Deploying OpenShift Container Storage on VMware vSphere

Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage 4.6

How to install OpenShift Container Storage on Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform VMware vSphere clusters

Red Hat Storage Documentation Team

Abstract

Read this document for instructions on installing Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage 4.6 on Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform VMware vSphere clusters.

Preface

Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage 4.6 supports deployment on existing Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform (RHOCP) vSphere clusters in connected or disconnected environments along with out-of-the-box support for proxy environments.

Note

Both internal and external Openshift Container Storage clusters are supported on VMware vSphere. See Planning your deployment for more information about deployment requirements.

To deploy OpenShift Container Storage, follow the appropriate deployment process for your environment:

Chapter 1. Deploy using dynamic storage devices

Deploying OpenShift Container Storage on OpenShift Container Platform using dynamic storage devices provided by VMware vSphere (disk format: thin) provides you with the option to create internal cluster resources. This will result in the internal provisioning of the base services, which helps to make additional storage classes available to applications.

Note

Both internal and external Openshift Container Storage clusters are supported on VMware vSphere. See Planning your deployment for more information about deployment requirements.

Follow the below steps for deployment:

  1. For Red Hat Enterprise Linux based hosts for worker nodes in a user provisioned infrastructure (UPI), enable the container access to the underlying file system. Follow the instructions on enable file system access for containers on Red Hat Enterprise Linux based nodes.

    Note

    Skip this step for Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS (RHCOS).

  2. Install the Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage Operator.
  3. Create the OpenShift Container Storage Cluster Service.

1.1. Enabling file system access for containers on Red Hat Enterprise Linux based nodes

Deploying OpenShift Container Storage on an OpenShift Container Platform with worker nodes on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux base in a user provisioned infrastructure (UPI) does not automatically provide container access to the underlying Ceph file system.

Note

This process is not necessary for hosts based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS.

Procedure

Perform the following steps on each node in your cluster.

  1. Log in to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux based node and open a terminal.
  2. Verify that the node has access to the rhel-7-server-extras-rpms repository.

    # subscription-manager repos --list-enabled | grep rhel-7-server

    If you do not see both rhel-7-server-rpms and rhel-7-server-extras-rpms in the output, or if there is no output, run the following commands to enable each repository.

    # subscription-manager repos --enable=rhel-7-server-rpms
    # subscription-manager repos --enable=rhel-7-server-extras-rpms
  3. Install the required packages.

    # yum install -y policycoreutils container-selinux
  4. Persistently enable container use of the Ceph file system in SELinux.

    # setsebool -P container_use_cephfs on

1.2. Installing Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage Operator

You can install Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage Operator using the Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform Operator Hub. For information about the hardware and software requirements, see Planning your deployment.

Prerequisites

  • You must be logged into the OpenShift Container Platform (RHOCP) cluster.
  • You must have at least three worker nodes in the RHOCP cluster.
Note
  • When you need to override the cluster-wide default node selector for OpenShift Container Storage, you can use the following command in command line interface to specify a blank node selector for the openshift-storage namespace:

    $ oc annotate namespace openshift-storage openshift.io/node-selector=
  • Taint a node as infra to ensure only Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage resources are scheduled on that node. This helps you save on subscription costs. For more information, see How to use dedicated worker nodes for Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage chapter in Managing and Allocating Storage Resources guide.

Procedure

  1. Click Operators → OperatorHub in the left pane of the OpenShift Web Console.
  2. Use Filter by keyword text box or the filter list to search for OpenShift Container Storage from the list of operators.
  3. Click OpenShift Container Storage.
  4. On the OpenShift Container Storage operator page, click Install.
  5. On the Install Operator page, ensure the following options are selected by default::

    1. Update Channel as stable-4.6
    2. Installation Mode as A specific namespace on the cluster
    3. Installed Namespace as Operator recommended namespace openshift-storage. If Namespace openshift-storage does not exist, it will be created during the operator installation.
    4. Select Enable operator recommended cluster monitoring on this namespace checkbox as this is required for cluster monitoring.
    5. Select Approval Strategy as Automatic or Manual. Approval Strategy is set to Automatic by default.

      • Approval Strategy as Automatic.

        Note

        When you select the Approval Strategy as Automatic, approval is not required either during fresh installation or when updating to the latest version of OpenShift Container Storage.

        1. Click Install
        2. Wait for the install to initiate. This may take up to 20 minutes.
        3. Click Operators → Installed Operators
        4. Ensure the Project is openshift-storage. By default, the Project is openshift-storage.
        5. Wait for the Status of OpenShift Container Storage to change to Succeeded.
      • Approval Strategy as Manual.

        Note

        When you select the Approval Strategy as Manual, approval is required during fresh installation or when updating to the latest version of OpenShift Container Storage.

        1. Click Install
        2. On the Manual approval required page, you can either click Approve or View Installed Operators in namespace openshift-storage to install the operator.

          Important

          Before you click either of the options, wait for a few minutes on the Manual approval required page until the install plan gets loaded in the window.

          Important

          If you choose to click Approve, you must review the install plan before you proceed.

          • If you click Approve.

            • Wait for a few minutes while the OpenShift Container Storage Operator is getting installed.
            • On the Installed operator - ready for use page, click View Operator.
            • Ensure the Project is openshift-storage. By default, the Project is openshift-storage.
            • Click Operators → Installed Operators
            • Wait for the Status of OpenShift Container Storage to change to Succeeded.
          • If you click View Installed Operators in namespace openshift-storage .

            • On the Installed Operators page, click ocs-operator.
            • On the Subscription Details page, click the Install Plan link.
            • On the InstallPlan Details page, click Preview Install Plan.
            • Review the install plan and click Approve.
            • Wait for the Status of the Components to change from Unknown to either Created or Present.
            • Click Operators → Installed Operators
            • Ensure the Project is openshift-storage. By default, the Project is openshift-storage.
            • Wait for the Status of OpenShift Container Storage to change to Succeeded.

