Chapter 101. Lucene

Lucene (Indexer and Search) Component

Available as of Apache Camel 2.2
The lucene component is based on the Apache Lucene project. Apache Lucene is a powerful high-performance, full-featured text search engine library written entirely in Java. For more details about Lucene, please see the following links:
The lucene component in camel facilitates integration and utilization of Lucene endpoints in enterprise integration patterns and scenarios. The lucene component does the following
  • builds a searchable index of documents when payloads are sent to the Lucene Endpoint
  • facilitates performing of indexed searches in Apache Camel
This component only supports producer endpoints.

Camel on EAP deployment

This component is supported by the Camel on EAP (Wildfly Camel) framework, which offers a simplified deployment model on the Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform (JBoss EAP) container. For details of this model, see chapter "Apache Camel on JBoss EAP" in "Deploying into a Web Server".

URI format

lucene:searcherName:insert[?options]
lucene:searcherName:query[?options]
You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&...

Insert Options

Name Default Value Description
analyzer StandardAnalyzer An Analyzer builds TokenStreams, which analyze text. It thus represents a policy for extracting index terms from text. The value for analyzer can be any class that extends the abstract class org.apache.lucene.analysis.Analyzer. Lucene also offers a rich set of analyzers out of the box
indexDir ./indexDirectory A file system directory in which index files are created upon analysis of the document by the specified analyzer
srcDir null An optional directory containing files to be used to be analyzed and added to the index at producer startup.

Query Options

Name Default Value Description
analyzer StandardAnalyzer An Analyzer builds TokenStreams, which analyze text. It thus represents a policy for extracting index terms from text. The value for analyzer can be any class that extends the abstract class org.apache.lucene.analysis.Analyzer. Lucene also offers a rich set of analyzers out of the box
indexDir ./indexDirectory A file system directory in which index files are created upon analysis of the document by the specified analyzer
maxHits 10 An integer value that limits the result set of the search operation

Message Headers

Header Description
QUERY The Lucene Query to performed on the index. The query may include wildcards and phrases.
RETURN_LUCENE_DOCS Camel 2.15: Set this header to true to include the actual Lucene documentation when returning hit information.

Lucene Producers

This component supports 2 producer endpoints.
  • insert - The insert producer builds a searchable index by analyzing the body in incoming exchanges and associating it with a token ("content").
  • query - The query producer performs searches on a pre-created index. The query uses the searchable index to perform score & relevance based searches. Queries are sent via the incoming exchange contains a header property name called 'QUERY'. The value of the header property 'QUERY' is a Lucene Query. For more details on how to create Lucene Queries check out http://lucene.apache.org/java/3_0_0/queryparsersyntax.html

Lucene Processor

There is a processor called LuceneQueryProcessor available to perform queries against lucene without the need to create a producer.

Example 1: Creating a Lucene index

RouteBuilder builder = new RouteBuilder() {
    public void configure() {
       from("direct:start").
           to("lucene:whitespaceQuotesIndex:insert?analyzer=#whitespaceAnalyzer&indexDir=#whitespace&srcDir=#load_dir").
           to("mock:result");
    }
};

Example 2: Loading properties into the JNDI registry in the Camel Context

@Override
protected JndiRegistry createRegistry() throws Exception {
  JndiRegistry registry =
         new JndiRegistry(createJndiContext());
  registry.bind("whitespace", new File("./whitespaceIndexDir"));
  registry.bind("load_dir",
        new File("src/test/resources/sources"));
  registry.bind("whitespaceAnalyzer",
        new WhitespaceAnalyzer());
  return registry;
}
...
CamelContext context = new DefaultCamelContext(createRegistry());

Example 2: Performing searches using a Query Producer

RouteBuilder builder = new RouteBuilder() {
    public void configure() {
       from("direct:start").
          setHeader("QUERY", constant("Seinfeld")).
          to("lucene:searchIndex:query?analyzer=#whitespaceAnalyzer&indexDir=#whitespace&maxHits=20").
          to("direct:next");
                
       from("direct:next").process(new Processor() {
          public void process(Exchange exchange) throws Exception {
             Hits hits = exchange.getIn().getBody(Hits.class);
             printResults(hits);
          }

          private void printResults(Hits hits) {
              LOG.debug("Number of hits: " + hits.getNumberOfHits());
              for (int i = 0; i < hits.getNumberOfHits(); i++) {
                 LOG.debug("Hit " + i + " Index Location:" + hits.getHit().get(i).getHitLocation());
                 LOG.debug("Hit " + i + " Score:" + hits.getHit().get(i).getScore());
                 LOG.debug("Hit " + i + " Data:" + hits.getHit().get(i).getData());
              }
           }
       }).to("mock:searchResult");
   }
};

Example 3: Performing searches using a Query Processor

RouteBuilder builder = new RouteBuilder() {
    public void configure() {            
        try {
            from("direct:start").
                setHeader("QUERY", constant("Rodney Dangerfield")).
                process(new LuceneQueryProcessor("target/stdindexDir", analyzer, null, 20)).
                to("direct:next");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
                
        from("direct:next").process(new Processor() {
            public void process(Exchange exchange) throws Exception {
                Hits hits = exchange.getIn().getBody(Hits.class);
                printResults(hits);
            }
                    
            private void printResults(Hits hits) {
                LOG.debug("Number of hits: " + hits.getNumberOfHits());
                for (int i = 0; i < hits.getNumberOfHits(); i++) {
                    LOG.debug("Hit " + i + " Index Location:" + hits.getHit().get(i).getHitLocation());
                    LOG.debug("Hit " + i + " Score:" + hits.getHit().get(i).getScore());
                    LOG.debug("Hit " + i + " Data:" + hits.getHit().get(i).getData());
                }
            }
       }).to("mock:searchResult");
   }
};