Appendix B. Understanding the example configuration files

B.1. Understanding the luks_tang_inventory.yml file

B.1.1. Configuration parameters for disk encryption

hc_nodes (required)

A list of hyperconverged hosts that uses the back-end FQDN of the host, and the configuration details of those hosts. Configuration that is specific to a host is defined under that host’s back-end FQDN. Configuration that is common to all hosts is defined in the vars: section.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      [configuration specific to this host]
    host2backend.example.com:
    host3backend.example.com:
    host4backend.example.com:
    host5backend.example.com:
    host6backend.example.com:
  vars:
    [configuration common to all hosts]
blacklist_mpath_devices (optional)

By default, Red Hat Virtualization Host enables multipath configuration, which provides unique multipath names and worldwide identifiers for all disks, even when disks do not have underlying multipath configuration. Include this section if you do not have multipath configuration so that the multipath device names are not used for listed devices. Disks that are not listed here are assumed to have multipath configuration available, and require the path format /dev/mapper/<WWID> instead of /dev/sdx when defined in subsequent sections of the inventory file.

On a server with four devices (sda, sdb, sdc and sdd), the following configuration blacklists only two devices. The path format /dev/mapper/<WWID> is expected for devices not in this list.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sdb
        - sdc
gluster_infra_luks_devices (required)

A list of devices to encrypt and the encryption passphrase to use for each device.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      gluster_infra_luks_devices:
        - devicename: /dev/sdb
          passphrase: Str0ngPa55#
devicename
The name of the device in the format /dev/sdx.
passphrase
The password to use for this device when configuring encryption. After disk encryption with Network-Bound Disk Encryption (NBDE) is configured, a new random key is generated, providing greater security.
rootpassphrase (required)

The password that you used when you selected Encrypt my data during operating system installation on this host.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      rootpassphrase: h1-Str0ngPa55#
rootdevice (required)

The root device that was encrypted when you selected Encrypt my data during operating system installation on this host.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      rootdevice: /dev/sda2
networkinterface (required)

The network interface this host uses to reach the NBDE key server.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      networkinterface: ens3s0f0
ip_version (required)

Whether to use IPv4 or IPv6 networking. Valid values are IPv4 and IPv6. There is no default value. Mixed networks are not supported.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    ip_version: IPv4
ip_config_method (required)

Whether to use DHCP or static networking. Valid values are dhcp and static. There is no default value.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    ip_config_method: dhcp

The other valid value for this option is static, which requires the following additional parameters and is defined individually for each host:

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      ip_config_method: static
      host_ip_addr: 192.168.1.101
      host_ip_prefix: 24
      host_net_gateway: 192.168.1.100
    host2backend.example.com:
      ip_config_method: static
      host_ip_addr: 192.168.1.102
      host_ip_prefix: 24
      host_net_gateway: 192.168.1.100
    host3backend.example.com:
      ip_config_method: static
      host_ip_addr: 192.168.1.102
      host_ip_prefix: 24
      host_net_gateway: 192.168.1.100
gluster_infra_tangservers

The address of your NBDE key server or servers, including http://. If your servers use a port other than the default (80), specify a port by appending :_port_ to the end of the URL.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_infra_tangservers:
      - url: http://key-server1.example.com
      - url: http://key-server2.example.com:80

B.1.2. Example luks_tang_inventory.yml

Dynamically allocated IP addresses

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1-backend.example.com:
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sda
        - sdb
        - sdc
      gluster_infra_luks_devices:
        - devicename: /dev/sdb
          passphrase: dev-sdb-encrypt-passphrase
        - devicename: /dev/sdc
          passphrase: dev-sdc-encrypt-passphrase
      rootpassphrase: host1-root-passphrase
      rootdevice: /dev/sda2
      networkinterface: eth0
    host2-backend.example.com:
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sda
        - sdb
        - sdc
      gluster_infra_luks_devices:
        - devicename: /dev/sdb
          passphrase: dev-sdb-encrypt-passphrase
        - devicename: /dev/sdc
          passphrase: dev-sdc-encrypt-passphrase
      rootpassphrase: host2-root-passphrase
      rootdevice: /dev/sda2
      networkinterface: eth0
    host3-backend.example.com:
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sda
        - sdb
        - sdc
      gluster_infra_luks_devices:
        - devicename: /dev/sdb
          passphrase: dev-sdb-encrypt-passphrase
        - devicename: /dev/sdc
          passphrase: dev-sdc-encrypt-passphrase
      rootpassphrase: host3-root-passphrase
      rootdevice: /dev/sda2
      networkinterface: eth0
  vars:
    ip_version: IPv4
    ip_config_method: dhcp
    gluster_infra_tangservers:
      - url: http://key-server1.example.com:80
      - url: http://key-server2.example.com:80

