47.3. Auto-Discovery and Configuration

47.3.1. Setting Up Auto-Discovery

Overview

Auto-discovery is a mechanism that enables you to dynamically add components to your Apache Camel application. The component URI prefix is used as a key to load components on demand. For example, if Apache Camel encounters the endpoint URI, activemq://MyQName, and the ActiveMQ endpoint is not yet loaded, Apache Camel searches for the component identified by the activemq prefix and dynamically loads the component.

Availability of component classes

Before configuring auto-discovery, you must ensure that your custom component classes are accessible from your current classpath. Typically, you bundle the custom component classes into a JAR file, and add the JAR file to your classpath.

Configuring auto-discovery

To enable auto-discovery of your component, create a Java properties file named after the component prefix, component-prefix, and store that file in the following location:
/META-INF/services/org/apache/camel/component/component-prefix
The component-prefix properties file must contain the following property setting:
class=component-class-name
Where component-class-name is the fully-qualified name of your custom component class. You can also define additional system property settings in this file.

Example

For example, you can enable auto-discovery for the Apache Camel FTP component by creating the following Java properties file:
/META-INF/services/org/apache/camel/component/ftp
Which contains the following Java property setting:
class=org.apache.camel.component.file.remote.RemoteFileComponent
Note
The Java properties file for the FTP component is already defined in the JAR file, camel-ftp-Version.jar.

47.3.2. Configuring a Component

Overview

You can add a component by configuring it in the Apache Camel Spring configuration file, META-INF/spring/camel-context.xml. To find the component, the component's URI prefix is matched against the ID attribute of a bean element in the Spring configuration. If the component prefix matches a bean element ID, Apache Camel instantiates the referenced class and injects the properties specified in the Spring configuration.
Note
This mechanism has priority over auto-discovery. If the CamelContext finds a Spring bean with the requisite ID, it will not attempt to find the component using auto-discovery.

Define bean properties on your component class

If there are any properties that you want to inject into your component class, define them as bean properties. For example:
public class CustomComponent extends 
  DefaultComponent<CustomExchange> { 
    ...
    PropType getProperty() { ... }
    void setProperty(PropType v) { ...  }
}
The getProperty() method and the setProperty() method access the value of property.

Configure the component in Spring

To configure a component in Spring, edit the configuration file, META-INF/spring/camel-context.xml, as shown in Example 47.1, “Configuring a Component in Spring”.

Example 47.1. Configuring a Component in Spring

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.0.xsd
       http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring/camel-spring.xsd">

  <camelContext id="camel" xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
    <package>RouteBuilderPackage</package>
  </camelContext>

  <bean id="component-prefix" class="component-class-name"> 
    <property name="property" value="propertyValue"/> 
   </bean>
</beans>
The bean element with ID component-prefix configures the component-class-name component. You can inject properties into the component instance using property elements. For example, the property element in the preceding example would inject the value, propertyValue, into the property property by calling setProperty() on the component.

Examples

Example 47.2, “JMS Component Spring Configuration” shows an example of how to configure the Apache Camel's JMS component by defining a bean element with ID equal to jms. These settings are added to the Spring configuration file, camel-context.xml.

Example 47.2. JMS Component Spring Configuration

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.0.xsd
       http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring/camel-spring.xsd">

  <camelContext id="camel" xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
    <package>org.apache.camel.example.spring</package> 1
  </camelContext>

  <bean id="jms" class="org.apache.camel.component.jms.JmsComponent"> 2
    <property name="connectionFactory"> 3
       <bean class="org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory">
         <property name="brokerURL"
                   value="vm://localhost?broker.persistent=false&amp;broker.useJmx=false"/> 4
       </bean>
    </property>
  </bean>
</beans>
1
The CamelContext automatically instantiates any RouteBuilder classes that it finds in the specified Java package, org.apache.camel.example.spring.
2
The bean element with ID, jms, configures the JMS component. The bean ID corresponds to the component's URI prefix. For example, if a route specifies an endpoint with the URI, jms://MyQName, Apache Camel automatically loads the JMS component using the settings from the jms bean element.
3
JMS is just a wrapper for a messaging service. You must specify the concrete implementation of the messaging system by setting the connectionFactory property on the JmsComponent class.
4
In this example, the concrete implementation of the JMS messaging service is Apache ActiveMQ. The brokerURL property initializes a connection to an ActiveMQ broker instance, where the message broker is embedded in the local Java virtual machine (JVM). If a broker is not already present in the JVM, ActiveMQ will instantiate it with the options broker.persistent=false (the broker does not persist messages) and broker.useJmx=false (the broker does not open a JMX port).