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Chapter 1. General Computer Terms

Abstract

This chapter defines a number of general computing terms and abbreviations.

Definitions

dependency injection
A form of inversion of control, where an object’s external dependencies are given to it, either programmatically or through a framework that is driven by configuration information. The result is to decouple dependent objects and allow the dependencies to be resolved at run time.
i18n
An abbreviation for internationalization, used in the context of preparing products, especially software and documentation, for use in more than one national locale and language.
Java Management eXtensions, JMX
A Java technology that supplies tools for managing and monitoring applications, system objects, devices, and service-oriented networks.
Java Database Connectivity, JDBC
An API specified in Java technology that provides Java applications with access to databases and other data sources.
Java Naming and Directory Interface, JNDI
A set of APIs specified in Java technology that assists Java applications with interfacing to multiple naming and directory services.
Java Architecture for XML Binding, JAXB
An API that provides a way to bind an XML Schema to a representation in Java code.
Java Authentication and Authorization Service, JAAS
A Java security framework for user-centric security to augment the Java code-based security.
l10n
An abbreviation for localization, used in the context of preparing products, especially software and documentation, for use in more than one national locale and language. Localization is the process of translating the elements of a product for a particular locale and language.
marshalling
The process of taking in-memory objects and converting them to a binary or textual format for transmission over a transport.
See also: unmarshalling
OASIS
An international consortium that drives the development, convergence, and adoption of Web services standards. See http://www.oasis-open.org.
Spring framework
A comprehensive programming and configuration model for modern Java-based enterprise applications the uses dependency injection.
Uniform Resource Identifier, URI
A string of characters used to identify or name a resource on the Internet.
unmarshalling
The process of taking a binary or textual format payload and converting that into objects.
See also: marshalling