Static IP addresses

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1-backend.example.com:
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sda
        - sdb
        - sdc
      gluster_infra_luks_devices:
        - devicename: /dev/sdb
          passphrase: dev-sdb-encrypt-passphrase
        - devicename: /dev/sdc
          passphrase: dev-sdc-encrypt-passphrase
      rootpassphrase: host1-root-passphrase
      rootdevice: /dev/sda2
      networkinterface: eth0
      host_ip_addr: host1-static-ip
      host_ip_prefix: network-prefix
      host_net_gateway: default-network-gateway
    host2-backend.example.com:
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sda
        - sdb
        - sdc
      gluster_infra_luks_devices:
        - devicename: /dev/sdb
          passphrase: dev-sdb-encrypt-passphrase
        - devicename: /dev/sdc
          passphrase: dev-sdc-encrypt-passphrase
      rootpassphrase: host2-root-passphrase
      rootdevice: /dev/sda2
      networkinterface: eth0
      host_ip_addr: host1-static-ip
      host_ip_prefix: network-prefix
      host_net_gateway: default-network-gateway
    host3-backend.example.com:
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sda
        - sdb
        - sdc
      gluster_infra_luks_devices:
        - devicename: /dev/sdb
          passphrase: dev-sdb-encrypt-passphrase
        - devicename: /dev/sdc
          passphrase: dev-sdc-encrypt-passphrase
      rootpassphrase: host3-root-passphrase
      rootdevice: /dev/sda2
      networkinterface: eth0
      host_ip_addr: host1-static-ip
      host_ip_prefix: network-prefix
      host_net_gateway: default-network-gateway
  vars:
    ip_version: IPv4
    ip_config_method: static
    gluster_infra_tangservers:
      - url: http://key-server1.example.com:80
      - url: http://key-server2.example.com:80

B.2. Understanding the gluster_inventory.yml file

The gluster_inventory.yml file is an example Ansible inventory file that you can use to automate the deployment of Red Hat Hyperconverged Infrastructure for Virtualization using Ansible.

The single_node_gluster_inventory.yml is the same as the gluster_inventory.yml file. The only change is in the hosts section as there is only 1 host for a single node deployment.

You can find this file at /etc/ansible/roles/gluster.ansible/playbooks/hc-ansible-deployment/gluster_inventory.yml on any hyperconverged host.

B.2.1. Default host groups

The gluster_inventory.yml example file defines two host groups and their configuration in the YAML format. You can use these host groups directly if you want all nodes to host all storage domains.

hc_nodes

A list of hyperconverged hosts that uses the back-end FQDN of the host, and the configuration details of those hosts. Configuration that is specific to a host is defined under that host’s back-end FQDN. Configuration that is common to all hosts is defined in the vars: section.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      [configuration specific to this host]
    host2backend.example.com:
    host3backend.example.com:
    host4backend.example.com:
    host5backend.example.com:
    host6backend.example.com:
  vars:
    [configuration common to all hosts]
gluster

A list of hosts that uses the front-end FQDN of the host. These hosts serve as additional storage domain access points, so this list of nodes does not include the first host.

If you want all nodes to host all storage domains, place storage_domains: and all storage domain definitions under the vars: section.

gluster:
 hosts:
  host2frontend.example.com:
  host3frontend.example.com:
  host4frontend.example.com:
  host5frontend.example.com:
  host6frontend.example.com:
 vars:
  storage_domains:
    [storage domain definitions common to all hosts]

B.2.2. Configuration parameters for hyperconverged nodes

B.2.2.1. Multipath devices

blacklist_mpath_devices (optional)

By default, Red Hat Virtualization Host enables multipath configuration, which provides unique multipath names and worldwide identifiers for all disks, even when disks do not have underlying multipath configuration. Include this section if you do not have multipath configuration so that the multipath device names are not used for listed devices. Disks that are not listed here are assumed to have multipath configuration available, and require the path format /dev/mapper/<WWID> instead of /dev/sdx when defined in subsequent sections of the inventory file.

On a server with four devices (sda, sdb, sdc and sdd), the following configuration blacklists only two devices. The path format /dev/mapper/<WWID> is expected for devices not in this list.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sdb
        - sdc
Important

Do not list encrypted devices (luks_* devices) in blacklist_mpath_devices, as they require multipath configuration to work.

B.2.2.2. Deduplication and compression

gluster_infra_vdo (optional)

Include this section to define a list of devices to use deduplication and compression. These devices require the /dev/mapper/<name> path format when you define them as volume groups in gluster_infra_volume_groups. Each device listed must have the following information:

name
A short name for the VDO device, for example vdo_sdc.
device
The device to use, for example, /dev/sdc.
logicalsize
The logical size of the VDO volume. Set this to ten times the size of the physical disk, for example, if you have a 500 GB disk, set logicalsize: '5000G'.
emulate512
If you use devices with a 4 KB block size, set this to on.
slabsize
If the logical size of the volume is 1000 GB or larger, set this to 32G. If the logical size is smaller than 1000 GB, set this to 2G.
blockmapcachesize
Set this to 128M.
writepolicy
Set this to auto.

For example:

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      gluster_infra_vdo:
      - { name: 'vdo_sdc', device: '/dev/sdc', logicalsize: '5000G',
        emulate512: 'off', slabsize: '32G', blockmapcachesize: '128M',
        writepolicy: 'auto' }
      - { name: 'vdo_sdd', device: '/dev/sdd', logicalsize: '500G',
        emulate512: 'off', slabsize: '2G', blockmapcachesize: '128M',
        writepolicy: 'auto' }

B.2.2.3. Cluster definition

cluster_nodes (required)

Defines the list of nodes that are part of the cluster, using the back-end FQDN for each node and creates the cluster.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    cluster_nodes:
      - host1backend.example.com
      - host2backend.example.com
      - host3backend.example.com
gluster_features_hci_cluster (required)

Identifies cluster_nodes as part of a hyperconverged cluster.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_features_hci_cluster: "{{ cluster_nodes }}"
gluster_features_hci_volumes (required)

Defines the layout of the Gluster volumes across the hyperconverged nodes.

volname
The name of the Gluster volume to create.
brick
The location at which to create the brick.
arbiter
Set to 1 for arbitrated volumes and 0 for a fully replicated volume.
servers

The list of back-end FQDN addresses for the hosts on which to create bricks for this volume.

