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Chapter 93. Quartz2

Quartz2 Component

Available as of Camel 2.12.0
The quartz2: component provides a scheduled delivery of messages using the Quartz Scheduler 2.x. Each endpoint represents a different timer (in Quartz terms, a Trigger and JobDetail).
Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
NOTE: Quartz 2.x API is not compatible with Quartz 1.x. If you need to remain on old Quartz 1.x, please use the old Quartz component instead.

URI format

The component uses either a CronTrigger or a SimpleTrigger. If no cron expression is provided, the component uses a simple trigger. If no groupName is provided, the quartz component uses the Camel group name.
You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&...


Parameter Default Description
cron None Specifies a cron expression (not compatible with the trigger.\* or job.\* options).
trigger.repeatCount 0 SimpleTrigger: How many times should the timer repeat?
trigger.repeatInterval 0 SimpleTrigger: The amount of time in milliseconds between repeated triggers. null Sets the job name.
job.XXX null Sets the job option with the XXX setter name.
trigger.XXX null Sets the trigger option with the XXX setter name.
stateful false Uses a Quartz @PersistJobDataAfterExecution and @DisallowConcurrentExecution instead of the default job.
fireNow false If it is true will fire the trigger when the route is start when using SimpleTrigger.
deleteJob true If set to true, then the trigger automatically delete when route stop. Else if set to false, it will remain in scheduler. When set to false, it will also mean user may reuse pre-configured trigger with camel Uri. Just ensure the names match. Notice you cannot have both deleteJob and pauseJob set to true.
pauseJob false If set to true, then the trigger automatically pauses when route stop. Else if set to false, it will remain in scheduler. When set to false, it will also mean user may reuse pre-configured trigger with camel Uri. Just ensure the names match. Notice you cannot have both deleteJob and pauseJob set to true.
For example, the following routing rule will fire two timer events to the mock:results endpoint:
When using stateful=true, the JobDataMap is re-persisted after every execution of the job, thus preserving state for the next execution.
Running in OSGi and having multiple bundles with quartz routes
If you run in OSGi such as Apache ServiceMix, or Apache Karaf, and have multiple bundles with Camel routes that start from Quartz2 endpoints, then make sure if you assign an id to the <camelContext> that this id is unique, as this is required by the QuartzScheduler in the OSGi container. If you do not set any id on <camelContext> then a unique id is auto assigned, and there is no problem.

Configuring file

By default Quartz will look for a file in the org/quartz directory of the classpath. If you are using WAR deployments this means just drop the in WEB-INF/classes/org/quartz.
However the Camel Quartz2 component also allows you to configure properties:
Parameter Default Type Description
properties null Properties You can configure a java.util.Properties instance.
propertiesFile null String File name of the properties to load from the classpath
To do this you can configure this in Spring XML as follows
<bean id="quartz" class="org.apache.camel.component.quartz2.QuartzComponent">
    <property name="propertiesFile" value="com/mycompany/"/>

Starting the Quartz scheduler

The Quartz2 component offers an option to let the Quartz scheduler be started delayed, or not auto started at all.
Parameter Default Type Description
startDelayedSeconds 0 int Seconds to wait before starting the quartz scheduler.
autoStartScheduler true boolean Whether or not the scheduler should be auto started.
To do this you can configure this in Spring XML as follows
<bean id="quartz" class="org.apache.camel.component.quartz2.QuartzComponent">
    <property name="startDelayedSeconds" value="5"/>


If you use Quartz in clustered mode, e.g. the JobStore is clustered. Then the Quartz2 component will not pause/remove triggers when a node is being stopped/shutdown. This allows the trigger to keep running on the other nodes in the cluster.
Note: When running in clustered node no checking is done to ensure unique job name/group for endpoints.

Message Headers

Camel adds the getters from the Quartz Execution Context as header values. The following headers are added: calendar, fireTime, jobDetail, jobInstance, jobRuntTime, mergedJobDataMap, nextFireTime, previousFireTime, refireCount, result, scheduledFireTime, scheduler, trigger, triggerName, triggerGroup.
The fireTime header contains the java.util.Date of when the exchange was fired.

Using Cron Triggers

Quartz supports Cron-like expressions for specifying timers in a handy format. You can use these expressions in the cron URI parameter; though to preserve valid URI encoding we allow + to be used instead of spaces. Quartz provides a little tutorial on how to use cron expressions.
For example, the following will fire a message every five minutes starting at 12pm (noon) to 6pm on weekdays:
which is equivalent to using the cron expression
0 0/5 12-18 ? * MON-FRI
The following table shows the URI character encodings we use to preserve valid URI syntax:
URI Character Cron character
\+ Space

Specifying time zone

The Quartz Scheduler allows you to configure time zone per trigger. For example to use a timezone of your country, then you can do as follows:
The timeZone value is the values accepted by java.util.TimeZone.

Using QuartzScheduledPollConsumerScheduler

The Quartz2 component provides a Polling Consumer scheduler which allows to use cron based scheduling for Polling Consumers such as the File and FTP consumers.
For example to use a cron based expression to poll for files every 2nd second, then a Camel route can be define simply as:
Notice we define the scheduler=quartz2 to instruct Camel to use the Quartz2 based scheduler. Then we use options to configure the scheduler. The Quartz2 scheduler requires the cron option to be set.
The following options is supported:
Parameter Default Type Description
quartzScheduler null org.quartz.Scheduler To use a custom Quartz scheduler. If none configure then the shared scheduler from the Quartz2 component is used.
cron null String Mandatory: To define the cron expression for triggering the polls.
triggerId null String To specify the trigger id. If none provided then an UUID is generated and used.
triggerGroup QuartzScheduledPollConsumerScheduler String To specify the trigger group.
timeZone Default TimeZone The time zone to use for the CRON trigger.
Important: Remember configuring these options from the endpoint URIs must be prefixed with scheduler.. For example to configure the trigger id and group:
There is also a CRON scheduler in Spring, so you can use the following as well: