Chapter 5. AMQP

AMQP

The AMQP component supports the AMQP protocol via the Qpid project.
Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-amqp</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

amqp:[queue:|topic:]destinationName[?options]
You can specify all of the various configuration options of the JMS component after the destination name.

AMQP Options

You can specify all of the various configuration options of the JMS component after the destination name.

Usage

As AMQP component is inherited from JMS component, the usage of the former is almost identical to the latter:
// Consuming from AMQP queue
from("amqp:queue:incoming").
  to(...);
 
// Sending message to the AMQP topic
from(...).
  to("amqp:topic:notify");

Configuring AMQP component

Starting from the Camel 2.16.1 you can also use the AMQPComponent#amqp10Component(String connectionURI) factory method to return the AMQP 1.0 component with the pre-configured topic prefix:
 AMQPComponent amqp = AMQPComponent.amqp10Component("amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672");
Keep in mind that starting from the Camel 2.17 the AMQPComponent#amqp10Component(String connectionURI) factory method has been deprecated on the behalf of the AMQPComponent#amqpComponent(String connectionURI):
AMQPComponent amqp = AMQPComponent.amqpComponent("amqp://localhost:5672");
 
AMQPComponent authorizedAmqp = AMQPComponent.amqpComponent("amqp://localhost:5672", "user", "password");
Starting from Camel 2.17, in order to automatically configure the AMQP component, you can also add an instance of org.apache.camel.component.amqp.AMQPConnectionDetails to the registry. For example for Spring Boot you just have to define bean:
@Bean
AMQPConnectionDetails amqpConnection() {
  return new AMQPConnectionDetails("amqp://lcoalhost:5672"); 
}
 
@Bean
AMQPConnectionDetails securedAmqpConnection() {
  return new AMQPConnectionDetails("amqp://lcoalhost:5672", "username", "password"); 
}
You can also rely on the Camel properties to read the AMQP connection details. Factory method AMQPConnectionDetails.discoverAMQP() attempts to read Camel properties in a Kubernetes-like convention, just as demonstrated on the snippet below:
export AMQP_SERVICE_HOST = "mybroker.com"
export AMQP_SERVICE_PORT = "6666"
export AMQP_SERVICE_USERNAME = "username"
export AMQP_SERVICE_PASSWORD = "password"
 
...
 
@Bean
AMQPConnectionDetails amqpConnection() {
  return AMQPConnectionDetails.discoverAMQP(); 
}

Using topics

To have using topics working with camel-amqp you need to configure the component to use topic:// as topic prefix, as shown below:
 <bean id="amqp" class="org.apache.camel.component.amqp.AmqpComponent">
        <property name="connectionFactory">
          <bean class="org.apache.qpid.amqp_1_0.jms.impl.ConnectionFactoryImpl" factory-method="createFromURL">
            <constructor-arg index="0" type="java.lang.String" value="amqp://localhost:5672" />
            <property name="topicPrefix" value="topic://" />  <!-- only necessary when connecting to ActiveMQ over AMQP 1.0 -->
          </bean>
        </property>
 </bean>
Keep in mind that both AMQPComponent#amqpComponent() methods and AMQPConnectionDetails pre-configure the component with the topic prefix, so you don't have to configure it explicitly.