There are two format options for this parameter. Only one of these formats is supported per deployment.

Format 1: Creates bricks for the specified volumes across all hosts

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_features_hci_volumes:
      - volname: engine
        brick: /gluster_bricks/engine/engine
        arbiter: 0
      - volname: data
        brick: /gluster_bricks/data1/data1,/gluster_bricks/data2/data2
        arbiter: 0
      - volname: vmstore
        brick: /gluster_bricks/vmstore/vmstore
        arbiter: 0

Format 2: Creates bricks for the specified volumes on specified hosts

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_features_hci_volumes:
      - volname: data
        brick: /gluster_bricks/data/data
        arbiter: 0
        servers:
          - host4backend.example.com
          - host5backend.example.com
          - host6backend.example.com
          - host7backend.example.com
          - host8backend.example.com
          - host9backend.example.com
      - volname: vmstore
        brick: /gluster_bricks/vmstore/vmstore
        arbiter: 0
        servers:
          - host1backend.example.com
          - host2backend.example.com
          - host3backend.example.com

B.2.2.4. Storage infrastructure

gluster_infra_volume_groups (required)

This section creates the volume groups that contain the logical volumes.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      gluster_infra_volume_groups:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          pvname: /dev/sdb
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
          pvname: /dev/mapper/vdo_sdc
gluster_infra_mount_devices (required)

This section creates the logical volumes that form Gluster bricks.

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      gluster_infra_mount_devices:
        - path: /gluster_bricks/engine
          lvname: gluster_lv_engine
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
        - path: /gluster_bricks/data
          lvname: gluster_lv_data
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
        - path: /gluster_bricks/vmstore
          lvname: gluster_lv_vmstore
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdd
gluster_infra_thinpools (optional)

This section defines logical thin pools for use by thinly provisioned volumes. Thin pools are not suitable for the engine volume, but can be used for the vmstore and data volume bricks.

vgname
The name of the volume group that contains this thin pool.
thinpoolname
A name for the thin pool, for example, gluster_thinpool_sdc.
thinpoolsize
The sum of the sizes of all logical volumes to be created in this volume group.
poolmetadatasize
Set to 16G; this is the recommended size for supported deployments.
hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      gluster_infra_thinpools:
        - {vgname: 'gluster_vg_sdc', thinpoolname: 'gluster_thinpool_sdc', thinpoolsize: '500G', poolmetadatasize: '16G'}
        - {vgname: 'gluster_vg_sdd', thinpoolname: 'gluster_thinpool_sdd', thinpoolsize: '500G', poolmetadatasize: '16G'}
gluster_infra_cache_vars (optional)

This section defines cache logical volumes to improve performance for slow devices. A fast cache device is attached to a thin pool, and requires gluster_infra_thinpool to be defined.

vgname
The name of a volume group with a slow device that requires a fast external cache.
cachedisk
The paths of the slow and fast devices, separated with a comma, for example, to use a cache device sde with the slow device sdb, specify /dev/sdb,/dev/sde.
cachelvname
A name for this cache logical volume.
cachethinpoolname
The thin pool to which the fast cache volume is attached.
cachelvsize
The size of the cache logical volume. Around 0.01% of this size is used for cache metadata.
cachemode
The cache mode. Valid values are writethrough and writeback.
hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      gluster_infra_cache_vars:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          cachedisk: /dev/sdb,/dev/sde
          cachelvname: cachelv_thinpool_sdb
          cachethinpoolname: gluster_thinpool_sdb
          cachelvsize: '250G'
          cachemode: writethrough
gluster_infra_thick_lvs (required)

The thickly provisioned logical volumes that are used to create bricks. Bricks for the engine volume must be thickly provisioned.

vgname
The name of the volume group that contains the logical volume.
lvname
The name of the logical volume.
size
The size of the logical volume. The engine logical volume requires 100G.
hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      gluster_infra_thick_lvs:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          lvname: gluster_lv_engine
          size: 100G
gluster_infra_lv_logicalvols (required)

The thinly provisioned logical volumes that are used to create bricks.

vgname
The name of the volume group that contains the logical volume.
thinpool
The thin pool that contains the logical volume, if this volume is thinly provisioned.
lvname
The name of the logical volume.
size
The size of the logical volume. The engine logical volume requires 100G.
hc_nodes:
  hosts:
    host1backend.example.com:
      gluster_infra_lv_logicalvols:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
          thinpool: gluster_thinpool_sdc
          lvname: gluster_lv_data
          lvsize: 200G
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdd
          thinpool: gluster_thinpool_sdd
          lvname: gluster_lv_vmstore
          lvsize: 200G
gluster_infra_disktype (required)

