to be replaced and the OpenShift Container Platform node that has the OSD scheduled on it.

    $ oc get -n openshift-storage pods -l app=rook-ceph-osd -o wide

    Example output:

    rook-ceph-osd-0-6d77d6c7c6-m8xj6    0/1    CrashLoopBackOff    0    24h   compute-2   <none>           <none>
    rook-ceph-osd-1-85d99fb95f-2svc7    1/1    Running             0    24h   compute-0   <none>           <none>
    rook-ceph-osd-2-6c66cdb977-jp542    1/1    Running             0    24h   compute-1   <none>           <none>

    In this example, rook-ceph-osd-0-6d77d6c7c6-m8xj6 needs to be replaced and compute-2 is the OpenShift Container platform node on which the OSD is scheduled.


    If the OSD to be replaced is healthy, the status of the pod will be Running.

  2. Scale down the OSD deployment for the OSD to be replaced.

    Each time you want to replace the OSD, update the osd_id_to_remove parameter with the OSD ID, and repeat this step.

    $ osd_id_to_remove=0
    $ oc scale -n openshift-storage deployment rook-ceph-osd-${osd_id_to_remove} --replicas=0

    where, osd_id_to_remove is the integer in the pod name immediately after the rook-ceph-osd prefix. In this example, the deployment name is rook-ceph-osd-0.

    Example output:

    deployment.extensions/rook-ceph-osd-0 scaled
  3. Verify that the rook-ceph-osd pod is terminated.

    $ oc get -n openshift-storage pods -l ceph-osd-id=${osd_id_to_remove}

    Example output:

    No resources found.

    If the rook-ceph-osd pod is in terminating state, use the force option to delete the pod.

    $ oc delete pod rook-ceph-osd-0-6d77d6c7c6-m8xj6 --force --grace-period=0

    Example output:

    warning: Immediate deletion does not wait for confirmation that the running resource has been terminated. The resource may continue to run on the cluster indefinitely.
      pod "rook-ceph-osd-0-6d77d6c7c6-m8xj6" force deleted
  4. Remove the old OSD from the cluster so that you can add a new OSD.

    1. Delete any old ocs-osd-removal jobs.

      $ oc delete -n openshift-storage job ocs-osd-removal-job

      Example output:

      job.batch "ocs-osd-removal-job"
    2. Navigate to the openshift-storage project.

      $ oc project openshift-storage
    3. Remove the old OSD from the cluster.

      $ oc process -n openshift-storage ocs-osd-removal -p FAILED_OSD_IDS=${osd_id_to_remove} -p FORCE_OSD_REMOVAL=false |oc create -n openshift-storage -f -

      The FORCE_OSD_REMOVAL value must be changed to “true” in clusters that only have three OSDs, or clusters with insufficient space to restore all three replicas of the data after the OSD is removed.


      This step results in OSD being completely removed from the cluster. Ensure that the correct value of osd_id_to_remove is provided.

  5. Verify that the OSD was removed successfully by checking the status of the ocs-osd-removal-job pod.

    A status of Completed confirms that the OSD removal job succeeded.

    $ oc get pod -l job-name=ocs-osd-removal-job -n openshift-storage
  6. Ensure that the OSD removal is completed.

    $ oc logs -l job-name=ocs-osd-removal-job -n openshift-storage --tail=-1 | egrep -i 'completed removal'

    Example output:

    2022-05-10 06:50:04.501511 I | cephosd: completed removal of OSD 0

    If the ocs-osd-removal-job fails and the pod is not in the expected Completed state, check the pod logs for further debugging.

    For example:

    # oc logs -l job-name=ocs-osd-removal-job -n openshift-storage --tail=-1'
  7. If encryption was enabled at the time of install, remove dm-crypt managed device-mapper mapping from the OSD devices that are removed from the respective OpenShift Data Foundation nodes.

    1. Get the PVC name(s) of the replaced OSD(s) from the logs of ocs-osd-removal-job pod.

      $ oc logs -l job-name=ocs-osd-removal-job -n openshift-storage --tail=-1  |egrep -i ‘pvc|deviceset’

      Example output:

      2021-05-12 14:31:34.666000 I | cephosd: removing the OSD PVC "ocs-deviceset-xxxx-xxx-xxx-xxx"
    2. For each of the previously identified nodes, do the following:

      1. Create a debug pod and chroot to the host on the storage node.

        $ oc debug node/<node name>
        <node name>

        Is the name of the node.

        $ chroot /host
      2. Find a relevant device name based on the PVC names identified in the previous step.

        $ dmsetup ls| grep <pvc name>
        <pvc name>

        Is the name of the PVC.

        Example output:

        ocs-deviceset-xxx-xxx-xxx-xxx-block-dmcrypt (253:0)
      3. Remove the mapped device.

        $ cryptsetup luksClose --debug --verbose ocs-deviceset-xxx-xxx-xxx-xxx-block-dmcrypt

        If the above command gets stuck due to insufficient privileges, run the following commands:

        • Press CTRL+Z to exit the above command.
        • Find the PID of the process which was stuck.

          $ ps -ef | grep crypt
        • Terminate the process using the kill command.

          $ kill -9 <PID>
          Is the process ID.
        • Verify that the device name is removed.

          $ dmsetup ls
  8. Delete the ocs-osd-removal job.

    $ oc delete -n openshift-storage job ocs-osd-removal-job

    Example output:

    job.batch "ocs-osd-removal-job" deleted

When using an external key management system (KMS) with data encryption, the old OSD encryption key can be removed from the Vault server as it is now an orphan key.

Verfication steps

  1. Verify that there is a new OSD running.

    $ oc get -n openshift-storage pods -l app=rook-ceph-osd

    Example output:

    rook-ceph-osd-0-5f7f4747d4-snshw                                  1/1     Running     0          4m47s
    rook-ceph-osd-1-85d99fb95f-2svc7                                  1/1     Running     0          1d20h
    rook-ceph-osd-2-6c66cdb977-jp542                                  1/1     Running     0          1d20h
  2. Verify that there is a new PVC created which is in Bound state.

    $ oc get -n openshift-storage pvc
  3. Optional: If cluster-wide encryption is enabled on the cluster, verify that the new OSD devices are encrypted.

    1. Identify the nodes where the new OSD pods are running.

      $ oc get -n openshift-storage -o=custom-columns=NODE:.spec.nodeName pod/<OSD-pod-name>

      Is the name of the OSD pod.

      For example:

      $ oc get -n openshift-storage -o=custom-columns=NODE:.spec.nodeName pod/rook-ceph-osd-0-544db49d7f-qrgqm

      Example output:

    2. For each of the previously identified nodes, do the following:

      1. Create a debug pod and open a chroot environment for the selected host(s).

        $ oc debug node/<node name>
        <node name>

        Is the name of the node.

        $ chroot /host
      2. Check for the crypt keyword beside the ocs-deviceset name(s).

        $ lsblk
  4. Log in to OpenShift Web Console and view the storage dashboard.