Verification steps

  • Verify that OpenShift Container Storage Operator shows a green tick indicating successful installation.
  • Click View Installed Operators in namespace openshift-storage link to verify that OpenShift Container Storage Operator shows the Status as Succeeded on the Installed Operators dashboard.

1.3. Creating an OpenShift Container Storage Cluster Service in internal mode

Use this procedure to create an OpenShift Container Storage Cluster Service after you install the OpenShift Container Storage operator.

Prerequisites

Procedure

  1. Click Operators → Installed Operators to view all the installed operators.

    Ensure that the Project selected is openshift-storage.

    Figure 1.1. OpenShift Container Storage Operator page

    Screenshot of OpenShift Container Storage operator dashboard.
  2. Click OpenShift Container Storage.

    Figure 1.2. Details tab of OpenShift Container Storage

    Screenshot of selected operator details tab.
  3. Click Create Instance link of Storage Cluster.

    Figure 1.3. Create Storage Cluster page

    Screenshot of Create Cluster Service page where you can select mode of deployment.
  4. On the Create Storage Cluster page, ensure that the following options are selected:

    1. In the Select Mode section, Internal mode is selected by default.
    2. Storage Class is set by default to thin for VMware.
    3. Select OpenShift Container Storage Service Capacity from drop down list.

      Note

      Once you select the initial storage capacity, cluster expansion will only be performed using the selected usable capacity (times 3 of raw storage).

    4. (Optional) In the Encryption section, set the toggle to Enabled to enable data encryption on the cluster.
    5. In the Nodes section, select at least three worker nodes from the available list for the use of OpenShift Container Storage service.

      It is recommended that the worker nodes are spread across three different physical nodes, racks or failure domains for high availability.

      Note
      • To find specific worker nodes in the cluster, you can filter nodes on the basis of Name or Label.

        • Name allows you to search by name of the node
        • Label allows you to search by selecting the predefined label
      • Use vCenter anti-affinity to align OpenShift Container Storage rack labels with physical nodes and racks in the data center to avoid scheduling two worker nodes on the same physical chassis.

      If the nodes selected do not match the OpenShift Container Storage cluster requirement of an aggregated 30 CPUs and 72 GiB of RAM, a minimal cluster will be deployed. For minimum starting node requirements, see Resource requirements section in Planning guide.

  5. Click Create.

    The Create button is enabled only after you select three nodes. A new storage cluster with three storage devices will be created, one per selected node. The default configuration uses a replication factor of 3.

Verification steps

  1. Verify that the final Status of the installed storage cluster shows as Phase: Ready with a green tick mark.

    • Click Operators → Installed Operators → Storage Cluster link to view the storage cluster installation status.
    • Alternatively, when you are on the Operator Details tab, you can click on the Storage Cluster tab to view the status.
  2. To verify that all components for OpenShift Container Storage are successfully installed, see Verifying your OpenShift Container Storage installation.

Chapter 2. Deploying using local storage devices

Deploying OpenShift Container Storage on OpenShift Container Platform using local storage devices provides you with the option to create internal cluster resources. This will result in the internal provisioning of the base services, which helps to make additional storage classes available to applications.

Use this section to deploy OpenShift Container Storage on VMware where OpenShift Container Platform is already installed.

2.1. Overview of deploying with internal local storage

To deploy Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage using local storage, follow these steps:

2.2. Requirements for installing OpenShift Container Storage using local storage devices

  • You must upgrade to a latest version of OpenShift Container Platform 4.6 before deploying OpenShift Container Storage 4.6. For information, see Updating OpenShift Container Platform clusters guide.
  • The Local Storage Operator version must match the Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform version in order to have the Local Storage Operator fully supported with Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage. The Local Storage Operator does not get upgraded when Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform is upgraded.
  • You must have at least three OpenShift Container Platform worker nodes in the cluster with locally attached storage devices on each of them.

    • Each of the three selected nodes must have at least one raw block device available to be used by OpenShift Container Storage.
    • The devices you use must be empty; the disks must not include physical volumes (PVs), volume groups (VGs), or logical volumes (LVs) remaining on the disk.

2.3. Enabling file system access for containers on Red Hat Enterprise Linux based nodes

Deploying OpenShift Container Storage on an OpenShift Container Platform with worker nodes on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux base in a user provisioned infrastructure (UPI) does not automatically provide container access to the underlying Ceph file system.

Note

This process is not necessary for hosts based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS.

Procedure

Perform the following steps on each node in your cluster.

  1. Log in to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux based node and open a terminal.
  2. Verify that the node has access to the rhel-7-server-extras-rpms repository.

    # subscription-manager repos --list-enabled | grep rhel-7-server

    If you do not see both rhel-7-server-rpms and rhel-7-server-extras-rpms in the output, or if there is no output, run the following commands to enable each repository.

    # subscription-manager repos --enable=rhel-7-server-rpms
    # subscription-manager repos --enable=rhel-7-server-extras-rpms
  3. Install the required packages.

    # yum install -y policycoreutils container-selinux
  4. Persistently enable container use of the Ceph file system in SELinux.

    # setsebool -P container_use_cephfs on

2.4. Installing Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage Operator

You can install Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage Operator using the Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform Operator Hub. For information about the hardware and software requirements, see Planning your deployment.

Prerequisites

  • You must be logged into the OpenShift Container Platform (RHOCP) cluster.
  • You must have at least three worker nodes in the RHOCP cluster.
Note
  • When you need to override the cluster-wide default node selector for OpenShift Container Storage, you can use the following command in command line interface to specify a blank node selector for the openshift-storage namespace:

    $ oc annotate namespace openshift-storage openshift.io/node-selector=
  • Taint a node as infra to ensure only Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage resources are scheduled on that node. This helps you save on subscription costs. For more information, see How to use dedicated worker nodes for Red Hat OpenShift Container Storage chapter in Managing and Allocating Storage Resources guide.