Specifies the underlying hardware configuration of the disks. Set this to the value that matches your hardware: RAID6, RAID5, or JBOD.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_infra_disktype: RAID6
gluster_infra_diskcount (required)

Specifies the number of data disks in the RAID set. For a JBOD disk type, set this to 1.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_infra_diskcount: 10
gluster_infra_stripe_unit_size (required)

The stripe size of the RAID set in megabytes.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_infra_stripe_unit_size: 256
gluster_features_force_varlogsizecheck (required)

Set this to true if you want to verify that your /var/log partition has sufficient free space during the deployment process. It is important to have sufficient space for logs, but it is not required to verify space requirements at deployment time if you plan to monitor space requirements carefully.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_features_force_varlogsizecheck: false
gluster_set_selinux_labels (required)

Ensures that volumes can be accessed when SELinux is enabled. Set this to true if SELinux is enabled on this host.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_set_selinux_labels: true

B.2.2.5. Firewall and network infrastructure

gluster_infra_fw_ports (required)

A list of ports to open between all nodes, in the format <port>/<protocol>.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_infra_fw_ports:
       - 2049/tcp
       - 54321/tcp
       - 5900-6923/tcp
       - 16514/tcp
       - 5666/tcp
       - 16514/tcp
gluster_infra_fw_permanent (required)

Ensures the ports listed in gluster_infra_fw_ports are open after nodes are rebooted. Set this to true for production use cases.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
  gluster_infra_fw_permanent: true
gluster_infra_fw_state (required)

Enables the firewall. Set this to enabled for production use cases.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_infra_fw_state: enabled
gluster_infra_fw_zone (required)

Specifies the firewall zone to which these gluster_infra_fw_\* parameters are applied.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
    gluster_infra_fw_zone: public
gluster_infra_fw_services (required)

A list of services to allow through the firewall. Ensure glusterfs is defined here.

hc_nodes:
  vars:
  gluster_infra_fw_services:
     - glusterfs

B.2.2.6. Storage domains

storage_domains (required)

Creates the specified storage domains.

name
The name of the storage domain to create.
host
The front-end FQDN of the first host. Do not use the IP address.
address
The back-end FQDN address of the first host. Do not use the IP address.
path
The path of the Gluster volume that provides the storage domain.
function
Set this to data; this is the only supported type of storage domain.
mount_options
Specifies additional mount options. The backup-volfile-servers option is required to specify the other hosts that provide the volume. The xlator-option='transport.address-family=inet6' option is required for IPv6 configurations.

IPv4 configuration

gluster:
 vars:
  storage_domains:
    - {"name":"data","host":"host1-frontend-network-FQDN","address":"host1-backend-network-FQDN","path":"/data","function":"data","mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN"}
    - {"name":"vmstore","host":"host1-frontend-network-FQDN","address":"host1-backend-network-FQDN","path":"/vmstore","function":"data","mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN"}

IPv6 configuration

gluster:
 vars:
  storage_domains:
    - {"name":"data","host":"host1-frontend-network-FQDN","address":"host1-backend-network-FQDN","path":"/data","function":"data","mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN,xlator-option='transport.address-family=inet6'"}
    - {"name":"vmstore","host":"host1-frontend-network-FQDN","address":"host1-backend-network-FQDN","path":"/vmstore","function":"data","mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN,xlator-option='transport.address-family=inet6'"}

B.2.3. Example gluster_inventory.yml file

hc_nodes:
  hosts:
     # Host1
    <host1-backend-network-FQDN>:

      # Blacklist multipath devices which are used for gluster bricks
      # If you omit blacklist_mpath_devices it means all device will be whitelisted.
      # If the disks are not blacklisted, and then its taken that multipath configuration
      # exists in the server and one should provide /dev/mapper/<WWID> instead of /dev/sdx
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sdb
        - sdc

      # Enable this section 'gluster_infra_vdo', if dedupe & compression is
      # required on that storage volume.
      # The variables refers to:
      # name        - VDO volume name to be used
      # device      - Disk name on which VDO volume to created
      # logicalsize - Logical size of the VDO volume.This value is 10 times
      #               the size of the physical disk
      # emulate512  - VDO device is made as 4KB block sized storage volume(4KN)
      # slabsize    - VDO slab size. If VDO logical size >= 1000G then
      #               slabsize is 32G else slabsize is 2G
      #
      # Following VDO values are as per recommendation and treated as constants:
      # blockmapcachesize - 128M
      # writepolicy       - auto
      #
      # gluster_infra_vdo:
      #   - { name: 'vdo_sdc', device: '/dev/sdc', logicalsize: '5000G', emulate512: 'off', slabsize: '32G',
      #       blockmapcachesize:  '128M', writepolicy: 'auto' }
      #   - { name: 'vdo_sdd', device: '/dev/sdd', logicalsize: '3000G', emulate512: 'off', slabsize: '32G',
      #       blockmapcachesize:  '128M', writepolicy: 'auto' }

