38.4. Customizing Enumeration Mapping

Overview

If you want enumerated types that are based on a schema type other than xsd:string, you must instruct the code generator to map it. You can also control the name of the generated enumeration constants.
The customization is done using the jaxb:typesafeEnumClass element along with one or more jaxb:typesafeEnumMember elements.
There might also be instances where the default settings for the code generator cannot create valid Java identifiers for all of the members of an enumeration. You can customize how the code generators handle this by using an attribute of the globalBindings customization.

Member name customizer

If the code generator encounters a naming collision when generating the members of an enumeration or if it cannot create a valid Java identifier for a member of the enumeration, the code generator, by default, generates a warning and does not generate a Java enum type for the enumeration.
You can alter this behavior by adding the globalBinding element's typesafeEnumMemberName attribute. The typesafeEnumMemberName attribute's values are described in Table 38.2, “Values for Customizing Enumeration Member Name Generation”.

Table 38.2. Values for Customizing Enumeration Member Name Generation

ValueDescription
skipGeneration(default)Specifies that the Java enum type is not generated and generates a warning.
generateNameSpecifies that member names will be generated following the pattern VALUE_N. N starts off at one, and is incremented for each member of the enumeration.
generateErrorSpecifies that the code generator generates an error when it cannot map an enumeration to a Java enum type.
Example 38.17, “Customization to Force Type Safe Member Names” shows an in-line customization that forces the code generator to generate type safe member names.

Example 38.17. Customization to Force Type Safe Member Names

<schema targetNamespace="http://widget.com/types/widgetTypes" 
        xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
        xmlns:wsdl="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/"
        xmlns:jaxb="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/jaxb"
        jaxb:version="2.0">
  <annotation>
    <appinfo>
      <jaxb:globalBindings typesafeEnumMemberName="generateName" />
    </appinfo>
  </annotation>
  ...
</schema>

Class customizer

The jaxb:typesafeEnumClass element specifies that an XML Schema enumeration should be mapped to a Java enum type. It has two attributes that are described in Table 38.3, “Attributes for Customizing a Generated Enumeration Class”. When the jaxb:typesafeEnumClass element is specified in-line, it must be placed inside the xsd:annotation element of the simple type it is modifying.

Table 38.3. Attributes for Customizing a Generated Enumeration Class

AttributeDescription
nameSpecifies the name of the generated Java enum type. This value must be a valid Java identifier.
mapSpecifies if the enumeration should be mapped to a Java enum type. The default value is true.

Member customizer

The jaxb:typesafeEnumMember element specifies the mapping between an XML Schema enumeration facet and a Java enum type constant. You must use one jaxb:typesafeEnumMember element for each enumeration facet in the enumeration being customized.
When using in-line customization, this element can be used in one of two ways:
  • It can be placed inside the xsd:annotation element of the enumeration facet it is modifying.
  • They can all be placed as children of the jaxb:typesafeEnumClass element used to customize the enumeration.
The jaxb:typesafeEnumMember element has a name attribute that is required. The name attribute specifies the name of the generated Java enum type constant. It's value must be a valid Java identifier.
The jaxb:typesafeEnumMember element also has a value attribute. The value is used to associate the enumeration facet with the proper jaxb:typesafeEnumMember element. The value of the value attribute must match one of the values of an enumeration facets' value attribute. This attribute is required when you use an external binding specification for customizing the type generation, or when you group the jaxb:typesafeEnumMember elements as children of the jaxb:typesafeEnumClass element.

Examples

Example 38.18, “In-line Customization of an Enumerated Type” shows an enumerated type that uses in-line customization and has the enumeration's members customized separately.

Example 38.18. In-line Customization of an Enumerated Type

<schema targetNamespace="http://widget.com/types/widgetTypes" 
        xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
        xmlns:wsdl="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/"
        xmlns:jaxb="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/jaxb"
        jaxb:version="2.0">
  <simpleType name="widgetInteger">
    <annotation>
      <appinfo>
        <jaxb:typesafeEnumClass />
      </appinfo>
    </annotation>
    <restriction base="xsd:int">
      <enumeration value="1">
        <annotation>
          <appinfo>
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember name="one" />
          </appinfo>
        </annotation>
      </enumeration>
      <enumeration value="2">
        <annotation>
          <appinfo>
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember name="two" />
          </appinfo>
        </annotation>
      </enumeration>
      <enumeration value="3">
        <annotation>
          <appinfo>
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember name="three" />
          </appinfo>
        </annotation>
      </enumeration>
      <enumeration value="4">
        <annotation>
          <appinfo>
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember name="four" />
          </appinfo>
        </annotation>
      </enumeration>
    </restriction>
  </simpleType>
<schema>
Example 38.19, “In-line Customization of an Enumerated Type Using a Combined Mapping” shows an enumerated type that uses in-line customization and combines the member's customization in the class customization.

Example 38.19. In-line Customization of an Enumerated Type Using a Combined Mapping

<schema targetNamespace="http://widget.com/types/widgetTypes" 
        xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
        xmlns:wsdl="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/"
        xmlns:jaxb="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/jaxb"
        jaxb:version="2.0">
  <simpleType name="widgetInteger">
    <annotation>
      <appinfo>
        <jaxb:typesafeEnumClass>
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember value="1" name="one" />
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember value="2" name="two" />
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember value="3" name="three" />
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember value="4" name="four" />
        </jaxb:typesafeEnumClass>
      </appinfo>
    </annotation>
    <restriction base="xsd:int">
      <enumeration value="1" />
      <enumeration value="2" />
      <enumeration value="3" />
      <enumeration value="4" >
    </restriction>
  </simpleType>
<schema>
Example 38.20, “Binding File for Customizing an Enumeration” shows an external binding file that customizes an enumerated type.

Example 38.20. Binding File for Customizing an Enumeration

<jaxb:bindings xmlns:jaxb="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/jaxb"
               xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
               jaxb:version="2.0">
  <jaxb:bindings schemaLocation="enumMap.xsd">
    <jaxb:bindings node="xsd:simpleType[@name='widgetInteger']">
        <jaxb:typesafeEnumClass>
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember value="1" name="one" />
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember value="2" name="two" />
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember value="3" name="three" />
            <jaxb:typesafeEnumMember value="4" name="four" />
        </jaxb:typesafeEnumClass>
    </jaxb:bindings>
  </jaxb:bindings>
<jaxb:bindings>