Procedure

  1. Click Operators → OperatorHub in the left pane of the OpenShift Web Console.
  2. Use Filter by keyword text box or the filter list to search for OpenShift Container Storage from the list of operators.
  3. Click OpenShift Container Storage.
  4. On the OpenShift Container Storage operator page, click Install.
  5. On the Install Operator page, ensure the following options are selected by default::

    1. Update Channel as stable-4.6
    2. Installation Mode as A specific namespace on the cluster
    3. Installed Namespace as Operator recommended namespace openshift-storage. If Namespace openshift-storage does not exist, it will be created during the operator installation.
    4. Select Enable operator recommended cluster monitoring on this namespace checkbox as this is required for cluster monitoring.
    5. Select Approval Strategy as Automatic or Manual. Approval Strategy is set to Automatic by default.

      • Approval Strategy as Automatic.

        Note

        When you select the Approval Strategy as Automatic, approval is not required either during fresh installation or when updating to the latest version of OpenShift Container Storage.

        1. Click Install
        2. Wait for the install to initiate. This may take up to 20 minutes.
        3. Click Operators → Installed Operators
        4. Ensure the Project is openshift-storage. By default, the Project is openshift-storage.
        5. Wait for the Status of OpenShift Container Storage to change to Succeeded.
      • Approval Strategy as Manual.

        Note

        When you select the Approval Strategy as Manual, approval is required during fresh installation or when updating to the latest version of OpenShift Container Storage.

        1. Click Install
        2. On the Manual approval required page, you can either click Approve or View Installed Operators in namespace openshift-storage to install the operator.

          Important

          Before you click either of the options, wait for a few minutes on the Manual approval required page until the install plan gets loaded in the window.

          Important

          If you choose to click Approve, you must review the install plan before you proceed.

          • If you click Approve.

            • Wait for a few minutes while the OpenShift Container Storage Operator is getting installed.
            • On the Installed operator - ready for use page, click View Operator.
            • Ensure the Project is openshift-storage. By default, the Project is openshift-storage.
            • Click Operators → Installed Operators
            • Wait for the Status of OpenShift Container Storage to change to Succeeded.
          • If you click View Installed Operators in namespace openshift-storage .

            • On the Installed Operators page, click ocs-operator.
            • On the Subscription Details page, click the Install Plan link.
            • On the InstallPlan Details page, click Preview Install Plan.
            • Review the install plan and click Approve.
            • Wait for the Status of the Components to change from Unknown to either Created or Present.
            • Click Operators → Installed Operators
            • Ensure the Project is openshift-storage. By default, the Project is openshift-storage.
            • Wait for the Status of OpenShift Container Storage to change to Succeeded.

Verification steps

  • Verify that OpenShift Container Storage Operator shows a green tick indicating successful installation.
  • Click View Installed Operators in namespace openshift-storage link to verify that OpenShift Container Storage Operator shows the Status as Succeeded on the Installed Operators dashboard.

2.5. Installing Local Storage Operator

Use this procedure to install the Local Storage Operator from the Operator Hub before creating OpenShift Container Storage clusters on local storage devices.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the OpenShift Web Console.
  2. Click Operators → OperatorHub.
  3. Search for Local Storage Operator from the list of operators and click on it.
  4. Click Install.

    Figure 2.1. Install Operator page

    Screenshot of Install Operator page.
  5. Set the following options on the Install Operator page:

    1. Update Channel as 4.6
    2. Installation Mode as A specific namespace on the cluster
    3. Installed Namespace as Operator recommended namespace openshift-local-storage.
    4. Approval Strategy as Automatic
  6. Click Install.
  7. Verify that the Local Storage Operator shows the Status as Succeeded.

2.6. Creating OpenShift Container Storage cluster on VMware

Use this procedure to create storage cluster on VMware infrastructure when a storage class does not exist.

If you already have a storage class created, you can directly create a storage cluster as described in Creating a storage cluster on VMware when a storage class exists section.

VMware supports the following three types of local storage:

  • Virtual machine disk (VMDK)
  • Raw device mapping (RDM)
  • VMDirectPath I/O

Prerequisites

Procedure

  1. Log into the OpenShift Web Console.
  2. Click Operators → Installed Operators to view all the installed operators.

    Ensure that the Project selected is openshift-storage.

    Figure 2.2. OpenShift Container Storage Operator page

    Screenshot of OpenShift Container Storage operator dashboard.
  3. Click OpenShift Container Storage.

    Figure 2.3. Details tab of OpenShift Container Storage

    Screenshot of selected operator details tab.
  4. Click Create Instance link of Storage Cluster.

    Figure 2.4. Create Storage Cluster page

    Screenshot of Create Storage Cluster page
  5. Select Internal-Attached devices for the Select Mode. By default, Internal is selected.
  6. Create a storage cluster using the wizard that includes disk discovery, storage class creation, and storage cluster creation.

    You are prompted to install the Local Storage Operator if it is not already installed. Click Install and install the operator as described in Installing Local Storage Operator.

    Discover Disks

    You can discover a list of potentially usable disks on the selected nodes. Block disks and partitions that are not in use and available for provisioning persistent volumes (PVs) are discovered.

    Figure 2.5. Discovery Disks wizard page

    Screenshot of discovering disks in select nodes.
    1. Choose one of the following:

      • All nodes to discover disks in all the nodes.
      • Select nodes to discover disks from a subset of the listed nodes.

        To find specific worker nodes in the cluster, you can filter nodes on the basis of Name or Label. Name allows you to search by name of the node and Label allows you to search by selecting the predefined label.

        If the nodes selected do not match the OpenShift Container Storage cluster requirement of an aggregated 30 CPUs and 72 GiB of RAM, a minimal cluster will be deployed. For minimum starting node requirements, see Resource requirements section in Planning guide.

        Note

        If the nodes to be selected are tainted and not discovered in the wizard, follow the steps provided in the Red Hat Knowledgebase Solution as a workaround.