      # When dedupe and compression is enabled on the device,
      # use pvname for that device as '/dev/mapper/<vdo_device_name>
      #
      # The variables refers to:
      # vgname - VG to be created on the disk
      # pvname - Physical disk (/dev/sdc) or VDO volume (/dev/mapper/vdo_sdc)
      gluster_infra_volume_groups:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          pvname: /dev/sdb
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
          pvname: /dev/mapper/vdo_sdc
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdd
          pvname: /dev/mapper/vdo_sdd

      gluster_infra_mount_devices:
        - path: /gluster_bricks/engine
          lvname: gluster_lv_engine
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
        - path: /gluster_bricks/data
          lvname: gluster_lv_data
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
        - path: /gluster_bricks/vmstore
          lvname: gluster_lv_vmstore
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdd

      # 'thinpoolsize' is the sum of sizes of all LVs to be created on that VG
      # In the case of VDO enabled, 'thinpoolsize' is 10 times the sum of sizes
      # of all LVs to be created on that VG. Recommended values for
      # 'poolmetadatasize' is 16GB and that should be considered exclusive of
      # 'thinpoolsize'
      gluster_infra_thinpools:
        - {vgname: 'gluster_vg_sdc', thinpoolname: 'gluster_thinpool_sdc', thinpoolsize: '500G', poolmetadatasize: '16G'}
        - {vgname: 'gluster_vg_sdd', thinpoolname: 'gluster_thinpool_sdd', thinpoolsize: '500G', poolmetadatasize: '16G'}

      # Enable the following section if LVM cache is to enabled
      # Following are the variables:
      # vgname            - VG with the slow HDD device that needs caching
      # cachedisk         - Comma separated value of slow HDD and fast SSD
      #                     In this example, /dev/sdb is the slow HDD, /dev/sde is fast SSD
      # cachelvname       - LV cache name
      # cachethinpoolname - Thinpool to which the fast SSD to be attached
      # cachelvsize       - Size of cache data LV. This is the SSD_size - (1/1000) of SSD_size
      #                     1/1000th of SSD space will be used by cache LV meta
      # cachemode         - writethrough or writeback
      # gluster_infra_cache_vars:
      #  - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
      #    cachedisk: /dev/sdb,/dev/sde
      #    cachelvname: cachelv_thinpool_sdb
      #    cachethinpoolname: gluster_thinpool_sdb
      #    cachelvsize: '250G'
      #    cachemode: writethrough

      # Only the engine brick needs to be thickly provisioned
      # Engine brick requires 100GB of disk space
      gluster_infra_thick_lvs:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          lvname: gluster_lv_engine
          size: 100G

      gluster_infra_lv_logicalvols:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
          thinpool: gluster_thinpool_sdc
          lvname: gluster_lv_data
          lvsize: 200G
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdd
          thinpool: gluster_thinpool_sdd
          lvname: gluster_lv_vmstore
          lvsize: 200G

    #Host2
    <host2-backend-network-FQDN>:

      # Blacklist multipath devices which are used for gluster bricks
      # If you omit blacklist_mpath_devices it means all device will be whitelisted.
      # If the disks are not blacklisted, and then its taken that multipath configuration
      # exists in the server and one should provide /dev/mapper/<WWID> instead of /dev/sdx
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sdb
        - sdc

      # Enable this section 'gluster_infra_vdo', if dedupe & compression is
      # required on that storage volume.
      # The variables refers to:
      # name        - VDO volume name to be used
      # device      - Disk name on which VDO volume to created
      # logicalsize - Logical size of the VDO volume.This value is 10 times
      #               the size of the physical disk
      # emulate512  - VDO device is made as 4KB block sized storage volume(4KN)
      # slabsize    - VDO slab size. If VDO logical size >= 1000G then
      #               slabsize is 32G else slabsize is 2G
      #
      # Following VDO values are as per recommendation and treated as constants:
      # blockmapcachesize - 128M
      # writepolicy       - auto
      #
      # gluster_infra_vdo:
      #   - { name: 'vdo_sdc', device: '/dev/sdc', logicalsize: '5000G', emulate512: 'off', slabsize: '32G',
      #       blockmapcachesize:  '128M', writepolicy: 'auto' }
      #   - { name: 'vdo_sdd', device: '/dev/sdd', logicalsize: '3000G', emulate512: 'off', slabsize: '32G',
      #       blockmapcachesize:  '128M', writepolicy: 'auto' }

      # When dedupe and compression is enabled on the device,
      # use pvname for that device as '/dev/mapper/<vdo_device_name>
      #
      # The variables refers to:
      # vgname - VG to be created on the disk
      # pvname - Physical disk (/dev/sdc) or VDO volume (/dev/mapper/vdo_sdc)
      gluster_infra_volume_groups:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          pvname: /dev/sdb
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
          pvname: /dev/mapper/vdo_sdc
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdd
          pvname: /dev/mapper/vdo_sdd

      gluster_infra_mount_devices:
        - path: /gluster_bricks/engine
          lvname: gluster_lv_engine
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
        - path: /gluster_bricks/data
          lvname: gluster_lv_data
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
        - path: /gluster_bricks/vmstore
          lvname: gluster_lv_vmstore
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdd

      # 'thinpoolsize' is the sum of sizes of all LVs to be created on that VG
      # In the case of VDO enabled, 'thinpoolsize' is 10 times the sum of sizes
      # of all LVs to be created on that VG. Recommended values for
      # 'poolmetadatasize' is 16GB and that should be considered exclusive of
      # 'thinpoolsize'
      gluster_infra_thinpools:
        - {vgname: 'gluster_vg_sdc', thinpoolname: 'gluster_thinpool_sdc', thinpoolsize: '500G', poolmetadatasize: '16G'}
        - {vgname: 'gluster_vg_sdd', thinpoolname: 'gluster_thinpool_sdd', thinpoolsize: '500G', poolmetadatasize: '16G'}

