Chapter 5. Security considerations

5.1. FIPS-140-2

The Federal Information Processing Standard Publication 140-2 (FIPS-140-2) is a standard defining a set of security requirements for the use of cryptographic modules. This standard is mandated by law for US government agencies and contractors and is also referenced in other international and industry specific standards.

Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage is now using FIPS validated cryptographic modules as delivered by Red Hat Enterprise Linux OS/CoreOS (RHCOS).

The cryptography modules are currently being processed by Cryptographic Module Validation Program (CMVP) and their state can be seen at Modules in Process List. For more up-to-date information, see the knowledge base article.

Note

FIPS mode must be enabled on the OpenShift Container Platform, prior to installing OpenShift Container Storage. OpenShift Container Platform must run on RHCOS nodes, as OpenShift Container Storage deployment on RHEL 7 is not supported for this feature. FIPS is not supported on OpenShift Container Storage 4.6 on IBM Power Systems.

For more information, see installing a cluster in FIPS mode and support for FIPS cryptography.

5.2. Proxy environment

A proxy environment is a production environment that denies direct access to the internet and provides an available HTTP or HTTPS proxy instead. Red Hat Openshift Container Platform is configured to use a proxy by modifying the proxy object for existing clusters or by configuring the proxy settings in the install-config.yaml file for new clusters.

Red Hat supports deployment of Openshift Container Storage versions 4.5 and higher in proxy environments when OpenShift Container Platform has been configured according to configuring the cluster-wide proxy.

Note

Proxy environment is not supported on OpenShift Container Storage 4.6 on IBM Power Systems.

5.3. Data encryption options

Encryption lets you encode and obscure your data to make it impossible to understand if it is stolen. Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage 4.6 provides support for at-rest encryption of all disks in the storage cluster, meaning that your data is encrypted when it is written to disk, and decrypted when it is read from the disk.

OpenShift Container Storage 4.6 uses Linux Unified Key System (LUKS) version 2 based encryption with a key size of 512 bits and the aes-xts-plain64 cipher. Each device has a different encryption key, which is stored as a Kubernetes secret.

You can enable or disable encryption for your whole cluster during cluster deployment. It is disabled by default. Working with encrypted data incurs only a very small penalty to performance.

Data encryption is only supported for new clusters deployed using OpenShift Container Storage 4.6. It is not supported on existing clusters that are upgraded to version 4.6.