    2. Click Next.
    Create Storage Class

    You can create a dedicated storage class to consume storage by filtering a set of storage volumes.

    Figure 2.6. Create Storage Class wizard page

    Screenshot of entering the storage class details.
    1. Enter the Volume Set Name.
    2. Enter the Storage Class Name. By default, the volume set name appears for the storage class name.
    3. The nodes selected for disk discovery in the earlier step are displayed in the Filter Disks section. Choose one of the following:

      • All nodes to select all the nodes for which you discovered the available disks.
      • Select nodes to choose a subset of the nodes for which you discovered the available disks.

        To find specific worker nodes in the cluster, you can filter nodes on the basis of Name or Label. Name allows you to search by name of the node and Label allows you to search by selecting the predefined label.

        It is recommended that the worker nodes are spread across three different physical nodes, racks or failure domains for high availability.

        Note

        Ensure OpenShift Container Storage rack labels are aligned with physical racks in the datacenter to prevent a double node failure at the failure domain level.

    4. Select the required Disk Type. The following options are available:

      All

      Selects all types of disks present on the nodes. By default, this option is selected.

      SSD/NVME

      Selects only SSD or NVME type of disks.

      HDD

      Selects only HDD type of disks.

      Note

      If the SSD/NVME disks are detected as HDD due to the underlying abstraction of storage, select the disk type as All or HDD. For example, local storage device as VMDK.

    5. In the Advanced section, you can set the following:

      Disk Mode

      Block is selected by default.

      Disk Size

      Minimum and maximum avaialable size of the device that needs to be included.

      Note

      You must set a minimum size of 100GB for the device.

      Max Disk Limit

      This indicates the maximum number of PVs that can be created on a node. If this field is left empty, then PVs are created for all the available disks on the matching nodes.

    6. (Optional) You can view the selected capacity of the disks on the selected nodes using the Select Capacity chart.

      This chart might take a few minutes to reflect the disks that are discovered in the previous step.

      You can click on the Nodes and Disks links on the chart to bring up the list of nodes and disks to view more details.

      Figure 2.7. List of selected nodes

      Screenshot of list of nodes displayed from the selected capacity chart.

      Figure 2.8. List of selected disks

      Screenshot of list of disks displayed from the selected capacity chart.
    7. Click Next.
    8. Click Yes in the message alert to confirm the creation of the storage class.

      After the local volume set and storage class are created, it is not possible to go back to the step.

    Create Storage Cluster

    Figure 2.9. Create Storage Cluster wizard page

    Screenshot of storage cluster creation.
    1. Select the required storage class.

      You might need to wait a couple of minutes for the storage nodes corresponding to the selected storage class to get populated.

    2. (Optional) In the Encryption section, set the toggle to Enabled to enable data encryption on the cluster.
    3. The nodes corresponding to the storage class are displayed based on the storage class that you selected from the drop down list.
    4. Click Create.

      The Create button is enabled only when a minimum of three nodes are selected. A new storage cluster of three volumes will be created with one volume per worker node. The default configuration uses a replication factor of 3.

To expand the capacity of the initial cluster, see Scaling Storage guide.

2.7. Creating a storage cluster on VMware when a storage class exists

You can create a Openshift Container Storage Cluster using the existing storage class that is created through the Local Storage Operator page.

Prerequisites

  • Ensure that all the requirements in the Requirements for installing OpenShift Container Storage using local storage devices section are met.
  • You must have a minimum of three worker nodes with the same storage type and size attached to each node (for example, 2TB NVMe hard drive) to use local storage devices on bare metal.
  • You must have created a storage class that consists of a minimum of three nodes and volume attached to it.

Procedure

  1. Log into the OpenShift Web Console.
  2. Click Operators → Installed Operators to view all the installed operators.

    Ensure that the Project selected is openshift-storage.

    Figure 2.10. OpenShift Container Storage Operator page

    Screenshot of OpenShift Container Storage operator dashboard.
  3. Click OpenShift Container Storage.

    Figure 2.11. Details tab of OpenShift Container Storage

    Screenshot of selected operator details tab.
  4. Click Create Instance link of Storage Cluster.

    Figure 2.12. Create Storage Cluster page

    Screenshot of Create Cluster Service page
  5. Select Internal-Attached devices for the Select Mode. By default, Internal is selected.

    Figure 2.13. Create Storage Cluster page

    Screenshot of storage cluster creation page.
  6. (Optional) In the Encryption section, set the toggle to Enabled to enable data encryption on the cluster.
  7. The nodes corresponding to the selected storage class are displayed.

    The selected nodes are labeled with cluster.ocs.openshift.io/openshift-storage=’’ if they are not already labeled. Three of the selected nodes are used for initial deployment and the remaining nodes are used as the scheduling targets for OpenShift Container Storage scaling.

  8. Click Create.

    The Create button is enabled only when a minimum of three nodes are selected.

    A new storage cluster of three volumes will be created with one volume per worker node. The default configuration uses a replication factor of 3.

To expand the capacity of the initial cluster, see Scaling Storage guide.

Chapter 3. Verifying OpenShift Container Storage deployment for internal mode

Use this section to verify that OpenShift Container Storage is deployed correctly.

3.1. Verifying the state of the pods

To determine if OpenShift Container storage is deployed successfully, you can verify that the pods are in Running state.

Procedure

  1. Click Workloads → Pods from the left pane of the OpenShift Web Console.
  2. Select openshift-storage from the Project drop down list.

    For more information on the expected number of pods for each component and how it varies depending on the number of nodes, see Table 3.1, “Pods corresponding to OpenShift Container storage cluster”.