      # Enable the following section if LVM cache is to enabled
      # Following are the variables:
      # vgname            - VG with the slow HDD device that needs caching
      # cachedisk         - Comma separated value of slow HDD and fast SSD
      #                     In this example, /dev/sdb is the slow HDD, /dev/sde is fast SSD
      # cachelvname       - LV cache name
      # cachethinpoolname - Thinpool to which the fast SSD to be attached
      # cachelvsize       - Size of cache data LV. This is the SSD_size - (1/1000) of SSD_size
      #                     1/1000th of SSD space will be used by cache LV meta
      # cachemode         - writethrough or writeback
      # gluster_infra_cache_vars:
      #  - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
      #    cachedisk: /dev/sdb,/dev/sde
      #    cachelvname: cachelv_thinpool_sdb
      #    cachethinpoolname: gluster_thinpool_sdb
      #    cachelvsize: '250G'
      #    cachemode: writethrough

      # Only the engine brick needs to be thickly provisioned
      # Engine brick requires 100GB of disk space
      gluster_infra_thick_lvs:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          lvname: gluster_lv_engine
          size: 100G

      gluster_infra_lv_logicalvols:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
          thinpool: gluster_thinpool_sdc
          lvname: gluster_lv_data
          lvsize: 200G
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdd
          thinpool: gluster_thinpool_sdd
          lvname: gluster_lv_vmstore
          lvsize: 200G

    #Host3
    <host3-backend-network-FQDN>:

      # Blacklist multipath devices which are used for gluster bricks
      # If you omit blacklist_mpath_devices it means all device will be whitelisted.
      # If the disks are not blacklisted, and then its taken that multipath configuration
      # exists in the server and one should provide /dev/mapper/<WWID> instead of /dev/sdx
      blacklist_mpath_devices:
        - sdb
        - sdd

      # Enable this section 'gluster_infra_vdo', if dedupe & compression is
      # required on that storage volume.
      # The variables refers to:
      # name        - VDO volume name to be used
      # device      - Disk name on which VDO volume to created
      # logicalsize - Logical size of the VDO volume.This value is 10 times
      #               the size of the physical disk
      # emulate512  - VDO device is made as 4KB block sized storage volume(4KN)
      # slabsize    - VDO slab size. If VDO logical size >= 1000G then
      #               slabsize is 32G else slabsize is 2G
      #
      # Following VDO values are as per recommendation and treated as constants:
      # blockmapcachesize - 128M
      # writepolicy       - auto
      #
      # gluster_infra_vdo:
      #   - { name: 'vdo_sdc', device: '/dev/sdc', logicalsize: '5000G', emulate512: 'off', slabsize: '32G',
      #       blockmapcachesize:  '128M', writepolicy: 'auto' }
      #   - { name: 'vdo_sdd', device: '/dev/sdd', logicalsize: '3000G', emulate512: 'off', slabsize: '32G',
      #       blockmapcachesize:  '128M', writepolicy: 'auto' }

      # When dedupe and compression is enabled on the device,
      # use pvname for that device as '/dev/mapper/<vdo_device_name>
      #
      # The variables refers to:
      # vgname - VG to be created on the disk
      # pvname - Physical disk (/dev/sdc) or VDO volume (/dev/mapper/vdo_sdc)
      gluster_infra_volume_groups:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          pvname: /dev/sdb
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
          pvname: /dev/mapper/vdo_sdc
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdd
          pvname: /dev/mapper/vdo_sdd

      gluster_infra_mount_devices:
        - path: /gluster_bricks/engine
          lvname: gluster_lv_engine
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
        - path: /gluster_bricks/data
          lvname: gluster_lv_data
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
        - path: /gluster_bricks/vmstore
          lvname: gluster_lv_vmstore
          vgname: gluster_vg_sdd

      # 'thinpoolsize' is the sum of sizes of all LVs to be created on that VG
      # In the case of VDO enabled, 'thinpoolsize' is 10 times the sum of sizes
      # of all LVs to be created on that VG. Recommended values for
      # 'poolmetadatasize' is 16GB and that should be considered exclusive of
      # 'thinpoolsize'
      gluster_infra_thinpools:
        - {vgname: 'gluster_vg_sdc', thinpoolname: 'gluster_thinpool_sdc', thinpoolsize: '500G', poolmetadatasize: '16G'}
        - {vgname: 'gluster_vg_sdd', thinpoolname: 'gluster_thinpool_sdd', thinpoolsize: '500G', poolmetadatasize: '16G'}

      # Enable the following section if LVM cache is to enabled
      # Following are the variables:
      # vgname            - VG with the slow HDD device that needs caching
      # cachedisk         - Comma separated value of slow HDD and fast SSD
      #                     In this example, /dev/sdb is the slow HDD, /dev/sde is fast SSD
      # cachelvname       - LV cache name
      # cachethinpoolname - Thinpool to which the fast SSD to be attached
      # cachelvsize       - Size of cache data LV. This is the SSD_size - (1/1000) of SSD_size
      #                     1/1000th of SSD space will be used by cache LV meta
      # cachemode         - writethrough or writeback
      # gluster_infra_cache_vars:
      #  - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
      #    cachedisk: /dev/sdb,/dev/sde
      #    cachelvname: cachelv_thinpool_sdb
      #    cachethinpoolname: gluster_thinpool_sdb
      #    cachelvsize: '250G'
      #    cachemode: writethrough

