Red Hat Training

A Red Hat training course is available for Red Hat Fuse

Chapter 39. FreeMarker


The freemarker: component allows you to process a message using a FreeMarker template. This can be ideal when using Templating to generate responses for requests.
Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->

URI format

Where templateName is the classpath-local URI of the template to invoke; or the complete URL of the remote template (for example, file://folder/myfile.ftl).
You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&...


Option Default Description
contentCache true Cache for the resource content when it's loaded. Note: as of Camel 2.9 cached resource content can be cleared via JMX using the endpoint's clearContentCache operation.
encoding null Character encoding of the resource content.
templateUpdateDelay 5 *Camel 2.9:* Number of seconds the loaded template resource will remain in the cache.

FreeMarker Context

Apache Camel will provide exchange information in the FreeMarker context (just a Map). The Exchange is transferred as:
Key Value
exchange The Exchange itself. The Exchange properties.
headers The headers of the In message.
camelContext The Camel Context.
request The In message.
body The In message body.
response The Out message (only for InOut message exchange pattern).

Hot reloading

The FreeMarker template resource is by default not hot reloadable for both file and classpath resources (expanded jar). If you set contentCache=false, then Apache Camel will not cache the resource and hot reloading is thus enabled. This scenario can be used in development.

Dynamic templates

Available as of Camel 2.1 Camel provides two headers by which you can define a different resource location for a template or the template content itself. If any of these headers is set then Camel uses this over the endpoint configured resource. This allows you to provide a dynamic template at runtime.
Header Type Description Support Version
FreemarkerConstants.FREEMARKER_RESOURCE The template resource <= 1.6.2, <= 2.1
FreemarkerConstants.FREEMARKER_RESOURCE_URI String A URI for the template resource to use instead of the endpoint configured. >= 2.1
FreemarkerConstants.FREEMARKER_TEMPLATE String The template to use instead of the endpoint configured. >= 2.1


For example, you can define a route like the following:
To use a FreeMarker template to formulate a response to InOut message exchanges (where there is a JMSReplyTo header).
If you want to process InOnly exchanges, you could use a FreeMarker template to transform the message before sending it on to another endpoint:
And to disable the content cache (for example, for development usage where the .ftl template should be hot reloaded):
And for a file-based resource:
In Camel 2.1 it's possible to specify what template the component should use dynamically via a header, so for example:

The Email Sample

In this sample we want to use FreeMarker templating for an order confirmation email. The email template is laid out in FreeMarker as:
Dear ${headers.lastName}, ${headers.firstName}

Thanks for the order of ${headers.item}.

Regards Camel Riders Bookstore
And the java code:
private Exchange createLetter() {
    Exchange exchange = context.getEndpoint("direct:a").createExchange();
    Message msg = exchange.getIn();
    msg.setHeader("firstName", "Claus");
    msg.setHeader("lastName", "Ibsen");
    msg.setHeader("item", "Camel in Action");
    msg.setBody("PS: Next beer is on me, James");
    return exchange;

public void testFreemarkerLetter() throws Exception {
    MockEndpoint mock = getMockEndpoint("mock:result");
    mock.expectedBodiesReceived("Dear Ibsen, Claus\n\nThanks for the order of Camel in Action."
      + "\n\nRegards Camel Riders Bookstore\nPS: Next beer is on me, James");

    template.send("direct:a", createLetter());


protected RouteBuilder createRouteBuilder() throws Exception {
    return new RouteBuilder() {
        public void configure() throws Exception {