  3. Verify that the following pods are in running and completed state by clicking on the Running and the Completed tabs:

    Table 3.1. Pods corresponding to OpenShift Container storage cluster

    ComponentCorresponding pods

    OpenShift Container Storage Operator

    • ocs-operator-* (1 pod on any worker node)
    • ocs-metrics-exporter-*

    Rook-ceph Operator

    rook-ceph-operator-*

    (1 pod on any worker node)

    Multicloud Object Gateway

    • noobaa-operator-* (1 pod on any worker node)
    • noobaa-core-* (1 pod on any storage node)
    • nooba-db-* (1 pod on any storage node)
    • noobaa-endpoint-* (1 pod on any storage node)

    MON

    rook-ceph-mon-*

    (3 pods distributed across storage nodes)

    MGR

    rook-ceph-mgr-*

    (1 pod on any storage node)

    MDS

    rook-ceph-mds-ocs-storagecluster-cephfilesystem-*

    (2 pods distributed across storage nodes)

    RGW

    rook-ceph-rgw-ocs-storagecluster-cephobjectstore-* (2 pods distributed across storage nodes)

    CSI

    • cephfs

      • csi-cephfsplugin-* (1 pod on each worker node)
      • csi-cephfsplugin-provisioner-* (2 pods distributed across storage nodes)
    • rbd

      • csi-rbdplugin-* (1 pod on each worker node)
      • csi-rbdplugin-provisioner-* (2 pods distributed across storage nodes)

    rook-ceph-crashcollector

    rook-ceph-crashcollector-*

    (1 pod on each storage node)

    OSD

    • rook-ceph-osd-* (1 pod for each device)
    • rook-ceph-osd-prepare-ocs-deviceset-* (1 pod for each device)

3.2. Verifying the OpenShift Container Storage cluster is healthy

  • Click Home → Overview from the left pane of the OpenShift Web Console and click Persistent Storage tab.
  • In the Status card, verify that OCS Cluster and Data Resiliency has a green tick mark as shown in the following image:

    Figure 3.1. Health status card in Persistent Storage Overview Dashboard

    Screenshot of Health card in persistent storage dashboard
  • In the Details card, verify that the cluster information is displayed as follows:

    Service Name
    OpenShift Container Storage
    Cluster Name
    ocs-storagecluster
    Provider
    VSphere
    Mode
    Internal
    Version
    ocs-operator-4.6.0

For more information on the health of OpenShift Container Storage cluster using the persistent storage dashboard, see Monitoring OpenShift Container Storage.

3.3. Verifying the Multicloud Object Gateway is healthy

  • Click Home → Overview from the left pane of the OpenShift Web Console and click the Object Service tab.
  • In the Status card, verify that both Object Service and Data Resiliency are in Ready state (green tick).

    Figure 3.2. Health status card in Object Service Overview Dashboard

    Screenshot of Health card in object service dashboard
  • In the Details card, verify that the MCG information is displayed as follows:

    Service Name
    OpenShift Container Storage
    System Name

    Multicloud Object Gateway

    RADOS Object Gateway

    Provider
    VSphere
    Version
    ocs-operator-4.6.0

For more information on the health of the OpenShift Container Storage cluster using the object service dashboard, see Monitoring OpenShift Container Storage.

3.4. Verifying that the OpenShift Container Storage specific storage classes exist

To verify the storage classes exists in the cluster:

  • Click Storage → Storage Classes from the left pane of the OpenShift Web Console.
  • Verify that the following storage classes are created with the OpenShift Container Storage cluster creation:

    • ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rbd
    • ocs-storagecluster-cephfs
    • openshift-storage.noobaa.io
    • ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rgw

Chapter 4. Uninstalling OpenShift Container Storage

4.1. Uninstalling OpenShift Container Storage in Internal mode

Use the steps in this section to uninstall OpenShift Container Storage.

Uninstall Annotations

Annotations on the Storage Cluster are used to change the behavior of the uninstall process. To define the uninstall behavior, the following two annotations have been introduced in the storage cluster:

  • uninstall.ocs.openshift.io/cleanup-policy: delete
  • uninstall.ocs.openshift.io/mode: graceful

The below table provides information on the different values that can used with these annotations:

Table 4.1. uninstall.ocs.openshift.io uninstall annotations descriptions

AnnotationValueDefaultBehavior

cleanup-policy

delete

Yes

Rook cleans up the physical drives and the DataDirHostPath

cleanup-policy

retain

No

Rook does not clean up the physical drives and the DataDirHostPath

mode

graceful

Yes

Rook and NooBaa pauses the uninstall process until the PVCs and the OBCs are removed by the administrator/user

mode

forced

No

Rook and NooBaa proceeds with uninstall even if PVCs/OBCs provisioned using Rook and NooBaa exist respectively.

You can change the cleanup policy or the uninstall mode by editing the value of the annotation by using the following commands:

$ oc annotate storagecluster ocs-storagecluster uninstall.ocs.openshift.io/cleanup-policy="retain" --overwrite
storagecluster.ocs.openshift.io/ocs-storagecluster annotated
$ oc annotate storagecluster ocs-storagecluster uninstall.ocs.openshift.io/mode="forced" --overwrite
storagecluster.ocs.openshift.io/ocs-storagecluster annotated

Prerequisites

  • Ensure that the OpenShift Container Storage cluster is in a healthy state. The uninstall process can fail when some of the pods are not terminated successfully due to insufficient resources or nodes. In case the cluster is in an unhealthy state, contact Red Hat Customer Support before uninstalling OpenShift Container Storage.
  • Ensure that applications are not consuming persistent volume claims (PVCs) or object bucket claims (OBCs) using the storage classes provided by OpenShift Container Storage.
  • If any custom resources (such as custom storage classes, cephblockpools) were created by the admin, they must be deleted by the admin after removing the resources which consumed them.

Procedure

  1. Delete the volume snapshots that are using OpenShift Container Storage.

    1. List the volume snapshots from all the namespaces.

      $ oc get volumesnapshot --all-namespaces
    2. From the output of the previous command, identify and delete the volume snapshots that are using OpenShift Container Storage.