      # Only the engine brick needs to be thickly provisioned
      # Engine brick requires 100GB of disk space
      gluster_infra_thick_lvs:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdb
          lvname: gluster_lv_engine
          size: 100G

      gluster_infra_lv_logicalvols:
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdc
          thinpool: gluster_thinpool_sdc
          lvname: gluster_lv_data
          lvsize: 200G
        - vgname: gluster_vg_sdd
          thinpool: gluster_thinpool_sdd
          lvname: gluster_lv_vmstore
          lvsize: 200G

  # Common configurations
  vars:
    # In case of IPv6 based deployment "gluster_features_enable_ipv6" needs to be enabled,below line needs to be uncommented, like:
    # gluster_features_enable_ipv6: true

    # Add the required hosts in the cluster. It can be 3,6,9 or 12 hosts
    cluster_nodes:
       - <host1-backend-network-FQDN>
       - <host2-backend-network-FQDN>
       - <host3-backend-network-FQDN>

    gluster_features_hci_cluster: "{{ cluster_nodes }}"

    # Create Gluster volumes for hyperconverged setup in 2 formats
    # format-1: Create bricks for gluster 1x3 replica volumes by default
    #           on the first 3 hosts
    # format-2: Create bricks on the specified hosts, and it can create
    #           nx3 distributed-replicated or distributed arbitrated
    #           replicate volumes
    # Note: format-1 and format-2 are mutually exclusive (ie) either
    #       format-1 or format-2 to be used. Don't mix the formats for
    #       different volumes

    # Format-1 - Creates gluster 1x3 replicate or arbitrated replicate volume
    # - engine, vmstore, data with bricks on first 3 hosts
    gluster_features_hci_volumes:
      - volname: engine
        brick: /gluster_bricks/engine/engine
        arbiter: 0
      - volname: data
        brick: /gluster_bricks/data/data
        arbiter: 0
      - volname: vmstore
        brick: /gluster_bricks/vmstore/vmstore
        arbiter: 0

    # Format-2 - Allows to create nx3 volumes, with bricks on specified host
    #gluster_features_hci_volumes:
    #  - volname: engine
    #    brick: /gluster_bricks/engine/engine
    #    arbiter: 0
    #    servers:
    #      - host1
    #      - host2
    #      - host3
    #
    # # Following creates 2x3 'Data' gluster volume with bricks on host4,
    # # host5, host6, host7, host8, host9
    #  - volname: data
    #    brick: /gluster_bricks/data/data
    #    arbiter: 0
    #    servers:
    #      - host4
    #      - host5
    #      - host6
    #      - host7
    #      - host8
    #      - host9
    #
    # # Following creates 2x3 'vmstore' gluster volume with 2 bricks for
    # # each host
    #  - volname: vmstore
    #    brick: /gluster_bricks/vmstore1/vmstore1,/gluster_bricks/vmstore2/vmstore2
    #    arbiter: 0
    #    servers:
    #      - host1
    #      - host2
    #      - host3

    # Firewall setup
    gluster_infra_fw_ports:
       - 2049/tcp
       - 54321/tcp
       - 5900-6923/tcp
       - 16514/tcp
       - 5666/tcp
       - 16514/tcp
    gluster_infra_fw_permanent: true
    gluster_infra_fw_state: enabled
    gluster_infra_fw_zone: public
    gluster_infra_fw_services:
       - glusterfs
    # Allowed values for 'gluster_infra_disktype' - RAID6, RAID5, JBOD
    gluster_infra_disktype: RAID6

    # 'gluster_infra_diskcount' is the number of data disks in the RAID set.
    #  Note for JBOD its 1
    gluster_infra_diskcount: 10

    gluster_infra_stripe_unit_size: 256
    gluster_features_force_varlogsizecheck: false
    gluster_set_selinux_labels: true

## Auto add hosts vars
gluster:
 hosts:
  <host2-frontend-network-FQDN>:
  <host3-frontend-network-FQDN>:
 vars:
  storage_domains:
    - {"name":"data","host":"host1-frontend-network-FQDN","address":"host1-backend-network-FQDN","path":"/data","function":"data","mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN"}
    - {"name":"vmstore","host":"host1-frontend-network-FQDN","address":"host1-backend-network-FQDN","path":"/vmstore","function":"data","mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN"}

# In case of IPv6 based deployment there is additional mount option required i.e. xlator-option="transport.address-family=inet6", below needs to be replaced with above one.
# Ex:
#storage_domains:
  #- {"name":"data","host":"host1-frontend-network-FQDN","address":"host1-backend-network-FQDN","path":"/data","function":"data","mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN,xlator-option="transport.address-family=inet6""}
  #- {"name":"vmstore","host":"host1-frontend-network-FQDN","address":"host1-backend-network-FQDN","path":"/vmstore","function":"data","mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN,xlator-option="transport.address-family=inet6""}

B.3. Understanding the he_gluster_vars.json file

The he_gluster_vars.json file is an example Ansible variable file. The variables in this file need to be defined in order to deploy Red Hat Hyperconverged Infrastructure for Virtualization.

