8.16. Dynamic Router

Dynamic Router

The Dynamic Router pattern, as shown in Figure 8.13, “Dynamic Router Pattern”, enables you to route a message consecutively through a series of processing steps, where the sequence of steps is not known at design time. The list of endpoints through which the message should pass is calculated dynamically at run time. Each time the message returns from an endpoint, the dynamic router calls back on a bean to discover the next endpoint in the route.

Figure 8.13. Dynamic Router Pattern

Dynamic Router Pattern
In Camel 2.5 we introduced a dynamicRouter in the DSL, which is like a dynamic Routing Slip that evaluates the slip on-the-fly.
Beware
You must ensure the expression used for the dynamicRouter (such as a bean), returns null to indicate the end. Otherwise, the dynamicRouter will continue in an endless loop.

Dynamic Router in Camel 2.5 onwards

From Camel 2.5, the Dynamic Router updates the exchange property, Exchange.SLIP_ENDPOINT, with the current endpoint as it advances through the slip. This enables you to find out how far the exchange has progressed through the slip. (It's a slip because the Dynamic Router implementation is based on Routing Slip).

Java DSL

In Java DSL you can use the dynamicRouter as follows:
from("direct:start")
    // use a bean as the dynamic router
    .dynamicRouter(bean(DynamicRouterTest.class, "slip"));
Which will leverage a Bean to compute the slip on-the-fly, which could be implemented as follows:
// Java
/**
 * Use this method to compute dynamic where we should route next.
 *
 * @param body the message body
 * @return endpoints to go, or <tt>null</tt> to indicate the end
 */
public String slip(String body) {
    bodies.add(body);
    invoked++;

    if (invoked == 1) {
        return "mock:a";
    } else if (invoked == 2) {
        return "mock:b,mock:c";
    } else if (invoked == 3) {
        return "direct:foo";
    } else if (invoked == 4) {
        return "mock:result";
    }

    // no more so return null
    return null;
    }
Note
The preceding example is not thread safe. You would have to store the state on the Exchange to ensure thread safety.

Spring XML

The same example in Spring XML would be:
<bean id="mySlip" class="org.apache.camel.processor.DynamicRouterTest"/>

<camelContext xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
    <route>
        <from uri="direct:start"/>
        <dynamicRouter>
            <!-- use a method call on a bean as dynamic router -->
            <method ref="mySlip" method="slip"/>
        </dynamicRouter>
    </route>

    <route>
        <from uri="direct:foo"/>
        <transform><constant>Bye World</constant></transform>
        <to uri="mock:foo"/>
    </route>

</camelContext>

Options

The dynamicRouter DSL command supports the following options:
Name Default Value Description
uriDelimiter , Delimiter used if the Expression returned multiple endpoints.
ignoreInvalidEndpoints false If an endpoint uri could not be resolved, should it be ignored. Otherwise Camel will thrown an exception stating the endpoint uri is not valid.

@DynamicRouter annotation

You can also use the @DynamicRouter annotation. For example:
// Java
public class MyDynamicRouter {

    @Consume(uri = "activemq:foo")
    @DynamicRouter
    public String route(@XPath("/customer/id") String customerId, @Header("Location") String location, Document body) {
        // query a database to find the best match of the endpoint based on the input parameteres
        // return the next endpoint uri, where to go. Return null to indicate the end.
    }
}
The route method is invoked repeatedly as the message progresses through the slip. The idea is to return the endpoint URI of the next destination. Return null to indicate the end. You can return multiple endpoints if you like, just as the Routing Slip, where each endpoint is separated by a delimiter.