      $ oc delete volumesnapshot <VOLUME-SNAPSHOT-NAME> -n <NAMESPACE>
  2. Delete PVCs and OBCs that are using OpenShift Container Storage.

    In the default uninstall mode (graceful), the uninstaller waits till all the PVCs and OBCs that use OpenShift Container Storage are deleted.

    If you wish to delete the Storage Cluster without deleting the PVCs beforehand, you may set the uninstall mode annotation to "forced" and skip this step. Doing so will result in orphan PVCs and OBCs in the system.

    1. Delete OpenShift Container Platform monitoring stack PVCs using OpenShift Container Storage.

      See Section 4.2, “Removing monitoring stack from OpenShift Container Storage”

    2. Delete OpenShift Container Platform Registry PVCs using OpenShift Container Storage.

      See Section 4.3, “Removing OpenShift Container Platform registry from OpenShift Container Storage”

    3. Delete OpenShift Container Platform logging PVCs using OpenShift Container Storage.

      See Section 4.4, “Removing the cluster logging operator from OpenShift Container Storage”

    4. Delete other PVCs and OBCs provisioned using OpenShift Container Storage.

      • Given below is a sample script to identify the PVCs and OBCs provisioned using OpenShift Container Storage. The script ignores the PVCs that are used internally by Openshift Container Storage.

        #!/bin/bash
        
        RBD_PROVISIONER="openshift-storage.rbd.csi.ceph.com"
        CEPHFS_PROVISIONER="openshift-storage.cephfs.csi.ceph.com"
        NOOBAA_PROVISIONER="openshift-storage.noobaa.io/obc"
        RGW_PROVISIONER="openshift-storage.ceph.rook.io/bucket"
        
        NOOBAA_DB_PVC="noobaa-db"
        NOOBAA_BACKINGSTORE_PVC="noobaa-default-backing-store-noobaa-pvc"
        
        # Find all the OCS StorageClasses
        OCS_STORAGECLASSES=$(oc get storageclasses | grep -e "$RBD_PROVISIONER" -e "$CEPHFS_PROVISIONER" -e "$NOOBAA_PROVISIONER" -e "$RGW_PROVISIONER" | awk '{print $1}')
        
        # List PVCs in each of the StorageClasses
        for SC in $OCS_STORAGECLASSES
        do
                echo "======================================================================"
                echo "$SC StorageClass PVCs and OBCs"
                echo "======================================================================"
                oc get pvc  --all-namespaces --no-headers 2>/dev/null | grep $SC | grep -v -e "$NOOBAA_DB_PVC" -e "$NOOBAA_BACKINGSTORE_PVC"
                oc get obc  --all-namespaces --no-headers 2>/dev/null | grep $SC
                echo
        done
        Note

        Omit RGW_PROVISIONER for cloud platforms.

      • Delete the OBCs.

        $ oc delete obc <obc name> -n <project name>
      • Delete the PVCs.

        $ oc delete pvc <pvc name> -n <project-name>
        Note

        Ensure that you have removed any custom backing stores, bucket classes, etc., created in the cluster.

  3. Delete the Storage Cluster object and wait for the removal of the associated resources.

    $ oc delete -n openshift-storage storagecluster --all --wait=true
  4. Check for cleanup pods if the uninstall.ocs.openshift.io/cleanup-policy was set to delete(default) and ensure that their status is Completed.

    $ oc get pods -n openshift-storage | grep -i cleanup
    NAME                                READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE
    cluster-cleanup-job-<xx>        	0/1     Completed   0          8m35s
    cluster-cleanup-job-<yy>     		0/1     Completed   0          8m35s
    cluster-cleanup-job-<zz>     		0/1     Completed   0          8m35s
  5. Confirm that the directory /var/lib/rook is now empty. This directory will be empty only if the uninstall.ocs.openshift.io/cleanup-policy annotation was set to delete(default).

    $ for i in $(oc get node -l cluster.ocs.openshift.io/openshift-storage= -o jsonpath='{ .items[*].metadata.name }'); do oc debug node/${i} -- chroot /host  ls -l /var/lib/rook; done
  6. If encryption was enabled at the time of install, remove dm-crypt managed device-mapper mapping from OSD devices on all the OpenShift Container Storage nodes.

    1. Create a debug pod and chroot to the host on the storage node.

      $ oc debug node/<node name>
      $ chroot /host
    2. Get Device names and make note of the OpenShift Container Storage devices.

      $ dmsetup ls
      ocs-deviceset-0-data-0-57snx-block-dmcrypt (253:1)
    3. Remove the mapped device.

      $ cryptsetup luksClose --debug --verbose ocs-deviceset-0-data-0-57snx-block-dmcrypt

      If the above command gets stuck due to insufficient privileges, run the following commands:

      • Press CTRL+Z to exit the above command.
      • Find PID of the cryptsetup process which was stuck.

        $ ps

        Example output:

        PID     TTY    TIME     CMD
        778825   ?     00:00:00 cryptsetup

        Take a note of the PID number to kill. In this example, PID is 778825.

      • Terminate the process using kill command.

        $ kill -9 <PID>
      • Verify that the device name is removed.

        $ dmsetup ls
  7. Delete the namespace and wait till the deletion is complete. You will need to switch to another project if openshift-storage is the active project.

    For example:

    $ oc project default
    $ oc delete project openshift-storage --wait=true --timeout=5m

    The project is deleted if the following command returns a NotFound error.

    $ oc get project openshift-storage
    Note

    While uninstalling OpenShift Container Storage, if namespace is not deleted completely and remains in Terminating state, perform the steps in Troubleshooting and deleting remaining resources during Uninstall to identify objects that are blocking the namespace from being terminated.

  8. Delete the local storage operator configurations if you have deployed OpenShift Container Storage using local storage devices. See Removing local storage operator configurations.
  9. Unlabel the storage nodes.

    $ oc label nodes  --all cluster.ocs.openshift.io/openshift-storage-
    $ oc label nodes  --all topology.rook.io/rack-
  10. Remove the OpenShift Container Storage taint if the nodes were tainted.

    $ oc adm taint nodes --all node.ocs.openshift.io/storage-
  11. Confirm all PVs provisioned using OpenShift Container Storage are deleted. If there is any PV left in the Released state, delete it.

    $ oc get pv
    $ oc delete pv <pv name>
  12. Delete the Multicloud Object Gateway storageclass.

    $ oc delete storageclass openshift-storage.noobaa.io --wait=true --timeout=5m
  13. Remove CustomResourceDefinitions.

    $ oc delete crd backingstores.noobaa.io bucketclasses.noobaa.io cephblockpools.ceph.rook.io cephclusters.ceph.rook.io cephfilesystems.ceph.rook.io cephnfses.ceph.rook.io cephobjectstores.ceph.rook.io cephobjectstoreusers.ceph.rook.io noobaas.noobaa.io ocsinitializations.ocs.openshift.io storageclusters.ocs.openshift.io cephclients.ceph.rook.io cephobjectrealms.ceph.rook.io cephobjectzonegroups.ceph.rook.io cephobjectzones.ceph.rook.io cephrbdmirrors.ceph.rook.io --wait=true --timeout=5m
  14. To ensure that OpenShift Container Storage is uninstalled completely, on the OpenShift Container Platform Web Console,

    1. Click Home → Overview to access the dashboard.
    2. Verify that the Persistent Storage and Object Service tabs no longer appear next to the Cluster tab.

4.1.1. Removing local storage operator configurations

Use the instructions in this section only if you have deployed OpenShift Container Storage using local storage devices.

Note

For OpenShift Container Storage deployments only using localvolume resources, go directly to step 8.

Procedure

  1. Identify the LocalVolumeSet and the corresponding StorageClassName being used by OpenShift Container Storage.
  2. Set the variable SC to the StorageClass providing the LocalVolumeSet.

    $ export SC="<StorageClassName>"
  3. Delete the LocalVolumeSet.

    $ oc delete localvolumesets.local.storage.openshift.io <name-of-volumeset> -n openshift-local-storage
  4. Delete the local storage PVs for the given StorageClassName.

    $ oc get pv | grep $SC | awk '{print $1}'| xargs oc delete pv
  5. Delete the StorageClassName.

    $ oc delete sc $SC
  6. Delete the symlinks created by the LocalVolumeSet.

    [[ ! -z $SC ]] && for i in $(oc get node -l cluster.ocs.openshift.io/openshift-storage= -o jsonpath='{ .items[*].metadata.name }'); do oc debug node/${i} -- chroot /host rm -rfv /mnt/local-storage/${SC}/; done
  7. Delete LocalVolumeDiscovery.

    $ oc delete localvolumediscovery.local.storage.openshift.io/auto-discover-devices -n openshift-local-storage
  8. Removing LocalVolume resources (if any).

    Use the following steps to remove the LocalVolume resources that were used to provision PVs in the current or previous OpenShift Container Storage version. Also, ensure that these resources are not being used by other tenants on the cluster.

    For each of the local volumes, do the following:

    1. Identify the LocalVolume and the corresponding StorageClassName being used by OpenShift Container Storage.
    2. Set the variable LV to the name of the LocalVolume and variable SC to the name of the StorageClass

      For example:

      $ LV=local-block
      $ SC=localblock
    3. Delete the local volume resource.

      $ oc delete localvolume -n local-storage --wait=true $LV
    4. Delete the remaining PVs and StorageClasses if they exist.

      $ oc delete pv -l storage.openshift.com/local-volume-owner-name=${LV} --wait --timeout=5m
      $ oc delete storageclass $SC --wait --timeout=5m
    5. Clean up the artifacts from the storage nodes for that resource.

      $ [[ ! -z $SC ]] && for i in $(oc get node -l cluster.ocs.openshift.io/openshift-storage= -o jsonpath='{ .items[*].metadata.name }'); do oc debug node/${i} -- chroot /host rm -rfv /mnt/local-storage/${SC}/; done

      Example output:

      Starting pod/node-xxx-debug ...
      To use host binaries, run `chroot /host`
      removed '/mnt/local-storage/localblock/nvme2n1'
      removed directory '/mnt/local-storage/localblock'
      
      Removing debug pod ...
      Starting pod/node-yyy-debug ...
      To use host binaries, run `chroot /host`
      removed '/mnt/local-storage/localblock/nvme2n1'
      removed directory '/mnt/local-storage/localblock'
      
      Removing debug pod ...
      Starting pod/node-zzz-debug ...
      To use host binaries, run `chroot /host`
      removed '/mnt/local-storage/localblock/nvme2n1'
      removed directory '/mnt/local-storage/localblock'
      
      Removing debug pod ...

4.2. Removing monitoring stack from OpenShift Container Storage

Use this section to clean up the monitoring stack from OpenShift Container Storage.

The PVCs that are created as a part of configuring the monitoring stack are in the openshift-monitoring namespace.