You can find an example file at /etc/ansible/roles/gluster.ansible/playbooks/hc-ansible-deployment/he_gluster_vars.json on any hyperconverged host.

Example he_gluster_vars.json file

{
  "he_appliance_password": "encrypt-password-using-ansible-vault",
  "he_admin_password": "UI-password-for-login",
  "he_domain_type": "glusterfs",
  "he_fqdn": "FQDN-for-Hosted-Engine",
  "he_vm_mac_addr": "Valid MAC address",
  "he_default_gateway": "Valid Gateway",
  "he_mgmt_network": "ovirtmgmt",
  "he_storage_domain_name": "HostedEngine",
  "he_storage_domain_path": "/engine",
  "he_storage_domain_addr": "host1-backend-network-FQDN",
  "he_mount_options": "backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN",
  "he_bridge_if": "interface name for bridge creation",
  "he_enable_hc_gluster_service": true,
  "he_mem_size_MB": "16384",
  "he_cluster": "Default",
  "he_vcpus": "4"
}

Red Hat recommends encrypting this file. See Working with files encrypted using Ansible Vault for more information.

B.3.1. Required variables

he_appliance_password
The password for the hosted engine. For a production cluster, use an encrypted value created with Ansible Vault.
he_admin_password
The password for the admin account of the hosted engine. For a production cluster, use an encrypted value created with Ansible Vault.
he_domain_type
The type of storage domain. Set to glusterfs.
he_fqdn
The FQDN for the hosted engine virtual machine.
he_vm_mac_addr
The MAC address for the appropriate network device of the hosted engine virtual machine. You can skip this option for hosted deployment with static IP configuration as in such cases the MAC address for Hosted Engine is automatically generated.
he_default_gateway
The FQDN of the gateway to be used.
he_mgmt_network
The name of the management network. Set to ovirtmgmt.
he_storage_domain_name
The name of the storage domain to create for the hosted engine. Set to HostedEngine.
he_storage_domain_path
The path of the Gluster volume that provides the storage domain. Set to /engine.
he_storage_domain_addr
The back-end FQDN of the first host providing the engine domain.
he_mount_options

Specifies additional mount options.

For a three node deployment with IPv4 configurations, set:
"he_mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN"

The he_mount_option is not required for IPv4 based single node deployment of Red Hat Hyperconverged Infrastructure for Virtualization.

For a three node deployment with IPv6 configurations, set:

"he_mount_options":"backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend-network-FQDN:host3-backend-network-FQDN",xlator-option='transport.address-family=inet6'"

For a single node deployment with IPv6 configurations, set:

"he_mount_options":"xlator-option='transport.address-family=inet6'"
he_bridge_if
The name of the interface to use for bridge creation.
he_enable_hc_gluster_service
Enables Gluster services. Set to true.
he_mem_size_MB
The amount of memory allocated to the hosted engine virtual machine in megabytes.
he_cluster
The name of the cluster in which the hyperconverged hosts are placed.
he_vcpus
The amount of CPUs used on the engine VM. By default 4 VCPUs are allocated for Hosted Engine Virtual Machine.

B.3.2. Required variables for static network configurations

DHCP configuration is used on the Hosted Engine VM by default. However, if you want to use static IP or FQDN, define the following variables:

he_vm_ip_addr
Static IP address for Hosted Engine VM (IPv4 or IPv6).
he_vm_ip_prefix
IP prefix for Hosted Engine VM (IPv4 or IPv6).
he_dns_addr
DNS server for Hosted Engine VM (IPv4 or IPv6).
he_default_gateway
Default gateway for Hosted Engine VM (IPv4 or IPv6).
he_vm_etc_hosts
Specifies Hosted Engine VM IP address and FQDN to /etc/hosts on the host, boolean value.

Example he_gluster_vars.json file with static Hosted Engine configuration

{
  "he_appliance_password": "mybadappliancepassword",
  "he_admin_password": "mybadadminpassword",
  "he_domain_type": "glusterfs",
  "he_fqdn": "engine.example.com",
  "he_vm_mac_addr": "00:01:02:03:04:05",
  "he_default_gateway": "gateway.example.com",
  "he_mgmt_network": "ovirtmgmt",
  "he_storage_domain_name": "HostedEngine",
  "he_storage_domain_path": "/engine",
  "he_storage_domain_addr": "host1-backend.example.com",
  "he_mount_options": "backup-volfile-servers=host2-backend.example.com:host3-backend.example.com",
  "he_bridge_if": "interface name for bridge creation",
  "he_enable_hc_gluster_service": true,
  "he_mem_size_MB": "16384",
  "he_cluster": "Default",
  "he_vm_ip_addr": "10.70.34.43",
  "he_vm_ip_prefix": "24",
  "he_dns_addr": "10.70.34.6",
  "he_default_gateway": "10.70.34.255",
  "he_vm_etc_hosts": "false",
  "he_network_test": "ping"
}

Note

If DNS is not available, use ping for he_network_test instead of dns.

Example: "he_network_test": "ping"