Generating Vulnerability Service Reports
Communicate the Exposure of RHEL Systems to CVE Security Vulnerabilities
Chapter 1. Overview of Insights for Red Hat Enterprise Linux vulnerability service reporting
The ability to convey the security exposure of your infrastructure to different stakeholders—DevOps team, security team, executive team—is vital. The vulnerability service enables you to download the following reports to analyze offline or share with others:
- Executive Reports. PDF summary and overview of the security vulnerability exposure your infrastructure, intended for executive audiences
- CVE reports. PDF report of selected, filtered CVEs to which your infrastructure is exposed, intended to highlight and share vulnerability data
- Vulnerability data export. Export of selected CVE data, based on filters you have in place when you perform the export, to a JSON or CSV file
Chapter 2. Executive reports
You can download a high-level executive report summarizing the security exposure of your infrastructure. Executive reports are two to three-page PDF files, designed for an executive audience, and include the following information:
On page 1
- Number of RHEL systems analyzed
- Number of individual CVEs to which your systems are currently exposed
- Number of security rules in your infrastructure
On page 2
- Percentage of CVEs by severity (CVSS base score) range
- Number of CVEs published by 7, 30, and 90 day time frame
- Top three CVEs in your infrastructure, including security rules and known exploits
On page 3
- Security rule breakdown by severity
- Top 3 security rules, including severity and number of exposed systems
2.1. Downloading an executive report
Use the following steps to download an executive report:
- Navigate to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux > Vulnerability > Reports tab and log in if necessary.
- On the Executive report card, click Download PDF.
- Click Save File and click OK.
Verify that the PDF file is in your
Downloadsfolder or other specified location.
2.2. Downloading an executive report using the vulnerability service API
You can download an executive report using the vulnerability service API.
- Request URL: https://console.redhat.com/api/vulnerability/v1/report/executive
curl -X GET "https://console.redhat.com/api/vulnerability/v1/report/executive" -H "accept: application/vnd.api+json"
Chapter 3. Reports by CVEs
You can create PDF reports showing a filtered list of CVEs your systems are exposed to. Give each report a relevant name, apply filters, and add user notes to present focused data to specific stakeholders.
You can apply the following filters when setting up the PDF report:
- Security rules. Show only CVEs with the security rules label.
- Known exploit. Show only CVEs with the Known exploit label.
- Severity. Select one or more values: Critical, Important, Moderate, Low, or Unknown.
- CVSS base score. Select one or more ranges: All, 0.0-3.9, 4.0-7.9, 8.0-10.0, N/A (not applicable)
- Business risk. Select one or more values: High, Medium, Low, Not defined.
- Status. Select one or more values: Not reviewed, In review, On-hold, Scheduled for patch, Resolved, No action - risk accepted, Resolved via mitigation.
- Publish date. Select from All, Last 7 days, Last 30 days, Last 90 days, Last year, or More than 1 year ago.
- Applies to OS. Select the RHEL minor version(s) of systems to filter and view.
- Tags. Select groups of tagged systems. For more information about tags and system groups, see Chapter 4, System tags and groups, Assessing and Monitoring Security Vulnerabilities on RHEL Systems
The CVE report lists the CVEs, linking each to the respective CVE page in the Red Hat CVE database so you can learn more about it. The list is ordered primarily by the publish date of the CVE, with the most recently published CVEs at the top of the list.
Example of an Insights Vulnerability CVE report
3.1. Creating a PDF report of CVEs
Use the following procedure to create a point-in-time snapshot of CVEs potentially affecting your systems.
- You must be logged in to Red Hat Hybrid Cloud Console.
- Navigate to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux > Vulnerability > Reports page in the Insights for Red Hat Enterprise Linux application.
- On the Report by CVEs card, click Create report.
Make selections as needed in the pop-up card:
- Optionally, customize the report title.
- Under Filter CVEs by, click each filter dropdown and select a value.
- Select Tags to only include systems in a tagged group of systems.
- Under CVE data to include, Choose columns is activated by default, allowing you to deselect columns you do not want to include. Leave all boxes checked, or click All columns to show everything.
- Optionally add notes to give the report context for the intended audience.
- Click Export report and allow the application a minute to generate the report.
- Select to open or save the PDF file, if your OS asks, and click OK.
Chapter 4. Exporting vulnerability data as JSON, CSV, or PDF file
The vulnerability service enables you to export data for CVEs on systems in your RHEL infrastructure. After applying filters in the vulnerability service to view a specific set of CVEs or systems, you can export data based on those criteria.
These reports are accessible through the Red Hat Insights for Red Hat Enterprise Linux application and can be exported and downloaded as .csv, .json, or PDF files.
4.1. Exporting CVE data from the vulnerability service
Perform the following steps to export select data from the vulnerability service.
- Navigate to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux > Vulnerability > CVEs page and log in if necessary.
- Apply filters and use the sorting functionality at the top of each column to locate specific CVEs.
- Above the list of CVEs and to the right of the Filters menu, click the Export icon, , and select Export to JSON, Export to CSV, or Export as PDF based on your download preferences.
- Select a download location and click Save.
Chapter 5. Enabling notifications and integrations
You can enable the notifications service on Red Hat Hybrid Cloud Console to send notifications whenever a vulnerability event is triggered. For example, you can configure the notifications service to automatically send an email message whenever a security issue affects systems in your installation, or to send an email digest of all the vulnerability events that take place each day. Using the notifications service frees you from having to continually check the Red Hat Insights for RHEL dashboard for event-triggered notifications.
In addition to sending email messages, you can configure the notifications service to send event data in other ways:
- Using an authenticated client to query Red Hat Insights APIs for event data
- Using webhooks to send events to third-party applications that accept inbound requests
- Integrating notifications with applications such as Splunk to route event notifications to the application dashboard
A Notifications Administrator sets up behavior groups for events in the notifications service. Behavior groups specify the delivery method for each notification and whether the notifications are sent to all users, or just to Organization Administrators.
An Organization Administrator creates a User access group with the Notifications Administrator role, and then adds account members to the group.
Users who receive email notifications from events may set their user preferences so that they receive individual emails for each event, or a daily digest of events.
- For more information about how to set up notifications for Vulnerability events, see Red Hat Insights Notifications.
Chapter 6. Reference materials
To learn more about the vulnerability service, or other Red Hat Insights for Red Hat Enterprise Linux services and capabilities, the following resources might also be of interest:
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