Prerequisites

Procedure

  1. List the pods and PVCs that are currently running in the openshift-monitoring namespace.

    $ oc get pod,pvc -n openshift-monitoring
    NAME                           READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    pod/alertmanager-main-0         3/3     Running   0          8d
    pod/alertmanager-main-1         3/3     Running   0          8d
    pod/alertmanager-main-2         3/3     Running   0          8d
    pod/cluster-monitoring-
    operator-84457656d-pkrxm        1/1     Running   0          8d
    pod/grafana-79ccf6689f-2ll28    2/2     Running   0          8d
    pod/kube-state-metrics-
    7d86fb966-rvd9w                 3/3     Running   0          8d
    pod/node-exporter-25894         2/2     Running   0          8d
    pod/node-exporter-4dsd7         2/2     Running   0          8d
    pod/node-exporter-6p4zc         2/2     Running   0          8d
    pod/node-exporter-jbjvg         2/2     Running   0          8d
    pod/node-exporter-jj4t5         2/2     Running   0          6d18h
    pod/node-exporter-k856s         2/2     Running   0          6d18h
    pod/node-exporter-rf8gn         2/2     Running   0          8d
    pod/node-exporter-rmb5m         2/2     Running   0          6d18h
    pod/node-exporter-zj7kx         2/2     Running   0          8d
    pod/openshift-state-metrics-
    59dbd4f654-4clng                3/3     Running   0          8d
    pod/prometheus-adapter-
    5df5865596-k8dzn                1/1     Running   0          7d23h
    pod/prometheus-adapter-
    5df5865596-n2gj9                1/1     Running   0          7d23h
    pod/prometheus-k8s-0            6/6     Running   1          8d
    pod/prometheus-k8s-1            6/6     Running   1          8d
    pod/prometheus-operator-
    55cfb858c9-c4zd9                1/1     Running   0          6d21h
    pod/telemeter-client-
    78fc8fc97d-2rgfp                3/3     Running   0          8d
    
    NAME                                                              STATUS   VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESS MODES   STORAGECLASS                  AGE
    persistentvolumeclaim/my-alertmanager-claim-alertmanager-main-0   Bound    pvc-0d519c4f-15a5-11ea-baa0-026d231574aa   40Gi       RWO            ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rbd   8d
    persistentvolumeclaim/my-alertmanager-claim-alertmanager-main-1   Bound    pvc-0d5a9825-15a5-11ea-baa0-026d231574aa   40Gi       RWO            ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rbd   8d
    persistentvolumeclaim/my-alertmanager-claim-alertmanager-main-2   Bound    pvc-0d6413dc-15a5-11ea-baa0-026d231574aa   40Gi       RWO            ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rbd   8d
    persistentvolumeclaim/my-prometheus-claim-prometheus-k8s-0        Bound    pvc-0b7c19b0-15a5-11ea-baa0-026d231574aa   40Gi       RWO            ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rbd   8d
    persistentvolumeclaim/my-prometheus-claim-prometheus-k8s-1        Bound    pvc-0b8aed3f-15a5-11ea-baa0-026d231574aa   40Gi       RWO            ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rbd   8d
  2. Edit the monitoring configmap.

    $ oc -n openshift-monitoring edit configmap cluster-monitoring-config
  3. Remove any config sections that reference the OpenShift Container Storage storage classes as shown in the following example and save it.

    Before editing

    .
    .
    .
    apiVersion: v1
    data:
      config.yaml: |
        alertmanagerMain:
          volumeClaimTemplate:
            metadata:
              name: my-alertmanager-claim
            spec:
              resources:
                requests:
                  storage: 40Gi
              storageClassName: ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rbd
        prometheusK8s:
          volumeClaimTemplate:
            metadata:
              name: my-prometheus-claim
            spec:
              resources:
                requests:
                  storage: 40Gi
              storageClassName: ocs-storagecluster-ceph-rbd
    kind: ConfigMap
    metadata:
      creationTimestamp: "2019-12-02T07:47:29Z"
      name: cluster-monitoring-config
      namespace: openshift-monitoring
      resourceVersion: "22110"
      selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/openshift-monitoring/configmaps/cluster-monitoring-config
      uid: fd6d988b-14d7-11ea-84ff-066035b9efa8
    .
    .
    .

    After editing

    .
    .
    .
    apiVersion: v1
    data:
      config.yaml: |
    kind: ConfigMap
    metadata:
      creationTimestamp: "2019-11-21T13:07:05Z"
      name: cluster-monitoring-config
      namespace: openshift-monitoring
      resourceVersion: "404352"
      selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/openshift-monitoring/configmaps/cluster-monitoring-config
      uid: d12c796a-0c5f-11ea-9832-063cd735b81c
    .
    .
    .

    In this example, alertmanagerMain and prometheusK8s monitoring components are using the OpenShift Container Storage PVCs.

  4. Delete relevant PVCs. Make sure you delete all the PVCs that are consuming the storage classes.

    $ oc delete -n openshift-monitoring pvc <pvc-name> --wait=true --timeout=5m

4.3. Removing OpenShift Container Platform registry from OpenShift Container Storage

Use this section to clean up OpenShift Container Platform registry from OpenShift Container Storage. If you want to configure an alternative storage, see image registry

The PVCs that are created as a part of configuring OpenShift Container Platform registry are in the openshift-image-registry namespace.

Prerequisites

  • The image registry should have been configured to use an OpenShift Container Storage PVC.

Procedure

  1. Edit the configs.imageregistry.operator.openshift.io object and remove the content in the storage section.

    $ oc edit configs.imageregistry.operator.openshift.io

    Before editing

    .
    .
    .
    storage:
      pvc:
        claim: registry-cephfs-rwx-pvc
    .
    .
    .

    After editing

    .
    .
    .
    storage:
      emptyDir: {}
    .
    .
    .

    In this example, the PVC is called registry-cephfs-rwx-pvc, which is now safe to delete.

  2. Delete the PVC.

    $ oc delete pvc <pvc-name> -n openshift-image-registry --wait=true --timeout=5m

4.4. Removing the cluster logging operator from OpenShift Container Storage

Use this section to clean up the cluster logging operator from OpenShift Container Storage.

The PVCs that are created as a part of configuring cluster logging operator are in the openshift-logging namespace.

Prerequisites

  • The cluster logging instance should have been configured to use OpenShift Container Storage PVCs.

Procedure

  1. Remove the ClusterLogging instance in the namespace.

    $ oc delete clusterlogging instance -n openshift-logging --wait=true --timeout=5m

    The PVCs in the openshift-logging namespace are now safe to delete.

  2. Delete PVCs.

    $ oc delete pvc <pvc-name> -n openshift-logging --wait=true --timeout=5m