13.8.1. Nodes do not form a cluster
Make sure your machine is set up correctly for IP multicast. There are 2 test programs that can be used to detect this: McastReceiverTest and McastSenderTest. For example:
EAP_HOME/bin/client/jboss-client.jar org.jgroups.tests.McastReceiverTest -mcast_addr 220.127.116.11 -port 5555 -bind_addr YOUR_BIND_ADDRESS
Then in another window start
EAP_HOME/bin/client/jboss-client.jar org.jgroups.tests.McastSenderTest -mcast_addr 18.104.22.168 -port 5555 -bind_addr YOUR_BIND_ADDRESS
If you want to bind to a specific network interface card (NIC), use
-bind_addr 192.168.0.2, where 192.168.0.2 is the IP address of the NIC to which you want to bind. Use this parameter in both the sender and the receiver.
You should be able to type in the
McastSenderTest window and see the output in the
McastReceiverTest window. If not, try to use
-ttl 32 in the sender. If this still fails, consult a system administrator to help you setup IP multicast correctly, and ask the admin to make sure that multicast will work on the interface you have chosen or, if the machines have multiple interfaces, ask to be told the correct interface. Once you know multicast is working properly on each machine in your cluster, you can repeat the above test to test the network, putting the sender on one machine and the receiver on another.
13.8.2. Causes of missing heartbeats in FD
Sometimes a member is suspected by FD because a heartbeat ack has not been received for some time T (defined by timeout and max_tries). This can have multiple reasons, e.g. in a cluster of A,B,C,D; C can be suspected if (note that A pings B, B pings C, C pings D and D pings A):
B or C are running at 100% CPU for more than T seconds. So even if C sends a heartbeat ack to B, B may not be able to process it because it is at 100%
B or C are garbage collecting, same as above.
A combination of the 2 cases above
The network loses packets. This usually happens when there is a lot of traffic on the network, and the switch starts dropping packets (usually broadcasts first, then IP multicasts, TCP packets last).
B or C are processing a callback. Let us say C received a remote method call over its channel and takes T+1 seconds to process it. During this time, C will not process any other messages, including heartbeats, and therefore B will not receive the heartbeat ack and will suspect C.